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Boko Haram and Violent Extremism - Perspectives from Peacebuilders

Since 2009, Boko Haram have unleashed atrocities which have affected millions of people in Nigeria and the region as a whole. The results of a field-based study on peace builders’ perspectives of the drivers of violent extremism; and the underlying …

Al Qaeda vs. Daech in the Sahel : What to Expect?

The terrorist landscape in the Sahel is characterized by multiple players that destabilize the countries in the region. Despite the fact that each terrorist group has particular areas of action and zones of influence, nevertheless two main ideologic…

Instruments of Pain (IV): The Food Crisis in North East Nigeria

Approximately five million people in the region of east Nigeria (8.5 million across the wider Lake Chad basin) are facing severe food insecurity. This humanitarian crisis in north east Nigeria runs the risk of growing worse. This primarily is a resu…

From the Mediterranean to the Atlantic: A Corridor Vulnerable to Terrorism

Nigeria on the Atlantic and Libya on the Mediterranean, the two largest oil producers in Africa, are facing the two most violent terrorist groups on the continent. The Libyan version of Daesh and Boko Haram seem to be gaining ground to join in an …

De la Méditerranée à l’Atlantique : le Couloir de Vulnérabilité face au Terrorisme

Deux des plus grands producteurs d'hydrocarbures en Afrique, le Nigeria sur l'Atlantique et la Libye sur la Méditerranée font face aux deux groupes terroristes les plus violents sur le continent. Daech version libyenne et Boko Haram semblent avanc…

Resource Extraction and Violent Extremism in Africa

Abundant natural resources, swathes of unprotected territory and porous borders make resource extraction an attractive source of wealth for opportunistic extremist groups in Africa – most notably al-Shabaab, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and t…

Cameroon’s Forceful Repatriation of Nigerian Refugees

Since Boko Haram launched its violent campaign in 2009, its reign of terror has spread well beyond Nigeria. It has asserted itself as a regional threat through a growing number of attacks and displaced people throughout the Lake Chad Basin (which co…

How Boko Haram Specifically Targets Displaced People

Since 2009, Boko Haram has proven to be a highly adaptable foe, routinely realigning its tactics to suit changing circumstances. In recent years, this has increasingly involved focusing on soft targets, including displaced people (both refugees an…

Nigeria Conflict Insight

The modern state of Nigeria was the product of a merger, by the British, of the North and Southern Protectorates with the Colony of Lagos in 1914. Prior to the amalgamation, the country had been home to numerous kingdoms and tribes over millennia. …

“In Nigeria, we don’t want them back”: Amnesty, Defectors’ Programs, leniency measures, informal reconciliation, and punitive responses to Boko Haram

This report analyses the limitations, human rights violations, and counterproductive effects of the heavy-handed Nigerian military response to Boko Haram. It also looks at the multiple attempts at negotiating with Boko Haram, discussions of a possib…

Cameroon’s Far North: A New Chapter in the Fight Against Boko Haram

This report is one in a series of Crisis Group publications on the threat posed by Boko Haram in the Lake Chad basin. It is based on documentary research and some 150 interviews conducted from August 2017 to March 2018 in the Cameroonian capital Y…

Separatist Agitations in Nigeria: War versus Peace Journalism

The mass media are veritable tools for information dissemination, surveillance and correlation. Conflict reporting is one of the delicate areas of media practice. The type of agenda the media set on a conflict can either fuel or quell the crisis. …

Using Social Media for Long-haul Activism: Lessons from the BBOG Movement in Nigeria

The Bring Back our Girls (BBOG) is a women-led, spontaneous movement that erupted in Nigeria following the abduction of over 200 schoolgirls by Boko Haram terrorists in 2014. It soon gained widespread presence on the streets but even more online. T…

Inter-Security Agency Rivalry as an Impediment to National Counter Terrorism Strategy (NACTEST)

The emergence of Boko Haram as a terrorist group in Nigeria considerably changed the country’s security milieu. From a quiet religious group in the early 2000s, the group had risen in 2015 to become the deadliest terrorist group. As a security chal…

Strategies of Boko Haram and IPOB in Nigeria’s Postcolonial Context: A Critique

The main objective of the study is to examine how the post-colonial character of the Nigerian state engendered the emergence and strategies of IPOB and Boko Haram in the state. The study is anchored on the postcolonial state theory. Qualitative (d…

The Reintegration Enigma: Interventions for Boko Haram deserters in the Lake Chad Basin

In the Lake Chad Basin area, waves of Boko Haram members have deserted the violent extremist group since August 2016. Those who voluntarily leave the group are often referred to as deserters, returnees or repenters. While these three categories are …

Taking Our Security into our Hands: The Role of Vigilante Groups in the Fight against Boko Haram Terrorist Group in the Lake Chad Basin

The rise of Boko Haram in Nigeria and its spread to other parts of Lake Chad Basin has triggered the proliferation of several community defense forces, otherwise known as vigilante groups. This policy brief reveals that faced with Boko Haram attac…

Surviving Boko Haram: Why Children under Five Matter

There is a dearth of accurate health and mortality information coming out of those areas of Nigeria and Cameroon most affected by Boko Haram. This has led to gaps in understanding the full correlation between armed conflict and the health of childre…

Nigeria’s Boko Haram: Beyond the Rhetoric

"As the world remains focused on the fate of more than 200 Nigerian schoolgirls kidnapped by members of the militant Islamist group Boko Haram from the town of Chibok, Borno State in mid-April, it is clear that this terrorist organisation is rapidly…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 14, no. 1, 2014

'Accounting for violence in Eastern Congo: Young people’s narratives of war and peace in North and South Kivu’ intends to give a voice to young Congolese in this troubled region in the heart of Africa. It examines the way young people in the Kivu ma…

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