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Nigeria’s Boko Haram: Beyond the Rhetoric

"As the world remains focused on the fate of more than 200 Nigerian schoolgirls kidnapped by members of the militant Islamist group Boko Haram from the town of Chibok, Borno State in mid-April, it is clear that this terrorist organisation is rapidly…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 14, no. 1, 2014

'Accounting for violence in Eastern Congo: Young people’s narratives of war and peace in North and South Kivu’ intends to give a voice to young Congolese in this troubled region in the heart of Africa. It examines the way young people in the Kivu ma…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2014

In ‘South Africa and South-South Approaches to Post-conflict Development in Africa’ since 1994, promoting cordial and strategic relations with other countries in the Global South has been a key objective of South Africa’s foreign policy. Until recen…

Silence on the Lambs: The Abducted Chibok Schoolgirls in Nigeria and the Challenge to UNSCR 1325

The abduction of the Chibok schoolgirls in Nigeria by Boko Haram is being analysed in this policy brief. It explores how the kidnapping represents some of the challenges with operationalising United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325. …

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2014

In ‘Beheadings and the News Media: Why Some Conflict Atrocities Receive More Coverage than Others’ although major changes have occurred in the dissemination of news, there is no question that the news media retains an exceptionally powerful role in …

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 14, no. 2, 2014

‘Security regionalism and flaws of externally forged peace in Sudan: The IGAD peace process and its aftermath’ examines the IGAD peace process in Sudan, highlighting the dynamics and relative roles of the principal actors involved. It argues that al…

The Negative Costs of Delaying the African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crises

France managed to stop Jihadi militants from the northern Region in their tracks after they launched an offensive bid to take over the running of Mali, under Operation Serval, whereby the African Union was caught unprepared and highly embarrassed. …

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2015

‘Appraising the Efficacy of SADC in Resolving the 2014 Lesotho Conflict: Progress and Prospects’ presents an assessment of the efficacy of SADC’s intervention to resolve the Lesotho crisis, progress made so far and prospects for restoring peace and …

Nigeria Conflict Insight

The modern state of Nigeria was the product of a merger, by the British, of the North and Southern Protectorates with the Colony of Lagos in 1914. Prior to the amalgamation, the country had been home to numerous kingdoms and tribes over millennia. …

“In Nigeria, we don’t want them back”: Amnesty, Defectors’ Programs, leniency measures, informal reconciliation, and punitive responses to Boko Haram

This report analyses the limitations, human rights violations, and counterproductive effects of the heavy-handed Nigerian military response to Boko Haram. It also looks at the multiple attempts at negotiating with Boko Haram, discussions of a possib…

Cameroon’s Far North: A New Chapter in the Fight Against Boko Haram

This report is one in a series of Crisis Group publications on the threat posed by Boko Haram in the Lake Chad basin. It is based on documentary research and some 150 interviews conducted from August 2017 to March 2018 in the Cameroonian capital Y…

Separatist Agitations in Nigeria: War versus Peace Journalism

The mass media are veritable tools for information dissemination, surveillance and correlation. Conflict reporting is one of the delicate areas of media practice. The type of agenda the media set on a conflict can either fuel or quell the crisis. …

Using Social Media for Long-haul Activism: Lessons from the BBOG Movement in Nigeria

The Bring Back our Girls (BBOG) is a women-led, spontaneous movement that erupted in Nigeria following the abduction of over 200 schoolgirls by Boko Haram terrorists in 2014. It soon gained widespread presence on the streets but even more online. T…

Inter-Security Agency Rivalry as an Impediment to National Counter Terrorism Strategy (NACTEST)

The emergence of Boko Haram as a terrorist group in Nigeria considerably changed the country’s security milieu. From a quiet religious group in the early 2000s, the group had risen in 2015 to become the deadliest terrorist group. As a security chal…

Strategies of Boko Haram and IPOB in Nigeria’s Postcolonial Context: A Critique

The main objective of the study is to examine how the post-colonial character of the Nigerian state engendered the emergence and strategies of IPOB and Boko Haram in the state. The study is anchored on the postcolonial state theory. Qualitative (d…

The Reintegration Enigma: Interventions for Boko Haram deserters in the Lake Chad Basin

In the Lake Chad Basin area, waves of Boko Haram members have deserted the violent extremist group since August 2016. Those who voluntarily leave the group are often referred to as deserters, returnees or repenters. While these three categories are …

Taking Our Security into our Hands: The Role of Vigilante Groups in the Fight against Boko Haram Terrorist Group in the Lake Chad Basin

The rise of Boko Haram in Nigeria and its spread to other parts of Lake Chad Basin has triggered the proliferation of several community defense forces, otherwise known as vigilante groups. This policy brief reveals that faced with Boko Haram attac…

Surviving Boko Haram: Why Children under Five Matter

There is a dearth of accurate health and mortality information coming out of those areas of Nigeria and Cameroon most affected by Boko Haram. This has led to gaps in understanding the full correlation between armed conflict and the health of childre…

Instruments of Pain (IV): The Food Crisis in North East Nigeria

Approximately five million people in the region of east Nigeria (8.5 million across the wider Lake Chad basin) are facing severe food insecurity. This humanitarian crisis in north east Nigeria runs the risk of growing worse. This primarily is a resu…

From the Mediterranean to the Atlantic: A Corridor Vulnerable to Terrorism

Nigeria on the Atlantic and Libya on the Mediterranean, the two largest oil producers in Africa, are facing the two most violent terrorist groups on the continent. The Libyan version of Daesh and Boko Haram seem to be gaining ground to join in an …

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