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Foreign Land Deals in Tanzania: An Update and a Critical View on the Challenges of Data (re)production

"In the absence of an easily available source of reliable up-to-date data on foreign land deals in Tanzania, many reports have been published that attempt to provide an overview of these deals. While providing this overview is challenging due to t...

Commercial Biofuel Land Deals & Environment and Social Impact Assessments in Africa: Three Case Studies in Mozambique and Sierra Leone

"The rapid increase in attempts by foreign investors to acquire large tracts of land in Africa for biofuel developments has generated substantial concern about their potential negative impact on the communities living in the targeted areas. This i...

Zimbabwe's Contested Large Scale Land-Based Investment: The Chisumbanje Ethanol Project

"This policy brief presents the example of a biofuels production project and its value chain to argue that there is a need for a land and investment policy to guide communities, investors and stakeholders. The expansion of commercial sugarcane far...

Leveling the Field for Biofuels Comparing the Economic and Environmental Impacts of Biofuel and Other Export Crops in Malawi

"Biofuel production can have conflicting impacts on economic growth, food and energy security, and natural resources. Understanding these trade-offs is crucial for designing policies that are consistent with the Sustainable Development Goals. This...

Climate Change and Bioenergy Report: Case Studies of Oyola and Wekesi Villages, Nyando District, Nyanza Province, Kenya

The significance of bioenergy has of necessity been elevated both nationally and internationally, since it is also a means of alleviating the impact of global warming through efficient energy utilization; and is potentially an ecologically friend...

A Delicate Balance: Land Use, Minority Rights and Social Stability in the Horn of Africa

"The authors of the various chapters examine whether investments amount to an additional threat to the lives and livelihoods of pastoralists (the others being climate change, land degradation, conflict, invasive species and others) or if investmen...

Gendered Dimensions of Land and Rural Livelihoods: The Case of New Settler Farmer Displacement at Nuanetsi Ranch, Mwenezi District, Zimbabwe

"Nuanetsi Ranch had been invaded by villagers from different parts of Mwenezi, Chiredzi and Chivi communal areas since 2000. In February 2010, the government announced that the settlers had to be removed and resettled in other ’uncontested lands’ ...

The Local Livelihood Implications of Biofuel Development and Land Acquisitions in Zimbabwe

"In recent years, proponents of “green and clean” fuel have argued that the socio-economic and environmental costs of over reliance on traditional fuel (oil) could be reduced by a global transition to biofuel. Such discourses propound that a trans...

Bioenergy Policy Review in Tanzania

"Biofuel is a fast growing sector in Tanzania. some companies are acquiring big tracts of land, some up to 400 000 hectares for growing biofuel crops. It is believed that the country has a reserve of 88 million hectares for agriculture. The govern...

Biofuels Investment and Community Land Tenure in Tanzania: The Case of Bioshape, Kilwa District

"The main objective of this report is to examine the outcomes and impacts that arise from the withdrawal or bankruptcy of a large-scale, land-based investment in Tanzania, and to use this evidence to draw insights for policy and practice around l...

Sustainable Biofuels: Crops and Access in Developing Countries

Biofuel production in developing countries can be instrumental in poverty reduction but can also marginalise the rural poor. The rise in biofuel production sparked a debate over the threat that energy security poses to food security. This paper lo...

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