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From the Mediterranean to the Atlantic: A Corridor Vulnerable to Terrorism

Nigeria on the Atlantic and Libya on the Mediterranean, the two largest oil producers in Africa, are facing the two most violent terrorist groups on the continent. The Libyan version of Daesh and Boko Haram seem to be gaining ground to join in an …

De la Méditerranée à l’Atlantique : le Couloir de Vulnérabilité face au Terrorisme

Deux des plus grands producteurs d'hydrocarbures en Afrique, le Nigeria sur l'Atlantique et la Libye sur la Méditerranée font face aux deux groupes terroristes les plus violents sur le continent. Daech version libyenne et Boko Haram semblent avanc…

Africa's Conflict Burden in a Global Context

"This paper gives a snapshot of Africa’s conflict burden within a global context based on various prominent data providers. The analysis finds that armed conflict in Africa follows the general global pattern of declining levels if measured in rela…

Assessing Long Term State Fragility in Africa : Prospects for 26 ‘more fragile’ Countries

This monograph propose that ten presently fragile states (Comoros, the CAR, the DRC, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, the Republic of Congo, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan and Togo) will continue to experience poor governance, chronic poverty, potentially wi…

The Rise of Radical and Asymmetric Armed Insurgents in the Central African Sub-Region: A Causal Analysis

This policy brief investigated the recent surge of armed conflict in the central African sub-region. There is a particular focus on the causes of the Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria. Though most post-colonial states on the African continent have e…

Cycles of Violence Gender Relations and Armed Conflict

The research project ‘Gender-Sensitive Programme Design and Planning in Conflict-Affected Situations’ was carried out by ACORD during 2000 and 2001. Its overall aim was to enhance gender-awareness in the design and management of development project…

ACORD Handbook Community Social Peace and Recovery Model Generating Leadership for Sustainable Peace and Recovery among Divided Communities

Around the world, the majority of armed conflicts are mostly internal or “intra-national” wars, in which groups in conflict live very close to each other. The enemy is real or perceived to be located in the same region, city, village, neighbourhood …

ACORD's Pan African Learning Forum : A look at the Role of Civil Society Organizations and the Challenges of Peace and Security in Consolidating Peace in Africa

Examining the history of armed conflict in Africa - particularly in West Africa - illustrates a variation of characteristics based on the era, causes and the parties to conflict. Wars of the Colonial era were centered on subjugation and control of A…

Contemporary Conflict Analysis in Perspective Chapter One

There is a complex relationship between ecology and conflict in sub-Saharan Africa, involving multiple actors, divergent and often conflicting interests, located at several levels of analysis. The access to and control of valuable natural resource…

Children and Armed Conflicts in Africa

Available figures put the number of child soldiers involved in armed conflicts in Africa at around 100,000. Some are as young as nine. This report examines the role of various African Union (AU) organs in monitoring children’s rights in conflict an…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 15, no. 1, 2015

"Democratisation in Africa: The role of self-enforcing constitutional rules’ discusses the long-run implications for civil conflict in Africa of this partial widening and deepening of democracy. Drawing on economic ideas about contracts and institut…

African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crisis: Advice for African Policymakers

"Despite the operationalisation of the African Standby Force (ASF) within the AU security system, rapid reaction remains a challenging task, as the crisis in Mali has demonstrated. The African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crisis (ACIRC) has t…

Africa Mediators’ Retreat 2013

"This meeting report provides a summary of the discussions and highlights the issues which emerged during the retreat. The fourth Africa Mediators’ Retreat, which brings together experienced peacemaking actors to discuss conflict-related issues rele…

The African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crisis: Advice for African Policymakers

"Despite the operationalisation of the African Standby Force (ASF) within the AU security system, rapid reaction remains a challenging task, as the crisis in Mali has demonstrated. The African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crisis (ACIRC) has…

Reclaiming Protection of Civilians under International Humanitarian Law: Reflections from the Oslo Global Conference

"Over the past sixty years, international humanitarian law (IHL) has established a comprehensive legal framework for the protection of civilians (PoC) in armed conflicts. There is broad consensus that these guidelines afford non-combatants significa…

Cameroon’s Anglophone Crisis: How to Get to Talks?

Cameroon’s Anglophone crisis is deadlocked. Twenty months of clashes have killed 1,850, displaced 530,000 and led tens of thousands to seek refuge abroad, but the government and the separatists are sticking to their irreconcilable positions. The sep…

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