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Perspectives of African Non-state Actors on the Work of the PSC

"In line with Article 20 of the Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council (PSC)of the African Union (AU) the PSC has taken steps to ‘… encourage non-governmental organizations to participate actively in the efforts ai…

Africa's Conflict Burden in a Global Context

"This paper gives a snapshot of Africa’s conflict burden within a global context based on various prominent data providers. The analysis finds that armed conflict in Africa follows the general global pattern of declining levels if measured in rela…

Assessing Long Term State Fragility in Africa : Prospects for 26 ‘more fragile’ Countries

This monograph propose that ten presently fragile states (Comoros, the CAR, the DRC, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, the Republic of Congo, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan and Togo) will continue to experience poor governance, chronic poverty, potentially wi…

The Rise of Radical and Asymmetric Armed Insurgents in the Central African Sub-Region: A Causal Analysis

This policy brief investigated the recent surge of armed conflict in the central African sub-region. There is a particular focus on the causes of the Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria. Though most post-colonial states on the African continent have e…

Cycles of Violence Gender Relations and Armed Conflict

The research project ‘Gender-Sensitive Programme Design and Planning in Conflict-Affected Situations’ was carried out by ACORD during 2000 and 2001. Its overall aim was to enhance gender-awareness in the design and management of development project…

ACORD Handbook Community Social Peace and Recovery Model Generating Leadership for Sustainable Peace and Recovery among Divided Communities

Around the world, the majority of armed conflicts are mostly internal or “intra-national” wars, in which groups in conflict live very close to each other. The enemy is real or perceived to be located in the same region, city, village, neighbourhood …

ACORD's Pan African Learning Forum : A look at the Role of Civil Society Organizations and the Challenges of Peace and Security in Consolidating Peace in Africa

Examining the history of armed conflict in Africa - particularly in West Africa - illustrates a variation of characteristics based on the era, causes and the parties to conflict. Wars of the Colonial era were centered on subjugation and control of A…

Contemporary Conflict Analysis in Perspective Chapter One

There is a complex relationship between ecology and conflict in sub-Saharan Africa, involving multiple actors, divergent and often conflicting interests, located at several levels of analysis. The access to and control of valuable natural resource…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2007

"...this issue of Conflict Trends highlights the impact and consequences of civilian protection, post-conflict reintegration, elections and peacebuilding coordination as a snapshot of Africa’s multifaceted needs. In order to move forward in these an…

The Regional Dimensions of the War in Northern Uganda

"This paper highlights the complexity of the conflict in northern Uganda. Attempts have been made to analyse the structures, actors and complex dynamics of the conflict using a multidisciplinary methodology. This has helped in identifying and mappin…

Armed Conflict and Disarmament Selected Central African Case Studies

"This monograph considers the nature and extent of armed conflict, the misuse and proliferation of small arms, as well as disarmament processes (or the lack thereof) in three Central African states: the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the Ce…

The African Strategic Environment 2020 Challenges for the SA Army

"The introductory section to this paper argued that the nature of war has changed from inter-state to internal conflict and that formal war is seldom declared – and seldom fought.In fact much more has changed. The very nature of security has under…

Diamonds and Other Precious Stones in Armed Conflicts and Law Enforcement Co-operation in Southern Africa

"This paper attempts to contribute to the continuing debate. It discusses the linkage between armed conflicts and extractive resources generally and specifically with reference to Southern Africa. The challenges arising from that linkage are then ex…

Exploring Small Arms Demand A Youth Perspective

"The purpose of this paper is to begin exploring the complex relationships between arms proliferation, youth and security in the African context. While all three elements in the relationship stand alone as research, policy and advocacy issues, all …

The Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict: Humanitarian Challenges in West Africa

"The workshop provided a forum where existing initiatives, domestic, national and regional, were examined and considered with the aim of improving civilian protection in the region. In order to achieve this, participants were tasked with analyzing…

Africa's Young Soldiers The Co-option of Childhood

"Section 1 reviews the phenomenon of child soldiers by situating it within a historical and universal context, as well as by examining the changing nature of armed conflicts since the end of the Cold War and the extent to which, this has facilitated…

Peacekeeping in Sierra Leone: UNAMSIL Hits the Home Straight

"This monograph provides a brief overview of the inconclusive interventions in the Sierra Leone conflict, up to and including the initial phase of UNAMSIL deployment. It reports in more detail on the subsequent advances made in the peace process, wi…

Angola - Endgame or Stalemate?

"Given the extent of both the human and material destruction in Angola over the past thirty years, it would seem unwise to expect that, even were peace to hold, recovery would be swift. For all its untapped natural wealth, this is not a country comp…

Child Soldiers in Southern Africa

"This contribution provides a positive account of attempts now being made in Mozambique to reintegrate children involved in the armed conflict that ended in October 1992. The activities in question are being carried out by government, non-governmen…

OSSREA Bulletin Vol 7 No 1

In this bulletin the following articles features: 1)A Glimpse at Preparations for Copenhagen and its Accord 2) South-South Co-operation or Sub-Imperialism? South African “Quiet Diplomacy”, SADC Docility, and the Underdevelopment of Zimbabwe. This pa…

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