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Radicalisation in Kenya Recruitment to al-Shabaab and the Mombasa Republican Council

"Despite a history of extremism and unconventional political developments in Kenya, relatively little empirical research has been done to determine why and how individuals join al-Shabaab and the Mombasa Republican Council (MRC). This paper is based…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2015

‘Appraising the Efficacy of SADC in Resolving the 2014 Lesotho Conflict: Progress and Prospects’ presents an assessment of the efficacy of SADC’s intervention to resolve the Lesotho crisis, progress made so far and prospects for restoring peace and …

Kenya’s Somali North East: Devolution and Security

There is a worrying loss of faith in the capacity of the state, at the core of the security crisis in the North East – and with Kenya in general, whether in centralized or devolved form, to deliver collective security and find a just solution to loc…

Women and Al-Shabaab’s Insurgency

For women, supporters or civilians alike, life under Al-Shabaab rule offers a degree of predictability and opportunities for justice that are often absent in areas administered by the federal government. While the insurgents coerce and exploit women…

Blunting Al-Shabaab's Impact on Somalia's Elections

The threat of attack, whether by Al-Shabaab, Islamic State or both, hangs over the 2021 elections in Somalia. Prospective electors, delegates and candidates face a difficult choice – take part and hazard the militants’ wrath, or refrain and further …

Community Perceptions of Violent Extremism in Kenya

A range of political, security and developmental responses has been elicited by the emergence of various armed ‘extremist’ groups in the Greater Horn of Africa. Countering Violent Extremism (CVE), a developmental approach to counterterrorism, seekin…

Resource Extraction and Violent Extremism in Africa

Abundant natural resources, swathes of unprotected territory and porous borders make resource extraction an attractive source of wealth for opportunistic extremist groups in Africa – most notably al-Shabaab, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and t…

Somalia: Creating Space for Fresh Approaches to Peacebuilding

This publication is a result of a collaboration between the Life & Peace Institute and the Kroc Institute of International Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame. What emerges from the articles is that policy options discussed by decision mak…

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