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Morocco Joins the AU: Motives and Meanings

Morocco left the Organization of African Unity (OAU) in 1984 when the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR, also known as Western Sahara), which the Moroccan monarchy considered to be part of its territory, was granted membership of the organisati…

Peace and Security Council Report: Issue 104

This issue explores Africa’s new free trade area and violence in Cameroon. The 31st African Union (AU) summit in Nouakchott for the first time saw a vigorous interrogation of the organisation’s proposed budget. Issues of corruption and mismanageme…

The AU Reform Agenda: What areas of Reform are most Transformational and of the highest return for the Continent?

This policy brief argues that to be transformational (impact and extent of the delivery), the AU reform agenda needs to position poverty eradication and constitutional democratization as the new frontiers for the re-conceptualization of Pan-Africani…

How the AU can Promote Transitional Justice in South Sudan

The African Union is mandated to help South Sudan to ensure accountability for past human rights abuses through the establishment of a hybrid court. This mandate is derived from the Agreement for the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan, signed i…

A Tale of Two Councils: Strengthening AU-UN Cooperation

The growing distance between the PSC and the Security Council serves neither body and inhibits each in its efforts to advance peace and security in Africa. This report explores the roots of this trend. It then recommends a series of modest steps tha…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 14, no. 1, 2014

'Accounting for violence in Eastern Congo: Young people’s narratives of war and peace in North and South Kivu’ intends to give a voice to young Congolese in this troubled region in the heart of Africa. It examines the way young people in the Kivu ma…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2014

In ‘Beheadings and the News Media: Why Some Conflict Atrocities Receive More Coverage than Others’ although major changes have occurred in the dissemination of news, there is no question that the news media retains an exceptionally powerful role in …

State of the Union South Africa Report 2010

"This report deals with South Africa’s compliance with 12 selected AU instruments. Eight of these 12 instruments are treaties while four are strategies, resolutions or plans of action. While treaties are legally binding on States Parties, resolutio…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 25 No.3 May-June 2013

In ‘Kenya: A new test case for the ICC’ Kenyan stability requires human rights, the rule of law and a narrowing of the gap between the rich and the poor. This cannot simply be imposed through the strike of the gavel in an ICC court. In ‘Crafting for…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2016

‘Conflict Resurgence and the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan: A Hurried and Imposed Peace Pact?’ analyses the events leading to the conclusion of the ARCSS and the extent to which they undermine the ownersh…

Africa's Democracy: "Is the Environment Enabling or Disenabling"

The State of the Union Report addresses what lies above and below Africa’s current development trajectory. Too often we only ask what must be done and how it should be done but we seldom ask why our development efforts sometimes works in a sustained…

Silencing the Guns, Owning the Future: Realising a Conflict-free Africa

"This report summarises the deliberations held during the high-level meeting, and its outcomes. Efforts are made to contextualise the discussions that occurred by providing information on overarching processes and developments that informed the gath…

Horn of Africa Bulletin, November - December 2020, Volume 32, Issue 2

Countries emerging from violent conflicts or repressive authoritarian rule and seeking to transition into a more peaceful and democratic dispensation, face the inevitable challenge of designing and implementing justice, reconciliation and peacebuild…

Civil Society Participation in Peacemaking and Mediation Support in the APSA: Insights on the AU, ECOWAS and SADC

Recognising the need to institutionalise mediation capacity and to foster the participation of non-state actors in conflict prevention and peacemaking, the African Union (AU) and Regional Economic Communities (RECs), which form the building blocks o…

Civil Society Leading Transitional Justice in Southern Africa: Lessons from Zimbabwe

Using Zimbabwe as a case study, this policy brief presents a practice model of how civil society can play an effective and proactive leadership role in pushing for the implementation of transitional justice. The briefing outlines the civil society-l…

Common African Positions on Global Issues: Achievements and Realities

The African Union’s (AU) use of common African positions promotes collective African interests especially on development. This report identifies lessons from the process of developing these common positions, including guiding principles, consultatio…

Supporting the Mandate of the African Court

There is much work to be done on all fronts. The African Court, African Commission, AU, States, civil society, academia, and other stakeholders all have a role to play in ensuring that the African Court has a future in protecting and enforcing human…

Reforming the African Peace and Security Architecture: Options for Effective Clarity of Roles between the African Union and Sub-regional Organizations

The uncertainties relating to the specific roles of the African Union (AU) and sub-regional organizations have raised debates on how to effectively delimit the responsibilities of African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA) institutions in the co…

Conflict-Sensitive Infrastructure Development: Key Considerations for the AU

The AU’s Programme for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA) has an ambitious agenda to connect and integrate the continent through hard and soft infrastructure. The current PIDA Priority Action Plan 2 (PIDA PAP 2) prioritises 69 regional proj…

Primacy of Politics or Securitising Governance? Options for a Sustainable AU Department of Political Affairs, Peace and Security

Following a trend observed in the United Nations and other intergovernmental organisations, the African Union (AU) opted for institutional reform in 2018. Among the most emblematic results was the merger of the political affairs, and peace and secur…

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