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African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 14, no. 1, 2014

'Accounting for violence in Eastern Congo: Young people’s narratives of war and peace in North and South Kivu’ intends to give a voice to young Congolese in this troubled region in the heart of Africa. It examines the way young people in the Kivu ma…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2014

In ‘Beheadings and the News Media: Why Some Conflict Atrocities Receive More Coverage than Others’ although major changes have occurred in the dissemination of news, there is no question that the news media retains an exceptionally powerful role in …

Africa's Democracy: "Is the Environment Enabling or Disenabling"

The State of the Union Report addresses what lies above and below Africa’s current development trajectory. Too often we only ask what must be done and how it should be done but we seldom ask why our development efforts sometimes works in a sustained…

Silencing the Guns, Owning the Future: Realising a Conflict-free Africa

"This report summarises the deliberations held during the high-level meeting, and its outcomes. Efforts are made to contextualise the discussions that occurred by providing information on overarching processes and developments that informed the gath…

State of the Union South Africa Report 2010

"This report deals with South Africa’s compliance with 12 selected AU instruments. Eight of these 12 instruments are treaties while four are strategies, resolutions or plans of action. While treaties are legally binding on States Parties, resolutio…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 25 No.3 May-June 2013

In ‘Kenya: A new test case for the ICC’ Kenyan stability requires human rights, the rule of law and a narrowing of the gap between the rich and the poor. This cannot simply be imposed through the strike of the gavel in an ICC court. In ‘Crafting for…

Training to Protect Civilians: Recent Developments and Recommendations

"Protection of Civilians has become one of the most important aspects of the mandates of peacekeeping operations. More recently, both the United Nations and the African Union have been engaged in strengthening their roles in addressing protection n…

Political leaders in Africa: Presidents, Patrons or Profiteers?

"The perception is that African leaders rule failed states that have acquired tags such as “corruptocracies”, “chaosocracies” or “terrorocracies”. Perspectives on political leadership in Africa vary from the “criminalisation” of the state to politic…

Towards enhancing the capacity of the African Union in mediation

"Armed conflict is one of the greatest threats to Africa’s development. Today, many African countries are in the throes of civil conflict, several more face a heightened risk of experiencing armed violence, while others are recently emerging from …

The AU and the search for Peace and Reconciliation in Burundi and Comoros

"This report highlights the AU’s role in deploying and supporting these mechanisms. At the beginning of both efforts, the OAU/AU faced tremendous difficulties in implementing its policy due to its administrative and logistical weaknesses. However, a…

Somalia: An Opportunity that Should Not Be Missed

"The next six months will be crucial for Somalia. The international community is taking a renewed interest in the country; the mandate of the feeble and dysfunctional Transitional Federal Government (TFG) expires in a half-year; and emboldened troop…

Implications of the AU Decision to Give the African Court Jurisdiction over International Crimes

"This paper considers the decision by the African Union (AU)to expand the jurisdiction of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights to act as an international criminal court with jurisdiction over the international crimes of genocide, war crimes…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2016

‘Conflict Resurgence and the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan: A Hurried and Imposed Peace Pact?’ analyses the events leading to the conclusion of the ARCSS and the extent to which they undermine the ownersh…

Zimbabwe: Prospects from a Flawed Election

Excerpt: "The regional mediation offering the most realistic chance to resolve Zimbabwe’s eight-year crisis has failed. South African President Thabo Mbeki’s stated objective in talks between the ruling ZANU-PF party and the opposition Movement for …

Whither Human Rights in African International Relations?

"Strict observance of state sovereignty, once a mainstay of international relations, has given way to a global concern to protect human rights wherever they are threatened. On paper, at least, Africa shares this international commitment in its estab…

Eritrea: The Siege State

"Eritrea has been deeply troubled since independence in 1991. Following the devastating war with Ethiopia (1998- 2000), an authoritarian, militarised regime has further tightened political space, tolerating neither opposition nor dissent. Relation…

Guinea: Reforming the Army

"After decades of bad governance and misuse, the armed forces are a potential source of instability which could still throw Guinea and the region into chaos. At the very least, if not reformed thoroughly, they will continue to pose a threat to demo…

Migration of Skills in South Africa: Patterns, Trends and Challenges

"It is a human inclination to want to position oneself where conditions are best for personal fulfillment, growth and success. People migrate because they perceive their environment as inadequate in terms of what they desire or deserve. The more des…

Beyond the numbers: Women’s Participation in the Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliation

"Since the end of the Cold War, much international attention has focused on identifying which factors within a mediation process contribute to sustainable peace. Research by academics and practitioners alike has identified several important areas. …

Mediation in African conflicts: The gap between mandate and capacity

"Given the frequency with which high-level peacemaking is undertaken in Africa, there is surprisingly little discussion in official circles about the science and art of mediation. The first part of this paper examines some of the specific problems i…

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