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The Chair of the African Union What prospect for institutionalisation?

"This paper is an in-depth analysis on the chair of the African Union. After providing a historical overview, the author explains the modalities for the election of AU chairs and their functions. She then compares different styles of chairmanship ...

The AU and the Challenge of Unconstitutional Changes of Government in Africa

"This paper examines the policy position of the AU with regard to ‘Unconstitutional Changes of Government’(UCG)in Africa. After analysing the definition of the concept or phenomenon of UCG, at least from the viewpoint of the African Union (AU), wi...

‘New Growth on Deep Roots’ Prospects for an African Union Government

"This paper traces the roots of the Pan-Africanist vision for the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), and then examines the prospects for its revival in the African Union (AU). It is evident from an analysis of OAU decisions, declarations and spe...

Institutionalising Pan-Africanism Transforming African Union Values and Principles into Policy and Practice

"The argument put forth in this paper is that the critical challenge facing the AU is whether it can transform the extensive range of principles, norms and values that it has adopted into practical policies which can be implemented. The proposit...

Protection of Civilians in African Peace Missions The Case of the African Union Mission in Sudan, Darfur

"This paper examines the problems of civilian protection created by the war in Darfur, focusing on the role of AMIS and the challenges it has encountered in protecting civilians in Darfur. It examines the challenges that have faced the proposed UN...

Dialogue in Africa

Looks back at past developments over ten years against the growing isolation of South Africa in the early sixties. Also reflects on the threats of isolation which continued in various areas of South African foreign relations

Fighting Impunity: The International Criminal Court and the African Union

"This paper examines Africa’s fight against impunity in light of the decision of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court to investigate President Omar Al Bashir of Sudan for his alleged involvement in the crimes that have occurred in Da...

The OAU/AU and an Africa at peace with itself: Time for serious business

'This Policy & Practice Brief (PPB) is a postscript to the Golden Jubilee celebrations of the founding of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) and the 21st African Union (AU) Summit which took place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from 19 to 27 May 20...

The OAU/AU at 50 : Democratic Governance as a Precondition for a Sustainable African Future

"The 50th anniversary of the African Union (AU), previously the Organisation for African Unity (OAU), in May 2013 provided a fitting moment for the continental body to reflect on its achievements, challenges and the way forward. When compared wit...

Ending war in Africa: The power of dialogue

"Africa has much to boast about these days. Crude clichés of a continent blighted by disease, poverty and bloodshed are steadily giving way to a far more promising narrative. In the face of a global economic slump, for instance, Africa keeps compa...

Reviewing Africa’s Peer Review Mechanism: A Seven Country Survey

"The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) was launched in 2003 as one of the pillars of NEPAD. More than half of Africa’s countries (with three-quarters of its population) have joined the APRM. Of these, at least half have set about the process of...

The African Union and Foreign Policy

"Foreign policy is a set of principles of governments that defines their external relations with other countries. It also serves as an instrument to achieve the national interests of a nation. In implementing their foreign policy, governments mana...

South Africa's Cooperation and Support to Civilian Capacities in the Aftermath of Conflict

"The focus of the review was on current approaches within South Africa which promote and develop the mechanisms that provide support to post-conflict states. The international community is increasingly recognising this challenge, with the conseque...

African Union and the Promotion of Democratic Values in Africa: An Electoral Perspective

This study critically evaluates the state of electoral governance and the democratisation process in Africa. Relying mainly on the AU’s declaration governing democratic elections in Africa and the declaration on observing and monitoring electi...

The African Union 2013 Golden Jubilee Report: 50 Years Of Peacemaking In Africa – A Critical Retrospective Of OAU/AU Peacemaking

"The Fourth African Union (AU) High-Level Retreat on the Promotion of Peace, Security and Stability in Africa was held in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire on 29 and 30 October 2013 under the theme '50 Years of peacemaking in Africa: A critical retrospective...

African Union Mediation Support Handbook

"This first revised edition serves as a general reference and field study guide for mediation teams and lead mediators deployed on AU mediation missions. It is a practical tool, based on the premise that mediation is a critical and complex skill t...

The AU’s Cybercrime Response: A Positive Start, but Substantial Challenges ahead

Increasingly the private sector, individuals and African governments rely on the Internet to conduct sensitive transactions and store important data. African states are lagging behind in strengthening cybersecurity and fighting cybercrime. Cybe...

African-centred Solutions for Peace and Security (AfSol): Workshop Report

"The objective of the workshop was to define and refine the concept of AfSol (African-centred Solutions in Peace and Security) through presentations followed by in-depth discussions and debates. The discussions led to a common understanding on cer...

Then and Now: How the United Nations Peacebuilding Architecture is Meeting its Mandate

"Since its creation in 2005, the United Nations (UN) Peacebuilding Architecture (PBA) has scored some successes in terms of increasing opportunities for financing of peacebuilding efforts and working with governments in this area. However, the bro...

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2015

In ‘Contributing to Africa’s Peacekeeping Capacity: 20 Years of Training for Peace in Africa’ since the early 1990s, the focus of the United Nations’ (UN) peacemaking and peacekeeping efforts has largely been directed to Africa. In the beginning, ...

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