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Two Decades of Election Observation by the African Union: A Review

This article discusses the various phases the African Union Election Observation Missions (AUEOMs) have passed through since participation by the Organization of African Unity OAU in the UN-led mission to monitor Namibia’s referendum in 1989. The …

African Architecture for Peace and Security: Relevance in the Design and Difficulties in Achievement / Architecture Africaine de Paix et de Sécurité : Pertinence dans la Conception et Difficultés dans les Réalisations

The great question that challenges Africans, in the field of safeguarding peace and security, remains the question of whether the Pan-African organization which aspires to lead the continent towards peace and prosperity and the human and material re…

Preventing Conflicts or Preventing Relapse: Understanding the Entry- Point of Emerging Peace Building Actors

It was argued in the paper that the dichotomy between conflict prevention and prevention of relapse seems to be the moot point of where emerging actors should intervene. The issues and trends discussed in the document demonstrate a greater leaning b…

Conflict Prevention What’s in it for the AU?

Several conflict prevention initiatives was developed by the African Union (AU) since its inception in 2002. Now, with the increased expectation for more effective responses to conflicts, the AU must reflect on its different roles and improve its …

The African Union: Regional and Global Challenges

Ten key policy recommendations emerged from the Cape Town policy seminar: 1. Firstly, it was suggested that the AU Commission should engage more strategically with African civil society, think tanks, the private sector, and the philanthropic sector…

The African Union at Ten: Aspirations and Reality

The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, and the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES), Berlin, Germany, hosted a colloquium in Berlin, from 30 to 31 August 2012, on “The African Union at Ten: Aspirations and Reality”. The Africa…

Trust, Time and Participatory Research in Regional Social Policymaking: The African Union and Southern African Development Community

This paper reports two empirical studies undertaken in 2012 and 2014 both of which examine the extent to which International Organisations have argued for and helped to develop regional social policies in regional associations of government in Afr…

African Union: What are the Possible Options for Strategic Autonomy?

This Policy Brief is also available in French titled: Union Africaine : Quelles options d’autonomie stratégique possibles ? The current economic, political and geo-strategic dynamics, centered on the major regional groups, announce a reconfigurat…

Union Africaine: Quelles Options d’Autonomie Stratégique Possibles ? / African Union:What are the Possible Options for Strategic Autonomy?

This policy brief is also available in English. The current economic, political and geo-strategic dynamics, centered on the major regional groups, announce a reconfiguration of the international order in which Africa is called to play an important r…

From Dependency to Partnership: Where are AU-EU Relations Heading

This policy brief considers the prospects of the relationship between the AU and the EU maturing beyond the traditional dependency model. Although great progress has been made since the EU was established and its relationship with predominantly ex-c…

The African Union: Regional and Global Challenges

This policy research seminar was held in Cape Town, from 27 to 29 April 2016 and convened about 30 prominent African, Asian, and Western policymakers, scholars, and civil society actors to reflect critically on the historical mission, progress, prob…

5eme Sommet Union Africaine - Union Européenne: Le Maroc Rayonne à Abidjan ! / 5th African Union Summit - European Union: Morocco shines in Abidjan!

November 29, 2017, marked Morocco's actual return to the African Union (AU). Thanks to the proactive leadership and foresight of HM King Mohammed VI, the term "Pan-Africanist" as used by Alpha Condé (the AU's current President), the Kingdom of Moro…

The African Union at Ten: Problems, Progress and Prospects

The year 2013 marks the 50th anniversary of post-independence pan-Africanism with the birth of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) in May 1963. As the golden jubilee is celebrated, this report reflects on the hopes for an “African Renaissance” …

The Meaning of Morocco’s Return to the African Union

Morocco’s 2017 return to the African Union (AU) has created a rift between its supporters, mostly from Francophone West Africa, and those who oppose Morocco because of its claim over the Western Sahara. If Morocco wants to have a say in decisions on…

A Wind of Change? The Institutional Reform of the African Union and Africa's Security Provision

This collection of policy briefs seeks to contribute to achieving a homogeneous understanding and to influence ongoing dialogue on the AU’s institutional reforms. Despite the relatively recent decision to reform, its ongoing implementation, varied…

Is the African Union’s Aspiration Towards Financial Autonomy Achievable?

The African Union (AU) is witnessing a potentially transformative era, through its decision on financial autonomy and broader reform agenda. Even though the discourse on financing of the Union is hardly new, this policy brief explains why the July…

Carrying Forward the Momentum of the 2017 African Union Year of Youth

This paper reflects on the African Union’s (AU) 2017 theme, ‘Harnessing the Demographic Dividend Through Investments in Youth.’ Although there has been a focus on youth-related issues in 2017 there is a need to critically examine the gains and chall…

Peace and Security Council Report Issue No.109

This report discusses several issues regarding peacebuiding in Africa under the following headings: 1) The Focus on 32nd AU summit: elections could see big powers return to the PSC. In February 2019 the 15-member Peace and Security Council (PSC) w…

Peace and Security Council Report No.110

The first article in this report is titled: With four new members, is the PSC at a crossroads? On 7 February 2019, at its 34th Ordinary Session, the Executive Council of the African Union (AU) elected four new members to the Peace and Security Coun…

Repositioning the AU’s role in Counter-Terrorism Operations

One of the ways that the African Union (AU) addresses threats to Africa’s security is by authorising or deploying counter-terrorism operations. Such operations are related to, but distinct from peace support operations, which are an AU statutory too…

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