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The OAU/AU and an Africa at peace with itself: Time for serious business

'This Policy & Practice Brief (PPB) is a postscript to the Golden Jubilee celebrations of the founding of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) and the 21st African Union (AU) Summit which took place in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from 19 to 27 May 2013…

The OAU/AU at 50 : Democratic Governance as a Precondition for a Sustainable African Future

"The 50th anniversary of the African Union (AU), previously the Organisation for African Unity (OAU), in May 2013 provided a fitting moment for the continental body to reflect on its achievements, challenges and the way forward. When compared with …

Ending war in Africa: The power of dialogue

"Africa has much to boast about these days. Crude clichés of a continent blighted by disease, poverty and bloodshed are steadily giving way to a far more promising narrative. In the face of a global economic slump, for instance, Africa keeps company…

Reviewing Africa’s Peer Review Mechanism: A Seven Country Survey

"The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) was launched in 2003 as one of the pillars of NEPAD. More than half of Africa’s countries (with three-quarters of its population) have joined the APRM. Of these, at least half have set about the process of s…

The African Union and Foreign Policy

"Foreign policy is a set of principles of governments that defines their external relations with other countries. It also serves as an instrument to achieve the national interests of a nation. In implementing their foreign policy, governments manage…

South Africa's Cooperation and Support to Civilian Capacities in the Aftermath of Conflict

"The focus of the review was on current approaches within South Africa which promote and develop the mechanisms that provide support to post-conflict states. The international community is increasingly recognising this challenge, with the consequenc…

African Union and the Promotion of Democratic Values in Africa: An Electoral Perspective

This study critically evaluates the state of electoral governance and the democratisation process in Africa. Relying mainly on the AU’s declaration governing democratic elections in Africa and the declaration on observing and monitoring election…

The African Union 2013 Golden Jubilee Report: 50 Years Of Peacemaking In Africa – A Critical Retrospective Of OAU/AU Peacemaking

"The Fourth African Union (AU) High-Level Retreat on the Promotion of Peace, Security and Stability in Africa was held in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire on 29 and 30 October 2013 under the theme '50 Years of peacemaking in Africa: A critical retrospective o…

African Union Mediation Support Handbook

"This first revised edition serves as a general reference and field study guide for mediation teams and lead mediators deployed on AU mediation missions. It is a practical tool, based on the premise that mediation is a critical and complex skill tha…

The AU’s Cybercrime Response: A Positive Start, but Substantial Challenges ahead

Increasingly the private sector, individuals and African governments rely on the Internet to conduct sensitive transactions and store important data. African states are lagging behind in strengthening cybersecurity and fighting cybercrime. Cyber …

African-centred Solutions for Peace and Security (AfSol): Workshop Report

"The objective of the workshop was to define and refine the concept of AfSol (African-centred Solutions in Peace and Security) through presentations followed by in-depth discussions and debates. The discussions led to a common understanding on certa…

Then and Now: How the United Nations Peacebuilding Architecture is Meeting its Mandate

"Since its creation in 2005, the United Nations (UN) Peacebuilding Architecture (PBA) has scored some successes in terms of increasing opportunities for financing of peacebuilding efforts and working with governments in this area. However, the broad…

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2015

In ‘Contributing to Africa’s Peacekeeping Capacity: 20 Years of Training for Peace in Africa’ since the early 1990s, the focus of the United Nations’ (UN) peacemaking and peacekeeping efforts has largely been directed to Africa. In the beginning, th…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2015

‘Appraising the Efficacy of SADC in Resolving the 2014 Lesotho Conflict: Progress and Prospects’ presents an assessment of the efficacy of SADC’s intervention to resolve the Lesotho crisis, progress made so far and prospects for restoring peace and …

The African Union Migration and Regional Integration Framework

"This Policy & Practice Brief (PPB) evaluates how well-equipped the African Union’s (AU) migration policy framework is to address various domestic challenges that individual African states face in managing international migration. It reviews these i…

Reclaiming Protection of Civilians under International Humanitarian Law: Reflections from the Oslo Global Conference

"Over the past sixty years, international humanitarian law (IHL) has established a comprehensive legal framework for the protection of civilians (PoC) in armed conflicts. There is broad consensus that these guidelines afford non-combatants significa…

The Al Bashir Debacle

This article discusses the failure of states to comply with their obligation to execute the warrant issued by the International Criminal Court for the arrest of President Omar Hassan Ahmed Al Bashir of Sudan. There are serious charges against Presi…

Moving Towards an Integrated Africa

"This event provided a platform to explore how best to overcome the obstacles to intra-African interaction, collaboration, coordination and harmonization so that Africa's richness could be better marshalled to realize the common goods of prosperity…

Ethiopia's Policy Towards the AU: Time to Look Beyond Unique Contributions & Special Responsibilities

The Foreign Affairs and National Security Policy and Strategy (FANSPS) is Ethiopia’s well articulated foreign and security policy. Its substantive anchor on development and stability as well as geographic focus on the Horn of Africa and Egypt reflec…

The Foreign Policies of African States in the Age of Democracy and Human Rights

"The establishment of the AU in 2002 created opportunities for an ambitious democracy and human rights agenda in the foreign and continental policies of African states. The Constitutive Act of the AU sets the normative basis for integrating various …

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