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Peace and Security Council Report Issue No.114 June 2019

This article ‘AU summit: Will free trade be Africa’s economic game changer?’ discusses the importance and economic possibilities of the establishment of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCTA). In ‘Dangers ahead for Sudan after its suspensio…

The Digital Economy and Ecommerce in Africa - Drivers of the African Free Trade Area?

This special report looks at the development of the digital economy, and in particular ecommerce, in Africa, against the backdrop of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). The AfCFTA, when implemented, will encourage cross-border intra-Af…

Improving Energy Efficiency and Interconnectivity in Africa through Regional Economic Integration

Affordable and efficient energy supply is essential for enhanced welfare and better development outcomes. However, African states suffer from huge deficits in energy generation and distribution, resulting in unreliable power networks, frequent power…

Unpacking the Significance of African Continental Free Trade Area for Africa and its People

With free trade under attack in much of the developed world, Africa is forging a new path for itself to foster sustainable wealth and development for the continent. On 21 March 2018, AU leaders met in Rwanda to finalise the signing of a new trade ag…

Continental Integration & the Nigerian Economy: The Effect of the African Continental Free Trade Area on Medium Small and Micro-scale Enterprises in Nigeria

Africa is at a historical crossroads. The launching of the operational phase of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) Agreement during the 12th Extraordinary Session of the Assembly of the African Union (AU) in Niamey, Niger on 7 July 201…

Beyond Borders? Africans Prefer Self-reliant Development but remain Skeptical of Free Trade and Open Borders

The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) opened for business on January 1, 2021, promising opportunities for people from all socio-economic strata to share in economic growth in the world’s largest free-trade zone. Expected to cover 54 Afric…

Fundamental Lessons From Regional Economic Communities for the African Continental Free Trade Area: A Case Study of the East African Community

In January 2012, the African Union (AU) Heads of States agreed to unite the economies of Africa into a single free trade area. Subsequently, in May 2019, all 55 AU member states apart from Eritrea signed the agreement establishing the Africa Contine…

Services as a Driver of Economic Growth and Job Creation in South Africa: Can the AfCTA Assist?

This policy insight reviews the state of South Africa’s service sector, casting light on the associated challenges and opportunities at national and regional level. It concludes that, in the short term, corporates cannot look to the African Continen…

Greening the AfCFTA: It is not Too Late

Environmental sustainability is a key component of Africa’s Agenda 2063: The Africa We Want. Yet, the recently launched African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) contains only minimal references to the environment. This policy brief highlights va…

Why Regional Value Chains in Africa Need to go Digital

After years of de-industrialisation and limited intra-regional trade, which have been serious constraints to inclusive growth and development, African countries have an opportunity to leverage the potential of the African Continental Free Trade Area…

Keys to Success for the AfCFTA Negotiations

The ratification of the AfCFTA presents a real milestone for African unity. Whether it will go beyond symbolism, however, depends in part on the depth and scope of the provisions and commitments currently being negotiated. The negotiation outcomes, …

Leveraging the BRI for Africa’s Industrialisation and Intra-Trade (Opportunities for the AfCFTA)

Two initiatives have recently gained prominence, one on the global stage and the other in Africa: China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). The former initiative’s primary aim is to build economic i…

Africa's Integration: Not an Option, but an Imperative

Implementation of AfCFTA brings with it prospects of freer trade within the continent, and the development of Africa’s internal markets. AfCFTA has the potential to generate jobs, lift wages, spur innovation, increase competition, create wealth, gen…

Africa’s Integration: Not an Option, but an Imperative

Regional integration based on the principles of cooperation and coordination has been a tool used by countries and groups of countries to accomplish a wide range of objectives. These range from accessing lucrative markets and investments, securing o…

Within the EAC, which Countries stand to Benefit from the Implementation of the AfCFTA

The brief provides evidence on the likely trade, welfare and revenue effects of the AfCFTA on the EAC economies. Generally, all the EAC countries incur tariff revenue losses. Kenya incurs the most extensive tariff revenue loss followed by Uganda, Ta…

TANA Papers 2020

This set of policy briefs intend to inform the upcoming discussions at the 9th Tana Forum. This year’s theme is “The AfCFTA: Revitalizing Pan Africanism for Sustainable Peace and Development in Africa.” The first brief by Brenda K. Kombo “Strengthen…

SPSA 2020: Executive Summary of the State of Peace and Security in Africa Report 2020

The 2019 SPSA Report invariably leaves two key questions. The first one, relates to whether or not the year 2019 could be held up as a viable foundation for something bigger and more ambitious for the continent in the light of AfCFTA, and one from w…

The Republic of South Africa and the African Continental Free Trade Area: Opportunities and Challenges in a Post-COVID-19 Environment

South Africa’s economy is in crisis. Like much of the world, it has been battered by the COVID-19 pandemic when its economy has already been weakened by years of low growth, high unemployment and rising inequality after the global financial crisis o…

Beyond Borders? Africans prefer Self-reliant Development, Remain Skeptical of Free Trade and Open Borders - Revised

The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) opened for business on January 1, 2021, promising opportunities for people from all socio-economic strata to share in economic growth in the world’s largest free-trade zone. Signed by 54 African count…

African Continental Free Trade Area: The Potential Revenue, Trade and Welfare Effects for the East African Community

The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) was launched in 2018 and ratified in 2019. This study examines the likely effects of implementing the AfCFTA on the East African Community (EAC). Specifically, the study estimates the revenue, trade a…

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