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Peace and Security Council Report Issue No.114 June 2019

This article ‘AU summit: Will free trade be Africa’s economic game changer?’ discusses the importance and economic possibilities of the establishment of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCTA). In ‘Dangers ahead for Sudan after its suspensio…

Keys to Success for the AfCFTA Negotiations

The ratification of the AfCFTA presents a real milestone for African unity. Whether it will go beyond symbolism, however, depends in part on the depth and scope of the provisions and commitments currently being negotiated. The negotiation outcomes, …

African Continental Free Trade Area: The Potential Revenue, Trade and Welfare Effects for the East African Community

The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) was launched in 2018 and ratified in 2019. This study examines the likely effects of implementing the AfCFTA on the East African Community (EAC). Specifically, the study estimates the revenue, trade a…

The Digital Economy and Ecommerce in Africa - Drivers of the African Free Trade Area?

This special report looks at the development of the digital economy, and in particular ecommerce, in Africa, against the backdrop of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). The AfCFTA, when implemented, will encourage cross-border intra-Af…

Improving Energy Efficiency and Interconnectivity in Africa through Regional Economic Integration

Affordable and efficient energy supply is essential for enhanced welfare and better development outcomes. However, African states suffer from huge deficits in energy generation and distribution, resulting in unreliable power networks, frequent power…

Unpacking the Significance of African Continental Free Trade Area for Africa and its People

With free trade under attack in much of the developed world, Africa is forging a new path for itself to foster sustainable wealth and development for the continent. On 21 March 2018, AU leaders met in Rwanda to finalise the signing of a new trade ag…

Continental Integration & the Nigerian Economy: The Effect of the African Continental Free Trade Area on Medium Small and Micro-scale Enterprises in Nigeria

Africa is at a historical crossroads. The launching of the operational phase of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) Agreement during the 12th Extraordinary Session of the Assembly of the African Union (AU) in Niamey, Niger on 7 July 201…

Beyond Borders? Africans Prefer Self-reliant Development but remain Skeptical of Free Trade and Open Borders

The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) opened for business on January 1, 2021, promising opportunities for people from all socio-economic strata to share in economic growth in the world’s largest free-trade zone. Expected to cover 54 Afric…

Fundamental Lessons From Regional Economic Communities for the African Continental Free Trade Area: A Case Study of the East African Community

In January 2012, the African Union (AU) Heads of States agreed to unite the economies of Africa into a single free trade area. Subsequently, in May 2019, all 55 AU member states apart from Eritrea signed the agreement establishing the Africa Contine…

Services as a Driver of Economic Growth and Job Creation in South Africa: Can the AfCTA Assist?

This policy insight reviews the state of South Africa’s service sector, casting light on the associated challenges and opportunities at national and regional level. It concludes that, in the short term, corporates cannot look to the African Continen…

Greening the AfCFTA: It is not Too Late

Environmental sustainability is a key component of Africa’s Agenda 2063: The Africa We Want. Yet, the recently launched African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) contains only minimal references to the environment. This policy brief highlights va…

Why Regional Value Chains in Africa Need to go Digital

After years of de-industrialisation and limited intra-regional trade, which have been serious constraints to inclusive growth and development, African countries have an opportunity to leverage the potential of the African Continental Free Trade Area…

Leveraging the BRI for Africa’s Industrialisation and Intra-Trade (Opportunities for the AfCFTA)

Two initiatives have recently gained prominence, one on the global stage and the other in Africa: China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). The former initiative’s primary aim is to build economic i…

Africa's Integration: Not an Option, but an Imperative

Implementation of AfCFTA brings with it prospects of freer trade within the continent, and the development of Africa’s internal markets. AfCFTA has the potential to generate jobs, lift wages, spur innovation, increase competition, create wealth, gen…

Africa’s Integration: Not an Option, but an Imperative

Regional integration based on the principles of cooperation and coordination has been a tool used by countries and groups of countries to accomplish a wide range of objectives. These range from accessing lucrative markets and investments, securing o…

Efficacité et Diversification des Exportations au Ghana / Efficiency and Diversification of Exports in Ghana

Ghana needs to broaden its export base in order to generate sufficient foreign exchange earnings for economic transformation. It is therefore necessary to examine the efficiency of the existing export basket and explore new products to add to it. Th…

Digital Disruption in Africa: Mapping Innovations for the AfCFTA in Post-COVID Times

This paper looks at the development of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) in Africa against the backdrop of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), and makes proposals for policymakers. The COVID-19 pandemic has demonstrated how digita…

The Republic of Mauritius and the African Continental Free Trade Area: Opportunities and Challenges in a Post COVID-19 Environment

The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) gives Mauritius the golden opportunity to access Africa’s vast market of 1.3 billion people, with an estimated GDP of $3.4 trillion. This opportunity could not have come at a better time, as Mauritius…

Study Report on Trends, Structural Reforms and Intercontinental Trade Dynamics: The Case of Sierra Leone's Approach to the Implementation of the AfCFTA

This study is the second in the series of the initial gathering of data and information on the implementation of the African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA) across selected West African countries. The first study assessed the preparedness …

The Republic of South Africa and the African Continental Free Trade Area: Opportunities and Challenges in a Post-COVID-19 Environment

South Africa’s economy is in crisis. Like much of the world, it has been battered by the COVID-19 pandemic when its economy has already been weakened by years of low growth, high unemployment and rising inequality after the global financial crisis o…

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