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South Africa at the crossroads: Responding to the winds of change

The document concerns African nationalism and assesses the ability of South Africa’s present regime to resist it. South Africa is virtually isolated and condemned by the world for its racial policies. Thus far, its basic response has been increasi...

Media Freedom, Transparency and Governance

This paper, by veteran journalist Raymond Louw, asks a fundamental question: 'Can good governance exist without a free and independent media?' And he argues that Africa's premier governance and accountability tool - The APRM - seems to have ignor...

Democracy and Accountability: Balancing Majority Rule and Minority Rights

This paper identifies accountability as the essential ingredient required to make the ideals of constitutionalism a reality. The author offers a definition in which three tests for constitutionalism are set out. These are, firstly, limitations on ...

Enhancing Public Budget Transparency in Botswana

"This policy brief discusses the need to make Botswana’s budget process more transparent. Transparent or open budgets both facilitate and support timely, relevant public access to budget information, enhancing citizen participation in the budgetar...

Promoting Accountability Through State Audit: A Review Of The Auditor General’s Report On The Consolidated Fund 1994-1999

"Public auditing is one of the cornerstones of public sector financial accountability. Auditing involves the examination of public revenue and expenditure with the aim of ensuring that revenues collected are spent in accordance with the legal mand...

Implementing The Presidential (Transition) Act: Lessons, Challenges And The Way Forward

"The post-2012 election period presented the first test for implementing major aspects of the Presidential (Transition) Act, 2012 (Act 845). This paper undertakes a preliminary assessment of how the law has been implemented. The approach taken inv...

A Promise Betrayed: Policies and Practice Renew the Rural Dispossession of Land, Rights and Prospects

"South Africans assumed on 27 April 1994 that their vote for freedom would erase the ethnic enclaves known as ‘Bantustans’ or ‘homelands’ and guarantee a common citizenship with equal rights under one law. Officially, the 10 homelands were dismant...

'I didn't Struggle to be Poor': the Interwovenness of Party, State and Business in Mozambique

"The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) Country Review Report (CRR) for Mozambique, published in July 2010, indicates that the interwovenness of party, government, state and business is a serious issue in the country. An increasingly common p...

Industry Regulation in Botswana: Case Studies in Industry Governance, Implementation and Public Accountability

"In recent years the Government of Botswana has retreated in some form from direct production and provision of many goods and services in favour of achieving various policy goals through regulation. This book takes the view of regulation as a form...

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