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Women's Access to Land in the Former Bantustans: Constitutional Conflict, Customary Law, Democratisation and the Role of the State

"The transition to local democratic institutions in the former bantustans of South Africa will not in itself fulfil the constitutional imperative for the promotion of gender equality, specifically in relation to women's access to land. In order f...

Gender Dimensions of Drought and Pastoral Mobility Among the Maasai

"Maasai pastoralists are increasingly faced with annual droughts that cause significant livestock deaths and periods of food insecurity. A new form of rangeland management that emphasizes pastoral migrations and extensive herding to mitigate the i...

Gender Implications of Decentralised Land Reform: The Case of Zimbabwe

"A bolder policy approach and more vigorous implementation are needed to support women’s empowerment, transfer of land rights to women, and to ensure their productive utilisation of land. The land reform programme focussed on racial imbalances of ...

Gender, Peace and Peacekeeping Lessons from Southern Africa

"This paper alludes to the tensions between achieving gender equality (as a requirement for a just peace) and the maintenance of indigenous culture and religious traditions. The primary focus, however, is the teasing out of transformation opportun...

At the Margins of SSR: Gender and Informal Justice

"The joint CIGI and North-South Institute conference, 'At the Margins of SSR: Gender and Informal Justice', aimed to increase awareness of gender and informal justice, two areas of security sector reform (SSR) that have often been overlooked. The ...

Beyond the numbers: Women’s Participation in the Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliation

"Since the end of the Cold War, much international attention has focused on identifying which factors within a mediation process contribute to sustainable peace. Research by academics and practitioners alike has identified several important areas...

Gender, Migration and Remittances in Southern Africa

"Migrant remittances have become an important source of income for many developing countries, exceeding official development assistance. As a result, migration and remittance behaviour are becoming a growing focus of international attention. Und...

Exploring alternative approaches for managing electoral injustice in Africa: The case of breast protests in Nigeria and the sex strike in Kenya

"This study deals with three main issues. The first is the role of traditional and urban women’s movements in managing the protracted electoral crises in Nigeria and Kenya. The second is the impact of customary and orthodox repercussions of the ...

Towards an understanding of repeat violent offending

"This paper explores South African and international literature relevant to repeat offending. It reviews the international literature on violent and aggressive behaviour and relevant, but limited, South African literature on violent criminal behav...

Gender Justice, Citizenship and Development

Ten years after the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing there is considerable interest among gender advocates and development institutions in reviewing how far the project of gender equality has progressed. According to a major review by...

Why Gender Still Matters: Sexual Violence and the Need to Confront Militarized Masculinity: A Case Study of the Conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The ongoing war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has been marked by almost unimaginable atrocities, including millions killed and displaced in a war that seven nations have participated in. Most horrifically, sexual assault has beco...

Multiparty democracy in Mozambique: Strenghts, weaknesses and challenges

"This monograph is an evaluation of Mozambique’s multiparty political system. The report emphasizes issues relating to democratic consolidation in Mozambique, evaluating Mozambique’s political situation according to a number of key democracy deter...

Women Participation in Party Politics during the Multiparty Era in Africa: The case of Tanzania

"In this report, an attempt has been made to provide recommendations for addressing the existing gender imbalances other than affirmative action and the institution of quota systems. In fact, there are several direct measures that could be impleme...

Gender, Women and Electoral Politics in Zimbabwe

"This study seeks to analyse the constitutional and legislative provisions pertaining to the Zimbabwean 2000 parliamentary and 2002 presidential elections and to determine the extent to which they promoted gender equality. The concept of equalit...

Gender and Elections in Lesotho: Perspectives on the 2002 elections

"The objectives of this study are primarily to examine the experiences of multiparty democracy and how it has affected women’s participation in elections. It evaluates the performance of political parties and how they deal with the issue of wome...

Election Update 2004 Botswana No 2

This paper discussed the 2004 elections in Botswana. Key issues discussed were: Women Representation in Parliament, Voter Registration and education, Campaign Process, Role of the Security Forces.

The Participation of Women in South Africa's First Democratic Election

"In her paper Ms Ballington provides an interesting and colourful overview of the participation of women in South Africa's first democratic election in 1994. The paper deals with aspects such as the intimidation of women voters, the role of voter ...

Talking Gender to Africa

"International donors have sought to improve the social, political and economic position of women in Africa through an approach known as “gender”. This donor-driven strategy is failing. The jargon of gender programmes is ambiguous and easily misu...

A Comparative Study of the Socio Economic Implications of Rural Women, Men and Mixed Self Help Groups: A Case of Kakamega District

"The focus of the study is to establish the implications of the integrated efforts in self-help movement while considering the long standing women’s associations and their support for households. The study findings have revealed that mixed-sex gro...

The complexity of applying UN Resolution 1325 in post conflict reintegration processes: The case of Northern Uganda

"The United Nations (UN) Security Council Resolution 1325 calls on all actors involved to address the special needs of women and girls during rehabilitation, reintegration and post-conflict reconstruction. This study endeavors to analyse the rein...

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