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Re-thinking the Application of Sustainable use Policies for African Elephants in a Changed World

"Despite increasing calls to recognise the intrinsic value of biodiversity, the need to incentivise people to choose conservation as a competitive form of land use through a sustainable use (SU) approach remains the de facto and de jure reality acro…

Values, Culture and the Ivory Trade Ban

"The new reality of a world without ivory trade demands a re-examination of human values towards both elephants and ivory and what each has come to represent. The closure of the world’s largest ivory markets (US and China), in line with the longs…

CITES Alone cannot Combat Illegal Wildlife Trade

"The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) will address the growing threat from illegal trade at its forthcoming Conference of the Parties (CoP17). CITES is a regulatory treaty that is neither self-e…

The Economics of Captive Predator Breeding in South Africa

In July 2018, without public consultation or scientific substantiation, South Africa’s Department of Environmental Affairs (DEA) raised its annual lion skeleton export quota to 1,500, up from 800 the year before. These skeletons are supplied by th…

Living with Wildlife: Better Livelihoods in a Transfrontier Conservation Area

Human–wildlife conflict in a conservation area compromises the livelihoods of those living within its boundaries and undermines conservation goals. Laying a path towards climate resilient livelihoods helps local communities benefit from tourism, whi…

Preserving the African Elephant for Future Generations

"African elephants face an escalating poaching crisis due to an explosion in demand for ivory, mostly in China. Over 100 000 elephants were killed illegally between 2010 and 2012. This paper synthesises the relevant economic literature on elephant c…

Outcomes of Community Engagement in Community-Based Natural Resource Management Programmes

"This policy brief examines the efficacy of the community concept in explaining outcomes of planned intervention in general and CBNRM more specifically. The primary aim here is to illustrate the point that a development project involves the interact…

Uganda National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan: The Crisis in Uganda's Biodiversity Policy Making Process

"It is important to recognize that Uganda's efforts to transform her economy, social services and politics are directly tied to the fate of our biological resources. Uganda's stock of biological diversity including forests, wildlife, wetlands, micro…

Willingness-To-Pay for Protecting Endangered Environments The Case of Nechsar National Park

"In this study, it was tried to estimate people’s willingness-to-pay to protect the park and identify its determinants.The study used dichotomous choice contingent valuation method. Using a bivariate probit model, it was found that the local communi…

The Nature and Extent of Environmental Crimes in Seychelles

"The study consisted of a thorough analysis of the state of the environment and the extent of environmental crime in the country. In addition, the study examined the legal and institutional regime for combating environmental crime in Seychelles. F…

Nature and Extent of Environmental Crime in Sudan

"This report analyses the nature and extent of environmental crime in Sudan. It is based on a study commissioned by the Environmental Crimes Project (ECP) that is implemented jointly by the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) and the East African …

Developing Tourism in Botswana: Progress and Challenges

"The analysis indicates that Botswana tourism arrival figures have been declining during the past three years, especially from lucrative overseas tourism markets. The implications of such declines for job creation, economic growth and foreign exch…

Les Gabonais Accusent L’exploitation Forestière et Minière D’exacerber le Conflit Homme-Faune / Gabonese Accuse Logging and Mining of Exacerbating Human-Wildlife Conflict

The cohabitation between man and wildlife has always been conflictual for reasons of space and access to natural resources. However, in recent years there has been a resurgence of tensions in the sharing of space between wildlife and humans. The Con…

Resolving Human Wildlife Conflict in Botswana through Social Protection

This policy brief is based on a national tracer survey covering 66 villages in Botswana. The main aim of the study was to ascertain the magnitude and social impacts of human wildlife conflict (HWC) on victims and their families. In addition, the stu…

A One Health Approach to Combatting COVID-19 and Illegal Wildlife Trade in Africa

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a disastrous impact on the global economic and social fabric. Zoonotic disease spill-over from other species has become a familiar phenomenon, and the need for a more proactive approach to minimise exposure to and oppor…

Locking horns to save the rhino

Khama Rhino Sanctuary lies just west of the A14, Botswana’s main highway connecting Serowe to Orapa. White and black rhinos take pride of place here: it’s one of the few places where they are safe. The sanctuary, a community-led project, is protecte…

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