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Information Flow and Acquisition of Knowledge in Water Governance in the Upper East Region of Ghana

"This paper provides an assessment of information flows and the acquisition of knowledge in water governance of the Upper East Region, Ghana. These flows are patchy, often parallel, disconnected or slow. In many cases a great deal of information is …

Implications of Rainfall Shocks for Household Income and Consumption in Uganda

"This study uses a basic model of household production to assess the impact of rainfall shocks (using rainfall variability) on farm income and consumption expenditure and the response of households to such shocks. Pooled cross sectional data of farm…

Establishing Indicators for Urban Poverty Environment Interaction in Tanzania: The Case of Bonde la Mpunga, Kinondoni, Dar es Salaam

"The premise for this study is that urban development and especially livelihood opportunities for the urban poor are, in most cases, limited by adverse environmental conditions created by growing centres of population and activity. The general objec…

Percentage of Population Living in Poverty, by District Mainland Tanzania 2000 - 2

This document comprises 7 maps. The first map shows the percentage of the population living in poverty displayed by district mainland. The second map shows the number of poor people per square kilometer, by district. Five smaller maps follows with t…

Coal Exports and the Diversification of Botswana's Economy

"The paper considers the opportunities and risks associated with the development of Botswana’s steam coal export sector. Given the very high coal prices on world markets achieved over the last decade together with the growing demand in India and Chi…

Domestic Water Supply: The Need for a Big Push

"Accessibility to clean and safe water for every household has been seen for decades as a core element of basic needs and human rights. The Government of Tanzania (GoT) has endorsed the UN Millennium Development Goals, including the pledge to reduce…

Irrigation Development in Ghana: Past experiences, emerging opportunities, and future directions

"Agriculture has a central socioeconomic position in Ghana. This sector accounts for about 65 percent of the work force, about 40 percent of the gross domestic product, and about 40 percent of foreign currencies acquired through exports. Although ag…

Parched Prospects The Emerging Water Crisis in South Africa

South Africa is over-exploiting its freshwater resources and water could be a large constraint on the implementation of the National Development Plan. Using the International Futures forecasting system, this paper models and forecasts water demand a…

Integrity in Water Supply Service Delivery in the Public Sector in Machakos County

The principal aim of this survey is to attempt to ascertain the extent of corruption in service delivery in the public water sector in Machakos County. It also aims to determine how citizens understand and perceive it and how actual “users” of the …

Cost Effectiveness and Benefit Cost Analysis of Some Water Interventions in Bauchi State in Nigeria

A Cost-Effectiveness analysis of water interventions in Bauchi state, Nigeria, is presented in this report, with particular emphasis on pipeline and borehole (Hand pump) water supply schemes. Using the measures adapted from Whittington et al (2008),…

Is Reliable Water Access the Solution to Undernutrition? A Review of the Potential of Irrigation to Solve Nutrition and Gender Gaps in Africa South of the Sahara

"Interventions aimed at increasing water availability for livelihood and domestic activities have great potential to improve various determinants of undernutrition, such as the quantity and diversity of foods consumed within the household, income ge…

Accountability and Performance of Government Agencies in the Delivery of Water, Education and Road Services in Nigeria

"Public service delivery in Nigeria is bedevilled with governance crisis especially in the education, water and road sectors in spite of alternative channels being developed to deliver services for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goal…

Parched Prospects II - A Revised Long-Term Water Supply and Demand Forecast for South Africa

With water withdrawals currently exceeding reliable supply, it is presumed that South Africa is over exploiting its water resources at the national level. Using the International Futures forecasting system, this paper forecasts that withdrawals in a…

Lack of Safe Water, Sanitation Spurs Growing Dissatisfaction with Government Performance

"If water is fundamental to life and human dignity, no issue is more pressing for 663 million people for whom access is still lacking (United Nations, 2015). As World Water Day (March 22) reminds us, safe and readily available water is a human right…

Ecological Sanitation as a Water and Environmental Conservation Technology Option: The Case of Slum Communities in Kampala

"This study explores Ecological Sanitation (EcoSan) as a Water and Environmental Conservation Technology (WECT) for slum communities in Kampala, Uganda. Information presented in this paper results from a research carried out in five slums of Kampala…

Small Scale Rainwater Harvesting for Combating Water Deprivation at Orphan Care Centres in Peri-Urban Areas of Lilongwe, Malawi

In urban areas of Malawi, like elsewhere in Africa, uncoordinated rapid urbanization has resulted in profuse informal settlements. These are marginal areas of urban development that are often not provided with adequate water and sanitation amenities…

Assessment of Community Water and Sanitation in Ghana

The appreciation of the value of water for the sustenance of life began decades ago, even though in recent years that appreciation has shown a marked increase. However, the diversity of conceptualizations of water is at the heart of the debate on th…

Survey of Indigenous Water Management and Coping Mechanisms in Africa: Implications for Knowledge and Technology Policy

"Despite the impressive water resource endowments, Africa lags behind other continents in per caput access to safe water, volume of irrigation water, and food security and tops the league of poor countries. Some of the answers to this lamentable si…

Imbalance in Water Allocation Stability and Collaboration within the Nile Basin

The Nile Basin is 3.35 million sq. kms. The principal occupation of the people in the Nile Basin isagriculture. Pastoralism is a supplementary activity for both upper and lower basin countries. The upper riparians, namely, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, T…

Indigenous Rain Water Harvesting Practices for Climate Adaptation in Food Security in Dry Areas: The Case of Bahi District

This study documents techniques used by communities to improve indigenous rain water harvesting in the villages of Mpalanga and Chipanga A. Through questionnaires, focus group discussions and interviews, data on community’s willingness to accept and…

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