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Economic Development and the Water Situation in Southern Africa

"This paper aims at exploring the links between macroeconomics/economic development and the demand /supply balance for water in Southern Africa. The authors starts by briefly describing the water situation in Southern Africa and then consider the vi…

Climate Risk Management through Sustainable Land Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Empirical evidence has shown that farmers can adapt to climate change by using sustainable land and water management (SLWM) practices that provide local mitigation benefits, reducing or offsetting the negative effects of climate change at the level…

Domestic Water Supply: The Need for a Big Push

"Accessibility to clean and safe water for every household has been seen for decades as a core element of basic needs and human rights. The Government of Tanzania (GoT) has endorsed the UN Millennium Development Goals, including the pledge to reduce…

Water: A looming crisis?

"Some of the issues discussed in this paper were: Water issues are central to development and environmental sustainability. Government needs to play the strategic leadership role, and take the necessary decisions to address the water crisis. People …

Irrigation Development in Ghana: Past experiences, emerging opportunities, and future directions

"Agriculture has a central socioeconomic position in Ghana. This sector accounts for about 65 percent of the work force, about 40 percent of the gross domestic product, and about 40 percent of foreign currencies acquired through exports. Although ag…

Fracking for Shale Gas in South Africa: Blessing or Curse?

"As the first country to reverse a moratorium on hydraulic fracturing – more commonly known as ‘fracking’ – South Africa is now poised to move forward with the controversial process, exploring what experts believe to be the eighth largest shale gas …

Rural Water Tenure in Kenya and Tanzania Changing Tenure Patterns, Legal Regimes and Community Responses

"This research report looks at changing patterns in water development and management in Tanzania and Kenya, and examines the responses of government and other stakeholders to these changes. It focuses especially on recent attempts to move towards a…

Managing Climate Extremes and Disasters in the Water Sector: Lessons from the IPCC SREX Report

"This thematic brief summarises the key findings of the report relevant to water resources, and water management. It draws exclusively on material from SREX. It includes an assessment of the science and the implications for society and sustainable d…

Lesotho Highlands: Water Woes or Win-Wins?

"The Lesotho Highlands Water Project (LHWP) has been acknowledged as a feat of engineering excellence; the real achievement being to use gravity tunnels and dams to divert the river from its natural flow (towards Aliwal North in the Eastern Cape) 5…

Water Resource Management and Development in SADC

"Water resources are a critical enabler of development in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). In most member states, rainfall is strongly seasonal and variable. This means that rain-fed agricultures (and the economies that they under…

Mapping and Characterizing Water Points in Mbeti South Location, Mbeere District

The study recommends the need to determine the recharge rate of ground water aquifers in order to guide the development of wells for sustainable water provision; mobilising people and sensitising them on the best practices for water management and u…

Renewable Energy Choices and Water Requirements in South Africa

"South Africa (SA) is an arid country, where water supply is often obtained from distant sources. There is also increasing pressure on the limited water resources due to economic and population growth, with a concomitant increase in the energy requi…

Parched Prospects The Emerging Water Crisis in South Africa

South Africa is over-exploiting its freshwater resources and water could be a large constraint on the implementation of the National Development Plan. Using the International Futures forecasting system, this paper models and forecasts water demand a…

Water Considerations in Selecting Energy Technologies

The principle aim in this workshop was to provide an opportunity to gather insights into managing the water-energy nexus from business. This also included national and provincial government, and water and energy practitioners and researchers. It al…

Draft Policy Framework for Efficient use of Water in Energy Production

In this policy framework, the objective is to assist decision makers to engage with the implications of choices related to energy supply on water resilience in South Africa, in the context of climate change and the potential need for adaptation at a…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 2, no. 2, 2002

This journal comprises of five articles. 'Child soldiers in Africa: solutions to a complex dilemma' focuses on the dilemma of using child soldiers in violent conflicts throughout Africa and on ways of resolving it in the future. 'Intergroup conflict…

Water Management In Federal And Federal –Type Countries: Nigerian Perspectives

"Nigeria is a Federation situated on the West Coast of Africa. The country is considered to be abundantly blessed with water resources and is divided into 8 hydrological areas drained mainly by the Rivers Niger and Benue and their numerous minor tri…

The Use of Sustainable Irrigation for Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania:The Case of Smallholder Irrigation Schemes in Igurusi, Mbarali District

"Irrigation has been found to be a central key part in curbing food scarcity not only in Tanzania but also in many other developing countries. The continued dependence on rainfall in agriculture has proved incapable of sustaining the population inc…

Realising Water's Potential to Support Growth in Tanzania

"This brief is a summary of Chapter 10 of the 2007 Poverty and Human Development Report for Tanzania. Tanzania has considered water as a scarce resource and as a consequence, a constraint to, rather than an enabler of growth. However the potential o…

The Nile From Mistrust and Sabre Rattling to Rapprochement

"The purpose of this paper is to examine the implications of the recent unprecedented dynamism in the hydropolitics of the Nile Basin for future basin-wide conflict prevention, resolution, management and cooperation. To this end, the paper first dis…

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