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Parched Prospects II - A Revised Long-Term Water Supply and Demand Forecast for South Africa

With water withdrawals currently exceeding reliable supply, it is presumed that South Africa is over exploiting its water resources at the national level. Using the International Futures forecasting system, this paper forecasts that withdrawals in a…

Assessment of Rural Water Supply Management in Selected Rural Areas of Oyo State, Nigeria

"Human welfare and economic development generally depend on the use of water. In Nigeria, water resources management and utilization is crucial to the country’s efforts to reduce poverty, grow the economy, ensure food security and maintain the ecol…

Water Management and Conflicts in Africa: The Role of Knowledge and Technology

Over the last two decades, a plethora of studies have investigated the actual and potential links between environmental change and violent conflict. In general, the idea of ‘environmental sources of conflict’ has been highly influential, especially…

Survey of Indigenous Water Management and Coping Mechanisms in Africa: Implications for Knowledge and Technology Policy

"Despite the impressive water resource endowments, Africa lags behind other continents in per caput access to safe water, volume of irrigation water, and food security and tops the league of poor countries. Some of the answers to this lamentable si…

Imbalance in Water Allocation Stability and Collaboration within the Nile Basin

The Nile Basin is 3.35 million sq. kms. The principal occupation of the people in the Nile Basin isagriculture. Pastoralism is a supplementary activity for both upper and lower basin countries. The upper riparians, namely, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, T…

Climate Resilient Development: Experience from an African Capacity Development Programme - Investing in Water Security for Growth and Development

Insights and lessons learned from a capacity development programme are presented in this learning brief on water security and climate resilient development covering eight countries in Africa – Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Ghana, Mozambique, Rwan…

Climate, Land, Energy and Water Strategies in the City of Cape Town

The climate change, land-use, energy and water strategies (CLEWS) framework was adopted in this study to look at the energy implications of expanding the City of Cape Town’s current water supply to meet future water demand, using a range of demand s…

The Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources, Agriculture and Food Security in the Ethiopian Rift Valley: Risk Assessment and Adaptation Strategies for Sustainable Ecosystem Services

The findings from an agricultural survey is addressed in this study. This report focuses mainly on explaining the farmer’s sensitivity to the changing climate and the way they perceive the notable changes in rainfall and temperature conditions and …

Indigenous Knowledge Systems in Ethiopia Report of Ethiopia National Workshop

"This paper has three synthesis. First synthesis: African Philosophy, and within this continent-wide perspective, a second synthesis: the history of Ethiopian Philosophy written in Ge'ez, and together with this second synthesis, the oral expression…

The Development Trap: Militarization, Environmental Degradation and Poverty and Prospects of Military Conversion

"The main aim of this study is to analyze the direct effects of militarization, environmental stress, and poverty on socio-economic development. The novelty of the study stems from its attempt to explore the interlinkages and feedbacks of the three …

Information Flow and Acquisition of Knowledge in Water Governance in the Upper East Region of Ghana

"This paper provides an assessment of information flows and the acquisition of knowledge in water governance of the Upper East Region, Ghana. These flows are patchy, often parallel, disconnected or slow. In many cases a great deal of information is …

Climate Change and Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa AERC Senior Policy Seminar X

"Climate change was chosen as the topic for the tenth Senior Policy Seminar to be convened by the African Economic Research Consortium (AERC). The theme is a major departure for the Consortium, but the policy connection compels AERC’s involvement i…

Water Wars: Enduring Myth or Impending Reality?

"The contributions by Professor Anton du Plessis, firmly grounds the water and security nexus within the wider debates of International Relations theory. The subject matter was approached historically and Richard Meissner’s excellent study on the hy…

Climate Change and Conflict: Lessons for Conflict Resolution from the Southern Sahel of Sudan

"Using a human security perspective, this report identifies and analyses local and international non-governmental organisation (NGO) interventions in cases of conflicts related to the environment and environmental change in the southern Sahel of S…

Economic Development and the Water Situation in Southern Africa

"This paper aims at exploring the links between macroeconomics/economic development and the demand /supply balance for water in Southern Africa. The authors starts by briefly describing the water situation in Southern Africa and then consider the vi…

Climate Risk Management through Sustainable Land Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Empirical evidence has shown that farmers can adapt to climate change by using sustainable land and water management (SLWM) practices that provide local mitigation benefits, reducing or offsetting the negative effects of climate change at the level…

Domestic Water Supply: The Need for a Big Push

"Accessibility to clean and safe water for every household has been seen for decades as a core element of basic needs and human rights. The Government of Tanzania (GoT) has endorsed the UN Millennium Development Goals, including the pledge to reduce…

Water: A looming crisis?

"Some of the issues discussed in this paper were: Water issues are central to development and environmental sustainability. Government needs to play the strategic leadership role, and take the necessary decisions to address the water crisis. People …

Irrigation Development in Ghana: Past experiences, emerging opportunities, and future directions

"Agriculture has a central socioeconomic position in Ghana. This sector accounts for about 65 percent of the work force, about 40 percent of the gross domestic product, and about 40 percent of foreign currencies acquired through exports. Although ag…

The Story Behind the Well A Case Study of Successful Community Development in Makutano, Kenya

Kenyans voted overwhelmingly for a new constitution in August 2010, following the post-election violence of 2008. This development was of huge importance, not least because there had been many previous attempts to overhaul the old constitution. How…

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