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African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 2, no. 2, 2002

This journal comprises of five articles. 'Child soldiers in Africa: solutions to a complex dilemma' focuses on the dilemma of using child soldiers in violent conflicts throughout Africa and on ways of resolving it in the future. 'Intergroup confli...

Water Management In Federal And Federal –Type Countries: Nigerian Perspectives

"Nigeria is a Federation situated on the West Coast of Africa. The country is considered to be abundantly blessed with water resources and is divided into 8 hydrological areas drained mainly by the Rivers Niger and Benue and their numerous minor t...

The Use of Sustainable Irrigation for Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania:The Case of Smallholder Irrigation Schemes in Igurusi, Mbarali District

"Irrigation has been found to be a central key part in curbing food scarcity not only in Tanzania but also in many other developing countries. The continued dependence on rainfall in agriculture has proved incapable of sustaining the population i...

Realising Water's Potential to Support Growth in Tanzania

"This brief is a summary of Chapter 10 of the 2007 Poverty and Human Development Report for Tanzania. Tanzania has considered water as a scarce resource and as a consequence, a constraint to, rather than an enabler of growth. However the potential...

The Nile From Mistrust and Sabre Rattling to Rapprochement

"The purpose of this paper is to examine the implications of the recent unprecedented dynamism in the hydropolitics of the Nile Basin for future basin-wide conflict prevention, resolution, management and cooperation. To this end, the paper first d...

Energy, Water and Climate Change in Southern Africa What are the Issues that Need Further Investment and Research?

"Southern Africa is a water-scarce region. Like other developing countries Southern African nations aspire to the living standards of industrialised countries. To achieve these standards more water and energy resources are needed to support econo...

Policy and Institutional Dimensions of Integrated River Basin Management: Broadening Stakeholder Participatory Processes in the Inkomati River Basin of South Africa and the Pangani River Basin of Tanzania

"In recent years, water governance has undergone a remarkable paradigm shift. Old notions of water resources management dominated by a supply-orientation and reliance on civil engineering science and technical solutions to water problems have bee...

Qualitative Assessment of Municipal Water Resource Management Strategies under Climate Impacts: the Case of the Northern Cape, South Africa

"This paper considers existing coping strategies in times of climate variability and proposes long term strategies for dealing with future projected climate change and variability. A qualitative strategy assessment methodology is proposed and te...

Climate Variability, Climate Change and Water Resource Strategies for Small Municipalities

"This study investigates the water resource management strategies in response to climate change in South Africa by drawing on the analysis of coping strategies adopted by small local municipalities in the Northern Cape province of South Africa in ...

The Impact of Climate Change on Small Municipal Water Resource Management The Case of Bredasdorp, South Africa

"In this paper we discuss both climate change and climate variability, so it is important to clarify the distinction between the two. Climate variability can be thought of as the way climatic variables (such as temperature and precipitation) depar...

From Principle to Practice: Improving Water Management in Nairobi

"This backgrounder details the performance of NCWSC in fulfilling its mandate as per the 2002 Water Act (and subsequent 2010 Constitution of Kenya), and highlights its achievements against the myriad of political, financial, technical and environ...

Building Effective Drinking Water Management Policies in Rural Africa: Lessons from Northern Uganda

"National governments should develop strong rural drinking water quality monitoring and surveillance programs to ensure that uncontaminated water is available in rural Sub-Saharan African communities. Governments and non-governmental organizations...

Building Effective Drinking Water Management Policies in Rural Africa: Lessons from Northern Uganda

"While the need to provide clean drinking water is widely recognized as a priority in rural Sub-Saharan Africa, there is a lack of specific data on water quality to build effective drinking water management policies. This discussion paper describe...

Water and Energy in the LTMS

"The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the relationship between energy and water in South Africa and how these have been included in the Long Term Mitigation Scenarios (LTMS) and other modeling exercises. It aims to provide conte...

Strategies to Support South African Smallholders as a Contribution to Government's Second Economy Strategy: Volume 1: Situation Analysis, Fieldwork Findings and Main Conclusions

"This study is a response to a request from those developing the Second Economy Strategy to help identify the key elements of an implementable programme to support the smallholder sector. At the core of the exercise was a set of case studies of ‘...

Strategies to Support South Africa Smallholders as a Contribution to Government's Second Economy Strategy: Volume 2: Case Studies

"This is Volume 2 of the study ‘Strategies to Support South African Smallholders as a Contribution to Government’s Second Economy Strategy.’ It contains the accounts of the 16 case studies that comprised the main ‘data’ for the analysis presented ...

Polarisation des Activités économiques et Restauration des Zones Humides : une Analyse Coûts -Bénéfices Appliquée à la région du lac Tchad / Polarization of Economic Activities and Restoration of Wetlands: an Analysis of Cost-benefits applied to the Regio

"The draining of 90% of the area of Lake Chad has led the riparian States to develop a waters transfer project from the Ubangi River to Lake Chad. As for any project, an economic analysis is however necessary to justify the desirability of its imp...

Improving Participatory Water Governance in Accra, Ghana

"The international community has highlighted the need for participatory environmental governance for more than two decades with efforts such as the Dublin Principles (1992) and the Aarhus Convention on Participatory Management for Environmental Ma...

Water: A looming crisis?

"Some of the issues discussed in this paper were: Water issues are central to development and environmental sustainability. Government needs to play the strategic leadership role, and take the necessary decisions to address the water crisis. Peopl...

Irrigation Development in Ghana: Past experiences, emerging opportunities, and future directions

"Agriculture has a central socioeconomic position in Ghana. This sector accounts for about 65 percent of the work force, about 40 percent of the gross domestic product, and about 40 percent of foreign currencies acquired through exports. Although ...

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