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Realising Water's Potential to Support Growth in Tanzania

"This brief is a summary of Chapter 10 of the 2007 Poverty and Human Development Report for Tanzania. Tanzania has considered water as a scarce resource and as a consequence, a constraint to, rather than an enabler of growth. However the potential o…

The Nile From Mistrust and Sabre Rattling to Rapprochement

"The purpose of this paper is to examine the implications of the recent unprecedented dynamism in the hydropolitics of the Nile Basin for future basin-wide conflict prevention, resolution, management and cooperation. To this end, the paper first dis…

Energy, Water and Climate Change in Southern Africa What are the Issues that Need Further Investment and Research?

"Southern Africa is a water-scarce region. Like other developing countries Southern African nations aspire to the living standards of industrialised countries. To achieve these standards more water and energy resources are needed to support economi…

Policy and Institutional Dimensions of Integrated River Basin Management: Broadening Stakeholder Participatory Processes in the Inkomati River Basin of South Africa and the Pangani River Basin of Tanzania

"In recent years, water governance has undergone a remarkable paradigm shift. Old notions of water resources management dominated by a supply-orientation and reliance on civil engineering science and technical solutions to water problems have been …

Qualitative Assessment of Municipal Water Resource Management Strategies under Climate Impacts: the Case of the Northern Cape, South Africa

"This paper considers existing coping strategies in times of climate variability and proposes long term strategies for dealing with future projected climate change and variability. A qualitative strategy assessment methodology is proposed and test…

Climate Variability, Climate Change and Water Resource Strategies for Small Municipalities

"This study investigates the water resource management strategies in response to climate change in South Africa by drawing on the analysis of coping strategies adopted by small local municipalities in the Northern Cape province of South Africa in ti…

The Impact of Climate Change on Small Municipal Water Resource Management The Case of Bredasdorp, South Africa

"In this paper we discuss both climate change and climate variability, so it is important to clarify the distinction between the two. Climate variability can be thought of as the way climatic variables (such as temperature and precipitation) depart …

From Principle to Practice: Improving Water Management in Nairobi

"This backgrounder details the performance of NCWSC in fulfilling its mandate as per the 2002 Water Act (and subsequent 2010 Constitution of Kenya), and highlights its achievements against the myriad of political, financial, technical and environme…

Building Effective Drinking Water Management Policies in Rural Africa: Lessons from Northern Uganda

"National governments should develop strong rural drinking water quality monitoring and surveillance programs to ensure that uncontaminated water is available in rural Sub-Saharan African communities. Governments and non-governmental organizations (…

Building Effective Drinking Water Management Policies in Rural Africa: Lessons from Northern Uganda

"While the need to provide clean drinking water is widely recognized as a priority in rural Sub-Saharan Africa, there is a lack of specific data on water quality to build effective drinking water management policies. This discussion paper describes …

Water and Energy in the LTMS

"The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the relationship between energy and water in South Africa and how these have been included in the Long Term Mitigation Scenarios (LTMS) and other modeling exercises. It aims to provide context…

Water: A looming crisis?

"Some of the issues discussed in this paper were: Water issues are central to development and environmental sustainability. Government needs to play the strategic leadership role, and take the necessary decisions to address the water crisis. People …

Water Wars: Enduring Myth or Impending Reality?

"The contributions by Professor Anton du Plessis, firmly grounds the water and security nexus within the wider debates of International Relations theory. The subject matter was approached historically and Richard Meissner’s excellent study on the hy…

Climate Change and Conflict: Lessons for Conflict Resolution from the Southern Sahel of Sudan

"Using a human security perspective, this report identifies and analyses local and international non-governmental organisation (NGO) interventions in cases of conflicts related to the environment and environmental change in the southern Sahel of S…

Economic Development and the Water Situation in Southern Africa

"This paper aims at exploring the links between macroeconomics/economic development and the demand /supply balance for water in Southern Africa. The authors starts by briefly describing the water situation in Southern Africa and then consider the vi…

Climate Risk Management through Sustainable Land Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Empirical evidence has shown that farmers can adapt to climate change by using sustainable land and water management (SLWM) practices that provide local mitigation benefits, reducing or offsetting the negative effects of climate change at the level…

Domestic Water Supply: The Need for a Big Push

"Accessibility to clean and safe water for every household has been seen for decades as a core element of basic needs and human rights. The Government of Tanzania (GoT) has endorsed the UN Millennium Development Goals, including the pledge to reduce…

Indigenous Knowledge Systems in Ethiopia Report of Ethiopia National Workshop

"This paper has three synthesis. First synthesis: African Philosophy, and within this continent-wide perspective, a second synthesis: the history of Ethiopian Philosophy written in Ge'ez, and together with this second synthesis, the oral expression…

The Development Trap: Militarization, Environmental Degradation and Poverty and Prospects of Military Conversion

"The main aim of this study is to analyze the direct effects of militarization, environmental stress, and poverty on socio-economic development. The novelty of the study stems from its attempt to explore the interlinkages and feedbacks of the three …

Information Flow and Acquisition of Knowledge in Water Governance in the Upper East Region of Ghana

"This paper provides an assessment of information flows and the acquisition of knowledge in water governance of the Upper East Region, Ghana. These flows are patchy, often parallel, disconnected or slow. In many cases a great deal of information is …

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