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Agricultural Expansion and Water Pollution: The Yin-Yang in the Quality of Natural Water Resources

"Global increased agricultural productivity aims at meeting the food and commercial demands on agriculture. This boost is associated with agricultural expansion practices including irrigation and use of fertilizers, which could increase negative env…

Commercialisation of Land in Namibia's Communal Land Areas: A Critical Look at Potential Irrigation Projects in Kavango East and Zambezi Regions

Large-scale land acquisitions by both foreign and local investors for agriculture, forestry and wildlife purposes, among others, remain a major challenge for African governments. The Namibian government through various ministries received proposals …

Inadequate Access, Poor Government Performance make Water a Top Priority in Africa

"According to the World Health Organization (WHO), more than 748 million people do not have access to improved drinking water, including 325 million in sub-Saharan Africa. About 2.5 billion people live without improved sanitation (WHO, 2014). These …

Water Governance in Botswana

"Botswana is water scarce, with endemic drought and varied rainfall. In order to meet increases in water demand efficiently and sustainably, greater policy coherence and implementation is needed. The government acknowledges the principles of inte…

Governance Structure for Groundwater Management in Lagos State : The Policy, Legal, Regulatory and Institutional Perspective

The purpose of the presentation was : 1) to provide understanding into the governance gaps in sustainable management of groundwater; 2) to identify the impact on, and what role policy, legal, regulatory and institutional structures can make in rela…

Capacity Building Workshop For Parliamentary Support Staff Of States And National Assembly (Water and Sanitation Group) Developing Legislative Agenda And Programmes For Waste Management And Water Development At The Federal, State And Local Level

Situated on the west coast of Africa, Nigeria has a population of about 167 million people. The country has been ranked as one of the twenty-five dirtiest countries in the world. Today most Nigerians still lack access to portable water, regardless o…

Parched Prospects II - A Revised Long-Term Water Supply and Demand Forecast for South Africa

With water withdrawals currently exceeding reliable supply, it is presumed that South Africa is over exploiting its water resources at the national level. Using the International Futures forecasting system, this paper forecasts that withdrawals in a…

Assessment of Rural Water Supply Management in Selected Rural Areas of Oyo State, Nigeria

"Human welfare and economic development generally depend on the use of water. In Nigeria, water resources management and utilization is crucial to the country’s efforts to reduce poverty, grow the economy, ensure food security and maintain the ecol…

Water Management and Conflicts in Africa: The Role of Knowledge and Technology

Over the last two decades, a plethora of studies have investigated the actual and potential links between environmental change and violent conflict. In general, the idea of ‘environmental sources of conflict’ has been highly influential, especially…

Survey of Indigenous Water Management and Coping Mechanisms in Africa: Implications for Knowledge and Technology Policy

"Despite the impressive water resource endowments, Africa lags behind other continents in per caput access to safe water, volume of irrigation water, and food security and tops the league of poor countries. Some of the answers to this lamentable si…

Imbalance in Water Allocation Stability and Collaboration within the Nile Basin

The Nile Basin is 3.35 million sq. kms. The principal occupation of the people in the Nile Basin isagriculture. Pastoralism is a supplementary activity for both upper and lower basin countries. The upper riparians, namely, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, T…

Climate Resilient Development: Experience from an African Capacity Development Programme - Investing in Water Security for Growth and Development

Insights and lessons learned from a capacity development programme are presented in this learning brief on water security and climate resilient development covering eight countries in Africa – Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Ghana, Mozambique, Rwan…

Climate, Land, Energy and Water Strategies in the City of Cape Town

The climate change, land-use, energy and water strategies (CLEWS) framework was adopted in this study to look at the energy implications of expanding the City of Cape Town’s current water supply to meet future water demand, using a range of demand s…

The Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources, Agriculture and Food Security in the Ethiopian Rift Valley: Risk Assessment and Adaptation Strategies for Sustainable Ecosystem Services

The findings from an agricultural survey is addressed in this study. This report focuses mainly on explaining the farmer’s sensitivity to the changing climate and the way they perceive the notable changes in rainfall and temperature conditions and …

Fracking for Shale Gas in South Africa: Blessing or Curse?

"As the first country to reverse a moratorium on hydraulic fracturing – more commonly known as ‘fracking’ – South Africa is now poised to move forward with the controversial process, exploring what experts believe to be the eighth largest shale gas …

Rural Water Tenure in Kenya and Tanzania Changing Tenure Patterns, Legal Regimes and Community Responses

"This research report looks at changing patterns in water development and management in Tanzania and Kenya, and examines the responses of government and other stakeholders to these changes. It focuses especially on recent attempts to move towards a…

Managing Climate Extremes and Disasters in the Water Sector: Lessons from the IPCC SREX Report

"This thematic brief summarises the key findings of the report relevant to water resources, and water management. It draws exclusively on material from SREX. It includes an assessment of the science and the implications for society and sustainable d…

Lesotho Highlands: Water Woes or Win-Wins?

"The Lesotho Highlands Water Project (LHWP) has been acknowledged as a feat of engineering excellence; the real achievement being to use gravity tunnels and dams to divert the river from its natural flow (towards Aliwal North in the Eastern Cape) 5…

Water Resource Management and Development in SADC

"Water resources are a critical enabler of development in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). In most member states, rainfall is strongly seasonal and variable. This means that rain-fed agricultures (and the economies that they under…

Mapping and Characterizing Water Points in Mbeti South Location, Mbeere District

The study recommends the need to determine the recharge rate of ground water aquifers in order to guide the development of wells for sustainable water provision; mobilising people and sensitising them on the best practices for water management and u…

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