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Indigenous Knowledge Systems in Ethiopia Report of Ethiopia National Workshop

"This paper has three synthesis. First synthesis: African Philosophy, and within this continent-wide perspective, a second synthesis: the history of Ethiopian Philosophy written in Ge'ez, and together with this second synthesis, the oral expressi...

The Development Trap: Militarization, Environmental Degradation and Poverty and Prospects of Military Conversion

"The main aim of this study is to analyze the direct effects of militarization, environmental stress, and poverty on socio-economic development. The novelty of the study stems from its attempt to explore the interlinkages and feedbacks of the thre...

Information Flow and Acquisition of Knowledge in Water Governance in the Upper East Region of Ghana

"This paper provides an assessment of information flows and the acquisition of knowledge in water governance of the Upper East Region, Ghana. These flows are patchy, often parallel, disconnected or slow. In many cases a great deal of information i...

Climate Change and Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa AERC Senior Policy Seminar X

"Climate change was chosen as the topic for the tenth Senior Policy Seminar to be convened by the African Economic Research Consortium (AERC). The theme is a major departure for the Consortium, but the policy connection compels AERC’s involvement...

Water Wars: Enduring Myth or Impending Reality?

"The contributions by Professor Anton du Plessis, firmly grounds the water and security nexus within the wider debates of International Relations theory. The subject matter was approached historically and Richard Meissner’s excellent study on the ...

Climate Change and Conflict: Lessons for Conflict Resolution from the Southern Sahel of Sudan

"Using a human security perspective, this report identifies and analyses local and international non-governmental organisation (NGO) interventions in cases of conflicts related to the environment and environmental change in the southern Sahel of...

Economic Development and the Water Situation in Southern Africa

"This paper aims at exploring the links between macroeconomics/economic development and the demand /supply balance for water in Southern Africa. The authors starts by briefly describing the water situation in Southern Africa and then consider the ...

Climate Risk Management through Sustainable Land Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Empirical evidence has shown that farmers can adapt to climate change by using sustainable land and water management (SLWM) practices that provide local mitigation benefits, reducing or offsetting the negative effects of climate change at the lev...

Domestic Water Supply: The Need for a Big Push

"Accessibility to clean and safe water for every household has been seen for decades as a core element of basic needs and human rights. The Government of Tanzania (GoT) has endorsed the UN Millennium Development Goals, including the pledge to redu...

Water: A looming crisis?

"Some of the issues discussed in this paper were: Water issues are central to development and environmental sustainability. Government needs to play the strategic leadership role, and take the necessary decisions to address the water crisis. Peopl...

Irrigation Development in Ghana: Past experiences, emerging opportunities, and future directions

"Agriculture has a central socioeconomic position in Ghana. This sector accounts for about 65 percent of the work force, about 40 percent of the gross domestic product, and about 40 percent of foreign currencies acquired through exports. Although ...

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 2, no. 2, 2002

This journal comprises of five articles. 'Child soldiers in Africa: solutions to a complex dilemma' focuses on the dilemma of using child soldiers in violent conflicts throughout Africa and on ways of resolving it in the future. 'Intergroup confli...

Water Management In Federal And Federal –Type Countries: Nigerian Perspectives

"Nigeria is a Federation situated on the West Coast of Africa. The country is considered to be abundantly blessed with water resources and is divided into 8 hydrological areas drained mainly by the Rivers Niger and Benue and their numerous minor t...

The Use of Sustainable Irrigation for Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania:The Case of Smallholder Irrigation Schemes in Igurusi, Mbarali District

"Irrigation has been found to be a central key part in curbing food scarcity not only in Tanzania but also in many other developing countries. The continued dependence on rainfall in agriculture has proved incapable of sustaining the population i...

Realising Water's Potential to Support Growth in Tanzania

"This brief is a summary of Chapter 10 of the 2007 Poverty and Human Development Report for Tanzania. Tanzania has considered water as a scarce resource and as a consequence, a constraint to, rather than an enabler of growth. However the potential...

The Nile From Mistrust and Sabre Rattling to Rapprochement

"The purpose of this paper is to examine the implications of the recent unprecedented dynamism in the hydropolitics of the Nile Basin for future basin-wide conflict prevention, resolution, management and cooperation. To this end, the paper first d...

Fracking for Shale Gas in South Africa: Blessing or Curse?

"As the first country to reverse a moratorium on hydraulic fracturing – more commonly known as ‘fracking’ – South Africa is now poised to move forward with the controversial process, exploring what experts believe to be the eighth largest shale ga...

Rural Water Tenure in Kenya and Tanzania Changing Tenure Patterns, Legal Regimes and Community Responses

"This research report looks at changing patterns in water development and management in Tanzania and Kenya, and examines the responses of government and other stakeholders to these changes. It focuses especially on recent attempts to move towards...

Managing Climate Extremes and Disasters in the Water Sector: Lessons from the IPCC SREX Report

"This thematic brief summarises the key findings of the report relevant to water resources, and water management. It draws exclusively on material from SREX. It includes an assessment of the science and the implications for society and sustainable...

Lesotho Highlands: Water Woes or Win-Wins?

"The Lesotho Highlands Water Project (LHWP) has been acknowledged as a feat of engineering excellence; the real achievement being to use gravity tunnels and dams to divert the river from its natural flow (towards Aliwal North in the Eastern Cape)...

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