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Water: A looming crisis?

"Some of the issues discussed in this paper were: Water issues are central to development and environmental sustainability. Government needs to play the strategic leadership role, and take the necessary decisions to address the water crisis. Peopl...

Irrigation Development in Ghana: Past experiences, emerging opportunities, and future directions

"Agriculture has a central socioeconomic position in Ghana. This sector accounts for about 65 percent of the work force, about 40 percent of the gross domestic product, and about 40 percent of foreign currencies acquired through exports. Although ...

Fracking for Shale Gas in South Africa: Blessing or Curse?

"As the first country to reverse a moratorium on hydraulic fracturing – more commonly known as ‘fracking’ – South Africa is now poised to move forward with the controversial process, exploring what experts believe to be the eighth largest shale ga...

Rural Water Tenure in Kenya and Tanzania Changing Tenure Patterns, Legal Regimes and Community Responses

"This research report looks at changing patterns in water development and management in Tanzania and Kenya, and examines the responses of government and other stakeholders to these changes. It focuses especially on recent attempts to move towards...

Managing Climate Extremes and Disasters in the Water Sector: Lessons from the IPCC SREX Report

"This thematic brief summarises the key findings of the report relevant to water resources, and water management. It draws exclusively on material from SREX. It includes an assessment of the science and the implications for society and sustainable...

Lesotho Highlands: Water Woes or Win-Wins?

"The Lesotho Highlands Water Project (LHWP) has been acknowledged as a feat of engineering excellence; the real achievement being to use gravity tunnels and dams to divert the river from its natural flow (towards Aliwal North in the Eastern Cape)...

Water Resource Management and Development in SADC

"Water resources are a critical enabler of development in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). In most member states, rainfall is strongly seasonal and variable. This means that rain-fed agricultures (and the economies that they und...

Mapping and Characterizing Water Points in Mbeti South Location, Mbeere District

The study recommends the need to determine the recharge rate of ground water aquifers in order to guide the development of wells for sustainable water provision; mobilising people and sensitising them on the best practices for water management and...

Renewable Energy Choices and Water Requirements in South Africa

"South Africa (SA) is an arid country, where water supply is often obtained from distant sources. There is also increasing pressure on the limited water resources due to economic and population growth, with a concomitant increase in the energy req...

Parched Prospects The Emerging Water Crisis in South Africa

South Africa is over-exploiting its freshwater resources and water could be a large constraint on the implementation of the National Development Plan. Using the International Futures forecasting system, this paper models and forecasts water demand...

Water Considerations in Selecting Energy Technologies

The principle aim in this workshop was to provide an opportunity to gather insights into managing the water-energy nexus from business. This also included national and provincial government, and water and energy practitioners and researchers. It ...

Draft Policy Framework for Efficient use of Water in Energy Production

In this policy framework, the objective is to assist decision makers to engage with the implications of choices related to energy supply on water resilience in South Africa, in the context of climate change and the potential need for adaptation at...

Southern Africa's Dryland Forests, Climate Change and the Water-Energy-Food Security Nexus

The overarching objective of this paper is to explore the interactions between Southern Africa’s dryland forests and issues of water, energy and food security, in the context of climate change. In terms of audience, the paper aims firstly to provi...

Infrastructures Africaines: Quelles Opportunités de Financement? / African Infrastructure: What are the funding opportunities?

The inadequate amount of infrastructure on the African continent is the first thing that strikes you as you contemplate the state thereof on the continent, compared to the needs. The situation is worse in the energy sector. Thirty African countrie...

Water Governance and International Co-operation: Lessons from the Cubango-Okavango River System

"International co-operation on trans-boundary water systems has become an increasingly important norm in natural resource management, especially as climate change and population growth place growing pressure on the global water sector. The Permane...

The Status of Agricultural Water Use, Access, and Productivity in the Limpopo Basin - Opportunities for Poverty Alleviation

"The Limpopo River Basin is home to 14,000,000 people, at least half of whom live in rural areas. Over ten million South Africans live in the basin - nearly 25% of the national population. The remaining population live in Botswana - one million p...

Agricultural Expansion and Water Pollution: The Yin-Yang in the Quality of Natural Water Resources

"Global increased agricultural productivity aims at meeting the food and commercial demands on agriculture. This boost is associated with agricultural expansion practices including irrigation and use of fertilizers, which could increase negative e...

Commercialisation of Land in Namibia's Communal Land Areas: A Critical Look at Potential Irrigation Projects in Kavango East and Zambezi Regions

Large-scale land acquisitions by both foreign and local investors for agriculture, forestry and wildlife purposes, among others, remain a major challenge for African governments. The Namibian government through various ministries received proposal...

Inadequate Access, Poor Government Performance make Water a Top Priority in Africa

"According to the World Health Organization (WHO), more than 748 million people do not have access to improved drinking water, including 325 million in sub-Saharan Africa. About 2.5 billion people live without improved sanitation (WHO, 2014). Thes...

Water Governance in Botswana

"Botswana is water scarce, with endemic drought and varied rainfall. In order to meet increases in water demand efficiently and sustainably, greater policy coherence and implementation is needed. The government acknowledges the principles of in...

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