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Natural Resources Conflict Management Processes and Strategies in Africa

"This paper treats natural resources conflicts as an intrinsic part of larger social conflicts and seeks to provide a link between natural resources and social conflicts, situate the debate within the nexus between natural resources managem...

The Nile: Is it a Curse or Blessing?

"Historical, economic and political factors are converging to reduce the potential for water development in the upper riparian states of the Nile. In short, unless basin-wide development planning is considered a viable solution to conflict resolu...

Climate Change and Transboundary Water Resource Conflicts in Africa

"This paper argues that unless a basin-wide development planning is considered a viable solution to conflict resolution and poverty reduction, such increasing water scarcity is likely to generate more regional conflicts. In addition, the need to s...

Sustaining Good Governance in Water and Sanitation in Uganda

"This paper focuses on the progress Uganda has made in attaining the MDG targets on water and sanitation and concentrates on the governance framework for delivering that country’s water and sanitation MDG targets. In particular, it focuses on the ...

Diversification in Botswana's Agricultural Sector : Issues, Prospects and Challenges

"The objective of this paper was to provide background information for in-depth studies on diversification in Botswana's agricultural sector. Success areas, bottlenecks and future opportuniteis and challenges are identified. The paper progress as ...

eAfrica: The Electronic Journal of Governance and Innovation, Vol 1, December 2003

Looks at some of the big issues in African agriculture and profiles some important new models of success, including India and Israel. Looks at joint venture successes. Refers to water scarcity options

Managing Scarcity : Human Adaptation in East African Drylands

"This paper is based primarily on the findings of the Red Sea Area research Programme (RESAP) and it actually highlights some of those findings. It attempts to trace some of the social changes that occurred among the Beja nomadic communities of t...

Social Science Research Report Series No 33

"New institutions of governance have emerged in the sector with the hope that they will ensure the equitable and effective management and control of water resources through devolution of management responsibilities from central government to the l...

Pastoralists and Environment: Experiences from the Greater Horn of Africa

"Johan Helland's paper discusses the Borana pastoral society of southern Ethiopia, and asks questions about the longterm viability of such communities in the context of various development efforts. Boku Tache's paper on the Borana raises many of t...

Impact Evaluation of Service Delivery Programs: Methods and Concepts for Impact Assessments in Basic Education, Health, Water and Sanitation

"This paper is an introduction and, to some extent, a practical guide for researchers and practitioners interested in impact evaluation in education, health, water and sanitation. However,since the methods and concepts dealt with in this paper do...

Taps and Toilets How Greater Access can Radically Improve Africa's Future

"Improvements in the most basic levels of access to water and sanitation can have sizeable impacts on several key areas of human development. This brief highlights the importance of a sustained effort by domestic leaders and the internationa...

Water Pollution by Industries in Lesotho

"Industrialization in Lesotho has increased exports from the country and has generated considerable employment for the Basotho people. The government and the private sector have set up several wet industries (using more than 2000 cu m of water pe...

Reducing Loss of Treated Water Offers Substantial Financial Gains to Water Utilities: Managing Water Demand in Maseru, Lesotho

The Orange-Senqu Basin, spanning Namibia, Botswana, South Africa and Lesotho, is one of the most water-stressed regions in Southern Africa. Precipitation varies considerably from year to year, mostly falling during highly localised, intense storms...

A Status Quo, Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment of the Physical and Socio-Economic Effects of Climate Change in the Western Cape

"Clear evidence of the early signs of anthropogenic climate change are evident in the temperature record in the Western Cape, and that rainfall trends, though more variable, also suggest some shifts in the “normal” climate regime. We suggest furth...

Water and Energy in the LTMS

"The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the relationship between energy and water in South Africa and how these have been included in the Long Term Mitigation Scenarios (LTMS) and other modeling exercises. It aims to provide conte...

The Role of Soils in Global Water and Food Security

Critical to the future health of our planet is the development of policies and strategies for global resource security (water and food). The world today faces an increase in the amplitude and frequency of dynamic stresses that greatly challenges ...

Réformes Agricoles, Emploi et Réduction de la Pauvreté: Une Analyse en Équilibre Général Dynamique / Agricultural Reforms, Employment and Poverty reduction: A Dynamic General Equilibrium Analysis

Niger aims to mobilize and leverage water resources to meet its irrigation water needs. This study evaluates the impact of large-scale water mobilization on macroenomic aggregates: agricultural production, employment, household income, and pover...

A Delicate Balance: Water Scarcity in South Africa

South Africa is currently over exploiting its renewable water resources. Moreover, withdrawals are forecast to increase in all three sectors (agricultural, industrial and municipal). Meanwhile, much of the country’s water infrastructure is in disr...

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