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Conflict Trends Issue 2 2012

"As studies of the protection of civilians in Africa are still in the initial stages, the need exists for further reflection on the central role of such protection within peacekeeping operations in Africa. This Training for Peace (TfP) Special Is...

Civilian (In)security in the Darfur Region of Sudan

"This paper aims to examine the extent of the protection of civilians in the Darfur region of Sudan. Furthermore, it explores efforts by the AU and the international community to resolve the conflict. To this end, the paper will interrogate the f...

Intervention to Protect Civilians in Darfur Legal Dilemmas and Policy Imperatives

"This study is divided into five parts. The introductory part gives a background of the Darfur crisis by examining the origins and nature of human rights violations taking place in that part of the Sudan. It also reviews initial responses to the a...

Report from a High-Level Symposium on Enhancing Capacities to Protect Civilians and Build Sustainable Peace in Africa

"The report proposed a reconceptualisation of sovereignty – as a responsibility rather than only a right. It asserted that “sovereign states" have the primary responsibility for the protection of their people from avoidable catastrophe – from mass...

Delivering on the Responsibility to Protect Reforming the Security Sector to Protect the Most Vulnerable in Burundi

"The purpose of this paper is to provide initial insight into how the responsibility to protect is being devolved to national authorities in a specific context. Specifically, the paper considers the extent to which recent reforms to the securit...

Liberia at a Crossroads: A Preliminary Look at the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) and the Protection of Civilians

"This paper is a preliminary attempt to look at the role of the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) in the protection of civilians. In this vein, the paper will briefly explore the political and diplomatic developments leading to the deplo...

The Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict: Humanitarian Challenges in West Africa

"The workshop provided a forum where existing initiatives, domestic, national and regional, were examined and considered with the aim of improving civilian protection in the region. In order to achieve this, participants were tasked with analyzi...

The Responsibility to Protect: The Time to Act is Now

"This policy brief argues that the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) presents opportunities for burden‐sharing between states and the international community in the protection of the world’s population from mass killings. This opportunity, the brief...

The Challenge of the Côte d’Ivoire Crisis for West Africa: Exploring Options for a Negotiated Settlement

"This paper discusses the political deadlock in La Côte d’Ivoire, cautions against the use of force, and calls on the international community to explore options for negotiated settlement. It argues that the use of force in the Ivorian situation wi...

Promoting Peace and Stability in La Côte d’Ivoire: Negotiating the Cost of International Inaction and the Need for Decisive Action

"In this second policy brief on the situation in La Côte d’Ivoire a calling for enforcement action led by the United Nations Operations in La Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) to stop the fighting, protect civilians and restore stability to the troubled count...

Protecting Civilians in La Cote d’Ivoire: Addressing Unanswered Questions

"This policy brief explores the concept of civilian protection and how it applies to the ongoing Ivorian crisis, and conflict situations broadly. Specifically, it discusses the challenges of promoting civilian protection in La Cote d’Ivoire and s...

Displaced in Darfur: An Analysis of Humanitarian and Protection Operations for the Internally Displaced in Darfur

"The Darfur case offers an opportunity to analyze and examine the situation of IDP's who have been displaced because of violent armed conflict on a massive scale and in a situation where the host government is unwilling either to provide assistanc...

Establishing an Early Warning System in the African Peace and Security Architecture: Challenges and Prospects

"This paper examines the progress and challenges of this system by looking at the African Union and other African regional organisations. Key issues to be discussed include a historical background to the CEWS and commonly contested issues in the s...

Commissioners and Commanders Police Leadership and the Marikana Massacre

This monograph analyzed the functioning of the police system, with an emphasis on the leadership and command levels, in the build-up to the Marikana massacre on 16 August 2012, when police killed 34 miners who were striking at the Lonmin platinum ...

UNAMID Police and the Protection of Civilians in Darfur

This Policy Brief reflects on the strategies for the protection of Civilians (PoC) of the UNAMID Police, as well as some of the challenges hindering their effective implementation in Darfur. It argues that for PoC to be successful, UNAMID Police ...

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