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Sustainable Peace Driving the African Peace and Security Architecture through ECOWAS

This paper focuses on the best practices of and lessons learned from ECOWAS in its implementation of the APSA and draws on academic and policy literature, as well as ECOWAS reports and frameworks. The paper focuses particularly on ECOWAS’ attempts t…

Beyond ARCISS: New Fault Lines in South Sudan

South Sudan is engulfed in a mutually-reinforcing war system. This situation involves more than the two principal players – the government, led by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, and the opposition. Several drivers of conflict have emerged…

Enhancing Multidimensional Peace Support Operations (PSOs) Capacities in Africa: Any Role for China?

This study joins the debate around two major developments, within the broad rubric of a burgeoning China Africa cooperation in peace and security, and interrogates China’s contribution in enhancing Africa’s multidimensional PSO capabilities as part …

Mapping Opportunities for the Consolidation of Peace in Liberia: “Voices from the Countryside”

The results from the study determine that Liberia is rife with existing and looming conflicts, which have the potential to undermine national peace and stability. Essentially, the findings of this study resonate with previous conflict-mapping exerc…

Conflict Prevention What’s in it for the AU?

Several conflict prevention initiatives was developed by the African Union (AU) since its inception in 2002. Now, with the increased expectation for more effective responses to conflicts, the AU must reflect on its different roles and improve its …

The NATO Intervention in Libya: Implications for the Protection of Civilians and the AU’s Pan Africanist Agenda

"This policy brief explores external intervention in Libya within the context of civilian protection and its application. It further discusses the intervention and its implications on Gaddafi’s quest to champion African unity. The paper argues that…

Landmarks in peacekeeping training in West Africa and the role of the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre

"This paper analyses the increasing incidents in Africa of establishing ‘Centres of Excellence’ to train peacekeepers in contemporary peace support operations. It situates the analyses within the context of the cognitive processes and experiential g…

Renamo’s War Talk and Mozambique’s Peace Prospects

"Growing political tensions in Mozambique intensified in October 2013 when Mozambican government forces attacked the base of the Mozambican National Resistance Movement’s (Renamo) long-time leader Afonso Dhlakama. In reaction Renamo declared an end…

Breaking the Inertia : Women's Role in Mediation and Peace Processes in West Africa

A Brief historical perspective will be presented on women’s involvement in mediation and peace processes. The paper will then focus on women’s roles during the conflict situations in Sierra Leone and Liberia. Women’s involvement, in these two coun…

Transitions from War to Peace: Dilemmas of Multilateral Intervention in Civil War

This paper examines the nexus between war and peace. It argues that war to peace transitions should not be seen as mechanistic processes which start at one point and end at another. First among the factors to be examined is that the root causes of c…

The Center Can Hold: Towards a Regional Approach to Combating West Africa’s Terrorists

This brief, examines challenges and prospects of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Counter-Terrorism Strategy and Implementation Plan. This resulted in the ECOWAS Counterterrorism Strategy and Implementation Plan. In this brief …

No End in Sight for South Sudan’s Crisis

Abel Abate Demissie and Dr Mehari Taddele Maru insist that should Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) succeed in ending the current civil war in South Sudan, they would perform an important service to the people of this country. This would re…

Happily ever after How UN Member States can Ensure Sustainable Peace

A number of peacebuilding recommendations were made in this report, aimed at different entities across the UN system, including through the three components of the UNPBA – namely the UN Peacebuilding Commission (PBC), Peacebuilding Support Office (P…

A Report of a Steering Group Meeting for East and Central Africa Held at Grand Imperial Hotel in Kampala Uganda between 16th and 21st September, 2014.

"Representatives from 16 countries which are members of GPPAC come together to share their experiences on conflict prevention and peace building initiatives and programmes through the Regional Steering Group (RSG). This sharing helps in deepening t…

A Validated Report of the National Conflict Mapping and Analysis with Recommendations for Actors

In this report a snapshot is provided of the major causes of conflict in Kenya and different scenario settings in order to capture the essence of the discussions and subsequent recommendations presented at the workshop. It is intended to inform an…

The East African Community takes on the Burundi crisis

The East African Community has been a key player in attempts to resolve the ongoing instability in Burundi, since 2014. The organization recognized early on that a crisis was looming, however it waited too long to act at the highest level and was …

More than a Chip off the Block: Strengthening IGAD–AU Peacebuilding Linkages

In principle, regional economic communities are an integral part of the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA). As demonstrated by the APSA Roadmap 2016 –2020, it shows that they are a vital element in larger global peacebuilding structures…

The Nigerian Air Force in a Changing Security Environment

"This report may be summarised by stating that traditional doctrine and force structures remained the same as most modern defence forces have been directed towards the use of over-whelming force to achieve victory. This is hardly a formula for copin…

Managing Peace and Security in Africa Essays on Approaches to Interventions in African Conflicts

"This anthology examines five major cases of interventions in African conflicts by third parties either in a mediation role or in a peace enforcement role by a variety of actors ranging from states to regional and continental institutions with varyi…

Somalia : Fighting the Odds in the Search for Peace after the Transition

"Despite renewed hope in the future of Somalia, post-transition efforts towards peace and stability in this country face numerous challenges. This situation report notes that progress will be defined by the dynamics surrounding the strengths or wea…

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