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African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol 11 no 2

"When dealing with conflict situations in our present world, we can therefore be guided by old guidelines, or by new ones, or by both. In the first article (Onuoha), the tradition of consensus building is approached from a new perspective. In the ...

Southern Sudan: the Option of Secession and its Regional Implications

"As Sudan enters the final and most critical year of its post-war transition period, the other countries that form the Horn and central Africa are on the alert. Southern Sudan’s self-determination referendum, scheduled for January 2011, could ver...

The Sixth Franco-African Conference of Heads of State and the 16th Summit of the Organization of African Unity

The brief report summarizes events that took place at the conference. From the considerations of security, the summit addressed Euro-African relations, and requested France to convey the concern of French speaking Africa and its bearing on African...

The 14th OAU Summit Conference at Libreville, Gabon June/July 1977

This conference summary provides a Charter for the Organization of African Unity (OAU) and then states some actual and potential conflict issues such as containing disputes between its member states and preventing them from splitting the organizat...

Mercenarism in West Africa: A Threat to Ghana's Democracy?

"The highly destructive nature of contemporary warfare, particularly its impact on lives and property raises concern both in the corridors of power and among civil society. The paper holds that West African Security threats are very real, in terms...

Confronting Complex Political Crises in West Africa An Analysis of ECOWAS Responses to Niger and Cote D'Ivoire

"The question addressed in this paper is how the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) has attempted to address crises in Niger and Cote d'Ivoire. How has it sought to implement the norms, activate mechanisms and establish structures ...

Addressing Emerging Security Threats in Post-Gaddafi Sahel and ECOWAS Response to the Malian Crises

"This policy paper examines the broader impact of post-Gaddafi security challenges on West African states, with particular emphasis on the Sahelian regions. This will be juxtaposed against the old insecurities serving as long time precursors. As t...

The AU and the Challenge of Unconstitutional Changes of Government in Africa

"This paper examines the policy position of the AU with regard to ‘Unconstitutional Changes of Government’(UCG)in Africa. After analysing the definition of the concept or phenomenon of UCG, at least from the viewpoint of the African Union (AU), wi...

Bringing peace to West Africa: Liberia and Sierra Leone

"This paper discusses the tortured peace processes in the West African states of Liberia and Sierra Leone, delineating lessons learnt from the complicated and prolonged diplomacy and external military interventions that characterised these efforts...

Mediation in African conflicts: The gap between mandate and capacity

"Given the frequency with which high-level peacemaking is undertaken in Africa, there is surprisingly little discussion in official circles about the science and art of mediation. The first part of this paper examines some of the specific problems...

Under the Acacia: Mediation and the dilemma of inclusion

"Fostering peace through mediation involves a number of complex and important challenges. A key aspect of any mediation process is the inclusion of primary and secondary actors. This paper examines indigenous approaches to mediation and assesses h...

China’s role in the mediation and resolution of conflict in Africa

"The salience of China in relation to Darfur has generated a paradox in popular perceptions whereby China is seen as both the cause and the potential solution to an armed conflict. Such a black-and-white view may make effective ammunition for advo...

The challenge of building sustainable peace in the DRC

"Over the last ten years, the Democratic Republic of Congo has witnessed an extraordinary number of attempts by both regional and international actors to solve what is considered Africa's largest conflict. As we are about to celebrate the tenth an...

Mediation efforts in Africa’s Great Lakes Region

"This paper reviews the mediation experiences by presenting a chronology that starts from Kenyan President Daniel Arap Moi's intervention in Uganda's civil war in 1985 and ends with Botswana's former President Ketumile Masire's mediation of the co...

African Mediators’ Retreat 2009

"This publication is a meeting report on the African Mediators' Retreat 2009, which took place on 24-27 March in Zanzibar. The retreat was co-hosted by the HD Centre and the Mwalimu Nyerere Foundation."

Jonglei 2010: Another round of disarmament

"Does disarmament lead to effective local government and the provisions of services, or does effective government end the need for civilians to arm themselves? The GoSS and the SPLA argue for disarmament first, but the completion of the campaign i...

Conflict Early Warning Systems and Support of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan

"The purpose of this meeting is to have an informed discussion on the re-engagement of Sudan with CEWARN in its engagement along the borders of neighbouring countries within the Horn, and secondly, to consider the potential and use of an early war...

Hawks, Doves or Penguins? A Critical Review of the SADC Military Intervention in the DRC

"The aim of this paper is to examine the decisions taken by some of the major actors in SADC in respect of the conflict in the DRC, following the distress call by Laurent Kabila’s government. The paper seeks to analyse the implications of the dec...

Memorandum on S. Tomé e Principe

"On 17 April 2003, the FDC organised a protest march in order to voice their opposition to the government. This action was also done to highlight the widespread poverty, corruption within government and misappropriation of oil funds. The FDC also ...

Regional Power Politics under Cover of SADC - Running Amok with a Mythical Organ

"The recent military interventions by SADC member states in the DRC and Lesotho are a serious cause for concern. The governments of SADC member states have sent a message to the world that Africans prefer different, more brutal methods for deali...

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