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The Nigerian Air Force in a Changing Security Environment

"This report may be summarised by stating that traditional doctrine and force structures remained the same as most modern defence forces have been directed towards the use of over-whelming force to achieve victory. This is hardly a formula for cop...

Managing Peace and Security in Africa Essays on Approaches to Interventions in African Conflicts

"This anthology examines five major cases of interventions in African conflicts by third parties either in a mediation role or in a peace enforcement role by a variety of actors ranging from states to regional and continental institutions with var...

Somalia : Fighting the Odds in the Search for Peace after the Transition

"Despite renewed hope in the future of Somalia, post-transition efforts towards peace and stability in this country face numerous challenges. This situation report notes that progress will be defined by the dynamics surrounding the strengths or w...

The AU and the Challenge of Unconstitutional Changes of Government in Africa

"This paper examines the policy position of the AU with regard to ‘Unconstitutional Changes of Government’(UCG)in Africa. After analysing the definition of the concept or phenomenon of UCG, at least from the viewpoint of the African Union (AU), wi...

Bringing peace to West Africa: Liberia and Sierra Leone

"This paper discusses the tortured peace processes in the West African states of Liberia and Sierra Leone, delineating lessons learnt from the complicated and prolonged diplomacy and external military interventions that characterised these efforts...

Mediation in African conflicts: The gap between mandate and capacity

"Given the frequency with which high-level peacemaking is undertaken in Africa, there is surprisingly little discussion in official circles about the science and art of mediation. The first part of this paper examines some of the specific problems...

Under the Acacia: Mediation and the dilemma of inclusion

"Fostering peace through mediation involves a number of complex and important challenges. A key aspect of any mediation process is the inclusion of primary and secondary actors. This paper examines indigenous approaches to mediation and assesses h...

China’s role in the mediation and resolution of conflict in Africa

"The salience of China in relation to Darfur has generated a paradox in popular perceptions whereby China is seen as both the cause and the potential solution to an armed conflict. Such a black-and-white view may make effective ammunition for advo...

The challenge of building sustainable peace in the DRC

"Over the last ten years, the Democratic Republic of Congo has witnessed an extraordinary number of attempts by both regional and international actors to solve what is considered Africa's largest conflict. As we are about to celebrate the tenth an...

Mediation efforts in Africa’s Great Lakes Region

"This paper reviews the mediation experiences by presenting a chronology that starts from Kenyan President Daniel Arap Moi's intervention in Uganda's civil war in 1985 and ends with Botswana's former President Ketumile Masire's mediation of the co...

African Mediators’ Retreat 2009

"This publication is a meeting report on the African Mediators' Retreat 2009, which took place on 24-27 March in Zanzibar. The retreat was co-hosted by the HD Centre and the Mwalimu Nyerere Foundation."

Jonglei 2010: Another round of disarmament

"Does disarmament lead to effective local government and the provisions of services, or does effective government end the need for civilians to arm themselves? The GoSS and the SPLA argue for disarmament first, but the completion of the campaign i...

Conflict Early Warning Systems and Support of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Sudan

"The purpose of this meeting is to have an informed discussion on the re-engagement of Sudan with CEWARN in its engagement along the borders of neighbouring countries within the Horn, and secondly, to consider the potential and use of an early war...

Hawks, Doves or Penguins? A Critical Review of the SADC Military Intervention in the DRC

"The aim of this paper is to examine the decisions taken by some of the major actors in SADC in respect of the conflict in the DRC, following the distress call by Laurent Kabila’s government. The paper seeks to analyse the implications of the dec...

Memorandum on S. Tomé e Principe

"On 17 April 2003, the FDC organised a protest march in order to voice their opposition to the government. This action was also done to highlight the widespread poverty, corruption within government and misappropriation of oil funds. The FDC also ...

Regional Power Politics under Cover of SADC - Running Amok with a Mythical Organ

"The recent military interventions by SADC member states in the DRC and Lesotho are a serious cause for concern. The governments of SADC member states have sent a message to the world that Africans prefer different, more brutal methods for deali...

Angola - at the Precipice

"In April 1998, the Institute for Security studies published a paper entitled Angola: Endgame or Stalemate? in which the deterioration of the security situation in Angola was analysed. A number of possible scenarios were suggested, based upon the ...

Public Information as a Mission Critical Component of West African Peace Operations

"The aim of this monograph is to analyse the extent to which PI has become mission critical in West African peace operations. By extrapolating, analyzing and drawing on lessons learned, the aim is to highlight where such a capability can be priori...

Conflict Prevention in Africa : Theoretical Construct or Plan of Action?

"The aim of this paper is to critically examine the concept of conflict prevention as a viable means for enhancing peace and security in Africa, in order to suggest meaningful points of engagement for concerned donors and partners. It does so agai...

Implementing the ECOWAS Conflict Prevention Framework: Prospects and Challenges

"Several initiatives have been undertaken by ECOWAS to promote conflict prevention since it was founded in 1975, it is important to raise a number of questions with regard to the ECPF. First, how relevant is the ECPF in respect of conflict prevent...

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