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Sustainable Peace Driving the African Peace and Security Architecture through ECOWAS

This paper focuses on the best practices of and lessons learned from ECOWAS in its implementation of the APSA and draws on academic and policy literature, as well as ECOWAS reports and frameworks. The paper focuses particularly on ECOWAS’ attempts t…

Beyond ARCISS: New Fault Lines in South Sudan

South Sudan is engulfed in a mutually-reinforcing war system. This situation involves more than the two principal players – the government, led by the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement, and the opposition. Several drivers of conflict have emerged…

Enhancing Multidimensional Peace Support Operations (PSOs) Capacities in Africa: Any Role for China?

This study joins the debate around two major developments, within the broad rubric of a burgeoning China Africa cooperation in peace and security, and interrogates China’s contribution in enhancing Africa’s multidimensional PSO capabilities as part …

Mapping Opportunities for the Consolidation of Peace in Liberia: “Voices from the Countryside”

The results from the study determine that Liberia is rife with existing and looming conflicts, which have the potential to undermine national peace and stability. Essentially, the findings of this study resonate with previous conflict-mapping exerc…

Conflict Prevention What’s in it for the AU?

Several conflict prevention initiatives was developed by the African Union (AU) since its inception in 2002. Now, with the increased expectation for more effective responses to conflicts, the AU must reflect on its different roles and improve its …

The NATO Intervention in Libya: Implications for the Protection of Civilians and the AU’s Pan Africanist Agenda

"This policy brief explores external intervention in Libya within the context of civilian protection and its application. It further discusses the intervention and its implications on Gaddafi’s quest to champion African unity. The paper argues that…

Landmarks in peacekeeping training in West Africa and the role of the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre

"This paper analyses the increasing incidents in Africa of establishing ‘Centres of Excellence’ to train peacekeepers in contemporary peace support operations. It situates the analyses within the context of the cognitive processes and experiential g…

Renamo’s War Talk and Mozambique’s Peace Prospects

"Growing political tensions in Mozambique intensified in October 2013 when Mozambican government forces attacked the base of the Mozambican National Resistance Movement’s (Renamo) long-time leader Afonso Dhlakama. In reaction Renamo declared an end…

Breaking the Inertia : Women's Role in Mediation and Peace Processes in West Africa

A Brief historical perspective will be presented on women’s involvement in mediation and peace processes. The paper will then focus on women’s roles during the conflict situations in Sierra Leone and Liberia. Women’s involvement, in these two coun…

Transitions from War to Peace: Dilemmas of Multilateral Intervention in Civil War

This paper examines the nexus between war and peace. It argues that war to peace transitions should not be seen as mechanistic processes which start at one point and end at another. First among the factors to be examined is that the root causes of c…

The Nigerian Air Force in a Changing Security Environment

"This report may be summarised by stating that traditional doctrine and force structures remained the same as most modern defence forces have been directed towards the use of over-whelming force to achieve victory. This is hardly a formula for copin…

Managing Peace and Security in Africa Essays on Approaches to Interventions in African Conflicts

"This anthology examines five major cases of interventions in African conflicts by third parties either in a mediation role or in a peace enforcement role by a variety of actors ranging from states to regional and continental institutions with varyi…

Somalia : Fighting the Odds in the Search for Peace after the Transition

"Despite renewed hope in the future of Somalia, post-transition efforts towards peace and stability in this country face numerous challenges. This situation report notes that progress will be defined by the dynamics surrounding the strengths or wea…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol 11 no 2

"When dealing with conflict situations in our present world, we can therefore be guided by old guidelines, or by new ones, or by both. In the first article (Onuoha), the tradition of consensus building is approached from a new perspective. In the se…

Southern Sudan: the Option of Secession and its Regional Implications

"As Sudan enters the final and most critical year of its post-war transition period, the other countries that form the Horn and central Africa are on the alert. Southern Sudan’s self-determination referendum, scheduled for January 2011, could very …

The Sixth Franco-African Conference of Heads of State and the 16th Summit of the Organization of African Unity

The brief report summarizes events that took place at the conference. From the considerations of security, the summit addressed Euro-African relations, and requested France to convey the concern of French speaking Africa and its bearing on African d…

The 14th OAU Summit Conference at Libreville, Gabon June/July 1977

This conference summary provides a Charter for the Organization of African Unity (OAU) and then states some actual and potential conflict issues such as containing disputes between its member states and preventing them from splitting the organizatio…

Mercenarism in West Africa: A Threat to Ghana's Democracy?

"The highly destructive nature of contemporary warfare, particularly its impact on lives and property raises concern both in the corridors of power and among civil society. The paper holds that West African Security threats are very real, in terms o…

Confronting Complex Political Crises in West Africa An Analysis of ECOWAS Responses to Niger and Cote D'Ivoire

"The question addressed in this paper is how the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) has attempted to address crises in Niger and Cote d'Ivoire. How has it sought to implement the norms, activate mechanisms and establish structures to…

Addressing Emerging Security Threats in Post-Gaddafi Sahel and ECOWAS Response to the Malian Crises

"This policy paper examines the broader impact of post-Gaddafi security challenges on West African states, with particular emphasis on the Sahelian regions. This will be juxtaposed against the old insecurities serving as long time precursors. As the…

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