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Who Guards the Guards? The International Criminal Court and Serious Crimes Committed by Peacekeepers in Africa

"This monograph addresses whether or not international criminal law and the newly established International Criminal Court (ICC)may have a role to play in the effective prosecution of peacekeepers who have committed serious crimes. At a meeting ...

Cabinda Notes on a Soon-to-be-Forgotten War

"Although the civil war in mainland Angola formally ended on 4 April 2002,a secessionist conflict with grave humanitarian consequences remained unabated in the oil-rich enclave province of Cabinda for much of 2002. However, reports from Cabinda’s...

Is Ituri on the Road to Stability? An Update on the Current Security Situation in the District

"This situation report aims to provide a snapshot of the current situation in the Ituri district in the north-eastern region of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). For the past six years this area has been torn apart by violent conflict invol...

The Gacaca Process: Eradicating the Culture of Impunity in Rwanda?

"Eleven years after the genocide in Rwanda, the gacaca tribunals have been introduced on a national level in an attempt to accelerate the process of justice. There is no doubt that some mechanism for justice needs to be instituted not only to ensu...

Some Reflections on the Crisis in Zaire (Recent initiatives in addressing gender violence in South Africa)

"This paper is divided into three sections. The first seeks to explore briefly the roots of the present conflict in Zaire. Next, an assessment is made of the possible future trajectory of the conflict. The third, and main thrust of the paper, aims...

Protecting Civilians in La Cote d’Ivoire: Addressing Unanswered Questions

"This policy brief explores the concept of civilian protection and how it applies to the ongoing Ivorian crisis, and conflict situations broadly. Specifically, it discusses the challenges of promoting civilian protection in La Cote d’Ivoire and s...

Local Initiatives in the African Great Lakes Region: Community Voices and Sustainable Development

The research for this study was undertaken in Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo during the latter part of 1997, three years after the crisis in Rwanda. The study is not an analysis of the crisis of 1994, despite the fact that ...

Why Gender Still Matters: Sexual Violence and the Need to Confront Militarized Masculinity: A Case Study of the Conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The ongoing war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has been marked by almost unimaginable atrocities, including millions killed and displaced in a war that seven nations have participated in. Most horrifically, sexual assault has beco...

Sudan Civil Society Symposium: Symposium Report

The Sudan Civil Society Symposium was held in Calgary on June 5 and in Ottawa on June 7 9, 2000. It was organized by the Sudan Inter Agency Reference Group (SIARG), a network of Canadian NGOs working on Sudan. Freedom Quest International and Part...

A Strategy for Ending Northern Uganda’s Crisis

The brutal Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) insurgency enters its twentieth year with no end in sight, made more complicated by the troubling political events in Kampala over the past few months, including the arrest of opposition figures. The rebels’...

A Congo Action Plan

More than two years into the transition in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the peace process remains at risk. As many as 1,000 people a day still die from war-related causes -- mainly disease and malnutrition, but also continuing violenc...

Sudan: Justice, Peace and the ICC

Excerpt: "The International Criminal Court (ICC) arrest warrant against President Bashir for atrocity crimes in Darfur has brought Sudan to a new decision point. The long-ruling National Congress Party (NCP) has defied the court, gained African Un...

Developing an African Torture Rehabilitation Model: A Contextually-informed, Evidence-based Psychosocial Model for the Rehabilitation of Victims of Torture: Part 2 - Detailing an African Torture Rehabilitation Model through Engagement....

Torture remains a reality in many countries around the world. As one of the largest recipients of refugees in the world, South Africa has become home to many victims of this extreme form of human rights violation. Sadly torture continues to be per...

Developing an African Torture Rehabilitation Model: A Contextually-informed, Evidence-based Psychosocial Model for the Rehabilitation of Victims of Torture: Part 1 - Setting the Foundations of an African Torture Rehabilitation Model through Research

Torture remains a reality in many countries around the world. As one of the largest recipients of refugees in the world, South Africa has become home to many victims of this extreme form of human rights violation. The impacts of torture are divers...

The NATO Intervention in Libya: Implications for the Protection of Civilians and the AU’s Pan Africanist Agenda

"This policy brief explores external intervention in Libya within the context of civilian protection and its application. It further discusses the intervention and its implications on Gaddafi’s quest to champion African unity. The paper argues th...

The ICC and the Culture of Impunity ICC Warrant of Arrest against President Bashir of the Sudan

"The Organisation of African Unity (OAU) member states’ adoption of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR) in 1981 in Nairobi, Kenya, marked a milestone development in terms of the human rights normative framework on the African ...

Domestic Prosecutions of International Crimes in Africa : Kenya

Following the announcement of the 2007 general election results, Kenya plunged into unprecedented violence. The upheaval left in its wake over a thousand people dead, hundreds sexually violated and hundreds of thousands physically displaced from t...

The Responsibility to Protect - From Evasive to Reluctant Action ? The Role of Global Middle Powers

"In this document it was argued that R2P is becoming increasingly central to the way in which the international community thinks about and responds to the problem of genocide and mass atrocities. The short history of R2P shows this progress only t...

Other Facets no 30

‘Zimbabwe: Massacre, smuggling and KP dithering’ talks about how in January, the Kimberley process was urged by NGOs, industry representatives and some governments to deal with reports of an October 2008 massacre of artisanal diamond diggers by th...

Other Facets no 28

In ‘Venezuela Saga Continues’ Venezuela has been a thorn in the side of the Kimberley Process – and the industry it seeks to protect – almost from the beginning. A charter member of the KP from 2003, Venezuela basically stopped reporting on diamon...

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