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Why Gender Still Matters: Sexual Violence and the Need to Confront Militarized Masculinity: A Case Study of the Conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The ongoing war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has been marked by almost unimaginable atrocities, including millions killed and displaced in a war that seven nations have participated in. Most horrifically, sexual assault has become…

Sudan Civil Society Symposium: Symposium Report

The Sudan Civil Society Symposium was held in Calgary on June 5 and in Ottawa on June 7 9, 2000. It was organized by the Sudan Inter Agency Reference Group (SIARG), a network of Canadian NGOs working on Sudan. Freedom Quest International and Partne…

A Strategy for Ending Northern Uganda’s Crisis

The brutal Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) insurgency enters its twentieth year with no end in sight, made more complicated by the troubling political events in Kampala over the past few months, including the arrest of opposition figures. The rebels’ n…

A Congo Action Plan

More than two years into the transition in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the peace process remains at risk. As many as 1,000 people a day still die from war-related causes -- mainly disease and malnutrition, but also continuing violence.…

Sudan: Justice, Peace and the ICC

Excerpt: "The International Criminal Court (ICC) arrest warrant against President Bashir for atrocity crimes in Darfur has brought Sudan to a new decision point. The long-ruling National Congress Party (NCP) has defied the court, gained African Unio…

‘Outlaws on Camelback’: State and Individual Responsibility for Serious Violations of International Law in Darfur

"This paper examines the international responsibilities of the Sudanese government and individual perpetrators for violations of international human rights and humanitarian law during the Darfur conflict. I argue that the Government of Sudan bears i…

Terrorist Financing in Southern Africa: Are We Making a Mountain out of a Molehill?

"The global and transnational nature and reach of financial institutions, the greater role of intermediaries and the uneven development, even divergence, of the world’s economic systems combine to magnify the challenges of combating money launde…

In Quest of a Sustainable Justice Transitional Justice and Human Security in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

"The paper inquires into the possibilities of achieving accountability through prosecutorial process in domestic courts as well as in the fora of international justice; it examines the work of the CVR around truth recovery and reconciliation; final…

Intervention to Protect Civilians in Darfur Legal Dilemmas and Policy Imperatives

"This study is divided into five parts. The introductory part gives a background of the Darfur crisis by examining the origins and nature of human rights violations taking place in that part of the Sudan. It also reviews initial responses to the atr…

'Outlaws on Camelback' : State and Individual Responsibility for Serious Violations of International Law in Darfur

"In this paper Dr.Alhagi Marong makes a number of cogent arguments on Sudan’s international responsibility for violations of international law committed by its military forces, as well as the civilian Janjaweed militia, formed, organised, funded and…

Report from a Symposium on the Investigation and Prosecution of ‘Core International Crimes' and the Role of the International Criminal Court in Africa

"The International Criminal Court stands as a working model of international criminal justice in terms of which an international criminal forum applies rules of international law, is staffed by independent prosecutors and judges, and holds persons …

Who Guards the Guards? The International Criminal Court and Serious Crimes Committed by Peacekeepers in Africa

"This monograph addresses whether or not international criminal law and the newly established International Criminal Court (ICC)may have a role to play in the effective prosecution of peacekeepers who have committed serious crimes. At a meeting of…

Cabinda Notes on a Soon-to-be-Forgotten War

"Although the civil war in mainland Angola formally ended on 4 April 2002,a secessionist conflict with grave humanitarian consequences remained unabated in the oil-rich enclave province of Cabinda for much of 2002. However, reports from Cabinda’s b…

Is Ituri on the Road to Stability? An Update on the Current Security Situation in the District

"This situation report aims to provide a snapshot of the current situation in the Ituri district in the north-eastern region of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). For the past six years this area has been torn apart by violent conflict involvi…

The Gacaca Process: Eradicating the Culture of Impunity in Rwanda?

"Eleven years after the genocide in Rwanda, the gacaca tribunals have been introduced on a national level in an attempt to accelerate the process of justice. There is no doubt that some mechanism for justice needs to be instituted not only to ensure…

Some Reflections on the Crisis in Zaire (Recent initiatives in addressing gender violence in South Africa)

"This paper is divided into three sections. The first seeks to explore briefly the roots of the present conflict in Zaire. Next, an assessment is made of the possible future trajectory of the conflict. The third, and main thrust of the paper, aims t…

Protecting Civilians in La Cote d’Ivoire: Addressing Unanswered Questions

"This policy brief explores the concept of civilian protection and how it applies to the ongoing Ivorian crisis, and conflict situations broadly. Specifically, it discusses the challenges of promoting civilian protection in La Cote d’Ivoire and sug…

Perspectives on Africa’s Response to the ICC’s Arrest Warrants in the Libya Situation

"On 27 June 2011, the three judges of the International Criminal Court’s Pre-trial Chamber I issued arrest warrants for Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, his son Saif al-Islam, and Abdullah al-Senussi for alleged crimes against humanity committed in Li…

Promoting Reconciliation through Exhuming and Indentifying Victims in the 1994 Rwanda Genocide

"This discussion paper provides an overview of three different phases of exhumations that have taken place in Rwanda following the 1994 genocide. Drawing upon qualitative data resulting from interviews with 24 survivors from Kibuye, as well as meeti…

Comparing Somalia's Al Shabaab and Uganda's Lord's Resistance Army A Toxic Mix of Religion, Politics and Violence

"This paper argues that both al Shabaab and the Lord's Resistance Army emerged out of comparable contexts and were motivated by real grievances. These two groups have coalesced around collective frames of injustices. The paper holds that while their…

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