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The Responsibility to Protect - From Evasive to Reluctant Action ? The Role of Global Middle Powers

"In this document it was argued that R2P is becoming increasingly central to the way in which the international community thinks about and responds to the problem of genocide and mass atrocities. The short history of R2P shows this progress only t...

Some Reflections on the Crisis in Zaire (Recent initiatives in addressing gender violence in South Africa)

"This paper is divided into three sections. The first seeks to explore briefly the roots of the present conflict in Zaire. Next, an assessment is made of the possible future trajectory of the conflict. The third, and main thrust of the paper, aims...

The Regional Dimensions of the War in Northern Uganda

"This paper highlights the complexity of the conflict in northern Uganda. Attempts have been made to analyse the structures, actors and complex dynamics of the conflict using a multidisciplinary methodology. This has helped in identifying and mapp...

‘Outlaws on Camelback’: State and Individual Responsibility for Serious Violations of International Law in Darfur

"This paper examines the international responsibilities of the Sudanese government and individual perpetrators for violations of international human rights and humanitarian law during the Darfur conflict. I argue that the Government of Sudan bears...

Terrorist Financing in Southern Africa: Are We Making a Mountain out of a Molehill?

"The global and transnational nature and reach of financial institutions, the greater role of intermediaries and the uneven development, even divergence, of the world’s economic systems combine to magnify the challenges of combating money laun...

In Quest of a Sustainable Justice Transitional Justice and Human Security in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

"The paper inquires into the possibilities of achieving accountability through prosecutorial process in domestic courts as well as in the fora of international justice; it examines the work of the CVR around truth recovery and reconciliation; fin...

Intervention to Protect Civilians in Darfur Legal Dilemmas and Policy Imperatives

"This study is divided into five parts. The introductory part gives a background of the Darfur crisis by examining the origins and nature of human rights violations taking place in that part of the Sudan. It also reviews initial responses to the a...

Militianisation of Resource Conflicts The Case of Land-Based Conflict in the Mount Elgon Region of Western Kenya

"In the following pages, the author trace the trajectory of the conflict, unravel its rootcauses and other contributory factors, discuss the various responses by the state, and make proposals on what could be done to attain sustainable peace in t...

Unable or Unwilling? Case Studies on Domestic Implementation of the ICC Statute in Selected African Countries

"This monograph is intended to contribute to enhanced understanding of the reasons why some African states have been slow in meeting their domestication obligations under the Rome Statute. In the international arena, African countries were general...

The (Northern) Uganda Peace Process: An Update on Recent Developments

"This paper aims to provide an update on the conflict involving the LRA and the peace process with the government of Uganda aimed at resolving it. It also shares some perspectives on the peace process including the role of regional players, the pr...

Sudan: What Implications for President Al-Bashir’s Indictment by the ICC?

"This Situation Report looks at this delicate issue with a view to identifying, at least, a few possible scenarios of how to deal with the matter under discussion. To do so, it first provides a brief overview of the conflict situation and the pea...

Militias Rebels and Islamist Militants: Human insecurity and state crisis in Africa

"Militias, rebels and Islamist militants: human insecurity and state crises in Africa explores how armed non-state groups have emerged as key players in African politics and armed conflicts since the 1990s. The book is a critical, multidisciplina...

The trajectory of human rights violations in Zimbabwe

"This paper discusses the course of human rights violations in Zimbabwe through a historical approach that focuses on the immediate pre-independence (Ian Smith’s regime) and the postindependence (Robert Mugabe) eras. The argument is that the con...

Marginalisation and violence Considering origins of insurgency and peace implementation in the Nuba Mountains of Sudan

"This paper addresses two issues. First, it builds on an argument in earlier research on the Nuba Mountains that purely resource-based explanations are not sufficient to find comprehensive measures for conflict resolution,showing that any resourc...

Providing Security and Justice for the People Security Sector Reform in Zimbabwe

"This paper considers the need for security sector reform (SSR) in Zimbabwe and highlights potential short-term and long-term priorities in this regard. Following renewed interest in, and possibilities for, SSR in Zimbabwe, it has become apparent...

Negotiating peace in Liberia: Preserving the possibility for Justice

"A case study which provides in-depth examination on how specific justice issues came to be included and potentially excluded in the Accra peace accord, which was the foundation of the current peace process."

'Outlaws on Camelback' : State and Individual Responsibility for Serious Violations of International Law in Darfur

"In this paper Dr.Alhagi Marong makes a number of cogent arguments on Sudan’s international responsibility for violations of international law committed by its military forces, as well as the civilian Janjaweed militia, formed, organised, funded a...

Report from a Symposium on the Investigation and Prosecution of ‘Core International Crimes' and the Role of the International Criminal Court in Africa

"The International Criminal Court stands as a working model of international criminal justice in terms of which an international criminal forum applies rules of international law, is staffed by independent prosecutors and judges, and holds person...

Who Guards the Guards? The International Criminal Court and Serious Crimes Committed by Peacekeepers in Africa

"This monograph addresses whether or not international criminal law and the newly established International Criminal Court (ICC)may have a role to play in the effective prosecution of peacekeepers who have committed serious crimes. At a meeting ...

Is Ituri on the Road to Stability? An Update on the Current Security Situation in the District

"This situation report aims to provide a snapshot of the current situation in the Ituri district in the north-eastern region of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). For the past six years this area has been torn apart by violent conflict invol...

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