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The Boko Haram Insurgency: From Short Term Gains to Long Term Solutions

Thousands of Nigerian civilians have lost their lives, since the beginning of Boko Haram’s insurgency in 2010, with millions more being both internally and externally displaced. The organization has also spread into the Lake Chad region, carrying ou…

Preventing Genocide and the Responsibility to Protect: Challenges for the UN, Africa and the International Community

The agenda was organised around six case studies of genocide and/or mass atrocities that have occurred over the past two decades in Cambodia, Rwanda, Bosnia, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and Sudan’s Darfur region, reflecting …

Africa's Responsibility to Protect

This meeting was the fifth in a series of seminars organised to focus on aspects of the United Nations’ (UN) role in Africa and the recent UN reform process. The aim of the policy seminar was to interrogate issues around humanitarian intervention in…

The NATO Intervention in Libya: Implications for the Protection of Civilians and the AU’s Pan Africanist Agenda

"This policy brief explores external intervention in Libya within the context of civilian protection and its application. It further discusses the intervention and its implications on Gaddafi’s quest to champion African unity. The paper argues that…

The ICC and the Culture of Impunity ICC Warrant of Arrest against President Bashir of the Sudan

"The Organisation of African Unity (OAU) member states’ adoption of the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR) in 1981 in Nairobi, Kenya, marked a milestone development in terms of the human rights normative framework on the African co…

Domestic Prosecutions of International Crimes in Africa : Kenya

Following the announcement of the 2007 general election results, Kenya plunged into unprecedented violence. The upheaval left in its wake over a thousand people dead, hundreds sexually violated and hundreds of thousands physically displaced from the…

R2P @10: What Lessons for South Africa and Africa?

150 World states endorsed the principle of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) at the 2005 World Summit. 2015 marks ten years since this occasion. Paragraphs 138 and 139 of the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document noted that ‘each individual State h…

All Bark No Bite State Cooperation and the International Criminal Court

In this report, the history of the Kenya Government’s failure to cooperate with the ICC leading to the collapse of the Kenyatta case was chronicled. It identifies gaps in the cooperation enforcement regime of the Rome statute and offers some suggest…

The Al Bashir Debacle

This article discusses the failure of states to comply with their obligation to execute the warrant issued by the International Criminal Court for the arrest of President Omar Hassan Ahmed Al Bashir of Sudan. There are serious charges against Presi…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 28 No.2 March-April 2016

"The articles submitted for this issue of the Horn of Africa Bulletin interrogate and explore many of the contradictions alluded to earlier in the fusion of peace-building, humanitarianism and developmental interventions. The article by Jens Pederse…

Perspectives on Africa’s Response to the ICC’s Arrest Warrants in the Libya Situation

"On 27 June 2011, the three judges of the International Criminal Court’s Pre-trial Chamber I issued arrest warrants for Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, his son Saif al-Islam, and Abdullah al-Senussi for alleged crimes against humanity committed in Li…

Promoting Reconciliation through Exhuming and Indentifying Victims in the 1994 Rwanda Genocide

"This discussion paper provides an overview of three different phases of exhumations that have taken place in Rwanda following the 1994 genocide. Drawing upon qualitative data resulting from interviews with 24 survivors from Kibuye, as well as meeti…

Comparing Somalia's Al Shabaab and Uganda's Lord's Resistance Army A Toxic Mix of Religion, Politics and Violence

"This paper argues that both al Shabaab and the Lord's Resistance Army emerged out of comparable contexts and were motivated by real grievances. These two groups have coalesced around collective frames of injustices. The paper holds that while their…

Implications of the AU Decision to Give the African Court Jurisdiction over International Crimes

"This paper considers the decision by the African Union (AU)to expand the jurisdiction of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights to act as an international criminal court with jurisdiction over the international crimes of genocide, war crimes…

The trajectory of human rights violations in Zimbabwe

"This paper discusses the course of human rights violations in Zimbabwe through a historical approach that focuses on the immediate pre-independence (Ian Smith’s regime) and the postindependence (Robert Mugabe) eras. The argument is that the confl…

Marginalisation and violence Considering origins of insurgency and peace implementation in the Nuba Mountains of Sudan

"This paper addresses two issues. First, it builds on an argument in earlier research on the Nuba Mountains that purely resource-based explanations are not sufficient to find comprehensive measures for conflict resolution,showing that any resource …

Providing Security and Justice for the People Security Sector Reform in Zimbabwe

"This paper considers the need for security sector reform (SSR) in Zimbabwe and highlights potential short-term and long-term priorities in this regard. Following renewed interest in, and possibilities for, SSR in Zimbabwe, it has become apparent t…

Negotiating peace in Liberia: Preserving the possibility for Justice

"A case study which provides in-depth examination on how specific justice issues came to be included and potentially excluded in the Accra peace accord, which was the foundation of the current peace process."

Militianisation of Resource Conflicts The Case of Land-Based Conflict in the Mount Elgon Region of Western Kenya

"In the following pages, the author trace the trajectory of the conflict, unravel its rootcauses and other contributory factors, discuss the various responses by the state, and make proposals on what could be done to attain sustainable peace in the…

Unable or Unwilling? Case Studies on Domestic Implementation of the ICC Statute in Selected African Countries

"This monograph is intended to contribute to enhanced understanding of the reasons why some African states have been slow in meeting their domestication obligations under the Rome Statute. In the international arena, African countries were generally…

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