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The Boko Haram Insurgency: From Short Term Gains to Long Term Solutions

Thousands of Nigerian civilians have lost their lives, since the beginning of Boko Haram’s insurgency in 2010, with millions more being both internally and externally displaced. The organization has also spread into the Lake Chad region, carrying ou…

Preventing Genocide and the Responsibility to Protect: Challenges for the UN, Africa and the International Community

The agenda was organised around six case studies of genocide and/or mass atrocities that have occurred over the past two decades in Cambodia, Rwanda, Bosnia, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and Sudan’s Darfur region, reflecting …

Africa's Responsibility to Protect

This meeting was the fifth in a series of seminars organised to focus on aspects of the United Nations’ (UN) role in Africa and the recent UN reform process. The aim of the policy seminar was to interrogate issues around humanitarian intervention in…

R2P @10: What Lessons for South Africa and Africa?

150 World states endorsed the principle of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) at the 2005 World Summit. 2015 marks ten years since this occasion. Paragraphs 138 and 139 of the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document noted that ‘each individual State h…

All Bark No Bite State Cooperation and the International Criminal Court

In this report, the history of the Kenya Government’s failure to cooperate with the ICC leading to the collapse of the Kenyatta case was chronicled. It identifies gaps in the cooperation enforcement regime of the Rome statute and offers some suggest…

The Al Bashir Debacle

This article discusses the failure of states to comply with their obligation to execute the warrant issued by the International Criminal Court for the arrest of President Omar Hassan Ahmed Al Bashir of Sudan. There are serious charges against Presi…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 28 No.2 March-April 2016

"The articles submitted for this issue of the Horn of Africa Bulletin interrogate and explore many of the contradictions alluded to earlier in the fusion of peace-building, humanitarianism and developmental interventions. The article by Jens Pederse…

The Responsibility to Protect - From Evasive to Reluctant Action ? The Role of Global Middle Powers

"In this document it was argued that R2P is becoming increasingly central to the way in which the international community thinks about and responds to the problem of genocide and mass atrocities. The short history of R2P shows this progress only too…

Other Facets no 30

‘Zimbabwe: Massacre, smuggling and KP dithering’ talks about how in January, the Kimberley process was urged by NGOs, industry representatives and some governments to deal with reports of an October 2008 massacre of artisanal diamond diggers by the …

Other Facets no 28

In ‘Venezuela Saga Continues’ Venezuela has been a thorn in the side of the Kimberley Process – and the industry it seeks to protect – almost from the beginning. A charter member of the KP from 2003, Venezuela basically stopped reporting on diamond …

Other Facets no 27

In ‘Venezuela shames Kimberley; mocks vacillating committees’ the Venezuela “problem” began as a test of Kimberley Process resolve to be an effective regulatory system in the fight against conflict diamonds. It has unravelled into an embarrassment a…

Other Facets no 26

In ‘Taylor War Crimes Trial Begins: PAC’s Ian Smillie is First Witness’ the long-awaited war crimes trial of former Liberian president Charles Taylor started in The Hague in January. In ‘Kimberley Process Annual Plenary: NGO Participation Increases…

Other Facets no 25

‘Land Grabbing and Land Reform: Diamonds, Rubber and Forests in the New Liberia’ spells out the huge challenges facing the new government of Liberia following a decade and a half of brutal civil war, war fuelled mainly by looted natural resources. ‘…

The African Union and the International Criminal Court: An Embattled Relationship?

"The International Criminal Court (ICC) was established as a permanent, independent institution to prosecute individuals who have orchestrated and executed the most serious crimes of international concern, including war crimes,crimes against humanit…

Other Facets no 21

In ‘Brazilian Diamond Exports Resumed: Fraud wider than originally believed, ’ the challenge for Brazil will be to enforce new regulations, which are largely computer based, in a system where huge volumes of diamonds are mined by diggers with no leg…

Other Facets no 20

In ‘Massive Brazilian Diamond Fraud,’ Brazil is one of the oldest diamond producing countries in the world, but nobody can say where half of the diamonds it exports have been mined, and government certificates accompanying fully one quarter of Brazi…

Gender Justice and Reconciliation in Northern Uganda

"The war in Northern Uganda between the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and Government of Uganda (GoU) forces dates back to 1986. In 2006, the Juba Peace Talks were held between the GoU and the LRA, mediated by Riek Machar, the Vice President of South …

Traditional Justice and War Crimes in Northern Uganda

"This policy brief assesses the continuing relevance of traditional justice in Northern Uganda. Over two years after the dissolution of the Juba peace negotiations in November 2008, several questions continue to remain unanswered regarding how tradi…

The Geneva Conventions and South African Law

"According to the preamble, the purpose of the Geneva Conventions Act is two-fold: to enact the Geneva Conventions and its Protocols into South African law, and to ensure the prevention and punishment of grave and other breaches. The first aim is a…

Perspectives on Africa’s Response to the ICC’s Arrest Warrants in the Libya Situation

"On 27 June 2011, the three judges of the International Criminal Court’s Pre-trial Chamber I issued arrest warrants for Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, his son Saif al-Islam, and Abdullah al-Senussi for alleged crimes against humanity committed in Li…

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