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The Energy Crisis: A Revolution in International Relations?

This articles looks at the energy crisis which was sparked off by the Arab/Israeli War in October 1973. It shows the effect of the crisis on super power relationships (at the time Western Europe, United States and Japan) which was regarded as the ce…

Organization of African Unity Summit Conference July 1978

This article is a report on the African Union Summit attended by 34 African Leaders. "The Summit made little progress in trying to end the various wars and border disputes in Africa, but it did agree on a number of initiatives aimed at settling, by …

The Never-Ending Pursuit of the Lord’s Resistance Army: An Analysis of the Regional Cooperative Initiative for the Elimination of the LRA

“There has recently been heightened concern regarding the activities of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), one of the most deadly insurgent movements in Africa. The LRA can best be described as a quasireligious-rebel armed group that began operating …

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2012

‘Election Related Violence: Beyond Electoral Systems and Normative’ maintains that lasting solutions to election related violence should not only be sought in the technical deficiencies of the electoral process. Rather, broader structural problems o…

Managing Conflict Over Natural Resources in Greater Kordofan, Sudan: Some Recurrent Patterns and Governance Implications

"Despite the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, which brought to an end 20 years of civil war in the Sudan, this country continues to experience smaller-scale conflicts, particularly around access to and control of natural resources. Some observers…

The Ethiopia-Eritrea dispute

"The failure of Ethiopia and Eritrea to settle their differences is a serious setback to regional stability and the African renaissance. Nationalist calls on both sides make a lasting peace settlement unlikely. A return to heavy fighting will not …

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 6, no. 2, 1982

In this issue, Smuts House notes starts by looking at South Africa’s activity beyond its borders and how Pretoria is involved in upsetting regional security. According to the notes, Pretoria’s security interests are best served by keeping neighbouri…

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 2, no. 3, 1978

In this issue, contents include notes on authors and their articles; German Foreign Policy; Salt II and Western Security; the Communist Powers and Africa; Cuba, Angola and the West; Short Term South African Foreign Policy Alternatives; and Implicati…

Bringing peace to West Africa: Liberia and Sierra Leone

"This paper discusses the tortured peace processes in the West African states of Liberia and Sierra Leone, delineating lessons learnt from the complicated and prolonged diplomacy and external military interventions that characterised these efforts. …

Mediation efforts in Somalia

"This paper reviews and assesses the past eighteen years of external mediation efforts aimed at ending Somalia’s protracted civil war and reviving a central government. It identifies lessons learned, summarizes ongoing debates about the most approp…

Mediation in African conflicts: The gap between mandate and capacity

"Given the frequency with which high-level peacemaking is undertaken in Africa, there is surprisingly little discussion in official circles about the science and art of mediation. The first part of this paper examines some of the specific problems i…

China’s role in the mediation and resolution of conflict in Africa

"The salience of China in relation to Darfur has generated a paradox in popular perceptions whereby China is seen as both the cause and the potential solution to an armed conflict. Such a black-and-white view may make effective ammunition for advoca…

The challenge of building sustainable peace in the DRC

"Over the last ten years, the Democratic Republic of Congo has witnessed an extraordinary number of attempts by both regional and international actors to solve what is considered Africa's largest conflict. As we are about to celebrate the tenth anni…

The Negotiation of Security Issues in the Burundi Peace Talks

"Negotiating Disarmament explores issues surrounding the planning, timing and techniques of a range of security issues: violence reduction, weapons control, disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration activities and justice and security sector t…

The Negotiation of Security Issues in Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement

"This report focuses on how the Comprehensive Peace Agreement which ended the second Sudanese civil war in January 2005, deals with issues of guns and violence. It outlines how the parties' lack of trust led to a deliberate avoidance of commitments …

African Mediators’ Retreat 2009

"This publication is a meeting report on the African Mediators' Retreat 2009, which took place on 24-27 March in Zanzibar. The retreat was co-hosted by the HD Centre and the Mwalimu Nyerere Foundation."

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 16, no. 1, 1992

This International Affairs Bulletin contains three articles and a conference review: Graham Evans’ article concerns Operation Desert Storm, the just war tradition and the new world order. It overviews the events and controversies of the Persian G…

Western Sahara: Understanding the Roots of the Conflict and Suggesting a Way Out

"This Situation Report is based on the proceedings of a roundtable seminar. Written papers were submitted which was based on the verbal interventions, organised around three main themes. The contributions were published without any changes. There ar…

Ethiopia and Eritrea in Turmoil: Implications for Peace and Security in a Troubled Region

"Whatever the logic of the positions it has taken, the international community has been weak and ineffective in its efforts to resolve the crisis along the Ethiopian and Eritrean border. A dangerous precedent was set when the international communi…

The Eritrea - Djibouti Border Dispute

"The objective of this situation report is to provide timely and relevant information and analysis on the border dispute that recently broke out between Eritrea and Djibouti.The facts at hand being fragmented, it is too early and difficult to prov…

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