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The Energy Crisis: A Revolution in International Relations?

This articles looks at the energy crisis which was sparked off by the Arab/Israeli War in October 1973. It shows the effect of the crisis on super power relationships (at the time Western Europe, United States and Japan) which was regarded as the ce…

Organization of African Unity Summit Conference July 1978

This article is a report on the African Union Summit attended by 34 African Leaders. "The Summit made little progress in trying to end the various wars and border disputes in Africa, but it did agree on a number of initiatives aimed at settling, by …

The Never-Ending Pursuit of the Lord’s Resistance Army: An Analysis of the Regional Cooperative Initiative for the Elimination of the LRA

“There has recently been heightened concern regarding the activities of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), one of the most deadly insurgent movements in Africa. The LRA can best be described as a quasireligious-rebel armed group that began operating …

What's Urdu for Biltong? Can South Africa Help Pakistan?

"Following its democratic turn in 1994, Nelson Mandela wrote the year previously, the second pillar of South African foreign policy would be the principle ‘that just and lasting solutions to the problems of humankind can only come through the promot…

The Chinese Stance on the Darfur Conflict

"China’s role in Sudan is one of the most closely watched and, in many circles, controversial relationships on the continent. This paper provides a Sudanese perspective and argues that, far from profiting from its close ties with Khartoum, the Chine…

Eritrea: The Siege State

"Eritrea has been deeply troubled since independence in 1991. Following the devastating war with Ethiopia (1998- 2000), an authoritarian, militarised regime has further tightened political space, tolerating neither opposition nor dissent. Relation…

The end of the Eritrean exeption?

"The report examines Eritrea's colonial history, its struggle for independence, its complex relations with the former Tigray rebels who now control the Ethiopian government, the years from independence to the start of war in 1998, and Eritrea's econ…

Cuba, Angola and the West

Developments in Angola are likely to have an impact not only on South West Africa but also on changing foreign policy perceptions of both East and West towards Southern African problems. Any discussion on Angola must take cognizance of the role pla…

Observations on African voting in the United Nations, concerning the Israeli-Arab conflict

The voting by the independent states of Africa in the United Nations General Assembly Session concerning the Arab-Israeli conflict shows interesting differences and gives rise to some significant observations. This paper attempts to throw some light…

The Soviet Union and the conventional threat to South Africa A strategic analysis

"The first part of the paper, as its title suggests, deals with possible motives for Soviet action in Southern Africa, providing the framework in which the Soviet threat to South Africa may be assessed. The second deals with what is probably the be…

The Kremlin, The world revolutionary process and African "National Liberation Movements"

The world revolutionary process has gathered momentum over the last few years and with that also the national liberation movements based on the Marxist-Leninist ideologies. The motive of the Communist party was to forge a unity of the revolutionary …

Wars of national liberation, the super-powers and the Afro-Asian Ocean region

"The heady days of East-West detente are gone. The Wall Street Journal and the AFL-CIO representing the American labour movement - are unanimous in their verdict that "detente is dead". There is thus a growing feeling that detente has never been an …

Angola: Elusive peace?

This report considers the prospect of peace in Angola after 16 years of civil war. International mediation, especially by the United States and the Soviet Union, will hopefully overcome the remaining obstacles and culminate in a permanent cease-fire…

Conflict in the Horn of Africa: Background and outlook

This Brief Report describes the conflict in the Horn of Africa, which serves as a communications route to the Indian Ocean, Africa and the Middle East. The report describes the situation in Ethiopia, which has historically dominated the region and i…

Bringing peace to West Africa: Liberia and Sierra Leone

"This paper discusses the tortured peace processes in the West African states of Liberia and Sierra Leone, delineating lessons learnt from the complicated and prolonged diplomacy and external military interventions that characterised these efforts. …

Mediation efforts in Somalia

"This paper reviews and assesses the past eighteen years of external mediation efforts aimed at ending Somalia’s protracted civil war and reviving a central government. It identifies lessons learned, summarizes ongoing debates about the most approp…

Mediation in African conflicts: The gap between mandate and capacity

"Given the frequency with which high-level peacemaking is undertaken in Africa, there is surprisingly little discussion in official circles about the science and art of mediation. The first part of this paper examines some of the specific problems i…

China’s role in the mediation and resolution of conflict in Africa

"The salience of China in relation to Darfur has generated a paradox in popular perceptions whereby China is seen as both the cause and the potential solution to an armed conflict. Such a black-and-white view may make effective ammunition for advoca…

The challenge of building sustainable peace in the DRC

"Over the last ten years, the Democratic Republic of Congo has witnessed an extraordinary number of attempts by both regional and international actors to solve what is considered Africa's largest conflict. As we are about to celebrate the tenth anni…

The Negotiation of Security Issues in the Burundi Peace Talks

"Negotiating Disarmament explores issues surrounding the planning, timing and techniques of a range of security issues: violence reduction, weapons control, disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration activities and justice and security sector t…

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