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Bringing peace to West Africa: Liberia and Sierra Leone

"This paper discusses the tortured peace processes in the West African states of Liberia and Sierra Leone, delineating lessons learnt from the complicated and prolonged diplomacy and external military interventions that characterised these efforts...

Mediation efforts in Somalia

"This paper reviews and assesses the past eighteen years of external mediation efforts aimed at ending Somalia’s protracted civil war and reviving a central government. It identifies lessons learned, summarizes ongoing debates about the most appr...

Mediation in African conflicts: The gap between mandate and capacity

"Given the frequency with which high-level peacemaking is undertaken in Africa, there is surprisingly little discussion in official circles about the science and art of mediation. The first part of this paper examines some of the specific problems...

China’s role in the mediation and resolution of conflict in Africa

"The salience of China in relation to Darfur has generated a paradox in popular perceptions whereby China is seen as both the cause and the potential solution to an armed conflict. Such a black-and-white view may make effective ammunition for advo...

The challenge of building sustainable peace in the DRC

"Over the last ten years, the Democratic Republic of Congo has witnessed an extraordinary number of attempts by both regional and international actors to solve what is considered Africa's largest conflict. As we are about to celebrate the tenth an...

The Negotiation of Security Issues in the Burundi Peace Talks

"Negotiating Disarmament explores issues surrounding the planning, timing and techniques of a range of security issues: violence reduction, weapons control, disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration activities and justice and security sector...

The Negotiation of Security Issues in Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement

"This report focuses on how the Comprehensive Peace Agreement which ended the second Sudanese civil war in January 2005, deals with issues of guns and violence. It outlines how the parties' lack of trust led to a deliberate avoidance of commitment...

African Mediators’ Retreat 2009

"This publication is a meeting report on the African Mediators' Retreat 2009, which took place on 24-27 March in Zanzibar. The retreat was co-hosted by the HD Centre and the Mwalimu Nyerere Foundation."

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 16, no. 1, 1992

This International Affairs Bulletin contains three articles and a conference review: Graham Evans’ article concerns Operation Desert Storm, the just war tradition and the new world order. It overviews the events and controversies of the Persian...

Western Sahara: Understanding the Roots of the Conflict and Suggesting a Way Out

"This Situation Report is based on the proceedings of a roundtable seminar. Written papers were submitted which was based on the verbal interventions, organised around three main themes. The contributions were published without any changes. There ...

Ethiopia and Eritrea in Turmoil: Implications for Peace and Security in a Troubled Region

"Whatever the logic of the positions it has taken, the international community has been weak and ineffective in its efforts to resolve the crisis along the Ethiopian and Eritrean border. A dangerous precedent was set when the international commu...

The Eritrea - Djibouti Border Dispute

"The objective of this situation report is to provide timely and relevant information and analysis on the border dispute that recently broke out between Eritrea and Djibouti.The facts at hand being fragmented, it is too early and difficult to pr...

War potentials of the African States south of the Sahara

This study assesses the capabilities of the sub-Saharan states to conduct a prolonged campaign against the Southern African states. It casts doubt on their capacity to achieve freedom of action in a prolonged campaign against Southern Africa. The ...

The Congo Mercenary: A history and analysis

"There has been little use made of the mercenary, the truly professional soldier, in modern times. States have usually found revenue enough to maintain an army and often conditions are so good there that, with the added prestige, a soldier become...

Seen from South Africa: Short studies of current International problems

This document includes short studies of the following current international problems as seen from a South African perspective: • The balance of terror. • The United Nations General Assembly. • The Commonwealth and the common market. • Inter...

SAIIA Newsletter No. 8, 1970

This newsletter contains four articles and four brief reports: George F. Kennan’s article describes contemporary America, which is experiencing various inter-acting troubles. Externally, these are competition with the Soviet Union and the war in ...

Sudan's Aspirational Army: A History of the Joint Integrated Units

"One of the consequences of Southern Sudan’s vote for secession in January 2011 is the disbanding of the Joint Integrated Units (JIUs), a joint force formed as part of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, which ended the civil war between the n...

Darfur At A Crossroads: Global Public Opinion And The Responsibility To Protect

Since 2003, the conflict in the Darfur region of western Sudan has worsened and shows no signs of improvement. More than 2 million people have been displaced by the violence and some 450,000 have lost their lives. Although Sudanese President Omar ...

A Strategy For Comprehensive Peace in Sudan

Lasting peace in Sudan requires a new strategy, one which tackles its multiple conflicts and potential conflicts in a consistent manner. The overwhelming international concentration on Darfur has come at the expense of the broader quest for pe...

Congo: Consolidating The Peace

Elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo were a milestone in the peace process but much remains to be done to consolidate the gains. A return to full-scale war is unlikely but violence in Bas-Congo and Kinshasa in early 2007 with over 400 peo...

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