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Conflict Trends Issue 4 2015

'Conflict, Peace and Patriarchy: Female Combatants in Africa and Elsewhere’ makes the case that female combatants need much more attention than they currently receive. It further argues that their engagement with violence brings for them a unique ...

What's Urdu for Biltong? Can South Africa Help Pakistan?

"Following its democratic turn in 1994, Nelson Mandela wrote the year previously, the second pillar of South African foreign policy would be the principle ‘that just and lasting solutions to the problems of humankind can only come through the prom...

The Chinese Stance on the Darfur Conflict

"China’s role in Sudan is one of the most closely watched and, in many circles, controversial relationships on the continent. This paper provides a Sudanese perspective and argues that, far from profiting from its close ties with Khartoum, the Chi...

Eritrea: The Siege State

"Eritrea has been deeply troubled since independence in 1991. Following the devastating war with Ethiopia (1998- 2000), an authoritarian, militarised regime has further tightened political space, tolerating neither opposition nor dissent. Relati...

The end of the Eritrean exeption?

"The report examines Eritrea's colonial history, its struggle for independence, its complex relations with the former Tigray rebels who now control the Ethiopian government, the years from independence to the start of war in 1998, and Eritrea's ec...

Cuba, Angola and the West

Developments in Angola are likely to have an impact not only on South West Africa but also on changing foreign policy perceptions of both East and West towards Southern African problems. Any discussion on Angola must take cognizance of the role p...

Observations on African voting in the United Nations, concerning the Israeli-Arab conflict

The voting by the independent states of Africa in the United Nations General Assembly Session concerning the Arab-Israeli conflict shows interesting differences and gives rise to some significant observations. This paper attempts to throw some lig...

The Soviet Union and the conventional threat to South Africa A strategic analysis

"The first part of the paper, as its title suggests, deals with possible motives for Soviet action in Southern Africa, providing the framework in which the Soviet threat to South Africa may be assessed. The second deals with what is probably the ...

The Kremlin, The world revolutionary process and African "National Liberation Movements"

The world revolutionary process has gathered momentum over the last few years and with that also the national liberation movements based on the Marxist-Leninist ideologies. The motive of the Communist party was to forge a unity of the revolutionar...

A Strategy For Comprehensive Peace in Sudan

Lasting peace in Sudan requires a new strategy, one which tackles its multiple conflicts and potential conflicts in a consistent manner. The overwhelming international concentration on Darfur has come at the expense of the broader quest for pe...

Congo: Consolidating The Peace

Elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo were a milestone in the peace process but much remains to be done to consolidate the gains. A return to full-scale war is unlikely but violence in Bas-Congo and Kinshasa in early 2007 with over 400 peo...

Darfur: Revitalising The Peace Process

Almost a year after Sudan’s government and one of three rebel factions signed the Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA), the humanitarian and security situation has deteriorated in the troubled western region of Sudan. Despite a recent lull, the post-DPA p...

Ethiopia and Eritrea- Preventing War

The fragile peace maintained by Ethiopia and Eritrea since they signed a comprehensive agreement at Algiers in December 2000 is fraying dangerously. With a costly two-year war now followed by nearly five years of stalemate, patience on both sides ...

Fuelling the Niger Delta Crisis

Less than a year before Nigeria holds its third national elections since the end of military rule in 1999, tensions are running high in the southern Niger Delta. A number of militant groups have begun allying themselves to local politicians with e...

Getting the UN into Darfur

The impasse over deploying a major UN peacekeeping force to Darfur results directly from the international community’s three-year failure to apply effective diplomatic and economic pressure on Sudan’s government and its senior officials. Unless co...

Guinea in Transition

For too long, public figures within and outside Africa have been timid about discussing Guinea’s deep-rooted problems. Its strong anti-imperialist stance in the 1960s and beyond earned it respect among pan-Africanists, but the hands-off attitude t...

Ethiopia And Eritria: Stopping The Slide To War

The risk that Ethiopia and Eritrea will resume their war in the next several weeks is very real. A military buildup along the common border over the past few months has reached alarming proportions. There will be no easy military solution if hosti...

Liberia- Staying Focused

2006 is a decisive year for Liberia and with it West Africa. Just as Liberia once dragged its neighbours into a horrific war, it could now – with good policy and strong donor support – become an anchor for stability in Sierra Leone, Guinea and Côt...

Liberia- Resurrecting the Justice System

Reform of the justice system needs to be a top priority for Liberia’s new government and donors alike.1 After fourteen years of civil war, the system is in shambles. Impunity prevails, and in this atmosphere, the government cannot adequately addre...

Katanga - The Congo’s Forgotten Crisis

Katanga province is one of the most violent yet neglected regions of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Most of its problems are the same as those that are systemic in the rest of the country but it needs urgent attention because it is both the...

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