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Female Labour Supply in Sudan

"This paper looks at the determinants of women’s decisions to enter the labour market and their market labour hours. It focuses on the impact of education and changing household behaviour, regarding allocation of time and family formation. The human…

Labour Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa to be included in Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

"In this survey the operation of both formal and informal labour markets in Africa are analyzed, as well as their impact on employment, wages, poverty and income distribution. Links will be established between the labour markets, the pattern of empl…

Private Returns to Higher Education in Nigeria

"The study endeavours to determine the relationship between years of schooling and earnings (rate of return) in Nigeria. The effect of the amount of time in the labour force on earnings is also examined and an attempt made to highlight and calculat…

Government Wage Review Policy and Public-Private Sector Wage Differential in Nigeria

"The study investigated the impact Nigeria’s government wage review of 1998 had on the differential in pay for public and private sector workers of the same educational qualifications and ages. Empirical analysis based on the Mincerian human capital…

Minimum Wages and Employment: Literature Review and Background on Minimum Wages in Botswana

"This paper gives a brief literature review on minimum wages and their possible effects on employment, with particular focus on the likely effects of minimum wage introduction in the two excluded sectors, namely the Domestic and Agricultural sectors…

Urban Wage Behavior and Food Price Inflation: The Case of Ethiopia

"On the back of both a global food crisis and various domestic factors, Ethiopia has experienced one of the world’s fastest rates of food inflation in recent years. Yet the lack of high frequency survey data means that very little is known about the…

A Fresh Look at Unemployment: A conversation among experts

"Late in 2010, CDE convened a workshop of leading economists on South Africa’s persistent and extremely high levels of unemployment. What, we asked, is preventing us from creating more jobs? Given the large and diverse body of theoretical work and …

Botswana Textile and Apparel Sub Sector Study

"The textile and apparel industry has been through a number of growth cycles followed by periods of retraction. It would appear that it is now consolidating following the closures brought about by the retraction of the FAP and is poised for a perio…

Vulnerability in Employment: Evidence from South Africa

The high levels of poverty and unemployment in South Africa, have led to an emphasis on jobs as a solution to these problems. The subject of job creation in South Africa, is at the forefront of the most important economic policy documents, ever sinc…

UTAFITI SERA (Policy Research Community) 1st Forum on Wage Employment Creation in Agriculture and Agro-processing in the Context of Inclusive Growth

"Despite high levels of economic growth in many African countries, the continent’s wage employment figures remain low. This pattern of jobless growth makes a dent on the dictum ‘Africa rising’ as growth has not been inclusive. Growth is inclusive if…

Casualisation Opinion Poll Report

The purpose of the opinion poll was to inform the Government, other key stakeholders and the general public about the opinions of various Show goers regarding various issues on Casualisation. Decidedly, while the opinion poll is not representative …

Working for Safety: The Community Work Programme as a Tool for Preventing Violence and Building Safer Communities

The primary purpose of the CWP is to provide an employment safety net. By working in the CWP people who are poor can obtain a basic stable income. But the CWP also makes a big difference to life in the communities in which it is situated. Through t…

Optimal Health Investment and Preferences Structure

This paper develops a general equilibrium framework to study the role of preference structure in connecting consumption, health investment, stock of health and capital, and their effects on the wage rate and on productivity. The paper shows that ela…

Jobs for Young People Is a Wage Subsidy a Good Idea?

"The issues involved are complex, and sometimes quite technical. The workshop sought to address them as systematically as possible by addressing, first, the central importance of employment growth in shaping South Africa’s long-term developmental p…

Estimating the Impact of Minimum Wages on Employment, Wages and Non-Wage Benefits: The Case of Agriculture in South Africa

"Assessments of the impact of minimum wages on labour market outcomes in Africa are relatively rare. In part this is because the data available do not permit adequate treatment of econometric issues that arise in such an assessment. This paper attem…

Mind the Gap: The Distributional Effects of South Africa's National Lockdown on Gender Wage Inequality

The COVID-19 pandemic has had severe and potentially long-lasting impacts on the South African economy since the onset of the national lockdown in March 2020. These effects have not been equally distributed. Employment effects have been disproportio…

Implications of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Employment Prospects for Uganda's Youth in the Middle East

The brief examines the likely effects of COVID-19 on Uganda’s semi-skilled youth searching for employment opportunities in the Middle East. Ugandans employed as either semi-skilled or manual labourers in the Middle East increased from over 9,900 in …

Contract Type and Teacher Absenteeism in Benin: The Role of Teacher's Supplemental Income

Absenteeism is a phenomenon that has been noted in professional circles with consequences on the income of the wage earner as well as the profits of the firm, consequences that led, according to statistics from 2005, to losses in public finance amou…

Local Content in Practice: Improving the Participation of South Sudanese in the Petroleum Industry

Local content requirements promote national capacity, employment, economic diversification, and economic growth. Local content develops capacities that link the oil and gas sector to other industries. While over 80% of the oil and gas sector’s workf…

The Impact of the National Minimum Wage in South Africa: Early Quantitative Evidence

This report provides a basic quantitative assessment of the recent introduction of a National Minimum Wage (NMW) in South Africa, with a specific focus on the short-term labour market impacts. We use labour force survey data to examine and measure t…

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