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Vulnerability in Employment: Evidence from South Africa

The high levels of poverty and unemployment in South Africa, have led to an emphasis on jobs as a solution to these problems. The subject of job creation in South Africa, is at the forefront of the most important economic policy documents, ever si...

UTAFITI SERA (Policy Research Community) 1st Forum on Wage Employment Creation in Agriculture and Agro-processing in the Context of Inclusive Growth

"Despite high levels of economic growth in many African countries, the continent’s wage employment figures remain low. This pattern of jobless growth makes a dent on the dictum ‘Africa rising’ as growth has not been inclusive. Growth is inclusive ...

Casualisation Opinion Poll Report

The purpose of the opinion poll was to inform the Government, other key stakeholders and the general public about the opinions of various Show goers regarding various issues on Casualisation. Decidedly, while the opinion poll is not representativ...

Working for Safety: The Community Work Programme as a Tool for Preventing Violence and Building Safer Communities

The primary purpose of the CWP is to provide an employment safety net. By working in the CWP people who are poor can obtain a basic stable income. But the CWP also makes a big difference to life in the communities in which it is situated. Through...

Optimal Health Investment and Preferences Structure

This paper develops a general equilibrium framework to study the role of preference structure in connecting consumption, health investment, stock of health and capital, and their effects on the wage rate and on productivity. The paper shows that e...

Labour Market Regulations and Labour Market Outcomes in Zambia: A Firms’ Perspective

This report has provided a comprehensive review of key labour laws and regulations in Zambia drawing from various pieces of legislation. The report has also revealed the perception of firms on current labour laws and regulations and how these la...

An Empirical Assessment of the Union 'Facilitation Effect' in the Ghanaian Labor Market

Workers effective access to mandatory non-wage benefits is key to achieving decent working conditions in the Ghanaian labor market. Thus, this paper investigates the effects of union presence on workers’ reported access to non-wage benefits. The...

No Country for Young People: The Crisis of Youth Unemployment and What to Do About It

This report seeks to do three things. In the first section, we try to provide a clear account of the scale of the crisis of youth unemployment, making the point that the sheer number of unemployed young people means that South Africa needs to th...

Minimum Wage Raises Contribute to Rural-Urban Inequality in Kenya

The results of this study indicate that minimum wage changes can have a significant effect of inequality. Applying a uniform minimum wage in urban and rural areas would not only be impractical due to the diversity of employment sectors in the two ...

Migration, Remittances, Labor Market and Human Capital in Senegal

This study investigates how migration and remittances affect labour market participation in Senegal. Further, it examines the effect of remittances on human capital development. The results reveal that migration and remittances reduce labour mar...

Togo: Pourquoi faut-il Augmenter les Revenus? / Togo: Why Should Salaries be Increased?

In an international environment marked by the economic crisis and its corollaries, the well being of the people is more than ever at the heart of the debate. Which levers should then be focused on to ensure strong growth which does not generate ec...

La Libéralisation Commerciale a-t-elle un Impact sur le Comportement des étudiants Sud Africains ? / Does Trade Liberalization have an Impact on the Behavior of South African students?

This paper presents the impact of trade liberalisation on student behaviours in South Africa. We use a dynamic computable general equilibrium model and follow Bourguignon et al(2006) to link the education system and the labour market. Trade liber...

Impact des politiques fiscale et d'emploi sur le secteur et la pauvreté au Cameroon / Impact of policies on tax and the employment sector and poverty in Cameroon

The objective of this study is to assess the impact of policies put in place by the government of Cameroon to combat both poverty and the predominance of the informal sector, as a phenomena inextricably linked. The researchers used modeling techni...

Migration, Remittances, Labour Market and Human Development in Senegal

Ce titre est également disponible en français: Migration, transferts d’argent, marché du travail et capital humain au Sénégal. The objective of this study is therefore to understand how migration and remittances may affect labour market particip...

Structural Change and Patterns of Inequality in the South African Labour Market

In the post-apartheid era South Africa has found itself in a long run growth trap with growth in Agriculture and Manufacturing notably absent from the economy, resulting in an inability of the economy to absorb excess labour supply. To understand ...

Labour Market Reform is Needed for Inclusive Growth

South Africa’s unemployment problem is largely structural, in the sense that it is being driven by the decline of historically important employment sectors such as agriculture and mining. It is, however, being exacerbated by the country’s labour ...

Analysis of Impact of Remittance on Poverty in Nigeria

This study analyzes the impact of remittances on poverty in Nigeria, using data from the 2004 Nigerian National Living Standard Survey (NNLSS). The paper used a multinomial logit model with instrumental variables and the propensity score matchin...

Wage Determination and the Gender Wage Gap in Kenya: Any Evidence of Gender Discrimination?

This study presents an analysis of the determinants of wages as well as a decomposition of the gender gap across sectors in Kenya. The study tests the hypothesis that women participate less in the labour market partly because of their characterist...

Econometric Analysis of Gender and Labour Market Outcomes in Urban Cameroon

In every country, gender disparities are observed in various aspects of daily life, the most visible ones being those related to labour market outcomes. This paper highlights the importance of the labour market related gender disparities in Camero...

The Impact of Sectoral Minimum Wage Laws on Employment, Wages and Hours of Work in South Africa

"This paper attempts to investigate the impact of sectoral wage laws in South Africa. Specifically, we examine the impact of minimum wage laws promulgated in the Retail, Domestic work, Forestry, Security, and Taxi sectors using 15 waves of biannua...

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