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A Fresh Look at Unemployment: A conversation among experts

"Late in 2010, CDE convened a workshop of leading economists on South Africa’s persistent and extremely high levels of unemployment. What, we asked, is preventing us from creating more jobs? Given the large and diverse body of theoretical work an...

Botswana Textile and Apparel Sub Sector Study

"The textile and apparel industry has been through a number of growth cycles followed by periods of retraction. It would appear that it is now consolidating following the closures brought about by the retraction of the FAP and is poised for a per...

Structural Adjustment, the Psychological Contract and Discretionary Cooperation of Labour

"The study proposes a model of understanding and ensuring commitment and discretionary cooperation by suggesting that on-going economic activities such as formal employment are essentially social exchange activities whose outcome are never comple...

Female Workers in Agribusiness in Zimbabwe

"The objective of this study was to investigate the working conditions of female workers in agribusiness in Zimbabwe. It intended to focus on the position of female workers in the plantation labour process and female labour utilization in the smal...

Determinants of Women's Participation in Industry and Service Sectors

"This study analyses factors influencing women's participation in industrial services. Women face various constraints that affects their intersectional mobility in the labour market. These constraints include, discrimination in the labour market i...

Determinants of Employment in the Formal and Informal Sectors of the Urban Areas of Kenya

"By applying a multinomial logit model and economic theory to labour force survey data, this study examines the determinants of formal and informal sector employment in the urban areas of Kenya. The findings show that the determinants of employmen...

Earnings and Employment Sector Choice in Kenya

"The level of participation in employment and wages paid in the labour market can be assessed by comparing relative sectoral labour compensation amounts, participation rates and skill distribution of the workforce. In addition, the level of part...

Female Labour Supply in Sudan

"This paper looks at the determinants of women’s decisions to enter the labour market and their market labour hours. It focuses on the impact of education and changing household behaviour, regarding allocation of time and family formation. The hum...

Labour Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa to be included in Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

"In this survey the operation of both formal and informal labour markets in Africa are analyzed, as well as their impact on employment, wages, poverty and income distribution. Links will be established between the labour markets, the pattern of em...

Private Returns to Higher Education in Nigeria

"The study endeavours to determine the relationship between years of schooling and earnings (rate of return) in Nigeria. The effect of the amount of time in the labour force on earnings is also examined and an attempt made to highlight and calcul...

Government Wage Review Policy and Public-Private Sector Wage Differential in Nigeria

"The study investigated the impact Nigeria’s government wage review of 1998 had on the differential in pay for public and private sector workers of the same educational qualifications and ages. Empirical analysis based on the Mincerian human capit...

Minimum Wages and Employment: Literature Review and Background on Minimum Wages in Botswana

"This paper gives a brief literature review on minimum wages and their possible effects on employment, with particular focus on the likely effects of minimum wage introduction in the two excluded sectors, namely the Domestic and Agricultural secto...

Urban Wage Behavior and Food Price Inflation: The Case of Ethiopia

"On the back of both a global food crisis and various domestic factors, Ethiopia has experienced one of the world’s fastest rates of food inflation in recent years. Yet the lack of high frequency survey data means that very little is known about t...

Impact des politiques fiscale et d'emploi sur le secteur et la pauvreté au Cameroon / Impact of policies on tax and the employment sector and poverty in Cameroon

The objective of this study is to assess the impact of policies put in place by the government of Cameroon to combat both poverty and the predominance of the informal sector, as a phenomena inextricably linked. The researchers used modeling techni...

Migration, Remittances, Labour Market and Human Development in Senegal

Ce titre est également disponible en français: Migration, transferts d’argent, marché du travail et capital humain au Sénégal. The objective of this study is therefore to understand how migration and remittances may affect labour market particip...

Structural Change and Patterns of Inequality in the South African Labour Market

In the post-apartheid era South Africa has found itself in a long run growth trap with growth in Agriculture and Manufacturing notably absent from the economy, resulting in an inability of the economy to absorb excess labour supply. To understand ...

Labour Market Reform is Needed for Inclusive Growth

South Africa’s unemployment problem is largely structural, in the sense that it is being driven by the decline of historically important employment sectors such as agriculture and mining. It is, however, being exacerbated by the country’s labour ...

Analysis of Impact of Remittance on Poverty in Nigeria

This study analyzes the impact of remittances on poverty in Nigeria, using data from the 2004 Nigerian National Living Standard Survey (NNLSS). The paper used a multinomial logit model with instrumental variables and the propensity score matchin...

Wage Determination and the Gender Wage Gap in Kenya: Any Evidence of Gender Discrimination?

This study presents an analysis of the determinants of wages as well as a decomposition of the gender gap across sectors in Kenya. The study tests the hypothesis that women participate less in the labour market partly because of their characterist...

Econometric Analysis of Gender and Labour Market Outcomes in Urban Cameroon

In every country, gender disparities are observed in various aspects of daily life, the most visible ones being those related to labour market outcomes. This paper highlights the importance of the labour market related gender disparities in Camero...

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