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Jobs for Young People Is a Wage Subsidy a Good Idea?

"The issues involved are complex, and sometimes quite technical. The workshop sought to address them as systematically as possible by addressing, first, the central importance of employment growth in shaping South Africa’s long-term developmental p…

Estimating the Impact of Minimum Wages on Employment, Wages and Non-Wage Benefits: The Case of Agriculture in South Africa

"Assessments of the impact of minimum wages on labour market outcomes in Africa are relatively rare. In part this is because the data available do not permit adequate treatment of econometric issues that arise in such an assessment. This paper attem…

Structural Adjustment, the Psychological Contract and Discretionary Cooperation of Labour

"The study proposes a model of understanding and ensuring commitment and discretionary cooperation by suggesting that on-going economic activities such as formal employment are essentially social exchange activities whose outcome are never complete…

Female Workers in Agribusiness in Zimbabwe

"The objective of this study was to investigate the working conditions of female workers in agribusiness in Zimbabwe. It intended to focus on the position of female workers in the plantation labour process and female labour utilization in the smallh…

Determinants of Women's Participation in Industry and Service Sectors

"This study analyses factors influencing women's participation in industrial services. Women face various constraints that affects their intersectional mobility in the labour market. These constraints include, discrimination in the labour market in …

Determinants of Employment in the Formal and Informal Sectors of the Urban Areas of Kenya

"By applying a multinomial logit model and economic theory to labour force survey data, this study examines the determinants of formal and informal sector employment in the urban areas of Kenya. The findings show that the determinants of employment …

Earnings and Employment Sector Choice in Kenya

"The level of participation in employment and wages paid in the labour market can be assessed by comparing relative sectoral labour compensation amounts, participation rates and skill distribution of the workforce. In addition, the level of partic…

Female Labour Supply in Sudan

"This paper looks at the determinants of women’s decisions to enter the labour market and their market labour hours. It focuses on the impact of education and changing household behaviour, regarding allocation of time and family formation. The human…

Labour Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa to be included in Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

"In this survey the operation of both formal and informal labour markets in Africa are analyzed, as well as their impact on employment, wages, poverty and income distribution. Links will be established between the labour markets, the pattern of empl…

Private Returns to Higher Education in Nigeria

"The study endeavours to determine the relationship between years of schooling and earnings (rate of return) in Nigeria. The effect of the amount of time in the labour force on earnings is also examined and an attempt made to highlight and calculat…

Government Wage Review Policy and Public-Private Sector Wage Differential in Nigeria

"The study investigated the impact Nigeria’s government wage review of 1998 had on the differential in pay for public and private sector workers of the same educational qualifications and ages. Empirical analysis based on the Mincerian human capital…

Minimum Wages and Employment: Literature Review and Background on Minimum Wages in Botswana

"This paper gives a brief literature review on minimum wages and their possible effects on employment, with particular focus on the likely effects of minimum wage introduction in the two excluded sectors, namely the Domestic and Agricultural sectors…

Urban Wage Behavior and Food Price Inflation: The Case of Ethiopia

"On the back of both a global food crisis and various domestic factors, Ethiopia has experienced one of the world’s fastest rates of food inflation in recent years. Yet the lack of high frequency survey data means that very little is known about the…

A Fresh Look at Unemployment: A conversation among experts

"Late in 2010, CDE convened a workshop of leading economists on South Africa’s persistent and extremely high levels of unemployment. What, we asked, is preventing us from creating more jobs? Given the large and diverse body of theoretical work and …

Botswana Textile and Apparel Sub Sector Study

"The textile and apparel industry has been through a number of growth cycles followed by periods of retraction. It would appear that it is now consolidating following the closures brought about by the retraction of the FAP and is poised for a perio…

The Impact of Sectoral Minimum Wage Laws on Employment, Wages and Hours of Work in South Africa

"This paper attempts to investigate the impact of sectoral wage laws in South Africa. Specifically, we examine the impact of minimum wage laws promulgated in the Retail, Domestic work, Forestry, Security, and Taxi sectors using 15 waves of biannual …

Student Graduation, Labour Market Destinations and Employment Earnings

"This paper investigates the labour market destinations of graduates from seven higher education institutions in South Africa. A three-step estimation procedure is employed in which the relative importance of covariates such as age, race, and gender…

Minimum Wage Enforcement in the Developing World

"Drawing on evidence from developing country studies, this paper considers several key issues. We discuss the impact of minimum wages in the developing world based on a selection of recent studies and highlight non-compliance with minimum wage laws …

Who are the Middle class in Zambia?

"The middle class is increasingly becoming a topical issue in Zambia. However, the lack of a definitive measure of the middle class in the country makes it difficult to have targeted policies towards this group of people, perceived worldwide to be t…

Beyond the First Dividend: Sustaining the Second Demographic Dividend

"As a result of a “first” demographic transition, age structures of populations become older. Economically, people often move into higher-paying jobs and countries experience higher per capita income. These social and economic changes motivate peopl…

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