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Vulnerability in Employment: Evidence from South Africa

The high levels of poverty and unemployment in South Africa, have led to an emphasis on jobs as a solution to these problems. The subject of job creation in South Africa, is at the forefront of the most important economic policy documents, ever sinc…

UTAFITI SERA (Policy Research Community) 1st Forum on Wage Employment Creation in Agriculture and Agro-processing in the Context of Inclusive Growth

"Despite high levels of economic growth in many African countries, the continent’s wage employment figures remain low. This pattern of jobless growth makes a dent on the dictum ‘Africa rising’ as growth has not been inclusive. Growth is inclusive if…

Casualisation Opinion Poll Report

The purpose of the opinion poll was to inform the Government, other key stakeholders and the general public about the opinions of various Show goers regarding various issues on Casualisation. Decidedly, while the opinion poll is not representative …

Working for Safety: The Community Work Programme as a Tool for Preventing Violence and Building Safer Communities

The primary purpose of the CWP is to provide an employment safety net. By working in the CWP people who are poor can obtain a basic stable income. But the CWP also makes a big difference to life in the communities in which it is situated. Through t…

Optimal Health Investment and Preferences Structure

This paper develops a general equilibrium framework to study the role of preference structure in connecting consumption, health investment, stock of health and capital, and their effects on the wage rate and on productivity. The paper shows that ela…

Labour Market Regulations and Labour Market Outcomes in Zambia: A Firms’ Perspective

This report has provided a comprehensive review of key labour laws and regulations in Zambia drawing from various pieces of legislation. The report has also revealed the perception of firms on current labour laws and regulations and how these laws…

An Empirical Assessment of the Union 'Facilitation Effect' in the Ghanaian Labor Market

Workers effective access to mandatory non-wage benefits is key to achieving decent working conditions in the Ghanaian labor market. Thus, this paper investigates the effects of union presence on workers’ reported access to non-wage benefits. The s…

No Country for Young People: The Crisis of Youth Unemployment and What to Do About It

This report seeks to do three things. In the first section, we try to provide a clear account of the scale of the crisis of youth unemployment, making the point that the sheer number of unemployed young people means that South Africa needs to thin…

Minimum Wage Raises Contribute to Rural-Urban Inequality in Kenya

The results of this study indicate that minimum wage changes can have a significant effect of inequality. Applying a uniform minimum wage in urban and rural areas would not only be impractical due to the diversity of employment sectors in the two ar…

Migration, Remittances, Labor Market and Human Capital in Senegal

This study investigates how migration and remittances affect labour market participation in Senegal. Further, it examines the effect of remittances on human capital development. The results reveal that migration and remittances reduce labour marke…

Togo: Pourquoi faut-il Augmenter les Revenus? / Togo: Why Should Salaries be Increased?

In an international environment marked by the economic crisis and its corollaries, the well being of the people is more than ever at the heart of the debate. Which levers should then be focused on to ensure strong growth which does not generate econ…

La Libéralisation Commerciale a-t-elle un Impact sur le Comportement des étudiants Sud Africains ? / Does Trade Liberalization have an Impact on the Behavior of South African students?

This paper presents the impact of trade liberalisation on student behaviours in South Africa. We use a dynamic computable general equilibrium model and follow Bourguignon et al(2006) to link the education system and the labour market. Trade liberal…

Jobs for Young People Is a Wage Subsidy a Good Idea?

"The issues involved are complex, and sometimes quite technical. The workshop sought to address them as systematically as possible by addressing, first, the central importance of employment growth in shaping South Africa’s long-term developmental p…

Estimating the Impact of Minimum Wages on Employment, Wages and Non-Wage Benefits: The Case of Agriculture in South Africa

"Assessments of the impact of minimum wages on labour market outcomes in Africa are relatively rare. In part this is because the data available do not permit adequate treatment of econometric issues that arise in such an assessment. This paper attem…

Structural Adjustment, the Psychological Contract and Discretionary Cooperation of Labour

"The study proposes a model of understanding and ensuring commitment and discretionary cooperation by suggesting that on-going economic activities such as formal employment are essentially social exchange activities whose outcome are never complete…

Female Workers in Agribusiness in Zimbabwe

"The objective of this study was to investigate the working conditions of female workers in agribusiness in Zimbabwe. It intended to focus on the position of female workers in the plantation labour process and female labour utilization in the smallh…

Determinants of Women's Participation in Industry and Service Sectors

"This study analyses factors influencing women's participation in industrial services. Women face various constraints that affects their intersectional mobility in the labour market. These constraints include, discrimination in the labour market in …

Determinants of Employment in the Formal and Informal Sectors of the Urban Areas of Kenya

"By applying a multinomial logit model and economic theory to labour force survey data, this study examines the determinants of formal and informal sector employment in the urban areas of Kenya. The findings show that the determinants of employment …

Earnings and Employment Sector Choice in Kenya

"The level of participation in employment and wages paid in the labour market can be assessed by comparing relative sectoral labour compensation amounts, participation rates and skill distribution of the workforce. In addition, the level of partic…

Female Labour Supply in Sudan

"This paper looks at the determinants of women’s decisions to enter the labour market and their market labour hours. It focuses on the impact of education and changing household behaviour, regarding allocation of time and family formation. The human…

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