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A Fresh Look at Unemployment: A conversation among experts

"Late in 2010, CDE convened a workshop of leading economists on South Africa’s persistent and extremely high levels of unemployment. What, we asked, is preventing us from creating more jobs? Given the large and diverse body of theoretical work an...

Botswana Textile and Apparel Sub Sector Study

"The textile and apparel industry has been through a number of growth cycles followed by periods of retraction. It would appear that it is now consolidating following the closures brought about by the retraction of the FAP and is poised for a per...

Vulnerability in Employment: Evidence from South Africa

The high levels of poverty and unemployment in South Africa, have led to an emphasis on jobs as a solution to these problems. The subject of job creation in South Africa, is at the forefront of the most important economic policy documents, ever si...

UTAFITI SERA (Policy Research Community) 1st Forum on Wage Employment Creation in Agriculture and Agro-processing in the Context of Inclusive Growth

"Despite high levels of economic growth in many African countries, the continent’s wage employment figures remain low. This pattern of jobless growth makes a dent on the dictum ‘Africa rising’ as growth has not been inclusive. Growth is inclusive ...

Casualisation Opinion Poll Report

The purpose of the opinion poll was to inform the Government, other key stakeholders and the general public about the opinions of various Show goers regarding various issues on Casualisation. Decidedly, while the opinion poll is not representativ...

Working for Safety: The Community Work Programme as a Tool for Preventing Violence and Building Safer Communities

The primary purpose of the CWP is to provide an employment safety net. By working in the CWP people who are poor can obtain a basic stable income. But the CWP also makes a big difference to life in the communities in which it is situated. Through...

Optimal Health Investment and Preferences Structure

This paper develops a general equilibrium framework to study the role of preference structure in connecting consumption, health investment, stock of health and capital, and their effects on the wage rate and on productivity. The paper shows that e...

Labour Market Regulations and Labour Market Outcomes in Zambia: A Firms’ Perspective

This report has provided a comprehensive review of key labour laws and regulations in Zambia drawing from various pieces of legislation. The report has also revealed the perception of firms on current labour laws and regulations and how these la...

An Empirical Assessment of the Union 'Facilitation Effect' in the Ghanaian Labor Market

Workers effective access to mandatory non-wage benefits is key to achieving decent working conditions in the Ghanaian labor market. Thus, this paper investigates the effects of union presence on workers’ reported access to non-wage benefits. The...

No Country for Young People: The Crisis of Youth Unemployment and What to Do About It

This report seeks to do three things. In the first section, we try to provide a clear account of the scale of the crisis of youth unemployment, making the point that the sheer number of unemployed young people means that South Africa needs to th...

Minimum Wage Raises Contribute to Rural-Urban Inequality in Kenya

The results of this study indicate that minimum wage changes can have a significant effect of inequality. Applying a uniform minimum wage in urban and rural areas would not only be impractical due to the diversity of employment sectors in the two ...

Migration, Remittances, Labor Market and Human Capital in Senegal

This study investigates how migration and remittances affect labour market participation in Senegal. Further, it examines the effect of remittances on human capital development. The results reveal that migration and remittances reduce labour mar...

Togo: Pourquoi faut-il Augmenter les Revenus? / Togo: Why Should Salaries be Increased?

In an international environment marked by the economic crisis and its corollaries, the well being of the people is more than ever at the heart of the debate. Which levers should then be focused on to ensure strong growth which does not generate ec...

La Libéralisation Commerciale a-t-elle un Impact sur le Comportement des étudiants Sud Africains ? / Does Trade Liberalization have an Impact on the Behavior of South African students?

This paper presents the impact of trade liberalisation on student behaviours in South Africa. We use a dynamic computable general equilibrium model and follow Bourguignon et al(2006) to link the education system and the labour market. Trade liber...

The Impact of Sectoral Minimum Wage Laws on Employment, Wages and Hours of Work in South Africa

"This paper attempts to investigate the impact of sectoral wage laws in South Africa. Specifically, we examine the impact of minimum wage laws promulgated in the Retail, Domestic work, Forestry, Security, and Taxi sectors using 15 waves of biannua...

Student Graduation, Labour Market Destinations and Employment Earnings

"This paper investigates the labour market destinations of graduates from seven higher education institutions in South Africa. A three-step estimation procedure is employed in which the relative importance of covariates such as age, race, and gend...

Minimum Wage Enforcement in the Developing World

"Drawing on evidence from developing country studies, this paper considers several key issues. We discuss the impact of minimum wages in the developing world based on a selection of recent studies and highlight non-compliance with minimum wage law...

Who are the Middle class in Zambia?

"The middle class is increasingly becoming a topical issue in Zambia. However, the lack of a definitive measure of the middle class in the country makes it difficult to have targeted policies towards this group of people, perceived worldwide to be...

Poverty Erodes Dignity: Perspective of Low Income Female Caregivers in South Africa

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights introduces the recognition of the inherent dignity of all people as a foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world. Dignity plays a prominent role in South Africa’s Constitution, both as a foundat...

Botswana's Economic Performance Rating Slips: Working-Aged People Express Dissatisfaction with Living Conditions

"The contradiction between assessments of the Botswana government’s economic management and its handling of social issues raises a number of concerns. Economic performance does not imply that living conditions of individuals will be improved. The...

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