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A Fresh Look at Unemployment: A conversation among experts

"Late in 2010, CDE convened a workshop of leading economists on South Africa’s persistent and extremely high levels of unemployment. What, we asked, is preventing us from creating more jobs? Given the large and diverse body of theoretical work an...

Botswana Textile and Apparel Sub Sector Study

"The textile and apparel industry has been through a number of growth cycles followed by periods of retraction. It would appear that it is now consolidating following the closures brought about by the retraction of the FAP and is poised for a per...

Structural Adjustment, the Psychological Contract and Discretionary Cooperation of Labour

"The study proposes a model of understanding and ensuring commitment and discretionary cooperation by suggesting that on-going economic activities such as formal employment are essentially social exchange activities whose outcome are never comple...

Female Workers in Agribusiness in Zimbabwe

"The objective of this study was to investigate the working conditions of female workers in agribusiness in Zimbabwe. It intended to focus on the position of female workers in the plantation labour process and female labour utilization in the smal...

Determinants of Women's Participation in Industry and Service Sectors

"This study analyses factors influencing women's participation in industrial services. Women face various constraints that affects their intersectional mobility in the labour market. These constraints include, discrimination in the labour market i...

Determinants of Employment in the Formal and Informal Sectors of the Urban Areas of Kenya

"By applying a multinomial logit model and economic theory to labour force survey data, this study examines the determinants of formal and informal sector employment in the urban areas of Kenya. The findings show that the determinants of employmen...

Earnings and Employment Sector Choice in Kenya

"The level of participation in employment and wages paid in the labour market can be assessed by comparing relative sectoral labour compensation amounts, participation rates and skill distribution of the workforce. In addition, the level of part...

Female Labour Supply in Sudan

"This paper looks at the determinants of women’s decisions to enter the labour market and their market labour hours. It focuses on the impact of education and changing household behaviour, regarding allocation of time and family formation. The hum...

Labour Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa to be included in Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

"In this survey the operation of both formal and informal labour markets in Africa are analyzed, as well as their impact on employment, wages, poverty and income distribution. Links will be established between the labour markets, the pattern of em...

Private Returns to Higher Education in Nigeria

"The study endeavours to determine the relationship between years of schooling and earnings (rate of return) in Nigeria. The effect of the amount of time in the labour force on earnings is also examined and an attempt made to highlight and calcul...

Labour and Unemployment in South Africa: Notes Towards a “Grand Bargain”

"The problematic is very clear: high unemployment, high inequality and low growth, combined with a lack of consensus on what to do. The last point is important. There is no shortage of specific actual policies and interventions, as well as specif...

Beyond the First Dividend: Sustaining the Second Demographic Dividend

"As a result of a “first” demographic transition, age structures of populations become older. Economically, people often move into higher-paying jobs and countries experience higher per capita income. These social and economic changes motivate peo...

Promoting job-rich urbanisation in Zambia

"Despite the country’s robust economic growth, evidence shows that its urban labor markets are not creating enough of the kinds of jobs that will propel inclusive growth and maximize Zambia’s “demographic dividend.” Real wages declined between 201...

Investigating the Feasibility of a National Minimum Wage for South Africa

Currently in South Africa, minimum wages are organized through two main structures: Bargaining Councils (BC) and Sectoral Determinations (SD). Together, these cover close to 70 percent of low-wage workers in the country. More recently, however, ...

The Growth Agenda Priorities for Mass Employment and Inclusion: Jobs

"No-one disputes that South Africa needs millions of new jobs. However, the current labour market regime and the policy model underpinning it is illsuited to achieving significant employment growth. It is not possible to create millions of jobs...

In the eye of a storm: "The impact of the economic slowdown on the labour market in promoting job-rich urbanisation in Zambia"

"At that point, with the Zambian economy having experienced impressive growth rates over a long period of time, the central question was how to ensure job rich growth. Soon after the project’s launch however, the Zambian economy took a turn for th...

Mining Sector

"This Investment Brief presents a profile of the Mining sector in Zambia which is defined as mining activities covering all minerals in Zambia. The objective of the brief is to provide quick insights on the mining sector, the existing investment o...

Jobs for Young People Is a Wage Subsidy a Good Idea?

"The issues involved are complex, and sometimes quite technical. The workshop sought to address them as systematically as possible by addressing, first, the central importance of employment growth in shaping South Africa’s long-term developmental ...

Estimating the Impact of Minimum Wages on Employment, Wages and Non-Wage Benefits: The Case of Agriculture in South Africa

"Assessments of the impact of minimum wages on labour market outcomes in Africa are relatively rare. In part this is because the data available do not permit adequate treatment of econometric issues that arise in such an assessment. This paper att...

Vulnerability in Employment: Evidence from South Africa

The high levels of poverty and unemployment in South Africa, have led to an emphasis on jobs as a solution to these problems. The subject of job creation in South Africa, is at the forefront of the most important economic policy documents, ever si...

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