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Conflict in Africa: Diagnosis and Response

"Responding to violent conflict begins with a diagnosis of what the conflict is about — what are the causes and triggers that transform a disagreement into an armed struggle. Behind the immediate reasons, however, there are often assumptions about t…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 15, no. 3, 2015

‘A comparative analysis of the Post-Arab Spring National Dialogues in Tunisia and Yemen’ says post-conflict societies are in a fragile state in which social cohesion needs to be gradually rebuilt. This article uses Jane Jenson’s model on social cohe…

At the Heart of Discontent Measuring Public Violence in South Africa

Strike action and civilian protests have become increasingly commonplace in South Africa. Although several institutions collect data on various forms of protest, the available information varies in quality, reliability, coverage and accessibility.…

The Burundi Political Crisis: Strategies for Resisting the War Entrepreneurs

The attention of the world was captured by the political crisis which unfolded in Burundi in 2015, following the controversial re-election of President Nkurunziza for a third term in office. Local and international news headlines quickly raised the …

Protecting the rights of women through community-focused approaches to strengthening gender in African peace support operations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Central African Republic

"Gender is increasingly becoming an integral consideration in peace processes, as called for in the United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325, adopted in 2000 as the first ever formal women, peace and security resolution passed by the …

The African Union’s Panel of the Wise: A concise history

"The African Union Panel of the Wise has, since its launch in December 2007, become a key component of the African Peace and Security Architecture. Indeed, it is remarkable that in a mere eight years, the Panel has matured into a key conflict preven…

ACCORD Peacebuilding Handbook

"Peacebuilding in Africa, as is the case globally, is constantly evolving. Practitioners in this field are regularly faced with challenging dynamics that shape the approaches needed to enhance peacebuilding. Over the past two decades, the environmen…

Africa and the Growth of Violent Radicalization in the Name of Islam: The Need for a Doctrine Revision Approach

"The fourth Tana Forum focused on the topic of Secularism and Politicized Faith. The Forum was preceded two weeks earlier by the horrific massacre of university students in Kenya by violent Muslim radicals and ended just when innocent Ethiopian work…

Paving the Way to Silencing the Guns in Africa: Interventions, Challenges and Options in the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapon

"The proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) and their abuse have been identified as a major trigger and accelerator of conflicts in Africa. It has negative impact on human security as well as security at the community, national, and re…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 28 No.1 January-February 2016

In ‘Countering violent extremism: Challenges in policy and practice’ the Horn of Africa has witnessed its share of attacks by movements designated as terrorists. The rising incidence of these attacks, the endurance of the Al Shabaab in Somalia and t…

Intervention Civile - Prevenir la Violence et Mettre en Place une Democratie / Civilian Peacekeeping Preventing Violence and Making Space for Democracy

“Something must be done!” This cry came as the genocide began in Rwanda, as the civil war in Colombia escalated, as Sudanese refugees began pouring into Darfur, and in countless other dark moments of history. Unarmed civilians around the world are …

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 26 No.1 January-February 2014

The imperfect reconciliation process in Kenya is discussed in the article ' Kenya's imperfect reconciliation'. Only the period 1963 to 2008 was covered in this process leaving the colonial period and the Mau-Mau uprising out of the process. The arti…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 25 No.5 September-October 2013

In ‘Kenyan state, society respond to extremist threat’ the gory spectacle of the 21 September attack on Nairobi’s Westgate Mall has been analysed from various perspectives. What the attackers wanted to achieve has also been extensively discussed by …

The Amnesty Programme and the Resolution of the Niger Delta Crisis : Progress, Challenges and Prognosis

Some of the interim findings of a comprehensive study of the amnesty for peace programme, was presented in this monograph. The general objective of the research is to assess the impacts, challenges and sustainability of the amnesty programme and the…

Fostering Interaction of People of Ethiopian Eritrean Divide

This document informs about a half-day conference, during which six presentations were discussed and the presenters were from both Ethiopia and Eritrean sides. About 100 participants attended the conference and they represented Eritrean refugees in …

Maritime Security in the Gulf of Guinea: Establishing Law, Generating Order

"Maritime security has become a buzzword in recent years as criminal activities at sea threaten a wide range of geostrategic, security and economic imperatives. In few other places in the world is this problem more pointed than in the Gulf of Guine…

Zimbabwe’s Reforms An Exercise in Credibility – or Pretence?

The reform ball have been firmly in ZANU-PF’s court for some time. The government has publicly committed itself to a reform process that is intended to help reconnect to international channels of credit and investment and an underlying confidence in…

The East African Community takes on the Burundi crisis

The East African Community has been a key player in attempts to resolve the ongoing instability in Burundi, since 2014. The organization recognized early on that a crisis was looming, however it waited too long to act at the highest level and was …

The AU and the ICGLR in Burundi

The Burundi crisis - brought on by the president’s decision to run for a third term – was a significant test of regional and continental organizations’ ability to effectively intervene in African member states experiencing instability. Emerging as …

Central Mali: An Uprising in the Making?

This report analyses the dynamics behind the extension of the areas of insecurity in central Mali and describes the groups that are responsible for this development. The centre of the country is dominated by the Inner Niger Delta, a territory subj…

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