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The Ogaden Region: A Fragile Path To Peace

"The Ogaden region in the Southeast of Ethiopia has been at the centre of an ongoing dispute between the Ethiopian government and rebels of the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF). Since 1984, the ONLF, an ethnic Somali rebel movement, has waged…

When Elections become a Curse Redressing Electoral Violence in Africa

"This Policy Brief analyses the causes and patterns of election-related violence, interrogates the links between elections and conflict and their consequences, and considers the extent and context of electoral violence. In addition, it sets out the…

Synopsis Policy Studies Bulletin of CPS Vol 10 No 3, August 2009

"The four papers contained in this edition of Synopsis provide insightful and compelling perspectives on different aspects of xenophia and migration and therefore bring much needed attention and contribute to ongoing public policy debates on the cha…

The Private Security Sector in Africa The 21st Century’s Major Cause for Concern?

"This paper is a build-up to the idea that private security as it exists in Africa today must be addressed with contemporary solutions, the obvious being effective regulatory mechanisms. The setting up of such mechanisms should be informed by a tho…

Politics and Terrorism An Assessment of the Origin and Threat of Terrorism in Egypt

"The aim of this paper will be to provide insight into the underlying reasons for acts of terrorism in Egypt. In other words, the focus will be on identifying and discussing the development of terrorism in that country in an attempt to reflect on t…

Claiming Space Reconfiguring Women’s Roles in Post-Conflict Situations

"The paper explores the possibilities of using the institutional frameworks of the United Nations (UN)and the African Union (AU) to include women in peace negotiations, peace-building and post-conflict reconstruction efforts. It contends that women …

'It Feels Like it's the End of the World' Cape Town's Youth Talk About Gangs and Community Violence

"The monograph begins with a description of the methodology, followed by an analysis of the children’s responses (including their recommendations for prevention and intervention). These responses are then discussed within the context of key literatu…

Wading Through a Domestic Political Crisis in a Turbulent Region

"This paper highlights the structural causes of conflict in Chad, and argues that the success of any external intervention in the region will depend on the capacity of the international community to look beyond the narrow lens of the Darfur question…

The Ouagadougou Political Accord: Imminent Divorce or the Renewal of Vows

"The slow implementation of the Accord signed by the Forces Nouvelles and the government in March 2008 is the result of the lack of political will by all participants. Implementation of the Accord will definitely be a watershed in the country’s poli…

Somalia: Have All the Options Run Out?

"This paper examines the attempts at the restoration of peace and security in Somalia, which is critical to the establishment and maintenance of stability in the region. Unless there is genuine political will and sustained engagement from the region…

Northern Uganda : Emerging Threats to Peace Talks

"This report evaluates below three emerging factors and their threats to peace talks for Northern Uganda: 1)Ugandan President Museveni's growing impatience and considering regional military action against rebels in January 2008 if negotiations remai…

The Niger Delta Crisis and its Implications for Nigeria’s 2007 Elections

"The present political situation in Nigeria is one of great flux; there are so many uncertainties, as this analysis makes clear. The Niger Delta, and the calculations of the leading actors in the region – state functionaries, politicians, armed mili…

Learning to Use Force on the Hoof in Peacekeeping: Reflections on the Experience of MONUC's Eastern Division

"The aim of this paper is to focus on the role of UN peacekeepers in robust Chapter VII operations; the appropriate level of military response; challenges commanders face in the field; and the need to improve their performance. The change from tradi…

Looking East: The Politics of Peacemaking in the Beja Region of Sudan

"As Sudan continues to make headlines because of continuing violence it is clear that the piecemeal approach to conflict in Sudan is not sustainable. Each of the regional agreements signed since 2005 cannot be implemented on an equal basis. Indeed t…

The Democratic Republic of the Congo: Elections and Beyond

"Firstly there is the need to enhance stability across the whole country. The current violence in North Kivu and the violent incidents in Kinshasa during the electoral period confirmed that the government is unable to provide security and protect it…

The Democratic Republic of Congo on the Eve of the Second Round of Elections

"This situation report will address the result of the first round, the events of 20 August, the electoral calendar, the political landscape in the run-up to the second round, the security situation, the Independent Electoral Commission’s preparation…

The Root Causes of the Conflict in Ivory Coast

"The conflict in Ivory Coast is a by-product of deep-seated cleavages revolving around ethnicity, nationality and religion. Politicians tapped into these differences to consolidate their monopoly on power, and in the process, pushed the country towa…

The Impact of Slow Military Reform on the Transition Process in the DRC

"This situation report addresses a number of serious problems that will impact on the military integration process. These activities will be discussed against the background of the upcoming election and the threat to the transitional process. The cu…

Negotiating in Practice What is a Non Negotiable Policy and Armed Non-State Actors

"The importance of non-state armed groups (NSAGs) has been increasingly recognized by academic and political observers concerned with violent conflict. The forces of paramount relevance in conflict situations include not only state actors but NSAGs…

Gambella The Impact of Local Conflict On Regional Security

"The purpose of this study is to analyse the context, identify the origins, and explain the key determinants of the conflict in Gambella, its linkages with the political and security issues in Sudan and Ethiopia, and its impact on regional peace an…

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