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Other Facets no 31

“In this special edition of Other Facets marks our 31st edition since April 2001. We are breaking with our regular format to present a special issue in advance of the Seventh Annual Plenary Meeting of the Kimberley Process in Namibia, in November. I…

Reconciling Kenya Opportunities for Constructing a Peaceful and Socially Cohesive Nation

"The violence that erupted in Kenya in late December 2007 and January 2008 following the disputed 2007 presidential election results was one of the most violent and destructive periods in the country’s history. It is estimated that 1,300 lives were …

The Nature of South Africa's Legal Obligations to Combat Xenophobia

"In March 2008, a wave of xenophobic violence swept across many parts of South Africa, including Tshwane. This study aims to provide an analysis of the potential role that law, and particularly human rights law, may play in combatting such violence …

Navigating Post-Peace Agreement Plebiscites: Zimbabwe and Kenya’s 2013 Elections

"This Policy & Practice Brief is informed by the persistent problem of contested electoral processes and results in a number of African countries. These are often accompanied by violence, with devastating effects not only on human security, but also…

The Never-Ending Pursuit of the Lord’s Resistance Army: An Analysis of the Regional Cooperative Initiative for the Elimination of the LRA

“There has recently been heightened concern regarding the activities of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), one of the most deadly insurgent movements in Africa. The LRA can best be described as a quasireligious-rebel armed group that began operating …

The Role of Civil Society in Advocating for Transitional Justice in Uganda

"This paper examines the role of civil society in addressing issues of transitional justice in a society like Uganda where there has been no democratic transition. When taking into account the theoretical conceptualisation of civil society, one has …

Peace Processes in Côte D’Ivoire: Democracy and Challenges of Consolidating Peace After the Post-Electoral Crisis

“The attainment of full democracy remains elusive to even some of the greatest nations in the world. The West African country of Côte d’Ivoire, which experienced a violent post-electoral crisis (November 2010 to April 2011) within the midst of 19 ye…

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2013

"The Evolving Mediation Capacity of the Southern African Development Community' outlines the progress that SADC has made in its capacity to respond to political conflicts in the Southern African region through mediation. In ‘Political Deadlock in Li…

The Future of Intrastate Conflict in Africa More Violence or Greater Peace?

"This paper analyses future trends for intrastate conflict in Africa up to 2050 using the International Futures (IFs) model. After reviewing the main post-Cold War patterns of conflict and instability on the continent, the paper discusses seven key…

The Impact of the Protocol on the Rights of Women in Africa on Violence against Women in six Selected Southern African Countries : An Advocacy Tool

"The aim of this publication is to contribute to popularisation of the Women’s Protocol, in this case with respect to its provisions relating to violence against women, by elaborating on the content and meaning of the relevant articles. Furthermore,…

Taming the Demon of Kenya’s Election Violence A Strategy for the National Cohesion and Integration Commission (NCIC)

"The year 2008 became Kenya’s annus horribilis – violence by Kenyans against Kenyans was broadcasted to the world. But 2008 was also Kenya’s annus mirabilis – the year that marked a new beginning shaped by the Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliat…

Anthology of Peace and Security Research Volume 3

"The first theses in this anthology was written by Abraha Tesfay, who discusses the dynamics of inter-communal conflict in North-East Ethiopia by using the cases of the Wejerat in Tigray and neighboring Afar. The second paper was written by Alagan A…

Soft Targets: Xenophobia, Public Violence and Changing Attitudes to Migrants in South Africa after May 2008

"The post-apartheid history of antipathy towards migrants and refugees is pronounced and well documented. A study by SAMP in 2006 of citizens’ attitudes to migrants reached the gloomy conclusion that South Africa continued to be a society in which x…

Zimbabwe at the crossroads

"The focus of this report is the violence, discontent, politicisation of land, intimidation and declining economy of Zimbabwe. The support from other countries for Zimbabwe is touched upon as well as the factors for destabilization and stabilization…

The Ogaden Region: A Fragile Path To Peace

"The Ogaden region in the Southeast of Ethiopia has been at the centre of an ongoing dispute between the Ethiopian government and rebels of the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF). Since 1984, the ONLF, an ethnic Somali rebel movement, has waged…

When Elections become a Curse Redressing Electoral Violence in Africa

"This Policy Brief analyses the causes and patterns of election-related violence, interrogates the links between elections and conflict and their consequences, and considers the extent and context of electoral violence. In addition, it sets out the…

Synopsis Policy Studies Bulletin of CPS Vol 10 No 3, August 2009

"The four papers contained in this edition of Synopsis provide insightful and compelling perspectives on different aspects of xenophia and migration and therefore bring much needed attention and contribute to ongoing public policy debates on the cha…

Towards an understanding of repeat violent offending

"This paper explores South African and international literature relevant to repeat offending. It reviews the international literature on violent and aggressive behaviour and relevant, but limited, South African literature on violent criminal behavio…

Political Violence in Kenya A Study of Causes, Responses, and a Framework for Discussing Preventive Action

"This paper focuses on political violence in Kenya. The rationale of the paper is to understand how such violence can best be prevented. To do this, we must first understand the history of political violence in Kenya and what factors in society cont…

The trajectory of human rights violations in Zimbabwe

"This paper discusses the course of human rights violations in Zimbabwe through a historical approach that focuses on the immediate pre-independence (Ian Smith’s regime) and the postindependence (Robert Mugabe) eras. The argument is that the confl…

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