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Reconciliation without Regret: National Healing and Reconciliation in South Sudan

"In 2011, southern Sudan witnessed a successful and peaceful referendum, culminating in its secession from the Republic of Sudan and the birth of an independent Republic of South Sudan on 9 July. Despite the relative peace brought by independence, t…

Creating an Enabling Peacebuilding Environment: How Can External Actors Contribute to Resilience?

"Peacebuilding theory and practice has evolved over 20 years in response to highly complex and fluid factors and contexts. Over this period, peacebuilding has developed several salient features, including its reliance on implementation in the long t…

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2014

In ‘Has the Rise of China in Africa made Democratisation Less Likely?’ the article draws on Denis Tull’s insightful framework for thinking about Chinese activities in Africa to demonstrate the need for greater nuance in the way we assess China’s imp…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 13, no. 3, 2013

"This special issue of the African Journal on Conflict Resolution (AJCR) on the theme Then and now: Perspectives on conflict resolution in South Africa (in honour of H.W. van der Merwe) is unconventional in that most of the contributions are a…

Butterfly Effect of the Arab Spring

"There are many theories that have been developed by great thinkers in various fields of study. One of them is “Chaos Theory”, used in such fields as mathematics, physics, meteorology, and engineering. The root of this theory is the hypothesis prese…

A Tree and its Branches... The Eye of a Storm Reflecting Nature in Project Design and Implementation

"Development work all over the world is plagued by two main challenges, that of ensuring the sustainability of a project beyond the funding life span, and transferring ownership of a project from the implementing agency to the communities with whom …

Nigeria’s Boko Haram: Beyond the Rhetoric

"As the world remains focused on the fate of more than 200 Nigerian schoolgirls kidnapped by members of the militant Islamist group Boko Haram from the town of Chibok, Borno State in mid-April, it is clear that this terrorist organisation is rapidly…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 14, no. 1, 2014

'Accounting for violence in Eastern Congo: Young people’s narratives of war and peace in North and South Kivu’ intends to give a voice to young Congolese in this troubled region in the heart of Africa. It examines the way young people in the Kivu ma…

Minefield of Marikana: Prospects for Forging a New Social Compact

"The South African platinum belt provides a microcosm through which to explore a number of fault lines in the country’s political economy two decades into its democratic dispensation. After the Marikana tragedy of August 2012, the need to forge a …

A Network of Violence Mapping a Criminal Gang Network in Cape Town

The study examined the characteristics of the structure, actors involved and types of interactions of a criminal network formed by a gang operating in Cape Town, South Africa. The analysis is based on data gathered from a case judgement in the Weste…

The African Union's Response to Gender Based Violence

This Policy Brief analyzed the response of the African Union (AU) to the gender-based sexual violence that has been committed on an epidemic scale in the conflicts across the continent. These incidents of gender-based violence have witnessed innoce…

Africa's Conflict Burden in a Global Context

"This paper gives a snapshot of Africa’s conflict burden within a global context based on various prominent data providers. The analysis finds that armed conflict in Africa follows the general global pattern of declining levels if measured in rela…

Perpetuation of instability in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: When the Kivus sneeze, Kinshasa catches a cold

"This paper aims to contribute to a better understanding of the linkage between the conflicts in the Kivus and persistent periodic instability in the DRC. It delves into and critiques post-crisis recovery efforts implemented in the country since the…

Coups d’état in Africa – A Thing of the Past?

Coups d’état occurred in many parts of Africa, in the immediate post colonial period in Africa, from the East to the North, from the West to the South. There were also many more failed coup attempts, announced and unannounced. In the post-independe…

Africa's Current and Future Stability

This paper first presented the current trends of violence and instability in Africa and then modelled alternative future trends – these are uncertain and do not purport to be accurate predictions. In this paper it is speculated that the levels of ar…

Élections et Risque d'Instabilité en Afrique: Favoriser des Processus Électoraux Légitimes

"Alors que les élections se sont généralisées et banalisées en Afrique depuis vingt ans, plusieurs exemples récents ont montré qu’elles pouvaient aussi cristalliser les tensions et être source de violence (Kenya, Côte d’Ivoire, Zimbabwe), sans favo…

Alternative Dispute Resolution and Peace Studies in Africa: Lessons, Prospects and Challenges

'A report on the proceedings of the Fourth International Africa Peace and Conflict Resolution Conference held in Johannesburg, South Africa, on 25 and 26 July 2014. The 2014 conference was organised under the theme ‘Alternative dispute resolution an…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2014

In ‘Beheadings and the News Media: Why Some Conflict Atrocities Receive More Coverage than Others’ although major changes have occurred in the dissemination of news, there is no question that the news media retains an exceptionally powerful role in …

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 14, no. 2, 2014

‘Security regionalism and flaws of externally forged peace in Sudan: The IGAD peace process and its aftermath’ examines the IGAD peace process in Sudan, highlighting the dynamics and relative roles of the principal actors involved. It argues that al…

ACORD's Pan African Learning Forum : A look at the Role of Civil Society Organizations and the Challenges of Peace and Security in Consolidating Peace in Africa

Examining the history of armed conflict in Africa - particularly in West Africa - illustrates a variation of characteristics based on the era, causes and the parties to conflict. Wars of the Colonial era were centered on subjugation and control of A…

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