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Kenya's Neglected IDP's Internal Displacement and Vulnerability of Pastoralist Communities in Northern Kenya

"This report investigates the situation surrounding these displaced pastoralists. It examines the causes of their displacement, the legal basis for their protection and the shortcomings in responding to the problem. To address these, the report gi…

The Heart of the Matter Sierra Leone Diamonds and Human Security

"This study is about how diamonds - small pieces of carbon with no great intrinsic value - have been the cause of widespread death, destruction and misery for almost a decade in the small West African country of Sierra Leone. Through the 1990s, Sier…

Ghana: A Beacon of Hope in Africa

"Focusing on relative internal peace, this brief starts by analysing key aspects of the Ghanaian constitution, which is the anchor of the country’s democracy. This is followed by an examination of the country’s electoral processes, which have been c…

Conversations with Ahtisaari

"Conversations with Ahtisaari is a small tribute to a great mediator, Martti Ahtisaari, and his steadfast commitment to peace throughout the world. From Namibia to Kosovo, the 2008 Nobel Peace Laureate and former president of Finland has played an i…

SAIIA Southern Africa Record No 38

This edition covers the agreement to exchange trade representatives between South Africa and Swaziland. The next section includes remarks, declarations and statements concerning the relationship between South Africa and Mozambique. The section on th…

Southern Africa in a Global Perspective

The paper speaks about Southern Africa and that 'African leaders have not given up hope; they are not resigned to becoming a permanent, peripheral backwater which the dynamic parts of the world simply ignore and from which they increasingly disengag…

Kenya’s military intervention in Somalia: An intricate process

'In the midst of Somalia’s decades of conflict, al-Shabaab, a Somalia-based terrorist group with al-Qaeda links, has become particularly noticeable not only nationally but also regionally. Foreign intervention, therefore, is no new phenomenon in Som…

Pride, Conflict and Complexity: Applying Dynamical Systems Theory to Understand Local Conflict in South Sudan

'South Sudan has experienced deadly conflict for much of the last five decades. While most attention has focused on South Sudan’s civil war with the now Republic of Sudan to the north, in reality, inter- related conflicts persist in multiple layers …

The Peace Process in the DRC: A Transformation Quagmire

"Since the 1990s the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has continued to be mired in intractable conflicts. Despite the establishment of an elected government in 2006 following the implementation of a series of peace agreements, the country stil…

Hard Currency : The Criminalized Diamond Economy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and its Neighbours

"This paper describes the recent history of diamonds in Central Africa, and shows what must be done if the potential of diamonds is to be realized, and if their curse is to be laid to rest. The paper takes a regional perspective. The diamond econom…

Besides Greed and Grievances Natural Resource Characteristics and Conflicts in Africa

"This paper addresses the debate on natural resources and conflict from the point that conceptualisations of the linkages between conflicts and natural resources have generally concentrated on the human aspects of the relationship. By so doing, the…

Curbing Violence in Nigeria (I) : The Jos Crisis

"This report, the first in a series that examines insecurity in three regions of Nigeria, explores the dynamics of the recurring violence in Plateau state predominantly as a settler indigene issue. It situates the violence within the historical evol…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 12, no. 3, 2012

This journal covers several topics in 6 articles. ‘Structural violence and the struggle for state power in Rwanda: What Arusha got wrong’ addresses the failings of the Arusha peace and power sharing process and makes three core arguments. ‘Building …

War and Peace in Sierra Leone : Diamonds, Corruption and the Lebanese Connection

"This report presents an overview and analysis of the situation in Sierra Leone with respect to the diamond industry since United Nations intervention in 2000. It evaluates efforts made by the Sierra Leone government to ensure greater transparency a…

The Problems and Prospects for ECOWAS Intervention in Mali

"As of late 2012, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) supports a policy of military intervention in northern Mali, where rebel groups continue to implement various forms of governance. While there is a legal basis for an ECOWAS in…

The International Criminal Court: Challenges of Victim Assistance, Participations and Reparations

"The International Criminal Court (ICC) was designed to be more victim focused than previous tribunals, promoting elements of restorative and retributive justice. Victims have the right to be heard as legal participants at the ICC, and can receive …

Dystopia and Disengagement: Diaspora Attitudes Towards South Africa

“In 2008, South African Brandon Huntley was given refugee status in Canada by the Canadian Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB). The unprecedented decision, based on Huntley’s claim that as a white South African he was the victim of racial persecutio…

Other Facets no 35

‘The Kimberley Process Derails Over Zimbabwe - NGOs Walk Out of Kinshasa KP Meeting, Consider Options’ states that for the first time in the Kimberley Process’s almost decade-long life span, civil society not only walked out of a meeting, but expres…

Other Facets no 34

‘New mineral certification scheme launched’ shows that as the navel grazing and vacillation over Zimbabwe has shown a range of new mineral certification and conflict prevention initiatives are rapidly overtaking the KP – in thought and substance. ‘Z…

Other Facets no 32

In ‘Kimberley Process Plenary in Namibia: rearranging the deck chairs?’ Israel was chosen to lead the KP in 2010, with the Democratic Republic of Congo being elected Vice-Chair. The choice of Israel brings the promise that it will champion some refo…

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