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Hard Currency : The Criminalized Diamond Economy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and its Neighbours

"This paper describes the recent history of diamonds in Central Africa, and shows what must be done if the potential of diamonds is to be realized, and if their curse is to be laid to rest. The paper takes a regional perspective. The diamond econ...

Besides Greed and Grievances Natural Resource Characteristics and Conflicts in Africa

"This paper addresses the debate on natural resources and conflict from the point that conceptualisations of the linkages between conflicts and natural resources have generally concentrated on the human aspects of the relationship. By so doing, t...

Curbing Violence in Nigeria (I) : The Jos Crisis

"This report, the first in a series that examines insecurity in three regions of Nigeria, explores the dynamics of the recurring violence in Plateau state predominantly as a settler indigene issue. It situates the violence within the historical ev...

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 12, no. 3, 2012

This journal covers several topics in 6 articles. ‘Structural violence and the struggle for state power in Rwanda: What Arusha got wrong’ addresses the failings of the Arusha peace and power sharing process and makes three core arguments. ‘Buildin...

Provocative Discourse and Violence in Nigeria's 2011 Elections

"Regional, religious, and ethnic cleavages marked the April 2011 elections in Nigeria resulting in violence, destruction of property, and displacement of people. Inflammatory rhetoric among politicians and the media served to inflame passions and ...

Peace Processes in Côte D’Ivoire: Democracy and Challenges of Consolidating Peace After the Post-Electoral Crisis

“The attainment of full democracy remains elusive to even some of the greatest nations in the world. The West African country of Côte d’Ivoire, which experienced a violent post-electoral crisis (November 2010 to April 2011) within the midst of 19 ...

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2013

"The Evolving Mediation Capacity of the Southern African Development Community' outlines the progress that SADC has made in its capacity to respond to political conflicts in the Southern African region through mediation. In ‘Political Deadlock in ...

Southern Africa in a Global Perspective

The paper speaks about Southern Africa and that 'African leaders have not given up hope; they are not resigned to becoming a permanent, peripheral backwater which the dynamic parts of the world simply ignore and from which they increasingly diseng...

Kenya’s military intervention in Somalia: An intricate process

'In the midst of Somalia’s decades of conflict, al-Shabaab, a Somalia-based terrorist group with al-Qaeda links, has become particularly noticeable not only nationally but also regionally. Foreign intervention, therefore, is no new phenomenon in S...

Pride, Conflict and Complexity: Applying Dynamical Systems Theory to Understand Local Conflict in South Sudan

'South Sudan has experienced deadly conflict for much of the last five decades. While most attention has focused on South Sudan’s civil war with the now Republic of Sudan to the north, in reality, inter- related conflicts persist in multiple layer...

The Peace Process in the DRC: A Transformation Quagmire

"Since the 1990s the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has continued to be mired in intractable conflicts. Despite the establishment of an elected government in 2006 following the implementation of a series of peace agreements, the country st...

Kenya's Neglected IDP's Internal Displacement and Vulnerability of Pastoralist Communities in Northern Kenya

"This report investigates the situation surrounding these displaced pastoralists. It examines the causes of their displacement, the legal basis for their protection and the shortcomings in responding to the problem. To address these, the report ...

The Heart of the Matter Sierra Leone Diamonds and Human Security

"This study is about how diamonds - small pieces of carbon with no great intrinsic value - have been the cause of widespread death, destruction and misery for almost a decade in the small West African country of Sierra Leone. Through the 1990s, Si...

Ghana: A Beacon of Hope in Africa

"Focusing on relative internal peace, this brief starts by analysing key aspects of the Ghanaian constitution, which is the anchor of the country’s democracy. This is followed by an examination of the country’s electoral processes, which have been...

Conversations with Ahtisaari

"Conversations with Ahtisaari is a small tribute to a great mediator, Martti Ahtisaari, and his steadfast commitment to peace throughout the world. From Namibia to Kosovo, the 2008 Nobel Peace Laureate and former president of Finland has played an...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record No 38

This edition covers the agreement to exchange trade representatives between South Africa and Swaziland. The next section includes remarks, declarations and statements concerning the relationship between South Africa and Mozambique. The section on ...

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol. 10, No. 3, 2010

"The articles on Rwanda and Sudan focus on post-tragedy situations in which justice (punitive and/or curative) and recovery (economic, social and/ or political) are pursued. They are ‘after’ papers with ‘before’ messages. The article on electoral ...

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2009

"This issue of Conflict Trends covers the specific developments in African peacekeeping and peacebuilding, and the synergies and overlapping concerns that exist between them. With the current global economic decline, the challenges of peacekeepi...

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2009

This Issue comprises several articles entitled as follows: 1)The Palestine-Israel Conflict: Lessons from South Africa’s Democratic Transition 2)Evaluating Women’s Participation in Transitional Justice and Governance: A Community Dialogue Process i...

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2009

This issue comprises several articles entitled as follows: 1)Resolving Land Disputes in Burundi 2)Effectively Confronting a Regional Threat: Somali Piracy 3)The Challenges of Small Arms and Light Weapons in Africa 4)Explaining the December 2008 Mi...

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