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Guinea-Bissau: Beyond Rule of the Gun

Excerpt: "The assassinations of the chief of defence staff, General Batista Tagme Na Wai, on 1 March 2009 and President Joao Bernardo Nino Vieira early the next day have plunged Guinea-Bissau into deep uncertainty. National Assembly Speaker Raimun...

Nigeria: Seizing the Moment in the Niger Delta

Excerpt: "The report of the government-constituted Technical Committee on the Niger Delta, submitted to Nigeria’s President Umaru Musa Yar’Adua on 1 December 2008, offers an opportunity to reduce violent conflict significantly and begin longer-ter...

Burundi: To Integrate the FNL Successfully

Excerpt: "The Burundi peace process has made much progress in recent months. The last rebel group, the Party for the Liberation of the Hutu People – National Forces of Liberation (Palipehutu-FNL), has renounced the use of arms and been registered ...

Chad: Powder Keg in the East

Excerpt: "Large-scale internal displacement and a massive influx of Sudanese refugees have upset eastern Chad’s demographic balance and intensified the struggle for resources. Both the Chadian government and rebel groups have armed their supporter...

Central African Republic: Untangling the Political Dialogue

Excerpt: "Since the coup d’etat that brought President François Bozizé to power on 15 March 2003, the risk of renewed wider violence in the Central African Republic (CAR) has never been greater than today. The opening of an inclusive political dia...

Chad: A New Conflict Resolution Framework

Excerpt: "The political and security crisis Chad faces is internal, and has been exacerbated rather than caused by the meddling of its Sudanese neighbours. Power has been monopolised by a Zaghawa military clan with President Idriss Déby at the top...

Negotiating Zimbabwe's Transition

Excerpt: "The 29 March 2008 elections have dramatically changed Zimbabwe’s political landscape. For the first time since independence in 1980, Robert Mugabe ran second in the presidential voting, and the opposition – the Movement for Democratic Ch...

Côte d’Ivoire: Ensuring Credible Elections

Excerpt: "Côte d’Ivoire continues towards peace one year after the ex-Forces Nouvelles (FN) rebellion leader Guillaume Soro was appointed prime minister by his former adversary, President Laurent Gbagbo, but violence could still return. All actors...

Zimbabwe: Prospects from a Flawed Election

Excerpt: "The regional mediation offering the most realistic chance to resolve Zimbabwe’s eight-year crisis has failed. South African President Thabo Mbeki’s stated objective in talks between the ruling ZANU-PF party and the opposition Movement fo...

Sudan's Comprehensive Peace Agreement: Beyond the Crisis

Excerpt: "On 11 October 2007, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) announced it was suspending participation in the Government of National Unity because the National Congress Party (NCP) was not implementing key aspects of the 2005 Compre...

Kenya in Crisis

Excerpt: "Since the announcement of the contested presidential election results on 30 December 2007 giving a second term to Mwai Kibaki, Kenya has been in its worst political crisis since independence. Over 1,000 people have died and 300,000 have ...

Zimbabwe Diamonds and the Wrong Side of History

"This report describes the role of diamonds in the Zimbabwean economy and their place in the country's increasingly repressive governance. It describes growing evidence of smuggling, the militarization of diamond resources and the killing of dozen...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2006

"That has been the historical problem of the industry. Largely of an alluvial nature, its very high unit value, the ease with which it can be mined — without need for sophisticated processing and transport facilities — its immense attraction to s...

Guinea: Military Rule Must End

"The killing of at least 160 participants in a peaceful demonstration, the rape of many women protestors, and the arrest of political leaders by security forces in Conakry on 28 September 2009 showed starkly the dangers that continued military rul...

Crisis Watch

"Three actual or potential conflict situations around the world deteriorated and none improved in November 2009, according to the new issue of the International Crisis Group’s monthly bulletin CrisisWatch, released today. In Yemen, ongoing fighti...

Jonglei's Tribal Conflicts: Countering Insecurity in South Sudan

"Conflicts among tribes have claimed several thousand lives in South Sudan in 2009, with the worst violence in and around the vast, often impassable state of Jonglei. Violence often afflicts pastoral communities, but in this area it has taken on a...

Central African Republic: Keeping the Dialogue Alive

"The failure of President François Bozizé and his close circle to follow through with many of the concessions agreed on during the Inclusive Political Dialogue risks exacerbating the many conflicts in the Central African Republic (CAR) and stallin...

Security Sector Reform Monitor: Southern Sudan

"In 2009 alone, more than 2,500 people were killed and 350,000 displaced due to fighting in Southern Sudan, a toll higher than the much more publicized conflict in Darfur. The second edition of the Security Sector Reform Monitor: Southern Sudan ou...

LRA: A Regional Strategy Beyond Killing Kony

"In March 2010, Ugandan intelligence reported that Kony was in the southern Darfur region of Sudan, hoping to receive support from his former benefactor, the Khartoum government. He appears now to have crossed back into the CAR, where the bulk of ...

Zimbabwe at the crossroads

"The focus of this report is the violence, discontent, politicisation of land, intimidation and declining economy of Zimbabwe. The support from other countries for Zimbabwe is touched upon as well as the factors for destabilization and stabilizati...

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