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Towards an understanding of repeat violent offending

"This paper explores South African and international literature relevant to repeat offending. It reviews the international literature on violent and aggressive behaviour and relevant, but limited, South African literature on violent criminal behav...

Political Violence in Kenya A Study of Causes, Responses, and a Framework for Discussing Preventive Action

"This paper focuses on political violence in Kenya. The rationale of the paper is to understand how such violence can best be prevented. To do this, we must first understand the history of political violence in Kenya and what factors in society co...

The trajectory of human rights violations in Zimbabwe

"This paper discusses the course of human rights violations in Zimbabwe through a historical approach that focuses on the immediate pre-independence (Ian Smith’s regime) and the postindependence (Robert Mugabe) eras. The argument is that the con...

Marginalisation and violence Considering origins of insurgency and peace implementation in the Nuba Mountains of Sudan

"This paper addresses two issues. First, it builds on an argument in earlier research on the Nuba Mountains that purely resource-based explanations are not sufficient to find comprehensive measures for conflict resolution,showing that any resourc...

Has the disinvestment issue been carefully considered?

This paper considers the question of disinvestment to put economic pressure on the South African government. It is often proposed as a means of resolving the political crisis in South Africa, with a view that disinvestment will weaken the South Af...

Bringing peace to West Africa: Liberia and Sierra Leone

"This paper discusses the tortured peace processes in the West African states of Liberia and Sierra Leone, delineating lessons learnt from the complicated and prolonged diplomacy and external military interventions that characterised these efforts...

The Negotiation of Security Issues in the Burundi Peace Talks

"Negotiating Disarmament explores issues surrounding the planning, timing and techniques of a range of security issues: violence reduction, weapons control, disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration activities and justice and security sector...

Mediating Election-Related Conflicts

"Beyond major conflicts in Africa over the territorial integrity of states such as Sudan and Somalia, many recent conflicts on the continent are ignited by grievances over bad governance and exclusionary political practices. In many cases, flawed ...

Popular Protest in North African and the Middle East (II): Yemen Between Reform and Revolution

"Even before the popular wave from Tunisia and Egypt reached Yemen, President Saleh’s regime faced daunting challenges. In the north, it is battling the Huthi rebellion, in the south, an ever-growing secessionist movement. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian...

Women and Peacebuilding in Africa

"The numerous efforts to eradicate gender-based violence, mitigate the differential burdens that women bear during conflict, facilitate women’s participation in peacebuilding,and achieve their overall empowerment has borne fruit through substantiv...

A Strategic Conflict Assessment of Zambia

"The purpose of this study on Zambia is to present an overview of current trends, risks and opportunities for conflict mitigation. The study highlights potential areas of concern, and will conclude with recommendations to guide strategy aimed at m...

The Coup d'etat in Liberia

Liberia achieved independence in 1847, and the coup d’etat of 12 April 1980 which deposed President William Tolbert upset a tradition of political stability. However, the coup was not unexpected. Disaffection with the regime had led to confrontati...

Unconstitutional Changes of Government: The Democrat’s Dilemma in Africa

"While the AU’s response to each case is meant to be automatic and uncompromising, decisions whether and how to respond take place in the context of many factors beyond matters of principle. Cases that the AU has not taken up are as significant as...

Rights of Children in Conflict An Evaluation of Japanese Official Development Assistance in Acholiland, Northern Uganda

"As part of Japan’s efforts to strengthen dialogue with African countries in preparation for the Fourth Tokyo Inter-national Conference on African Development (TICAD IV), the Japanese embassy in Addis Ababa mandated the office of the Institute for...

Completing the Demobilisation, Disarmament and Reintegration Process of Armed Groups in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Link to Security Sector Reform of FARDC

"This situation report examines the demo- bilisation process in the DRC, including the factors impacting on the process, the new Army Reform plan, the role of the STAREC and UNSSSS plans, challenges,recommendations and the way forward. Demobilisa...

Sierra Leone: Business More Than Usual

"This latest political mini-drama in Sierra Leone, happening far ahead of the elections themselves, would appear rather steeped in bathos: from having to deal with a uniquely brutal war – which necessitated the deployment of over 16 000 foreign tr...

Burundi: Overview of the 2010 Elections and Observations on the Way Forward

"This situation report provides an overview of the main developments in Burundi’s 2010 electoral process. Following a short section to provide the context in which the 2010 elections took place,the report will briefly discuss the pre-electoral cli...

Jonglei 2010: Another round of disarmament

"Does disarmament lead to effective local government and the provisions of services, or does effective government end the need for civilians to arm themselves? The GoSS and the SPLA argue for disarmament first, but the completion of the campaign i...

Unpacking the Zimbabwe Crisis

"This situation report focuses on the progress of the IG in fulfilling the terms of the power-sharing agreement signed September 2008, as this is the benchmark by which progress should ultimately be measured. It begins by outlining the political...

Resolving the Chadian Political Epilepsy: An Assessment of Intervention Efforts

"This situation report analyses and presents an update on the domestic and international responses to the Chadian crisis. It concludes that though the current policy approach is certainly not a panacea to the Chadian crisis, it is a good starting ...

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