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African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 15, no. 1, 2015

"Democratisation in Africa: The role of self-enforcing constitutional rules’ discusses the long-run implications for civil conflict in Africa of this partial widening and deepening of democracy. Drawing on economic ideas about contracts and institut…

Xenophobic Violence in South Africa: Denialism, Minimalism, Realism

"Violent xenophobia has become a regular feature of South African life. Everyday animosity frequently spills over into violence against individual migrants and refugees and their economic enterprises. Some of these incidents reach the scrutiny of th…

Migrant Entrepreneurship, Collective Violence and Xenophobia in South Africa

"South Africa provides an important case study of how citizen attitudes and behaviours materially affect the business climate for migrant entrepreneurs. Trying to run a business in the informal economy is an especially hazardous undertaking in South…

African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crisis: Advice for African Policymakers

"Despite the operationalisation of the African Standby Force (ASF) within the AU security system, rapid reaction remains a challenging task, as the crisis in Mali has demonstrated. The African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crisis (ACIRC) has t…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2015

‘Appraising the Efficacy of SADC in Resolving the 2014 Lesotho Conflict: Progress and Prospects’ presents an assessment of the efficacy of SADC’s intervention to resolve the Lesotho crisis, progress made so far and prospects for restoring peace and …

From the Nakuru County Peace accord (2010-2012) to Lasting Peace

"The case study examines the post-election violence of 2007-2008 within a wider historical context of ethnic-based conflict. It reveals the critical role of four groups – male Elders from the Gikuyu and the Kalenjin communities, the National Cohesi…

Ending the Age of the Marginal Majority An Exploration of Strategies to Overcome Youth Exclusion, Vulnerability and Violence in Southern Africa

This research is a starting point for understanding youth violence regionally. What became clear in the research process was the complexity of youth violence, particularly when a holistic approach is taken to the issues that underpin its manifestati…

Opportunities and Challenges of South-South Partnership: Reflections on a Collaborative Research Project on Violence and Transition in Africa

In this report, it is reflected upon the experience of four South-based organisations in conducting collaborative research on violence and transition in Africa. It explores some of the challenges and opportunities offered by working collaboratively …

Conflict Management and Disaster Risk Reduction : A Case Study of Kenya

The links between disaster risk reduction and conflict prevention is explored in this report and the focus is specifically on Kenya. Mainly, it aims to develop a livelihoods approach to understanding and reducing the risk of households and communiti…

Violence and Transition Project Phase 3 (VTP 3): The Transformation of Violence through an African Comparative Lens: Lessons for Violence Prevention

This is a summarised version of the draft consolidated Kenya VTP3 research report. The synopsis is based on two themes; Gender Based Violence (GBV) and Informal Armed Formations (IAF), as part of a larger comparative research project entitled, “Viol…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 15, no. 2, 2015

‘Towards a framework for resolving the justice and reconciliation question in Zimbabwe,’ proposes the reconstitution of ‘the political’ in Zimbabwe as a turning point towards a pursuit of healing and reconciliation mainly because a ‘paradigm of war’…

Conflict in Africa: Diagnosis and Response

"Responding to violent conflict begins with a diagnosis of what the conflict is about — what are the causes and triggers that transform a disagreement into an armed struggle. Behind the immediate reasons, however, there are often assumptions about t…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 15, no. 3, 2015

‘A comparative analysis of the Post-Arab Spring National Dialogues in Tunisia and Yemen’ says post-conflict societies are in a fragile state in which social cohesion needs to be gradually rebuilt. This article uses Jane Jenson’s model on social cohe…

At the Heart of Discontent Measuring Public Violence in South Africa

Strike action and civilian protests have become increasingly commonplace in South Africa. Although several institutions collect data on various forms of protest, the available information varies in quality, reliability, coverage and accessibility.…

The Burundi Political Crisis: Strategies for Resisting the War Entrepreneurs

The attention of the world was captured by the political crisis which unfolded in Burundi in 2015, following the controversial re-election of President Nkurunziza for a third term in office. Local and international news headlines quickly raised the …

Protecting the rights of women through community-focused approaches to strengthening gender in African peace support operations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Central African Republic

"Gender is increasingly becoming an integral consideration in peace processes, as called for in the United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325, adopted in 2000 as the first ever formal women, peace and security resolution passed by the …

The African Union’s Panel of the Wise: A concise history

"The African Union Panel of the Wise has, since its launch in December 2007, become a key component of the African Peace and Security Architecture. Indeed, it is remarkable that in a mere eight years, the Panel has matured into a key conflict preven…

ACCORD Peacebuilding Handbook

"Peacebuilding in Africa, as is the case globally, is constantly evolving. Practitioners in this field are regularly faced with challenging dynamics that shape the approaches needed to enhance peacebuilding. Over the past two decades, the environmen…

Africa and the Growth of Violent Radicalization in the Name of Islam: The Need for a Doctrine Revision Approach

"The fourth Tana Forum focused on the topic of Secularism and Politicized Faith. The Forum was preceded two weeks earlier by the horrific massacre of university students in Kenya by violent Muslim radicals and ended just when innocent Ethiopian work…

Paving the Way to Silencing the Guns in Africa: Interventions, Challenges and Options in the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapon

"The proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) and their abuse have been identified as a major trigger and accelerator of conflicts in Africa. It has negative impact on human security as well as security at the community, national, and re…

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