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Women's Participation in Fish Value Chains and Value Chain Governance in Malawi: A Case of Msaka (Lake Malawi) and Kachulu (Lake Chilwa)

This paper helps to fill an important gap that exists in gender responsive fish value chains by analysing the factors that influence women’s participation in fish value chains and value chain governance in Malawi. The study was based on the premise …

Trade, Food and Nutrition Security in South Africa: The Cases of Sugar and Poultry

The purpose of this paper is to consider the role that trade plays in food and nutrition security in South Africa. Despite an established commercial food system, South Africans experience high levels of food and nutrition insecurity – both under-n…

Food Trade and Investment in South Africa: Improving Coherence Between Economic Policy, Nutrition and Food Security

South Africa must address a rising burden of diet-related chronic disease while also continuing to combat persistent food insecurity and undernutrition. The prevalence of stunting among children in South Africa remains around 25%. At the same time, …

Balancing Cyber Security and Internet Freedom in Africa

This paper discusses the current state of cyber security and policies in Africa, with a specific focus on Kenya and South Africa as continental leaders in technology. Globally, Internet freedoms are on the decline and Africa is no exception. In 2016…

The Trade Reform of SACU: Country Case Studies on Regional Integration

This discussion paper draws on the perspectives of business and researchers in the BLNS to identify the main infrastructure and regulatory barriers to the development of intra-SACU value chains, and to assess how the alleviation of these impediments…

Nexus Between Food Security and Trade in the Run-up to the World Food Systems Summit

As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and the trade war between China and the US, competing paradigms on the relationship between food trade and security have become more complex than ever ahead of the UN World Food Systems Summit in 2021. The opp…

Import Substitution: How do Increased Import Duties in Uganda Affect Trade, Revenue and Welfare

During the reading of Uganda’s budget for FY 2019/20, new tariffs were stipulated—partly as means of attaining Uganda’s import substitution aspiration. This study examines the implications of increased import duties on selected products in a product…

A Stochastic Frontier Estimation of Tax Efficiency in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

The objective of this study is to investigate the determinants of non-natural resource tax revenue and estimate its efficiency in ECOWAS countries. A stochastic frontier tax function was estimated using annual data from 2001 to 2015 by use of Maximu…

Building Capacity for the Development of Factoring in Africa to Accelerate Trade Development and to Support the AfCFTA

This Policy Brief developed by the African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF) and the African Export–Import Bank (Afreximbank) explores the opportunities offered by factoring which provides a solution to address the financing gap for Small and Medi…

Factoring in Africa to Support Trade Development: Challenges and Opportunities for Growth through Capacity Development

This occasional paper is about factoring, known as the selling or transferring of accounts receivable to secure funds that are immediately available. The process provides a solution to address the financing gap for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs…

Tobacco Taxation in West Africa : Overview Issues and Options for Tobacco Control

The way in which tobacco products are taxed in West African countries is the result of both national and regional legislations. Four important features are highlighted in this review, in the current policies and practices that are not in step with …

Illicit Tobacco in Nigeria

Globally, the trade in illicit tobacco products has increasingly been a source of concern for policymakers, development practitioners and health officials owing to the diverse social and economic impact on health, government revenue and the financia…

The State of Second-hand Clothes and Footwear Trade in Kenya

Kenya is one of the largest importers of second-hand clothes in Sub-Saharan Africa because of its use and export to other countries. The second-hand clothes industry contributes to government revenues. The existence of second-hand clothes is a deman…

Preparedness of Local Business Participating in the AFCFTA Agreement Implementation in Ghana

In 2012, at the 18th session of the African Union (AU) from 29–30 January in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, African Heads of State and Government recognized that ‘the promotion of intra-African trade is a fundamental factor for sustainable economic developm…

A Scoping Study of Nigeria’s Tobacco Market and Policy Space

This study examined the market structure and recent developments in the tobacco control policy space in Nigeria. Smoking prevalence is growing in Nigeria and this poses significant health, public finance and productivity risks, requiring adequate po…

Understanding the Total Factor Productivity Shortfall in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Some argue that Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is unique and the fundamental policies and institutions that govern income or productivity variation across countries do not explain the total factor productivity (TFP) shortfall within SSA. This study puts …

Effects of Regional Trade Agreements on Strategic Agricultural Trade in Africa and its Implications to Food Security: Evidence from Gravity Model Estimation

"The problems of African agricultural development have been at the forefront of the debate on Africa’s development since the Lagos Plan of Action in 1963. During the 2004 AU meeting in Sirte, Libya and subsequently in the 2006 AU/NEPAD Summit on Foo…

A brief guide to the Continental Free Trade Agreement

Asmita Parshotam unpacks the continent-wide agreement aimed at accelerating integration and economic development.

Women-friendly trade: What can governments do better?

It’s a familiar sight at border posts: women with baskets groaning under the weight of fresh produce, cheap manufactured goods or handicrafts ready to be traded on the other side. Informal cross-border trade is one of the oldest forms of economic su…

Part I: Understanding the Cotonou Partnership Agreement

The Lomé Conventions are recognised for their innovative approach towards cooperation, which included (i) principles such as the equality of the partners and dialogue; (ii) contractually agreed-upon rights and obligations; and (iii) predictability o…

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