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Applying the Strategic Relational Approach to African States: A Case of Mauritius and Trade Policymaking

"The perspective of African states in crisis, together with the examination of African states as neopatrimonial, has been inadequate in providing a useful lens for examining trade policymaking in Africa. The paper considers African states as struc...

What do Regional Trade Reforms mean for Zambia?

"Zambia is participating actively in regional integration programmes, but little is known about the impacts of tariff reforms associated with such initiatives. This paper assesses the potential effects for Zambia of the trade reforms implied in bo...

The Economics of Intellectual Property Rights in Developing Countries: Lessons from a Literature Review

Conventional economic theory asserts that inefficient markets result from a product or service for which there are no ready substitutes being provided by a single seller (i.e. a monopoly). An inefficient outcome is defined as one that does not ...

What Does the Future Hold for SACU? From Own Goal to Laduma! Scenarios for the Future of the Southern African Customs Union

"A group of Southern African Customs Union (SACU) experts and interested parties recently participated in a scenario-planning exercise on the future of SACU. This paper gives an account of the scenarios developed, which range from SACU collapsing ...

The SA-EU TDCA: an analysis of decision-making procedures and processes in South Africa

"In this paper we explore the dynamics of the South African decision-making process, with specific reference to the South Africa-European Union (SA-EU) Trade, Development and Co-operation Agreement (TDCA). The aim is to identify and understand ...

Taking Southern Africa into the 21st century

"Southern Africa is confronted with a host of challenges that includes globalisation and regionalism. These challenges are not being successfully confronted but other developments has taken place like the drop in military spending, economic growth...

WTO: The reawakening of protectionism

This intelligence update describes the growing protectionist stance of the European Union in its trade relations with other states. This harms not only the economic recovery prospects of developing nations, but also the credibility and integrity o...

Trade Policy, Protectionism and the Global Economic Crisis

"This discussion has been among a group of like-minded people who generally see the benefits of free trade. But that view is not necessarily widely held in the broader society, where protectionism attracts a lot of support. That’s why we need to ...

Growth, Employment and Economic Policy in South Africa: A Critical Review

"The paper starts with an overview of South Africa's job crisis. It then moves on to consider whether the country's economic policies are conducive to labour-demanding growth. In so doing, it examines trade policies, labour market policies and mac...

Developing country coalitions in multilateral trade negotiations: Aligning the majors?

"This paper focuses on coalition building by developing countries, which is a key indicator of their overall capacity and effectiveness in the WTO. The issue is examined in the context of national trade policies and trade negotiations on other t...

The Disjuncture of Land and Agricultural Reform in South Africa: Implications for the Agri-Food system

"Land reform was introduced in South Africa in the 1990s to redress the injustices of colonialism and apartheid. But compromises in the transition to democracy saw a trade-off between political participation on one side and continuity in economic ...

The Trade Reform of SACU: Country Case Studies on Regional Integration

This discussion paper draws on the perspectives of business and researchers in the BLNS to identify the main infrastructure and regulatory barriers to the development of intra-SACU value chains, and to assess how the alleviation of these impedimen...

The Non-Tariff Barrier Monitoring Mechanism

"The persistence of non-tariff barriers (NTBs) has been the subject of much of the recent discourse on regional integration in Southern and East Africa. There has been a surfeit of recommended approaches to dealing with the regional NTB challenge...

Globalization, Trade and Poverty in Ghana

"This volume is one response to the challenge posed by the paucity of recent empirical evidence on the poverty and distributional impacts of trade policy reform in Ghana. The main objective of this volume is to contribute to our understanding of t...

Enforcing Competition Rules in South Africa Thieves at the Dinner Table

"This book is about a public policy intervention – in the form of the Competition Act – that has deep roots in this dominant narrative. In particular, it is rooted in the concentration of ownership of private wealth in the hands of a small number...

Tobacco Taxation in West Africa : Overview Issues and Options for Tobacco Control

The way in which tobacco products are taxed in West African countries is the result of both national and regional legislations. Four important features are highlighted in this review, in the current policies and practices that are not in step wit...

Understanding the Total Factor Productivity Shortfall in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Some argue that Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is unique and the fundamental policies and institutions that govern income or productivity variation across countries do not explain the total factor productivity (TFP) shortfall within SSA. This study put...

Effects of Regional Trade Agreements on Strategic Agricultural Trade in Africa and its Implications to Food Security: Evidence from Gravity Model Estimation

"The problems of African agricultural development have been at the forefront of the debate on Africa’s development since the Lagos Plan of Action in 1963. During the 2004 AU meeting in Sirte, Libya and subsequently in the 2006 AU/NEPAD Summit on F...

What do the COMESA Customs Union and COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite Free Trade Area mean for Zambia’s import trade and trade tax revenue?

"Zambia has participated actively in the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and Southern African Development Community (SADC) regional integration programmes. Within SADC it is now reportedly a full participant in the SADC Free...

Policy Framework for Foreign Direct Investment Promotion in South Africa: Operations, Effectiveness and Sustainability

"Foreign direct investment promotion in South Africa has expanded considerably in the two decades from 1995 to 2015. The investment promotion system is quite decentralised, with much of the work being carried out by provincial governments, albeit ...

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