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Maritime Security in the Indian Ocean: Strategic Setting and Features

"The Indian Ocean is an economic, energy, cultural and military highway of considerable strategic importance. As maritime power in the Indian Ocean and power projection into it are common historical features, Indian Ocean maritime security is mu...

Mali: Avoiding Escalation

"This report is published at a time of evident polarisation in the positions held by the multiple actors in this crisis and it is proving increasingly difficult for the most moderate to make their voices heard. It provides a detailed account of th...

Kenya’s military intervention in Somalia: An intricate process

'In the midst of Somalia’s decades of conflict, al-Shabaab, a Somalia-based terrorist group with al-Qaeda links, has become particularly noticeable not only nationally but also regionally. Foreign intervention, therefore, is no new phenomenon in S...

Kenyan Somali Islamist Radicalisation

"Islamist radicalism in Somalia is reaching into Kenya. The cross-border network Al-Shabaab has built is attempting to radicalise youth to fight in Somalia and conduct terrorist attacks in their own country. This problem has become more severe wit...

Assessing the Vulnerability of Kenyan Youths to Radicalisation and Extremism

"Following the intervention of the Kenya Defence Forces in Somalia in October 2011 in reaction to the increase in kidnappings on the Kenyan coast, the threat of terrorism in Kenya increased considerably. Initially the perception was that the thre...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 2, no. 3, 1978

In this issue, contents include notes on authors and their articles; German Foreign Policy; Salt II and Western Security; the Communist Powers and Africa; Cuba, Angola and the West; Short Term South African Foreign Policy Alternatives; and Implica...

Kenya and the Pest of Piracy a Prospective Partner for Peace

"Maritime piracy is a problem that the world has long been faced with – and one that has again reared its ugly head more prominently with the major upswing in pirate activities off the coast of Somalia since the mid- to late 2000s. This report, wh...

Progress Towards Securing Africa's Nuclear Resources

"Section I of this assessment addresses the central research question of how the challenge of securing nuclear materials on the African continent is currently being addressed by investigating existing and future activities undertaken by African go...

Mali: The Need for Determined and Coordinated International Action

"The situation in Mali remains confused six months after President ATT was overthrown. Already destabilised by Tuareg and Islamist armed rebellions that took control of the north, the coup completed the disintegration of the Malian state. Partly d...

Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing Risks in Botswana

"This paper is a contribution to the debate on the risks of money laundering and the financing of terrorism in Botswana. It provides an overview of Botswana’s Anti-Money Laundering and Counter Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) regimes. An analytic...

What do we think? A survey of white opinion on foreign policy issues no 4

This document describes the results of a survey of white South African opinion on foreign and domestic issues, confirming both the constants and shifts in opinion since the previous surveys. The survey was conducted by a self-completion questionna...

African Counter-Terrorism Legal Frameworks a Decade After 2001

"This monograph seeks to explain why rates of ratification, although higher immediately after 2001, are generally low in Africa, and are subject to such regional variation. On the basis that ratification of instruments may be an important componen...

Terrorism in the Maghreb The Transnationalisation of Domestic Terrorism

"This monograph will attempt to place the threat and implication of the name change announcement of the Salafist Group for Combat and Preaching (GSPC)to al-Qa’eda in the Land of the Islamic Maghreb (AQLIM) in context, with the primary focus on ev...

Building States While Fighting Terror: Contradictions in US Strategy in Somalia from 2001 to 2007

"This report suggests that US policy in Somalia since 2001 represents many strong trends in US security thinking.For instance, there has been a revived emphasis on state stability and, conversely,a problematisation of state weakness as a threat. U...

A Critical Assessment of Security Challenges in West Africa

"This paper aims to appraise and map the security challenges that have faced West African countries since independence with a special focus on the period after 1990. It also assesses the efforts made by various national, regional, continental an...

Africa 2008 – 2009: Retrospective look at the past year and forecast for the new year

"The present Situation Report is an attempt to make sense of the various and contrasting developments that marked the year 2008 in Africa from a human security perspective.It also provides some clues to understand the events that are likely to sha...

Africa Aviation Security: Implications for Peace and Security

"This paper focuses on aviation safety and security in Africa. It highlights major concerns and challenges for aviation security and safety in Africa within the global and regional context and attempts to map aviation insecurity in the region. I...

Political Violence in North Africa: The Perils of Incomplete Liberalization

"After the attacks of September 11, 2001, a growing number of analysts and policymakers drew a link between the dramatic rise of terrorism in the Middle East and the region’s lack of democracy. The question of whether levels of political rights ...

Securing Africa's Nuclear Resources

"This publication consists of two main sections with two annexes.Section 1 consists of an outline and initial assessment of nuclear security with particular reference to Africa. This assessment addresses the central research question of how the ch...

Understanding Terrorism in Africa: Building Bridges and Overcoming the Gaps

"The sub-theme of the seminar, ‘building bridges and overcoming gaps in the understanding of terrorism in Africa’, was one of the recommendations reached at the first seminar held in Benoni, South Africa, in November 2006. It posits that, in ord...

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