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Mali: Avoiding Escalation

"This report is published at a time of evident polarisation in the positions held by the multiple actors in this crisis and it is proving increasingly difficult for the most moderate to make their voices heard. It provides a detailed account of the …

Kenya’s military intervention in Somalia: An intricate process

'In the midst of Somalia’s decades of conflict, al-Shabaab, a Somalia-based terrorist group with al-Qaeda links, has become particularly noticeable not only nationally but also regionally. Foreign intervention, therefore, is no new phenomenon in Som…

Kenyan Somali Islamist Radicalisation

"Islamist radicalism in Somalia is reaching into Kenya. The cross-border network Al-Shabaab has built is attempting to radicalise youth to fight in Somalia and conduct terrorist attacks in their own country. This problem has become more severe with …

Assessing the Vulnerability of Kenyan Youths to Radicalisation and Extremism

"Following the intervention of the Kenya Defence Forces in Somalia in October 2011 in reaction to the increase in kidnappings on the Kenyan coast, the threat of terrorism in Kenya increased considerably. Initially the perception was that the threat…

The security situation in Southern Africa

The confrontation between the “White-South” of Africa and the various guerilla forces lined up against it began thirteen years ago in the north of Angola, and this is no longer a remote affair. The problem of race and colour is not unique to South A…

New tools for reform and stability: Sanctions, conditionalists and conflict resolution

"The book begins with an analysis of the logic of conflict in Africa and then examines current thinking and UN practice on sanctions, the case of Iraq and those of India and Pakistan. The focus then shifts to Southern Africa, where the role of diffe…

Traditional and Non Traditional threats in a Changing Global Order: An Indian Perspective

"This paper reflects on the changing dimensions of security from an Indian perspective. It is argued that while the traditional security concerns persist, non-traditional security challenges have attained greater salience in recent years.

Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing Risks in Botswana

"This paper is a contribution to the debate on the risks of money laundering and the financing of terrorism in Botswana. It provides an overview of Botswana’s Anti-Money Laundering and Counter Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) regimes. An analytical…

What do we think? A survey of white opinion on foreign policy issues no 4

This document describes the results of a survey of white South African opinion on foreign and domestic issues, confirming both the constants and shifts in opinion since the previous surveys. The survey was conducted by a self-completion questionnair…

African Counter-Terrorism Legal Frameworks a Decade After 2001

"This monograph seeks to explain why rates of ratification, although higher immediately after 2001, are generally low in Africa, and are subject to such regional variation. On the basis that ratification of instruments may be an important component …

Terrorism in the Maghreb The Transnationalisation of Domestic Terrorism

"This monograph will attempt to place the threat and implication of the name change announcement of the Salafist Group for Combat and Preaching (GSPC)to al-Qa’eda in the Land of the Islamic Maghreb (AQLIM) in context, with the primary focus on even…

Building States While Fighting Terror: Contradictions in US Strategy in Somalia from 2001 to 2007

"This report suggests that US policy in Somalia since 2001 represents many strong trends in US security thinking.For instance, there has been a revived emphasis on state stability and, conversely,a problematisation of state weakness as a threat. US …

A Critical Assessment of Security Challenges in West Africa

"This paper aims to appraise and map the security challenges that have faced West African countries since independence with a special focus on the period after 1990. It also assesses the efforts made by various national, regional, continental and …

Africa 2008 – 2009: Retrospective look at the past year and forecast for the new year

"The present Situation Report is an attempt to make sense of the various and contrasting developments that marked the year 2008 in Africa from a human security perspective.It also provides some clues to understand the events that are likely to shape…

Africa Aviation Security: Implications for Peace and Security

"This paper focuses on aviation safety and security in Africa. It highlights major concerns and challenges for aviation security and safety in Africa within the global and regional context and attempts to map aviation insecurity in the region. It …

Political Violence in North Africa: The Perils of Incomplete Liberalization

"After the attacks of September 11, 2001, a growing number of analysts and policymakers drew a link between the dramatic rise of terrorism in the Middle East and the region’s lack of democracy. The question of whether levels of political rights an…

Securing Africa's Nuclear Resources

"This publication consists of two main sections with two annexes.Section 1 consists of an outline and initial assessment of nuclear security with particular reference to Africa. This assessment addresses the central research question of how the chal…

Understanding Terrorism in Africa: Building Bridges and Overcoming the Gaps

"The sub-theme of the seminar, ‘building bridges and overcoming gaps in the understanding of terrorism in Africa’, was one of the recommendations reached at the first seminar held in Benoni, South Africa, in November 2006. It posits that, in order…

Domestic Terrorism in Africa: Defining, Addressing and Understanding its Impact on Human Security

"This report contains some of the papers that were presented at the fourth seminar of the ‘Understanding terrorism in Africa’ series. The seminar, held under the theme of ‘Understanding domestic terrorism in Africa’, took place in Accra, Ghana from…

Politics and Terrorism An Assessment of the Origin and Threat of Terrorism in Egypt

"The aim of this paper will be to provide insight into the underlying reasons for acts of terrorism in Egypt. In other words, the focus will be on identifying and discussing the development of terrorism in that country in an attempt to reflect on t…

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