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Money Talks - A Key Reason Youths Join Boko Haram

The particular observation in this study, that people join Boko Haram because of financial rewards, challenges the popular scholarly proposition that poverty has no direct causal link with terrorism and violent extremism. Although, it is not the onl…

Boko Haram and Violent Extremism - Perspectives from Peacebuilders

Since 2009, Boko Haram have unleashed atrocities which have affected millions of people in Nigeria and the region as a whole. The results of a field-based study on peace builders’ perspectives of the drivers of violent extremism; and the underlying …

Returning Foreign Terrorist Fighters: An Imminent Threat to Manage / Retour des Combattants Terroristes étrangers: Une Menace Imminente à Gérer /

Over the past two years, many foreign terrorist fighters have returned, but the dismantling of the organized military structures of Daesh and Jabhat Fath Al Sham will accelerate this migration. Returns will take place over the next two years in a mo…

Al Qaeda vs. Daech in the Sahel : What to Expect?

The terrorist landscape in the Sahel is characterized by multiple players that destabilize the countries in the region. Despite the fact that each terrorist group has particular areas of action and zones of influence, nevertheless two main ideologic…

Le Sahel Face aux Tendances Al Qaeda et Daech : Quel Dénouement Possible ? / Al Qaeda vs. Daech in the Sahel: What to Expect?

The terrorist landscape in the Sahel is characterized by multiple players that destabilize the countries in the region. Despite the fact that each terrorist group has particular areas of action and zones of influence, nevertheless two main ideologic…

China faced with the Proliferation of the Terrorist Phenomenon in Africa

"The expansion of the terrorist phenomenon in Africa puts China in a dilemma: to remain true to its non-interference policy in the internal affairs of other States, even if Chinese citizens and interests are threatened or; adopt a more interventio…

La Chine face à la Prolifération du Phénomène Terroriste en Afrique / China faced with the Proliferation of the Terrorist Phenomenon in Africa

With the expansion of the terrorist phenomenon in Africa, China is placed in a dilemma: to remain true to its non-interference policy in the internal affairs of other States, even if Chinese citizens and interests are threatened or; adopt a more int…

From the Mediterranean to the Atlantic: A Corridor Vulnerable to Terrorism

Nigeria on the Atlantic and Libya on the Mediterranean, the two largest oil producers in Africa, are facing the two most violent terrorist groups on the continent. The Libyan version of Daesh and Boko Haram seem to be gaining ground to join in an …

De la Méditerranée à l’Atlantique : le Couloir de Vulnérabilité face au Terrorisme

Deux des plus grands producteurs d'hydrocarbures en Afrique, le Nigeria sur l'Atlantique et la Libye sur la Méditerranée font face aux deux groupes terroristes les plus violents sur le continent. Daech version libyenne et Boko Haram semblent avanc…

Alternatives for Conflict Transformation in Somalia: A Snapshot and Analysis of Key Political Actors' Views and Strategies

This project to explore Alternatives for Conflict Transformation in Somalia (ACTS) was conceived to address the distorting effect of the counterterrorism discourse. A key finding of the research for ACTS is that Somalia – particularly south-central …

Love in a Time of Crisis? Terrorism, ‘Brides’ and the Implementation of UNSCR 2242

United Nations Security Council Resolution 2242 promotes further integration of the women, peace and security, counter-terrorism, and countering violent extremism agendas, among other things. Thus, this policy brief analyses the stories of brides of…

Somalia: Creating Space for Fresh Approaches to Peacebuilding

This publication is a result of a collaboration between the Life & Peace Institute and the Kroc Institute of International Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame. What emerges from the articles is that policy options discussed by decision mak…

Horn Of Africa Bulletin September-October 2014

The first article "The spillover effect of South Sudan in Gambella" describes the conflict between the Nuer and Anuak in the Gambella region and the implications for South Sudan. "Reasons for radicalization" is a summary of a report by Dr Anneli Bot…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 24 No 6 November-December 2012

“The search for peace in the Horn: An optimistic note” acknowledges that the Horn of Africa has had and still continues to have intractable problems. Thus this article takes an optimistic view that recognizes the region’s inherent challenges but als…

L’Etat, les Frontières et le Territoire au Sahel: Cas du G5 Sahel / State, Borders and Territory in the Sahel: The Case of the G5 Sahel

Ce titre et disponible en Anglais: State, Borders and Territory in the Sahel: The case of the G5 Sahel. This Policy Brief highlights the depths of the Sahel crisis. Some aspects of the crisis, such as extremist violence, migration, transnational cri…

Algeria and Morocco: Developing Inclusive Strategies can Prevent Violent Extremism

Algeria and Morocco have been hosting thousands of sub-Saharan African migrants for a growing period of time. The migrants live in poor socio-economic conditions and face discrimination, providing fertile ground for radicalisation. Except for one …

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2013

In ‘The Other Side of Drones: Saving Wildlife in Africa and Managing Global Crime’ the negative consequences of poaching are felt in Africa and around the world, governments and law enforcement may have a way to counter this threat: the use of unarm…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2013

In ‘Africa’s Concept of Unconstitutional Change of Government – How Appropriate?’ Egypt is the latest example of the African Union’s (AU) decision to declare events as an “unconstitutional change of government”, and to suspend Egypt’s AU membership …

Counter-Terrorism, Human Rights and the Rule of Law in Africa

"This paper considers institutional aspects of counterterrorist strategies in Africa in the second decade after the 9/11 attacks in 2001: countering threats while building respect for the rule of law and human rights. It considers how recent events…

Perspectives of African Non-state Actors on the Work of the PSC

"In line with Article 20 of the Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council (PSC)of the African Union (AU) the PSC has taken steps to ‘… encourage non-governmental organizations to participate actively in the efforts ai…

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