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Transparency in Trade Policymaking: Lessons for South Africa from Australia’s Experiences

Trade policy reform in the form of trade liberalisation is a very important tool for raising living standards and improving a country’s economy. Such reform on its own, however, is likely to be rejected by the public and those sectors that would be …

Looking beyond the Doha Round: Reforming the WTO Negotiating Process

Confidence in the World Trade Organisation (WTO) as the main forum for negotiating the reduction of trade barriers and the creation of favourable conditions for international trade seems to have reached its lowest ebb.

EU-SA FTA: The possible effects on Southern African Agriculture

"In a World that seems to be moving steadily towards the dismantling of tariffs and towards trade relations as envisaged by the World Trade Organisation (WTO), tariff rationalisations are still not universally accepted as the only way to economic p…

The African Growth and Opportunity Act : A Preliminary Analysis of the Possible Opportunities and Limitations to Botswana Exporters

"The paper identifies products that have received substantial trade concessions as a result of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) which would otherwise carry a tariff rate of 15% or more when exported to the USA. It explores Botswana's ex…

African Continental Free Trade Area: The Potential Revenue, Trade and Welfare Effects for the East African Community

The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) was launched in 2018 and ratified in 2019. This study examines the likely effects of implementing the AfCFTA on the East African Community (EAC). Specifically, the study estimates the revenue, trade a…

Import Substitution: How do Increased Import Duties in Uganda Affect Trade, Revenue and Welfare

During the reading of Uganda’s budget for FY 2019/20, new tariffs were stipulated—partly as means of attaining Uganda’s import substitution aspiration. This study examines the implications of increased import duties on selected products in a product…

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