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Cities and Agricultural Transformation in Africa: Evidence from Ethiopia

"Due to the rapid growth of cities in Africa, many more farmers are now living in rural hinterlands in relatively close proximity to cities where many provide food to urban residents. However, empirical evidence on how urbanization affects these f...

Cities and Rural Transformation a Spatial Analysis of Rural Youth Livelihoods in Ghana

"Urbanization has had a major impact on livelihoods in Ghana and throughout Africa as a whole. However, much research on urbanization has focused on effects occurring within cities, while there is insufficient understanding of its effects on rura...

A Case Study of the Ivory Park Community Work Programme

The CWP provides two days of work per week (up to 100 days per year) to unemployed people who have been enrolled into the programme. This enables participants to use the other three days to look for long-term employment and other opportunities. T...

A Follow-up Report on the Community Work Programme in Bokfontein

In this community, people worked in various projects such as road maintenance, gardening, home-based care, afterschool care, cutting grass, installing pipes for water, and working on the park. All these projects were also found to be effective in...

Kenya Exploring Peaceful Coexistence in Nairobi's Urban Settlements, Eastleigh, Majengo, Mlango Kubwa

The aim of this research project was to increase CCMRE’s and LPI’s understanding of the complex web of mechanisms affecting (strengthening or weakening) communal coexistence and social cohesion in two sub-administration units of Kamukunji Sub-Cou...

Opportunities First: A New Lens to Shape Priorities for Action in Middle-Income Countries

This report advocates a fundamental change in approach to entrenched poverty in middle-income developing countries by emphasising the ‘O’ rather than the ‘E’ of an equal opportunity ideal. Aspirations to social mobility and justice are more eff...

Small Scale Rainwater Harvesting for Combating Water Deprivation at Orphan Care Centres in Peri-Urban Areas of Lilongwe, Malawi

In urban areas of Malawi, like elsewhere in Africa, uncoordinated rapid urbanization has resulted in profuse informal settlements. These are marginal areas of urban development that are often not provided with adequate water and sanitation ameniti...

Building on Progress? Chinese Engagement in Ethiopia1

"A majority of the growing literature on Sino–African relations focus on China’s relations with resource-rich/economically robust countries or unsavoury regimes. Limited attention has been paid to the rest of Africa’s states, but it is in these ‘l...

Chinese Development Co-operation in Africa: The Case of Tembisa's Friendship Town

"Chinese development co-operation in Africa has invoked both admiration and criticism, much of it based on limited empirical or anecdotal evidence, contributing to conflicting perceptions as to its purpose, means and outcomes. Unpacking the polic...

The Oil Factor in Sino–Angolan Relations at the Start of the 21st Century

"Even though trade figures are the most impressive feature of Sino–Angolan bilateral relations after 2002, the main reason why China’s engagement in Angola has been attracting so much attention from scholars, the media and politicians is the fact ...

Water: A looming crisis?

"Some of the issues discussed in this paper were: Water issues are central to development and environmental sustainability. Government needs to play the strategic leadership role, and take the necessary decisions to address the water crisis. Peopl...

Growth and Development in South Africa's heartland: Silence, exit and voice in the Free State

"This report is about how places that used to be nationally important can easily lose this status, and about how being ‘halfway to everywhere’ is no help at all if most influential people are leaving, fewer are passing through, and fewer still are...

The New Urban Paradigm: A Radical Departure in City Management

This report describes and analyses the significant new approach to managing cities which developed in the US. The best known feature is the zero tolerance approach to crime. This approach to crime prevention is just one aspect of a comprehensive f...

OSSREA Bulletin Vol 6 No 2

In this bulletin several consultative meetings, seminars and a regional workshop were discussed, also discussed were the feature articles entitled: 1)Does Urbanization Encourage Co-habitation in Kampala City? The main objective of this paper was t...

Uganda's National Urban Policy: The Emerging Response to Poverty, Food Security, and Gender in Urban Uganda

"Urban food security and gender are critical factors needing full integration in the National Urban Policy (NUP) if it is to address the needs of the poorest residents of Uganda’s cities. Without attention to the inequalities of power and the subs...

Addressing Urban Food Insecurity in Windhoek, Namibia

"Namibia is a country that is urbanizing rapidly. As population growth rises, there is urgent need for urban policies that will promote food security. Windhoek requires a food security strategy that pays particular attention to the plight of the u...

Improving Participatory Water Governance in Accra, Ghana

"The international community has highlighted the need for participatory environmental governance for more than two decades with efforts such as the Dublin Principles (1992) and the Aarhus Convention on Participatory Management for Environmental Ma...

National Workshop on Natural Resources and Development in Uganda

The theme of the workshop was "Natural Resources and Development in Uganda." Eight papers were presented and the proceedings of the workshop are summarized in this report. The focus of these papers are centered around urban poverty, natural resour...

Poverty and Environment: Impact Analysis of Sustainable Dar es Salaam Project on “Sustainable Livelihoods” of Urban Poor

"The study was carried out to find out strengths and weaknesses in the institutional structure and associated legislation that support measures to improve the environment of the City of Dar es Salaam. The objective is to equip policy makers, parti...

Survival and Accumulation Strategies at the Rural Urban Interface : A Study of Ifakara Town, Tanzania

"Traditionally, small towns have been viewed as an extension of the exploitative arm of state capitalism and an instrument of rural under-development, draining cheaply obtained resources from the rural areas to the large cities. This study takes a...

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