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Cities - Pathways to Prosperity

"We should recognise the importance of cities for growth, for jobs, for prosperity and we should allow people to exercise choice and move to cities to take advantage of the incredible opportunities that they provide. Phenomenal things have happene…

Informal Sector's Role in Food Security A Missing Link in Policy Debates

"This paper aims to review what is currently known about the role played by the informal sector in general and informal retailers in particular, in the accessibility of food in South Africa. The review seeks to identify policy relevant research gap…

Settlement Size Distribution and Development in the Niger Delta Region : Policy Issues

The various sizes of spatial patterns’ settlements has considerable impact on the distribution of social and infrastructure facilities such as health, education, extension services, water and communications services. The vast proportion of the Nige…

African Urban Futures

This paper frames the future of Africa’s urban transition and looks at continental and regional long-term futures, the drivers of urbanization and the relationship between urbanization and economic development. The continent’s current and emerging m…

A Place for Subnational Governments at the International Climate Negotiating Table

"It can be difficult for subnational governments and cities to acquire a place at the negotiating table for international climate events, such as UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) gatherings. This is despite the fact that subnation…

Cities and Agricultural Transformation in Africa: Evidence from Ethiopia

"Due to the rapid growth of cities in Africa, many more farmers are now living in rural hinterlands in relatively close proximity to cities where many provide food to urban residents. However, empirical evidence on how urbanization affects these far…

Cities and Rural Transformation a Spatial Analysis of Rural Youth Livelihoods in Ghana

"Urbanization has had a major impact on livelihoods in Ghana and throughout Africa as a whole. However, much research on urbanization has focused on effects occurring within cities, while there is insufficient understanding of its effects on rural …

A Case Study of the Ivory Park Community Work Programme

The CWP provides two days of work per week (up to 100 days per year) to unemployed people who have been enrolled into the programme. This enables participants to use the other three days to look for long-term employment and other opportunities. Thi…

A Follow-up Report on the Community Work Programme in Bokfontein

In this community, people worked in various projects such as road maintenance, gardening, home-based care, afterschool care, cutting grass, installing pipes for water, and working on the park. All these projects were also found to be effective in f…

Kenya Exploring Peaceful Coexistence in Nairobi's Urban Settlements, Eastleigh, Majengo, Mlango Kubwa

The aim of this research project was to increase CCMRE’s and LPI’s understanding of the complex web of mechanisms affecting (strengthening or weakening) communal coexistence and social cohesion in two sub-administration units of Kamukunji Sub-Count…

Comparisons of Urban and Rural Poverty Determinants in Cameroon

The purpose of this paper is to determine the key variables that affect urban and rural living standards and hence poverty, as well as to identify the factors that explain the existing poverty differences between rural and urban households in Came…

Opportunities First: A New Lens to Shape Priorities for Action in Middle-Income Countries

This report advocates a fundamental change in approach to entrenched poverty in middle-income developing countries by emphasising the ‘O’ rather than the ‘E’ of an equal opportunity ideal. Aspirations to social mobility and justice are more effec…

Promoting Green Urban Industrialization in Ethiopia

African economies are looking to achieve high levels of economic growth in the next few decades, predominantly in growing urban centres. By 2035, roughly half of Africa’s population will live in its rapidly expanding cities. This transition present…

Taxation, Property Rights and the Social Contract in Lagos

Major taxation reforms over the past decade have been interpreted as facilitating the transformation of Lagos: once widely seen as a city in permanent crisis, it is now seen by some observers as a beacon of mega city development. Most academic atten…

Linking Universities and Marginalised Communities South African Case Studies of Innovation Focused on Livelihoods in Informal Settings

"The monograph contributes exploratory research on patterns of interaction in South African universities, with a specific focus on networks of academics and marginalised communities centred on innovation to enhance livelihoods. We describe analytic…

Taxing the Urban Boom: Property Taxation and Land Leasing in Kigali and Addis Ababa

Urban service sectors including construction and real estate drives contemporary economic growth in Africa. This manifests in rapidly transforming landscapes and the proliferation of valuable property in the continent’s booming large cities, often …

Traditional Healers and Their Provision of Mental Health Services in Cosmopolitan Informal Settlements in Nairobi, Kenya

"Traditional healing has been practiced by many cultures in Kenya and for many years. It is an accepted mode of treatment in different cultures. Traditional healers are consulted even today and provide treatment to many people. Traditional medicine …

Who Really Governs Urban Ghana ?

"Ghana is one of Africa’s most urbanised – and rapidly urbanising – countries. In the past three decades, the number of city dwellers has risen from four to 14 million; more than 5.5 million live in slums. Urban growth exerts intense pressure on go…

Poverty and Environmental Degradation in the Lagos Metropolis

The environmental problems confronting the Lagos Metropolis is examined in this paper. The problems are both natural and man-made and can be grouped into physical, sociological and management. After describing the phenomena of poverty and environmen…

Capacity Building Workshop For Parliamentary Support Staff Of States And National Assembly (Water and Sanitation Group) Developing Legislative Agenda And Programmes For Waste Management And Water Development At The Federal, State And Local Level

Situated on the west coast of Africa, Nigeria has a population of about 167 million people. The country has been ranked as one of the twenty-five dirtiest countries in the world. Today most Nigerians still lack access to portable water, regardless o…

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