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Reintegration in Mozambique An unresolved affair

"Close to two decades after the end of the civil war in Mozambique, the country is yet to complete the reintegration of the demobilised combatants into society. This paper sought to understand why the former fighters are raising these issues, and ...

Understanding of the Natural Resource Conflict Dynamics The Case of Tuareg in North Africa and the Sahel

"The paper highlights the process leading to the armed conflict of Tuareg and the role of different countries in the conflict. In particular, it examines the way three dramatic events have shaped the livelihoods of Tuareg: the reorganisation of so...

Understanding South African Food and Agricultural Policy Implications for Agri-Food Value Chains, Regulation and Formal and Informal Livelihoods

"In order to create credibility and sustainability between policies, to avoid political confusion and to reassure “investor confidence”, a clear agri-food policy package needs to be in place. To achieve this, policy packages should be constructed ...

Deflating the Fallacy of Food Deserts Local Food Geographies in Orange Farm and Inner City Johannesburg

"The availability and accessibility of food is constrained by the environments where people live, work and purchase goods, and the pathways which they use to traverse these. This recognition has given rise to innovative conceptual frameworks inclu...

Local Food Geographies The Nature and Extent of Food Insecurity in South Africa

"Food insecurity is a challenge for most countries in the Global South. South Africa is no exception - a significant proportion of its population still remains in poverty and is therefore vulnerable to food insecurity. This paper argues that altho...

Africa's Climate: Helping Decision Makers Make Sense of Climate Information

"African decision-makers need reliable, accessible, and trustworthy information about the continent’s climate, and how this climate might change in future, if they are to plan appropriately to meet the region’s development challenges. The Future ...

Gender Analysis for Sustainable Livelihoods and Participatory Governance in Rwanda

This report presents a gender analysis for sustainable livelihoods and participatory governance in Rwanda, in order to inform Oxfam’s Country Strategy programmes. Oxfam’s work in Rwanda is focused on two interlinked pillars – sustainable liveliho...

Enhancing Food and Nutrition Security in a Corporate-Dominated Food System

"South Africa faces a ‘dual burden’ of malnutrition, with persistent under-nutrition coinciding with rising rates of diet-related NCDs (e.g. diabetes, heart disease, and certain cancers). According to a recent national survey, 54% of households n...

Empowerment and Agricultural Production Evidence from Rural Households in Niger

"Niger is a landlocked Sahelian country, two-thirds of which is in the Sahara desert, with only one-eighth of the land considered arable. Nevertheless, more than 90 percent of Niger’s labor force is employed in agriculture, which is predominantly ...

Children's Diets, Nutrition Knowledge, and Access to Markets

"Chronic undernutrition in Ethiopia is widespread and many children consume highly monotonous diets. To improve feeding practices in Ethiopia, a strong focus in nutrition programming has been placed on improving the nutrition knowledge of caregive...

Diet Transformation in Africa: The Case of Ethiopia

"Africa's food systems are changing fast amid rapid economic growth, emerging urbanization, and structural transformation. In this study, we use four rounds of nationally representative data from Ethiopia to examine changes in household food consu...

The Good, the Better and the Best: How the Community Work Programme can Reach its Full Potential as an Instrument of Community Development in South Africa

By providing an employment safety net, the CWP offers enormous benefits. Although the payments that people receive are relatively small, they contribute to raising average household incomes and stimulating local economies in areas with high level...

The Impact of Oil Exploitation on Wellbeing in Chad

This study assesses the impact of oil revenues on wellbeing in Chad using data from the two last Chad Household Consumption and Informal Sector Surveys (ECOSIT 2 & 3), conducted in 2003 and 2011, respectively, by the National Institute of Statis...

Strengthening Social Protection in the Informal Sector through CBMS: Case of the Communes of Diébougou (Province of Bougouriba), Koper (Province of Ioba) and To (Province of Sissili)

Burkina Faso has experienced the implementation of several social safety net programs to promote access to basic social services and employment of disadvantaged social strata, and to reduce the effects of exogenous shocks. These programs are base...

Examining Livelihoods and Reconsidering Rural Development in the Former Homelands of South Africa

Persistent poverty and under-development in South Africa’s former homeland communal areas have been little changed by post-apartheid ‘rural development’ policy. Rural development policy has often been characterised by impulses towards topdown plan...

Trade and Investment in Fish and Fish Products Between South Africa and the Rest of SADC: Implications for Food and Nutrition Security

This paper looks at the dynamics of intra-regional trade and investment in fish and fish products between South Africa and the rest of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) region, and the implications of this trade for food and nutri...

Reconsidering Rural Development: Using Livelihood Analysis to Examine Rural Development in the Former Homelands of South Africa

This report draws on livelihoods-based analysis, in order to examine rural development, and rural development policy, within South African’s former ‘homeland’ (or ‘bantustan’) communal areas. The report commences by describing the larger context...

Cost Benefit Analysis of Post-Harvest Management Innovations: Benin Case Study

This report presents results of cost-benefit analysis of modern post-harvest technologies (metal silos and hermetic bags) with particular focus on maize, beans and cow peas in Benin. The need to reduce post-harvest losses for major food crops come...

Cost Benefit Analysis of Post-Harvest Management Innovations in Mozambique

This report presents results of cost-benefit analysis of modern post-harvest technologies (metal silos and hermetic bags) with particular focus on maize, beans and cow peas in Mozambique. Sub-Saharan Africa has been incurring huge post-harvest l...

The Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture and Food Security in Africa

Climate change will play an increasingly important role in Africa, as elsewhere, during the course of the 21st century. Rising temperatures and increased frequency of extremely dry and wet years are expected to slow progress toward increased produ...

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