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Reintegration in Mozambique An unresolved affair

"Close to two decades after the end of the civil war in Mozambique, the country is yet to complete the reintegration of the demobilised combatants into society. This paper sought to understand why the former fighters are raising these issues, and ho…

Understanding of the Natural Resource Conflict Dynamics The Case of Tuareg in North Africa and the Sahel

"The paper highlights the process leading to the armed conflict of Tuareg and the role of different countries in the conflict. In particular, it examines the way three dramatic events have shaped the livelihoods of Tuareg: the reorganisation of soci…

The Feasability of Mandatory Fortification of Cereals in Botswana

"The purpose of this publication is to examine the feasibility of mandatory fortification of cereals in Botswana. The rest of the publication is organised as follows. Chapter 2 briefly reviews existing literature on the state of malnutrition in Bots…

The Food Security Situation in the South African Development Community

"This brief gives an overview of the important issue of food security in the Southern African Development Community(SADC). Since nine of the fourteen SADC countries have been classified as 'Low Income Food Deficit Countries' (LIFDCs) by the Food a…

Improving the Measurement of Food Security

"Although food security measurement has been substantially expanded in recent decades, there persists significant dissatisfaction with existing measurement systems, especially in the wake of the global food and financial crisis. In this paper we fir…

The Supply of Inorganic Fertilizers to Smallholder Farmers in Mozambique: Evidence for Fertilizer Policy Development

"Inorganic fertilizer is one of a handful of agricultural technologies that have immense potential for raising the productivity of poor smallholders, enabling them to increase income, accumulate assets, and set themselves economically on a pathway o…

The Supply of Inorganic Fertilizers to Smallholder Farmers in Tanzania: Evidence for Fertilizer Policy Development

"Inorganic fertilizer is one of a handful of agricultural technologies that have immense potential for raising the productivity of poor smallholders, enabling them to increase income, accumulate assets, and set themselves economically on a pathway o…

Socio-economic Contribution of South African Fisheries and their Current Legal, Policy and Management Frameworks

"Fisheries policy is founded on two fundamental principles: that fisheries resources belong to all of South Africa's people, and that these resources shuld be utilised on a sustainable basis. South Africa's management authorities face a growing need…

Crew Members in South Africa's Squid Industry: Whether they have Benefitted from Transformation and Governance Reforms

"Although crew members form bedrock of the squid industry, they have not benefited from the transformation and governance reforms because: the harvesting technique necessitates incentivisation of individual effort; they are highly mobile; and the in…

Contested Fishing Grounds: Examining the Possibility of a Transboundary Management Regime in the Lake Kariba Fishery

"Community-based natural resources management (CBNRM) programmes in the southern African region emerged as a reaction to colonial ‘fortress’ conservation policies that criminalised and marginalised local people, preventing their use of natural resou…

People-Centred Environmental Management and Municipal Commonage in the Nama Karoo

"The effective management of municipal commonage can contribute to land reform, food security, local economic development and sustainable natural resource use. Commonage land is, in many towns, the only natural resource available to poor communities…

The Impact of Community-based Forest Management and Joint Forest Management on the Forest Resource Base and Local People's Livelihoods: Case Studies from Tanzania

"In recent years, there has been a move in eastern and southern African countries from centralised and state-driven management of natural resources towards decentralised and people-centred based regimes. In Tanzania, the inception of the 1998 nation…

CBNRM, Poverty Reduction and Sustainable Livelihoods: Developing Criteria for Evaluating the Contribution of CBNRM to Poverty Reduction and Alleviation in Southern Africa

"This research paper explores the relationships between community-based natural resource management (CBNRM), poverty reduction/alleviation and rural livelihoods. The objectives of this paper are as follows: • to explore the current understanding o…

Land Reform, Sustainable Rural Livelihoods and Gender Relations: A Case Study of Gallawater A Farm Volume 1

"The first chapter of this report outlines the rationale for the research on gender relations, sustainable rural livelihoods and land reform. It also provides background on the analytical framework utilised in the study, and the research sites wh…

Land Reform, Sustainable Rural Livelihoods and Gender Relations: A Case Study of Gallawater A Farm Volume 2

"There is an ongoing debate about the sustainability of South African communal rangelands as old views on overgrazing and degradation are being widely challenged.This case study titled Grazing management and sustainability in a land reform pilot pr…

The Externalisation and Casualisation of Farm Labour in Western Cape Horticulture

"The purpose of this study is to explore in depth the extent and nature of the changes in the Western Cape. It provides a quantitative overview of farm employment in the most important labour-absorptive sectors of Western Cape horticulture (vi…

Land and Agrarian Reform in South Africa: A Status Report, 2004

"The report reviews the achievements and shortcomings of land and agrarian reform in South Africa in the first decade of democracy and provides a description of the status of these initiatives as at 2004. Chapter 1 presents a brief historical backgr…

Issues of Increasing Levels of Poverty and Hunger in Africa, with Specific Reference to South Africa

"The majority of people in African countries, especially in South Africa, live subsistence livelihoods below the poverty line. Poverty is a condition characterised by a lack of basic needs such as water, health care, foods, sufficient access to soci…

Women and Urban Food Insecurity in Southern Africa

"In Southern Africa, poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition are usually viewed as rural problems, with little focus on cities. The locus of poverty, however, is gradually shifting from rural to urban areas and is manifested in growing food insecu…

Joint Ventures and Livelihoods in Emerging Small-scale Irrigation Schemes in Greater Sekhukhune District: Perspectives from Hereford

"The research was primarily concerned with the impact of BEE, articulated through joint ventures, on the ‘livelihoods’ of people living in emerging small-scale irrigation schemes in some of the least affluent rural areas within the municipality. T…

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