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Waiting for a Green Revolution

"Predictions of a Green Revolution in Africa are overstated. Investment in African agriculture has been neglected by governments and donors. The proportion of aid allocated to agriculture fell from 17% in 1980 to 3% in 2005. Population growth and...

Making Fertiliser Subsidies Work in Malawi

"These notes highlight the role of fertiliser subsidies in Malawi, the world’s fifth poorest country. Malawi has suffered recurrent poor harvests, with disastrous consequences for food security since the early 1990s. Yields have improved significa...

The Use of Sustainable Irrigation for Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania:The Case of Smallholder Irrigation Schemes in Igurusi, Mbarali District

"Irrigation has been found to be a central key part in curbing food scarcity not only in Tanzania but also in many other developing countries. The continued dependence on rainfall in agriculture has proved incapable of sustaining the population i...

Poverty and Changing Livelihoods of Migrant Maasai Pastoralists in Morogoro and Kilosa Districts, Tanzania

"The objective of this study was to analyse how the Maasai migrants have adapted themselves to the new ecological conditions and the impact of such adaptations on their livelihoods. Confronted with the loss of grazing land due to several geographi...

Tackling Vulnerability An Approach to Poverty Reduction: A Plain Language Guide to the 2002/03 Tanzania Participatory Poverty Assessment

"This booklet is a plain language guide to the Tanzania Participatory Poverty Assessment 2002/03 (TzPPA). The TzPPA study was commissioned by the Government in order to understand people’s vulnerability to poverty in Tanzania. Vulnerability refers...

Mkukuta Cluster I: Growth and Reduction of Income Poverty

"The broad outcome for MKUKUTA’s first cluster is broad-based and equitable growth that is achieved and sustained. The overall assessment for this cluster indicates progress, but the rate of growth needs to be accelerated, with particular attentio...

Spatial Analysis of Livestock Production Patterns in Ethiopia

"The livestock sector is a large contributor to the Ethiopian economy as well as a mainstay in the livelihoods of many Ethiopians. It comprised 11 percent of national GDP and 24 percent of agricultural GDP between the years of 1995/96 and 2005/06 ...

Equitable Sharing of the Treasures of Oil and Gas In a Transparent and Environmentally Sustainable Manner

"The discussions centred on two important ideas: First, Parliament must actively engage in the legislative process and pass laws that are strong, detailed and responsive to the many risks that oil production creates. Second, Parliament must use i...

Implications of Climate Change for Economic Growth and Sustainable Development in Nigeria

"The contemporary world today is paying the prize of industrialization and unwholesome human activities that are manifested in form of climate change. This is all about global warming,and global warming has now been elevated to a global warning....

Drivers and Sustainability of Agricultural Growth In Nigeria

"This paper evaluates the factors that drive Nigeria’s agricultural growth with an intent to inform and stimulate appropriate policy responses for growth sustainability. Using hypothesized traditional factor inputs, the study estimated a global ag...

The Tragedy of Natural Resources Dependent Pastoral Communities: A case of Teso-Karamoja Border Land Conflict

"This research sought to establish the linkages between land scarcity, security and ethnic conflict among the Itesot and the Karimojong in Katakwi- Moroto districts and identify options on how to resolve the conflict. Katakwi district is occupied...

From Concept to Action: The Protection and Promotion of Farmers' Rights in East Africa

"The importance of plant genetic resources and the need to conserve and sustainably utilize them has been the subject of many regional and international discussions in the last two and a half decades. The thrust of these discussions has centered n...

Uganda National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan: The Crisis in Uganda's Biodiversity Policy Making Process

"It is important to recognize that Uganda's efforts to transform her economy, social services and politics are directly tied to the fate of our biological resources. Uganda's stock of biological diversity including forests, wildlife, wetlands, mic...

Promoting Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture through Facilitated Access to Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture: Understanding the Multilateral System of Access and Benefit Sharing

"This paper has been prepared to contribute to the understanding of the operation of the Multilateral System of Access and Benefit Sharing (herein after referred to as the Multilateral System) and the opportunities it offers in promoting food secu...

Deepening Democracy and Enhancing Sustainable Livelihoods in Uganda: An Independent Review of the Performance of Special Interest Groups in Parliament

"In 2006 Uganda was going through a political transition process. To most political commentators, yet another milestone in the democratic development of a country whose 44 years of post-independence period have been marred by political anarchy an...

Agricultural Mechanization Strategies for Rwanda Shifting from Subsistence Agriculture to Market-oriented Agriculture

"Farming in Rwanda remains largely subsistence in nature. With a rapid increase in food population, the pressure on ensuring food security is a constant challenge for the stakeholders. Significant progress has been made in Rwanda in the past deca...

Rwandan Agriculture Sector Situational Analysis

"The main objective of this review is to provide reliable situation analysis of Rwandan Agricultural sector and to recommend interventional strategies that would enable the government and her development partners to come up with sustainable interv...

The Food Security Situation in the South African Development Community

"This brief gives an overview of the important issue of food security in the Southern African Development Community(SADC). Since nine of the fourteen SADC countries have been classified as 'Low Income Food Deficit Countries' (LIFDCs) by the Food...

Policy for Industrial Development: A Case Study of the Clothing Industry in Mauritius

"A major cause of the economic success enjoyed by Mauritius was the rapid growth of the clothing industry. This policy brief presents the key industrial policies responsible for developing the clothing industry. The brief also highlights the chall...

Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy 2008 - 2012

"The EDPRS is set out as follows. Chapter 2 provides a summary of what Rwanda has achieved to date in terms of recent growth performance, poverty reduction, human development and governance reform. It identifies the major challenges to be faced in...

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