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Consequences and Limitations of Recent Fiscal Policy in Cote d'Ivoire

"Our concern in this research is precisely to discuss the effectiveness of the measures adopted for fiscal adjustment in Côte d'Ivoire regarding its fiscal profile over the past two decades and the determinants of its fiscal deficit. We intend to i…

Effects of Macroeconomic Policies (Fiscal, Trade, Exchange Rate, Structural Adjustment etc) on Health and Health Inequality

"The main objective of this paper is to present the literature review on the effects of macroeconomic policies on health and health inequality. The literature on this subject addresses the relevant issues in terms of macroeconomic policies developed…

Exchange Rate Depreciation and the Structure of Sectoral Prices in Nigeria under an Alternative Pricing Regime, 1986—89

"In this study, the impact of exchange rate depreciation witnessed in Nigeria between 1986 and 1989 on the structure of sectoral prices under alternative pricing regimes was investigated. To this end, a model useful in simulating these impacts was d…

Exchange Rate Regimes and Inflation in Tanzania

"The study examines the influence of the major determinants of inflation with a particular focus on the role of exchange rate policy changes. The gradual change in policy orientation from “controls” to “market” in Tanzania is associated with a chang…

Explaining African Economic Growth Performance : The Case of Kenya

"The objective of this study is to explain Kenya’s economic growth performance from the 1960s to the 1990s, drawing on growth accounting decompositions and cross-country endogenous growth literature. The analysis provides guidance on what factors ar…

Explaining Sudan’s Economic Growth Performance

"The paper is composed of twelve sections. Section 2 gives a quick historical background to the economy of the country, while Section 3 looks at the growth record of the country in terms of the chosen periods as well as in terms of the half-decades …

External Debt and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan African Countries: An Econometric Study

"Results obtained in this study confirm that an excessively high stock of external debt depresses investment and lowers the rate of economic growth. Thus, heavily indebted countries in sub-Saharan Africa need to articulate creative strategies for …

Food Production in Zambia: The Impact of Selected Structural Adjustment Policies

"The paper examines the impact of selected structural adjustment policies on food production in Zambia. Using a four-year panel of post-harvest data, a system of six crops, two variable inputs and three fixed inputs is estimated. The resulting sup…

Geneva WTO Trade Negotiation Seminar Papers

"A workshop washeld in Geneva on March 9, 2000 for African representatives to the WTO, to present some of the country studies along with some thematic overviews.This volume represents some of the material presented at that workshop. It covers trade…

Growth and Foreign Debt: The Ugandan Experience

"This paper analyses Uganda’s external debt problem. Like many other countries in the sub-Saharan Africa, Uganda is a severely indebted low-income country. Uganda’s total debt stock at end June 1993 was estimated at US$2.64 billion, with a debt se…

Macroeconomic Constraints and Medium-term Growth in Kenya: a Three-Gap Analysis

"This paper has used a simple analytical framework to study whether it is the saving, fiscal or foreign exchange gap which is the binding constraint on capacity growth in Kenya and how these gaps have evolved since the early 1970s. The three-gap fra…

Productivity of the Nigerian Tax System: 1970–1990

"This study evaluates the productivity of the tax system for the period 1970—1990 to devise a reasonably accurate estimation of Nigeria’s sustainable revenue profile. This will assist in the design of an appropriate expenditure profile as a means of…

National Workshop on Small Scale Enterprises in Sudan : Management and Socio-Economic Aspects

"Eight papers were presented in three sessions. A general paper on Sudanese crafts, a paper on structural adjustment and small-scale enterprises and a third paper on small-scale processing enterprises in Sudan were presented in the second session. …

Structural Adjustment Programmes and the Coffee Sector in Uganda, 1981—1987

"The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of structural adjustment policies on the supply conditions of coffee, Uganda's major export, which accounts for over 90% of foreign exchange earnings and about 50% of tax revenue. Because of…

Structural Adjustment, Poverty and Economic Growth: An Analysis For Kenya

"This paper analyses the impact of structural adjustment programmes on poverty and economic growth in Kenya. The results indicate that there was a decrease in poverty between 1992 and 1994 as shown by all poverty measures, while results from other …

Supply Response, Risk and Institutional Change in Nigerian Agriculture

"Nigeria is among many African countries that have engaged in agricultural liberalization since 1986 in the hope that reforms emphasizing price incentives will encourage producers to respond. Hitherto, the reforms seem to have introduced greater unc…

Supply Response in the Context of Structural Adjustment in Sub Saharan Africa

"This document specifically identified the world recession, falling real commodity prices, declining export volume and terms of trade, rising interest rates and debt burden, as well as drought as the major factors responsible for Africa's economic c…

Tax Reform and Tax Yield in Malawi

"The purpose of this study is to evaluate the tax reforms that Malawi has carried out over time, paying particular attention to intensive reforms that were undertaken in the context of structural adjustment in the 1980s and early 1990s. The study fo…

The Nigerian Economy: Response of Agriculture to Adjustment Policies

"This study estimated price and non-price supply response coefficients for nine individual crops, sub-sectoral aggregates and commodity exports using the two-stage least squares (TSLS) and seemingly unrelated regression method (SURM) as tools for ev…

Efficiency Wage, Rent-Sharing Theories and Wage Determination in the Manufacturing Sector in Nigeria

"The Nigerian labour market, like other sectors of the economy, witnessed dramatic changes following the introduction of the structural adjustment programmes (SAPs) in mid 1986. The labour market has a central role to play in the attainment of SAP o…

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