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Burundi and the Future of Humanitarian Intervention

"This paper is an attempt to establish a legal basis within the framework of international law for humanitarian intervention in a world of nominally sovereign states. It will be argued that a norm of justified intervention can be found in the UN Ch…

Policy Brief : Counter-Terrorism and the National Security of African States: Points of Convergence and Departure

"Africa’s recognition of the threat of terrorism to the continent has culminated in the galvanisation of national, regional and international efforts towards counter-terrorism on the continent. The renewed efforts have culminated in the (1) designin…

The Responsibility to Protect: The Time to Act is Now

"This policy brief argues that the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) presents opportunities for burden‐sharing between states and the international community in the protection of the world’s population from mass killings. This opportunity, the brief f…

Displaced in Darfur: An Analysis of Humanitarian and Protection Operations for the Internally Displaced in Darfur

"The Darfur case offers an opportunity to analyze and examine the situation of IDP's who have been displaced because of violent armed conflict on a massive scale and in a situation where the host government is unwilling either to provide assistance …

Boundaries of Peace Support Operations: The African Dimension

"Annika Hansen makes an attempt to define or delineate some universally applicable principles on when, where and how third-party intervention should take place. An attempt at circumscribing what should or should not be done under the rubric of ‘pea…

Guinea-Bissau: In Need of a State

Excerpt: "Guinea-Bissau needs a state. Its political and administrative structures are insufficient to guarantee control of its territory, assure minimum public services or counter-balance the army’s dominance. This core weakness has been at the roo…

Beyond the Fragile Peace between Ethiopia and Eritrea: Averting New War

Excerpt: "The Ethiopia-Eritrea impasse carries serious risk of a new war and is a major source of instability in the Horn of Africa, most critically for Somalia. Following Ethiopia’s refusal to accept virtual demarcation of the border by the now dis…

The Challenges of post-1990 Regional Integration in Africa: Pan-African Parliament

"The paper looks at current efforts to build regional governance institutions in Africa, through post-1990 treaties. For instance, the 1991 Treaty of Abuja (Article 91) and the Constitutive Act of the African Union (AU)(Articles 17, 22) provide for …

Governing regionalism in Africa: Themes and Debates

"Historically, regionalism has advanced only through contested processes where states learn to cede sovereignty over long periods of interactions across a wide range of domains, in particular the functional sphere of economic co-operation. Secondly,…

The Regional Dimension to the United States of Africa ‘Grand Debate’

"Of increasingly pressing importance is the question of the regional or subregional dimensions of building a pan-African continental political community. This question came to a head at the last heads-of-state summit of the African Union (AU) in Ac…

Arab Maghreb Union SADR Equation : A Moroccan Opening?

South Africa could go a long way toward restoring its African diplomatic credentials as the continent’s default leader. Were South Africa willing and able to negotiate a compromise bridging the Moroccan-SADR/Algeria divide? In the process, should a…

Morocco’s Sovereignty over Natural Resources in Saharan Provinces - Taking Cherry Blossom Case as an Example -

The challenges against Morocco’s sovereignty over natural resources in Saharan districts will be thoroughly examined and criticized. First, the inaccurate interpretation by the EU court of the phrase “a status separate and distinct from an administe…

The Underlying Causes of Morocco-Spain Maritime Dispute off the Atlantic Coast

This paper will examine the rationale behind Morocco’s decision to update its maritime laws, as well as the underlying causes that have prevented Rabat and Madrid from reaching a definitive agreement on the delimitation of their maritime borders off…

Bridging the Divide in Ethiopia’s North

Tigray and Amhara, Ethiopia’s two powerful northern regions, are locked in a dangerous standoff. The tensions over Amhara claims to land administered by Tigray sparked proxy violence in 2018 and could do so again given the lack of appetite for compr…

The African State after Internationalism: What will the demise of Liberal Internationalism mean for African States?

Modern African states have usually defined themselves with reference to foreign norms shaped by foreign power, whether economic or military: norms imposed under colonialism and refined in the postcolonial, international-community dispensation. Howev…

Food Security and Sovereignty in Africa: Issues, Policy Challenges and Opportunities

The last few decades have seen food insecurity as an emerging crisis that has bedeviled many African countries. While many post-colonial African governments have widely recognized the role of agriculture in national development and capacity develo…

Freedom of Movement in Southern Africa: A SADC (pipe) dream?

Growing socio-economic disparities within and between states in Southern Africa are a major impediment to adopting a more collective approach to managing migration. This is compounded by a lack of political will from Southern African Development Co…

The Implementation Gap of the Regional Integration Agenda in SADC

The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), hosted a two-day policy advisory group seminar on the theme “The Implementation of the Regional Integration Agenda in the Southern African Development Community (SADC)”. The meeting brought together about 30…

The Implementation Gap of the Regional Integration Agenda in SADC / Seminar Report

This paper discussed the two-day policy advisory group seminar with the theme : “The Implementation Gap of the Regional Integration Agenda in the Southern African Development Community (SADC)”. The meeting brought together about 30 key policymakers,…

State, Borders and Territory in the Sahel: The Case of the G5 Sahel

This document is available in French as well : L’Etat, les frontières et le territoire au Sahel : Cas du G5 Sahel. This Policy Brief highlights the depths of the Sahel crisis. Some aspects of the crisis, such as extremist violence, migration, trans…

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