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Towards an Assessment of Organised Crime Networks as Parallel Sovereignties

This policy brief uses a relatively new analytical framework to understand organised crime by arguing that organised crime networks should be understood as alternative or parallel sovereigns. The concept of sovereignty is no longer limited to the s…

Seminar report: Reconstructing fragility? The Post-Conflict State in the DRC

"The two-day seminar comprised seven sessions, as listed below. The seven main sessions included presentations of three to four experts, followed by a discussion: Session I: Evaluating the post-conflict state Session II: Management of natural reso…

Merchants of African Conflict More Than Just a Pound of Flesh

"This monograph is a modest contribution to the body of knowledge that seeks to intensify the call for the regulation of PMSCs in Africa, especially in the context of African conflicts. That African conflicts have included the use of PMSCs is not in…

The Proposed AU Authority: Hybridisation, Balancing Intergovernmentalism and Supranationalism

"This paper is a contribution to the ongoing reflection on the proposed AU Authority. It contends that while the AU Commission might have failed to deliver in certain areas, the reasons for non-delivery are a combination of technical and political c…

‘New Growth on Deep Roots’ Prospects for an African Union Government

"This paper traces the roots of the Pan-Africanist vision for the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), and then examines the prospects for its revival in the African Union (AU). It is evident from an analysis of OAU decisions, declarations and speec…

Sovereignty and the‘United States of Africa’ Insights from the EU

"This paper has five main parts. In the first part, the concept of state sovereignty and its application within the modern state discourse is traced, albeit briefly. In the next part, the concept of sovereignty in the pursuit for Africa’s integrati…

Intervention to Protect Civilians in Darfur Legal Dilemmas and Policy Imperatives

"This study is divided into five parts. The introductory part gives a background of the Darfur crisis by examining the origins and nature of human rights violations taking place in that part of the Sudan. It also reviews initial responses to the atr…

The SADC Organ Challenges in the New Millenium

"The SADC Organ, formed in 1996 to harmonise regional security issues, has been the single most important security related development in the Southern African region of late. The focus of this paper is on some of the challenges the SADC Organ faces…

The Lesotho/Free State Border

"The subject of this paper is the 450km international border between the South African province of the Free State and the sovereign state of Lesotho. The aim is twofold: First, to examine the role of existing South African borderline control in shap…

Ethiopian-Eritrean Relations: Reading the Balance Sheet

"The end of the two-year Eritrea-Ethiopia war with the signing of the Algiers Accord was a cause for celebration among the people of the two countries. It brought hope that, with the settlement of the border issue, the relationship between them wou…

Burundi and the Future of Humanitarian Intervention

"This paper is an attempt to establish a legal basis within the framework of international law for humanitarian intervention in a world of nominally sovereign states. It will be argued that a norm of justified intervention can be found in the UN Ch…

Policy Brief : Counter-Terrorism and the National Security of African States: Points of Convergence and Departure

"Africa’s recognition of the threat of terrorism to the continent has culminated in the galvanisation of national, regional and international efforts towards counter-terrorism on the continent. The renewed efforts have culminated in the (1) designin…

The Responsibility to Protect: The Time to Act is Now

"This policy brief argues that the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) presents opportunities for burden‐sharing between states and the international community in the protection of the world’s population from mass killings. This opportunity, the brief f…

Displaced in Darfur: An Analysis of Humanitarian and Protection Operations for the Internally Displaced in Darfur

"The Darfur case offers an opportunity to analyze and examine the situation of IDP's who have been displaced because of violent armed conflict on a massive scale and in a situation where the host government is unwilling either to provide assistance …

Boundaries of Peace Support Operations: The African Dimension

"Annika Hansen makes an attempt to define or delineate some universally applicable principles on when, where and how third-party intervention should take place. An attempt at circumscribing what should or should not be done under the rubric of ‘pea…

Guinea-Bissau: In Need of a State

Excerpt: "Guinea-Bissau needs a state. Its political and administrative structures are insufficient to guarantee control of its territory, assure minimum public services or counter-balance the army’s dominance. This core weakness has been at the roo…

Beyond the Fragile Peace between Ethiopia and Eritrea: Averting New War

Excerpt: "The Ethiopia-Eritrea impasse carries serious risk of a new war and is a major source of instability in the Horn of Africa, most critically for Somalia. Following Ethiopia’s refusal to accept virtual demarcation of the border by the now dis…

The Challenges of post-1990 Regional Integration in Africa: Pan-African Parliament

"The paper looks at current efforts to build regional governance institutions in Africa, through post-1990 treaties. For instance, the 1991 Treaty of Abuja (Article 91) and the Constitutive Act of the African Union (AU)(Articles 17, 22) provide for …

Governing regionalism in Africa: Themes and Debates

"Historically, regionalism has advanced only through contested processes where states learn to cede sovereignty over long periods of interactions across a wide range of domains, in particular the functional sphere of economic co-operation. Secondly,…

The Regional Dimension to the United States of Africa ‘Grand Debate’

"Of increasingly pressing importance is the question of the regional or subregional dimensions of building a pan-African continental political community. This question came to a head at the last heads-of-state summit of the African Union (AU) in Ac…

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