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Guinea-Bissau: In Need of a State

Excerpt: "Guinea-Bissau needs a state. Its political and administrative structures are insufficient to guarantee control of its territory, assure minimum public services or counter-balance the army’s dominance. This core weakness has been at the r...

Beyond the Fragile Peace between Ethiopia and Eritrea: Averting New War

Excerpt: "The Ethiopia-Eritrea impasse carries serious risk of a new war and is a major source of instability in the Horn of Africa, most critically for Somalia. Following Ethiopia’s refusal to accept virtual demarcation of the border by the now d...

The Challenges of post-1990 Regional Integration in Africa: Pan-African Parliament

"The paper looks at current efforts to build regional governance institutions in Africa, through post-1990 treaties. For instance, the 1991 Treaty of Abuja (Article 91) and the Constitutive Act of the African Union (AU)(Articles 17, 22) provide fo...

Governing regionalism in Africa: Themes and Debates

"Historically, regionalism has advanced only through contested processes where states learn to cede sovereignty over long periods of interactions across a wide range of domains, in particular the functional sphere of economic co-operation. Secondl...

The Regional Dimension to the United States of Africa ‘Grand Debate’

"Of increasingly pressing importance is the question of the regional or subregional dimensions of building a pan-African continental political community. This question came to a head at the last heads-of-state summit of the African Union (AU) in ...

Arab Maghreb Union SADR Equation : A Moroccan Opening?

South Africa could go a long way toward restoring its African diplomatic credentials as the continent’s default leader. Were South Africa willing and able to negotiate a compromise bridging the Moroccan-SADR/Algeria divide? In the process, should...

The Implementation Gap of the Regional Integration Agenda in SADC

The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), hosted a two-day policy advisory group seminar on the theme “The Implementation of the Regional Integration Agenda in the Southern African Development Community (SADC)”. The meeting brought together about ...

The Implementation Gap of the Regional Integration Agenda in SADC / Seminar Report

This paper discussed the two-day policy advisory group seminar with the theme : “The Implementation Gap of the Regional Integration Agenda in the Southern African Development Community (SADC)”. The meeting brought together about 30 key policymaker...

State, Borders and Territory in the Sahel: The Case of the G5 Sahel

This document is available in French as well : L’Etat, les frontières et le territoire au Sahel : Cas du G5 Sahel. This Policy Brief highlights the depths of the Sahel crisis. Some aspects of the crisis, such as extremist violence, migration, tra...

The Challenge of Constitutionalism and Separation of Powers Doctrine in South Sudan

This paper aims at exploring the practice of the concept of constitutionalism in South Sudan. Particularly, it assesses the extent to which the doctrine of separation of powers is practiced as it relates to vertical and horizontal power relationsh...

The African State after Internationalism: What will the demise of Liberal Internationalism mean for African States?

Modern African states have usually defined themselves with reference to foreign norms shaped by foreign power, whether economic or military: norms imposed under colonialism and refined in the postcolonial, international-community dispensation. How...

Food Security and Sovereignty in Africa: Issues, Policy Challenges and Opportunities

The last few decades have seen food insecurity as an emerging crisis that has bedeviled many African countries. While many post-colonial African governments have widely recognized the role of agriculture in national development and capacity deve...

Freedom of Movement in Southern Africa: A SADC (pipe) dream?

Growing socio-economic disparities within and between states in Southern Africa are a major impediment to adopting a more collective approach to managing migration. This is compounded by a lack of political will from Southern African Development ...

Towards an Assessment of Organised Crime Networks as Parallel Sovereignties

This policy brief uses a relatively new analytical framework to understand organised crime by arguing that organised crime networks should be understood as alternative or parallel sovereigns. The concept of sovereignty is no longer limited to the...

Swaziland's Non-Party Political System and the 2013 Tinkhundla Elections Breaking the SADC impasse?

"The first section of the report provides an overview of the Swazi political landscape, while the second discusses the tinkhundla political model and reflects on the feasibility of the system and its institutions to become potential catalysts for ...

South Sudan: Compounding Instability in Unity State

"Given its history, resources, ethno-political significance and location – at once both strategic and isolated – Unity state is today a territory of unique importance and complexity. Instability must be considered in light of the complicated hist...

The Heglig Oil Conflict: An Exercise of Sovereignty or an Act of Aggression?

"This policy brief examines the hostile interaction between the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan triggered by South Sudan’s invasion of the Heglig oilfield. The cumbersome nature of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and the ...

South Sudan, Africa’s Newest State: Challenges, Prospects and Lessons for South Africa

"South Sudan achieved independence on 9 July 2011 after more than six years of practising the art of statecraft under its semi-autonomous status as prescribed by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). The CPA ended almost 22 years of armed confl...

The Evolving Concept and Institution of Sovereignty Challenges and Opportunities

"Sovereignty has continuously metamorphosed over the years in terms of its norms and practices. This evolving character of sovereignty has been hailed by those who advocate a responsible and accountable sovereign authority, and lamented by those w...

International Affairs Bulletin (Vol. 13/No 3/1989)

"This edition of the bulletin has been dedicated to a new framework for foreign policy analysis.Charles Kegley explores the achievements and shortcomings of the Comparative Foreign Policy paradigm. He suggests a number of ways in which this paradi...

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