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Swaziland's Non-Party Political System and the 2013 Tinkhundla Elections Breaking the SADC impasse?

"The first section of the report provides an overview of the Swazi political landscape, while the second discusses the tinkhundla political model and reflects on the feasibility of the system and its institutions to become potential catalysts for ...

South Sudan: Compounding Instability in Unity State

"Given its history, resources, ethno-political significance and location – at once both strategic and isolated – Unity state is today a territory of unique importance and complexity. Instability must be considered in light of the complicated hist...

The Heglig Oil Conflict: An Exercise of Sovereignty or an Act of Aggression?

"This policy brief examines the hostile interaction between the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan triggered by South Sudan’s invasion of the Heglig oilfield. The cumbersome nature of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and the ...

South Sudan, Africa’s Newest State: Challenges, Prospects and Lessons for South Africa

"South Sudan achieved independence on 9 July 2011 after more than six years of practising the art of statecraft under its semi-autonomous status as prescribed by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). The CPA ended almost 22 years of armed confl...

The Evolving Concept and Institution of Sovereignty Challenges and Opportunities

"Sovereignty has continuously metamorphosed over the years in terms of its norms and practices. This evolving character of sovereignty has been hailed by those who advocate a responsible and accountable sovereign authority, and lamented by those w...

International Affairs Bulletin (Vol. 13/No 3/1989)

"This edition of the bulletin has been dedicated to a new framework for foreign policy analysis.Charles Kegley explores the achievements and shortcomings of the Comparative Foreign Policy paradigm. He suggests a number of ways in which this paradi...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 12, no. 2, 1988

The first paper: The western/Namibian initiatives sets out to explore the origins of the western diplomatic initiative on Namibia, to advance reasons for its failure, and to suggest some of the elements required for its revitalisation. This second...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 11, no. 3, 1987

In this issue of the bulletin, debate in the Smuts House notes questions the level of violence and disturbances in the country. The first article looks at economic policies pursued by western government towards South Africa that generates strong e...

The New International Economic Order (NIEO): A Review

"It is now over a decade since the idea of a New International Economic Order (NIEO) has been proposed and gained considerable recognition in the international community. It was an idea which in all its dimensions, embody prescriptions for the var...

Libya and the Responsibility to Protect Between Opportunistic Humanitarianism and Value-Free Pragmatism

"In both Libya and Côte d’Ivoire, regimes that had lost domestic and international legitimacy declared war on their own people. In both, global political responses were shaped by universal values as well as strategic interests. Because the UN is ...

Guinea-Bissau: In Need of a State

Excerpt: "Guinea-Bissau needs a state. Its political and administrative structures are insufficient to guarantee control of its territory, assure minimum public services or counter-balance the army’s dominance. This core weakness has been at the r...

Beyond the Fragile Peace between Ethiopia and Eritrea: Averting New War

Excerpt: "The Ethiopia-Eritrea impasse carries serious risk of a new war and is a major source of instability in the Horn of Africa, most critically for Somalia. Following Ethiopia’s refusal to accept virtual demarcation of the border by the now d...

The Challenges of post-1990 Regional Integration in Africa: Pan-African Parliament

"The paper looks at current efforts to build regional governance institutions in Africa, through post-1990 treaties. For instance, the 1991 Treaty of Abuja (Article 91) and the Constitutive Act of the African Union (AU)(Articles 17, 22) provide fo...

Governing regionalism in Africa: Themes and Debates

"Historically, regionalism has advanced only through contested processes where states learn to cede sovereignty over long periods of interactions across a wide range of domains, in particular the functional sphere of economic co-operation. Secondl...

The Regional Dimension to the United States of Africa ‘Grand Debate’

"Of increasingly pressing importance is the question of the regional or subregional dimensions of building a pan-African continental political community. This question came to a head at the last heads-of-state summit of the African Union (AU) in ...

Seminar report: Reconstructing fragility? The Post-Conflict State in the DRC

"The two-day seminar comprised seven sessions, as listed below. The seven main sessions included presentations of three to four experts, followed by a discussion: Session I: Evaluating the post-conflict state Session II: Management of natural re...

Merchants of African Conflict More Than Just a Pound of Flesh

"This monograph is a modest contribution to the body of knowledge that seeks to intensify the call for the regulation of PMSCs in Africa, especially in the context of African conflicts. That African conflicts have included the use of PMSCs is not ...

The Proposed AU Authority: Hybridisation, Balancing Intergovernmentalism and Supranationalism

"This paper is a contribution to the ongoing reflection on the proposed AU Authority. It contends that while the AU Commission might have failed to deliver in certain areas, the reasons for non-delivery are a combination of technical and political...

‘New Growth on Deep Roots’ Prospects for an African Union Government

"This paper traces the roots of the Pan-Africanist vision for the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), and then examines the prospects for its revival in the African Union (AU). It is evident from an analysis of OAU decisions, declarations and spe...

Sovereignty and the‘United States of Africa’ Insights from the EU

"This paper has five main parts. In the first part, the concept of state sovereignty and its application within the modern state discourse is traced, albeit briefly. In the next part, the concept of sovereignty in the pursuit for Africa’s integra...

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