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Can Development Interventions Help Post-conflict Communities Build Social Cohesion? The Case of the Liberia Millennium Villages

"This paper evaluates the efforts of one international development intervention — the Kokoyah Millennium Villages Project (KMVP) — to improve welfare and build social cohesion in post-conflict Liberia. This study is based on a preliminary analysis o…

The Role of Community-Based Organisations (in Social protection)

"State social protection services cover less than 10% of the population in many African countries. Non-State actors (NSAs) have stepped in to fill the void – especially small self-help groups which are more numerous, more active, and cumulatively re…

Finance in Social Protection

"Most of the money for delivering social protection services to poor and vulnerable people comes from the poor themselves. The overwhelming majority have no access to nor benefit from State or donor services or funding, nor any form of commercia…

Registration in Social Protection

"Many community based organisations (CBOs) are not formally registered – not because they wish to hide, but because the registration process is mistrusted, too complex and offers no visible benefit. The result is that government has inadequate…

Understanding the Characteristics and Governance Structures of Non-State Social Protection Programmes in Ghana: A Case Study of Work-Based Associations in Winneba and Cape Coast

"Most people in Africa are vulnerable to all the life shocks associated with poverty, and social protection systems are now deemed integral to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, especially in health, food security, education, shelt…

Towards a Sustainable Social Security in Nigeria

"A comprehensive social security in Nigeria has the potential to significantly reduce economic insecurities and enhance economic efficiency, equity, growth, and stability given the dismal socio-economic statistics as captured by human development, …

Expanding the Social Security Net in South Africa: Opportunities Challenges and Constraints

"For a large proportion of the South African population social welfare grants are an important source of income. Rapid increases in government expenditure on social security between 2000 and 2006 has further increased poor households’ reliance on we…

The Impact of Growth and Redistribution on Poverty and Inequality in South Africa

"This country study evaluates the experience of the South African economy with respect to growth, poverty and inequality trends since the advent of democracy in 1994. The post apartheid government took a definite turn toward greater spending on soc…

Do Public Transfers Discourage Farmer Participation in Subsistence Crop Production? Empirical evidence from Botswana

"This paper analyzes the impact of public food and cash transfers on farmer participation in Botswana’s subsistence arable agriculture. The results indicate that publicly provided social pensions and food packages (rations) reduce the probability of…

Challenges to Urban Food Supply in South Africa

"Food security and food issues are a major social challenge in South Africa. McLachlan and Thorne cite an analysis by Adam Kahane of the food security problem in South Africa. In this analysis Kahane is of the opinion that the food security problem …

Accountability in the Provision of Social Services: A Framework for African Research

"The three main forms of non-market provision have been government, charities, and self help groups. Although government provision is universal, in some societies charities are very substantial providers, and there have been major examples of se…

Determinants of Expected Poverty Among Rural Households in Nigeria

"Vulnerability measures are becoming tools for evolving proactive steps to alleviate poverty. Against this backdrop, this study examined the determinants of expected poverty (a measure of vulnerability) among rural households in Nigeria. The main …

Impact of China-Africa Aid Relations: A Case Study of Uganda

"Since the 1990’s, China has substantially increased its aid to Uganda. However, the aid policies and aid distribution channels through which China provides its aid are not well known. Using available aid data from the various recipients and inform…

Commentary on the Akinyemi Doctrine

"What is the limit to Nigeria's demonstration of solidarity with other African countries, especially in the context of outright extra-regional aggression against the sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of such countries? Should there be …

Reciprocity in Nigerian Foreign Policy (The Akinyemi Doctrine)

"At the All-Nigeria Conference on Foreign Policy held at NIPSS, Kuru in April, 1986, the President and Commander-in-Chief, Major-General Ibahim Babangida, challenged the nation's assembled foreign policy intelligentsia to identify and define Nigeria…

Influencing Policy for Children in Tanzania : Lessons From Education, Legislation and Social Protection

"The central concern of this paper is to identify the best systems and mechanisms to enable support for children, especially the most vulnerable children, given limited resources and capacity constraints. While the issues remain complex, an examinat…

Poverty Among the Elderly and Children in Mainland Tanzania

"This brief analyses the economic situation of elderly persons and children in Tanzania. Significantly, the analysis found that households with elderly and children only are by far the poorest, in both urban and rural areas; 45% of these households …

Children and Vulnerability in Tanzania : A Brief Synthesis

"The intention of this paper is to highlight the key issues of children and vulnerability in Tanzania. This study underscores the importance of understanding local and circumstantial factors which determine the extent to which communities, household…

Coping Strategies Used by Street Children in the Event of Illness

"This study examined the health seeking behaviours of street children in three municipal districts of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. The research was carried out in October 2005 and involved 272 street children, aged 10 to 18 years of age. Findings reveal…

Developing Social Protection in Tanzania within a Context of Generalised Insecurity

"Section II of this document on the research programme for social protection develops the overall conceptual framework and sets out the overall agenda and rationale for this research programme. Section III set forward three research sub themes : pro…

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