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Towards a Sustainable Social Security in Nigeria

"A comprehensive social security in Nigeria has the potential to significantly reduce economic insecurities and enhance economic efficiency, equity, growth, and stability given the dismal socio-economic statistics as captured by human development, …

Expanding the Social Security Net in South Africa: Opportunities Challenges and Constraints

"For a large proportion of the South African population social welfare grants are an important source of income. Rapid increases in government expenditure on social security between 2000 and 2006 has further increased poor households’ reliance on we…

The Impact of Growth and Redistribution on Poverty and Inequality in South Africa

"This country study evaluates the experience of the South African economy with respect to growth, poverty and inequality trends since the advent of democracy in 1994. The post apartheid government took a definite turn toward greater spending on soc…

Do Public Transfers Discourage Farmer Participation in Subsistence Crop Production? Empirical evidence from Botswana

"This paper analyzes the impact of public food and cash transfers on farmer participation in Botswana’s subsistence arable agriculture. The results indicate that publicly provided social pensions and food packages (rations) reduce the probability of…

Challenges to Urban Food Supply in South Africa

"Food security and food issues are a major social challenge in South Africa. McLachlan and Thorne cite an analysis by Adam Kahane of the food security problem in South Africa. In this analysis Kahane is of the opinion that the food security problem …

Who is most at risk? Victimisation Trends in the 2007 National Crime and Victimisation Survey

"This paper explores whether there are factors that may place some people at greater risk of experiencing crime in South African than others. The paper is one of a series of papers presenting the findings of the National Crime and Victimisation Su…

Turning Elections into a Development Asset in Africa

"This contribution seeks to highlight the fact that properly conducted elections (based on genuine and effective functioning electoral machinery and respect for the will and choices of the people with respect to those who seek to govern them) in any…

Costing, Comparing and Competing Developing an Approach to the Benchmarking of Labour Market Regulation

The World Bank’s ‘Doing Business’ survey seeks to measure and compare the costs to business of various types of regulation, including labour regulation. As such it is an important driver of labour market ‘reform’ globally and in South Africa. It may…

Have Labour Market Outcomes Affected Household Structure in South Africa: A Descriptive Analysis of Households

This paper seeks to investigate how the demography of households relates to individual labour market outcomes. We comprehensively examine household size and structures in the October Household Surveys 1995, 1997, 1999 and the Labour Force Surveys …

Expanding The Social Security Net In South Africa: Opportunities, Challenges And Constraints

For a large proportion of the South African population social welfare grants are an important source of income. Rapid increases in government expenditure on social security between 2000 and 2006 has further increased poor households’ reliance on wel…

Sticking to the Facts: Official and Unofficial Stories about Poverty and Unemployment in South Africa

Poverty’s major cause is unemployment. In the unlikely event that unemployment is halved by 2014, there will still be millions of people in South Africa in workerless households. The only way to address this is to develop a truly comprehensive socia…

Welfare Shifts In The Post Apartheid South Africa: A Comprehensive Measurement of Changes

The objective of this study is to provide a comprehensive measure of shifts in welfare in postapartheid South Africa by examining changes in both income and non-income welfare between 1993 and 2005. Previous research using expenditure or consumption…

Assessing Human Development in SADC: 1990-2008

"This paper assesses the state of progress in human development across selected key development indicators in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. This is a largely descriptive exercise based on a review and presentation of data…

The MDG's and Africa: The Elusive Partnership?

"In September 2000, 89 countries met at United Nations (UN) headquarters in New York amid great fanfare to adopt the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The MDGs sought to generate international consensus to eliminate international poverty and bri…

Can Development Interventions Help Post-conflict Communities Build Social Cohesion? The Case of the Liberia Millennium Villages

"This paper evaluates the efforts of one international development intervention — the Kokoyah Millennium Villages Project (KMVP) — to improve welfare and build social cohesion in post-conflict Liberia. This study is based on a preliminary analysis o…

Impact of China-Africa Aid Relations: A Case Study of Uganda

"Since the 1990’s, China has substantially increased its aid to Uganda. However, the aid policies and aid distribution channels through which China provides its aid are not well known. Using available aid data from the various recipients and inform…

Commentary on the Akinyemi Doctrine

"What is the limit to Nigeria's demonstration of solidarity with other African countries, especially in the context of outright extra-regional aggression against the sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of such countries? Should there be …

Reciprocity in Nigerian Foreign Policy (The Akinyemi Doctrine)

"At the All-Nigeria Conference on Foreign Policy held at NIPSS, Kuru in April, 1986, the President and Commander-in-Chief, Major-General Ibahim Babangida, challenged the nation's assembled foreign policy intelligentsia to identify and define Nigeria…

Influencing Policy for Children in Tanzania : Lessons From Education, Legislation and Social Protection

"The central concern of this paper is to identify the best systems and mechanisms to enable support for children, especially the most vulnerable children, given limited resources and capacity constraints. While the issues remain complex, an examinat…

Poverty Among the Elderly and Children in Mainland Tanzania

"This brief analyses the economic situation of elderly persons and children in Tanzania. Significantly, the analysis found that households with elderly and children only are by far the poorest, in both urban and rural areas; 45% of these households …

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