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The Reintegration Enigma: Interventions for Boko Haram deserters in the Lake Chad Basin

In the Lake Chad Basin area, waves of Boko Haram members have deserted the violent extremist group since August 2016. Those who voluntarily leave the group are often referred to as deserters, returnees or repenters. While these three categories are …

Dialogue with Violent Extremist Groups: Community Perspectives in the Lake Chad Basin

To explore dialogue as a viable option in preventing and countering violent extremism in the Lake Chad Basin region, it is important to consult local communities who are directly affected by it. Their experiences offer first-hand community-level ins…

Algeria: Conflict Insight

Algeria is a constitutional presidential system based on a bicameral legislation. Political power is dominated by the army and intelligence services, and centralized in the hands of opaque circles of unelected rulers commonly referred to as “Le Pouv…

Afsol Journal: Journal of African-Centered Solutions in Peace and Security Vol 3 (II)

The first article is titled “The Great Lakes Region (GLR) Security Complex: Lessons for the African Solutions for Peace and Security (AfSol) Approach”. This paper applies the Regional Security Complex Theory to establish a pattern of security interd…

Mainstreaming Youth into AU’s Peace and Security Agenda

The African Union, keen to mainstream the continent’s youth into the peace and security arena, inaugurated its Youth for Peace Africa Program in September 2018. This policy brief interrogates some of the consequent developments in Africa’s youth, pe…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 124

This report consists of several small articles. On page 2 the article is titled: "The African Union can do better for the Sahel". The situation in the Sahel continues to preoccupy Africa. Despite the arrival of COVID-19, terrorist attacks have not …

Investir Dans la Sécurité Sanitaire, Maintenant plus que Jamais / Investing in Health Security, Now More than Ever

The COVID-19 pandemic is a new alarm signal urging countries to grant priority to health in development and international security. Since the HIV / AIDS pandemic and the Ebola outbreak, health crises have entered the sphere of competence of the Unit…

L’agenda du Conseil de Sécurité de l’ONU au Premier Trimestre 2020: Les Foyers Classiques de Tension l’emportent sur le Covid-19 / The Agenda of the UN Security Council in the First Quarter of 2020: Classic Hotbeds of Tension Prevail over the COVID-19

In parallel with the appearance of Covid-19 at the beginning of this year, the various hotbeds of tension and war have seen dangerous escalations between the belligerents, threatening world peace and security. From Yemen to the Sahel, via Syria and …

Five Years after the Bamako Peace Agreement: Where is Mali Heading?

This policy brief highlights some of the key state building conundrums that Mali faces such as the eroding capacity of the central administration, the fragmentation of the security and justice sectors as well as identity divisions. It calls for redu…

Maritime Cyber Security: Getting Africa Ready

Africa’s future development objectives are anchored in well-functioning shipping and ports industries, whose cyber security is vulnerable to breaches and disruptions caused by deliberate and indiscriminate attacks. These industries are facing a numb…

The Climate Change-Security Nexus: Case Study of the Lake Chad Basin

The securitization of climate change has important implications in terms of how the issue is framed and addressed, at national and international policy levels. It has become clear that climate change poses multiple and overlapping security challenge…

SPSA 2020: Executive Summary of the State of Peace and Security in Africa Report 2020

The 2019 SPSA Report invariably leaves two key questions. The first one, relates to whether or not the year 2019 could be held up as a viable foundation for something bigger and more ambitious for the continent in the light of AfCFTA, and one from w…

Addressing the Causes and Consequences of the Farmer-Herder Conflict in Ghana

For several years, tensions have existed between local farmers and Fulani herdsmen in Ghana. However, various factors have recently, contributed to the tensions taking on a violent nature and becoming one of Ghana’s foremost security threats. Based …

Beyond Enlightened Legislation: The Political Economy of SALW Manufacture in Ghana

In Ghana, small arms and light weapons (SALW) manufactured illegally constitute a source of proliferation which pose a threat to peace and security. This brief posits that the inherent ambiguities in the legislation regulating the manufacture of SAL…

Cyber Security in Ghana: Evaluating Readiness for the Future

This policy briefs seeks to analyze the nature of cyber security threats in Ghana and evaluate the progress that the government has made in readying itself for future challenges. The report will explore recent legislative efforts in Ghana, across We…

Human Transformation of the Armed Forces for Democratic Stability in Cote d’Ivoire

Historical factors including ethnic and political manipulation of the military by successive political leadership, civil war and post-election crisis have bequeathed Cote d’Ivoire with a factionalized armed forces. There have been efforts by UNOCI a…

Incorporating Human Security in Regional Integration: The Case of CEMAC

The Paper looks at integration efforts in the Economic Monetary Community of Central African States (CEMAC) but seeks to push human security and development as primary efforts in this integration process. The paper concludes that there should be mor…

Policy Forum on Inter-Linkages of Security Sector Reform (SSR) and the Protection of Civilians (POC) in Africa

One vital aspect of the Protection of Civilians (PoC) relates to the establishment of a protective environment. This includes ensuring that national institutions have the capacity to protect civilians by enhancing security and the rule of law, in ac…

Intra-Gulf Competition in Africa’s Horn: Lessening the Impact

The Horn of Africa, long the site of great power competition, today sees a new rivalry playing out on its shores. Gulf Arab countries, as well as Turkey, are accelerating their push for allies and influence in the Horn, such that two of the Middle E…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol 19 No.1

In all five articles in this issue, some aspect of governance plays a significant role. The term ‘governance’ appears in the titles of two articles, and words such as ‘govern’, ‘government’ and ‘governance’ occur in all the articles – altogether mor…

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