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Maintaining Momentum in the Congo: The Ituri Problem

The international community is slowly awakening to the grim realisation that collapse of the Congo peace process and return to war are real prospects in that giant country, several millions of whose citizens died in the conflicts of the past decade.…

Pulling Back from the Brink in the Congo

The crisis provoked by the struggle in late May and early June 2004 for control of Bukavu, the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo's strategically sensitive South Kivu province that borders Rwanda, is a stark reminder that the political …

Darfur Deadline: A New International Action Plan

The international response to the crisis in the western Sudanese region of Darfur remains limp and inadequate, its achievements so far desperately slight. The UN Security Council must, by its review deadline of 30 August 2004, endorse a new internat…

Darfur Rising: Sudan's New Crisis

Sudan, where prospects for peace had looked so promising for much of 2003, has become a potential horror story in 2004. The rapid onset of war in its western region of Darfur has created one of the world's worst humanitarian crises -- thousands dead…

Reforming for Peace : State of Peace and Security in Africa 2018

This State of Peace and Security in Africa (SPSA) Report is a background paper for the 2018 Tana Forum on the theme: Ownership of Africa’s Peace and Security Provision: Financing and Reforming the African Union. As in previous years, this report p…

Koglweogos: The Risk of Community Ownership of Security

In Burkina Faso, community run security forces known as Koglweogo have been working at a local level to prevent and punish crime, from theft to armed attack. However, recent violations of human rights and abuse of the rule of law by members of the …

Inter-Security Agency Rivalry as an Impediment to National Counter Terrorism Strategy (NACTEST)

The emergence of Boko Haram as a terrorist group in Nigeria considerably changed the country’s security milieu. From a quiet religious group in the early 2000s, the group had risen in 2015 to become the deadliest terrorist group. As a security chal…

The Reintegration Enigma: Interventions for Boko Haram deserters in the Lake Chad Basin

In the Lake Chad Basin area, waves of Boko Haram members have deserted the violent extremist group since August 2016. Those who voluntarily leave the group are often referred to as deserters, returnees or repenters. While these three categories are …

Intra-Gulf Competition in Africa’s Horn: Lessening the Impact

The Horn of Africa, long the site of great power competition, today sees a new rivalry playing out on its shores. Gulf Arab countries, as well as Turkey, are accelerating their push for allies and influence in the Horn, such that two of the Middle E…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol 19 No.1

In all five articles in this issue, some aspect of governance plays a significant role. The term ‘governance’ appears in the titles of two articles, and words such as ‘govern’, ‘government’ and ‘governance’ occur in all the articles – altogether mor…

Migration, Peace and Security: What Role for CSOs? Outcomes Report

On 9-10 October 2019, the Institute for Peace and Security Studies (IPSS), the United Nations African Institute for Economic Development and Planning (IDEP), and the Gorée Institute jointly organized a two-day multi-stakeholder dialogue on the theme…

Peace and Security Council Report Issue 122

This report comprises several articles. The first article on pages 2, 3 : PSC postpones several activities due to COVID-19 - In line with recommendations to halt the spread of the coronavirus (COVID-19) in Africa, the Peace and Security Council (PSC…

Dialogue with Violent Extremist Groups: Community Perspectives in the Lake Chad Basin

To explore dialogue as a viable option in preventing and countering violent extremism in the Lake Chad Basin region, it is important to consult local communities who are directly affected by it. Their experiences offer first-hand community-level ins…

Algeria: Conflict Insight

Algeria is a constitutional presidential system based on a bicameral legislation. Political power is dominated by the army and intelligence services, and centralized in the hands of opaque circles of unelected rulers commonly referred to as “Le Pouv…

Afsol Journal: Journal of African-Centered Solutions in Peace and Security Vol 3 (II)

The first article is titled “The Great Lakes Region (GLR) Security Complex: Lessons for the African Solutions for Peace and Security (AfSol) Approach”. This paper applies the Regional Security Complex Theory to establish a pattern of security interd…

Mainstreaming Youth into AU’s Peace and Security Agenda

The African Union, keen to mainstream the continent’s youth into the peace and security arena, inaugurated its Youth for Peace Africa Program in September 2018. This policy brief interrogates some of the consequent developments in Africa’s youth, pe…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 124

This report consists of several small articles. On page 2 the article is titled: "The African Union can do better for the Sahel". The situation in the Sahel continues to preoccupy Africa. Despite the arrival of COVID-19, terrorist attacks have not …

Investir Dans la Sécurité Sanitaire, Maintenant plus que Jamais / Investing in Health Security, Now More than Ever

The COVID-19 pandemic is a new alarm signal urging countries to grant priority to health in development and international security. Since the HIV / AIDS pandemic and the Ebola outbreak, health crises have entered the sphere of competence of the Unit…

L’agenda du Conseil de Sécurité de l’ONU au Premier Trimestre 2020: Les Foyers Classiques de Tension l’emportent sur le Covid-19 / The Agenda of the UN Security Council in the First Quarter of 2020: Classic Hotbeds of Tension Prevail over the COVID-19

In parallel with the appearance of Covid-19 at the beginning of this year, the various hotbeds of tension and war have seen dangerous escalations between the belligerents, threatening world peace and security. From Yemen to the Sahel, via Syria and …

Five Years after the Bamako Peace Agreement: Where is Mali Heading?

This policy brief highlights some of the key state building conundrums that Mali faces such as the eroding capacity of the central administration, the fragmentation of the security and justice sectors as well as identity divisions. It calls for redu…

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