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Maintaining Momentum in the Congo: The Ituri Problem

The international community is slowly awakening to the grim realisation that collapse of the Congo peace process and return to war are real prospects in that giant country, several millions of whose citizens died in the conflicts of the past decad...

Pulling Back from the Brink in the Congo

The crisis provoked by the struggle in late May and early June 2004 for control of Bukavu, the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo's strategically sensitive South Kivu province that borders Rwanda, is a stark reminder that the politica...

Darfur Deadline: A New International Action Plan

The international response to the crisis in the western Sudanese region of Darfur remains limp and inadequate, its achievements so far desperately slight. The UN Security Council must, by its review deadline of 30 August 2004, endorse a new intern...

Darfur Rising: Sudan's New Crisis

Sudan, where prospects for peace had looked so promising for much of 2003, has become a potential horror story in 2004. The rapid onset of war in its western region of Darfur has created one of the world's worst humanitarian crises -- thousands de...

Combattants Terroristes étrangers : Le Temps des Retours

The defeat of the terrorist organizations in the Middle East is expected even though it will take some time, thus Daech and Jabhat Fath Al Sham show resistance. The first was due to its amenities and guerrilla tactics, the second because since it ...

Africa and South Africa on the Right to Protection, the ICC and UNSC Resolution 1325

Generally, South Africa has sought to promote multilateralism in the international system as the best means of maintaining global order, addressing global problems, mitigating the domination and unilateralism of powerful states, and empowering wea...

Security and Governance in the Great Lakes Region

Several recommendations emerged from the Franschhoek policy advisory group seminar of May 2015. Autocratic governance structures throughout the Great Lakes region hinder national socio-economic progress, and have spread instability. Regional state...

Defense, Time For Necessary Adjustments

The debate on defense is more relevant than ever in an evolving global context that is driven by the constant reconfiguration of geostrategic equilibriums and by the importance of the impacts of the economic and financial crisis on States’ budgets...

La défense a l’heure des adaptations necessaires / Defense, Time For Necessary Adjustments.

This document is also available in English : Defense, Time For Necessary Adjustments. The debate on defense is more relevant than ever in an evolving global context that is driven by the constant reconfiguration of geostrategic equilibriums and by...

Development and/or Security: Issues Concerning the Relationship between the European Union, the Maghreb and the Sahel

[Cette note d'information est également disponible en Français intitulé: Développement et/ou sécurité : Enjeux de la relation entre l’Union Européenne, le Maghreb et le Sahel.] This Policy Brief tackles the link between development and security...

Towards a New Pax Africana: Making, Keeping and Building Peace in Post-Cold War Africa

The main objective of the Stellenbosch seminar was to assess the progress being made in peacemaking, peacekeeping, and peace building by the African Union (AU) and Africa’s regional economic communities (RECs) – the Southern African Development ...

Security and Governance in the Great Lakes Region

In May 2015, the Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, brought together 30 mostly African policymakers, academics, and civil society actors to assess the major obstacles to peace, security, and governance in the Great Lake...

Governance and Security Challenges in Post Apartheid Southern Africa

This report by the Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, considers the key governance and security challenges facing Southern Africa, with a focus on the 15-member Southern African Development Community (SADC) sub-region...

South Africa in Southern Africa

South Africa accounts for about 80 percent of the economy of the 15-member Southern African Development Community (SADC) and about 20 percent of its population. However, the adoption by Tshwane of a legitimate leadership role within SADC should b...

The AU/NEPAD and Africa's Evolving Governance and Security Architecture

There is no question that the establishment of the African Union and the adoption of the NEPAD are good auguries for Africa’s quest for political stability, regional integration and economic development. There is also no question that African lead...

A More Secure Continent: African Perspectives on the High Level Panel Report, a More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility

The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR) in Cape Town, South Africa, and the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung (FES) cohosted a policy advisory group meeting of about 40 policymakers, academics and civil society activists at the Lord Charles Hotel in Somer...

Inter-Security Agency Rivalry as an Impediment to National Counter Terrorism Strategy (NACTEST)

The emergence of Boko Haram as a terrorist group in Nigeria considerably changed the country’s security milieu. From a quiet religious group in the early 2000s, the group had risen in 2015 to become the deadliest terrorist group. As a security ch...

The Reintegration Enigma: Interventions for Boko Haram deserters in the Lake Chad Basin

In the Lake Chad Basin area, waves of Boko Haram members have deserted the violent extremist group since August 2016. Those who voluntarily leave the group are often referred to as deserters, returnees or repenters. While these three categories ar...

Reforming for Peace : State of Peace and Security in Africa 2018

This State of Peace and Security in Africa (SPSA) Report is a background paper for the 2018 Tana Forum on the theme: Ownership of Africa’s Peace and Security Provision: Financing and Reforming the African Union. As in previous years, this report...

Koglweogos: The Risk of Community Ownership of Security

In Burkina Faso, community run security forces known as Koglweogo have been working at a local level to prevent and punish crime, from theft to armed attack. However, recent violations of human rights and abuse of the rule of law by members of th...

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