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Poverty and Human Development Report 2005

"The first chapter provides recently available data about the status and trends in indicators of poverty in its many dimensions. Indicators from the PRS of income and non-income poverty are included for continuity of the trend analysis. The status …

Taps and Toilets How Greater Access can Radically Improve Africa's Future

"Improvements in the most basic levels of access to water and sanitation can have sizeable impacts on several key areas of human development. This brief highlights the importance of a sustained effort by domestic leaders and the international …

Impact Evaluation of Service Delivery Programs: Methods and Concepts for Impact Assessments in Basic Education, Health, Water and Sanitation

"This paper is an introduction and, to some extent, a practical guide for researchers and practitioners interested in impact evaluation in education, health, water and sanitation. However,since the methods and concepts dealt with in this paper do n…

Establishing Indicators for Urban Poverty Environment Interaction in Tanzania: The Case of Bonde la Mpunga, Kinondoni, Dar es Salaam

"The premise for this study is that urban development and especially livelihood opportunities for the urban poor are, in most cases, limited by adverse environmental conditions created by growing centres of population and activity. The general objec…

Challenges to Achieving Sustainable Sanitation in Informal Settlements of Kigali, Rwanda

Kigali is experiencing rapid urbanisation, like most cities in developing countries, leading to an increase in the urban population and rapid growth in the size and number of informal settlements. More than 60% of the city’s population resides in t…

Is Reliable Water Access the Solution to Undernutrition? A Review of the Potential of Irrigation to Solve Nutrition and Gender Gaps in Africa South of the Sahara

"Interventions aimed at increasing water availability for livelihood and domestic activities have great potential to improve various determinants of undernutrition, such as the quantity and diversity of foods consumed within the household, income ge…

Assessment of Rural Water Supply Management in Selected Rural Areas of Oyo State, Nigeria

"Human welfare and economic development generally depend on the use of water. In Nigeria, water resources management and utilization is crucial to the country’s efforts to reduce poverty, grow the economy, ensure food security and maintain the ecol…

Lack of Safe Water, Sanitation Spurs Growing Dissatisfaction with Government Performance

"If water is fundamental to life and human dignity, no issue is more pressing for 663 million people for whom access is still lacking (United Nations, 2015). As World Water Day (March 22) reminds us, safe and readily available water is a human right…

Ecological Sanitation as a Water and Environmental Conservation Technology Option: The Case of Slum Communities in Kampala

"This study explores Ecological Sanitation (EcoSan) as a Water and Environmental Conservation Technology (WECT) for slum communities in Kampala, Uganda. Information presented in this paper results from a research carried out in five slums of Kampala…

Small Scale Rainwater Harvesting for Combating Water Deprivation at Orphan Care Centres in Peri-Urban Areas of Lilongwe, Malawi

In urban areas of Malawi, like elsewhere in Africa, uncoordinated rapid urbanization has resulted in profuse informal settlements. These are marginal areas of urban development that are often not provided with adequate water and sanitation amenities…

Assessment of Community Water and Sanitation in Ghana

The appreciation of the value of water for the sustenance of life began decades ago, even though in recent years that appreciation has shown a marked increase. However, the diversity of conceptualizations of water is at the heart of the debate on th…

Access to Basic Public Services: Challenges Ghana must Overcome

This study aimed to contribute to a better understanding of the gaps in access to basic services and to make recommendations in the areas requiring urgent policy intervention. The paper examined key survey evidence, in this regard, which provides us…

Nigerian Government doing a Poor Job on Water/Sanitation and Health Care, Citizens say

The COVID-19 pandemic has worsened problems that were already bedevilling Nigeria’s health system, including run-down or inadequate medical equipment, underpaid and unmotivated medical staff, and unequal access to health care. The World Health Organ…

En Côte d’Ivoire, la Fourniture des Services D’eau et D’assainissement Demeure Insuffisante / In Côte d'Ivoire, the Provision of Water and Sanitation Services Remains Insufficient

The first half of 2018 in Côte d'Ivoire recorded cases of drinking water shortages in several localities including Bouaké, Niakaramandougou, Ferkessédougou, Doropo, Odienné, and Tiéningboué. To stem the tide of this problem, the World Bank provided …

Sanitation Status in Ghana and the Role of the CSOs in the Policy Processes

The report provides a brief sanitation situation in Ghana, the processes through which sanitation related data or evidence are generated and how these are used to inform or influence policies. It focuses on the role of CSOs/NGOs in generating such e…

African Governments Failing in Provision of Water and Sanitation, Majority of Citizens say

More than half of Africans say their governments are failing them when it comes to one of their top priorities – the provision of clean water and sanitation services, a new Afrobarometer analysis shows. Half of survey respondents say they went witho…

Ghanaians' Acceptance of Security-related Restrictions Faces Test with COVID-19 Lockdown

Effective Monday, 30 March, parts of Greater Accra and Ashanti regions – the areas of Ghana most affected by the COVID-19 pandemic – were placed on lockdown, in accordance with President Nana Akufo-Addo’s announcement in his fourth address to the na…

In Zimbabwe, Weak Water and Health Systems Heighten Vulnerabilities during COVID-19 Crisis

Like much of the rest of the world, Zimbabwe has confronted the COVID-19 pandemic with stay-at-home orders and advice to practice social distancing and frequent handwashing, hoping to prevent a wave of infections that would overwhelm the national he…

Water and Sanitation: On-the-Ground Realities Challenge African Governments to Act

Access to safe water and sanitation is a human right, a prerequisite for good public health and development – and a persistent challenge for most African governments. As the COVID-19 pandemic reminds us, if we needed a reminder, hygiene saves lives.…

Water, Sanitation and Agriculture Linkages with Health and Nutrition Improvement

In 2010, the United Nations General Assembly recognized access to safe water and sanitation infrastructure a matter of human right. This right is reflected in Sustainable Development Goal 6, whose targets 1 and 2 point to universal access to safe an…

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