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Impact Evaluation of Service Delivery Programs: Methods and Concepts for Impact Assessments in Basic Education, Health, Water and Sanitation

"This paper is an introduction and, to some extent, a practical guide for researchers and practitioners interested in impact evaluation in education, health, water and sanitation. However,since the methods and concepts dealt with in this paper do...

Taps and Toilets How Greater Access can Radically Improve Africa's Future

"Improvements in the most basic levels of access to water and sanitation can have sizeable impacts on several key areas of human development. This brief highlights the importance of a sustained effort by domestic leaders and the internationa...

Challenges to Achieving Sustainable Sanitation in Informal Settlements of Kigali, Rwanda

Kigali is experiencing rapid urbanisation, like most cities in developing countries, leading to an increase in the urban population and rapid growth in the size and number of informal settlements. More than 60% of the city’s population resides in...

Is Reliable Water Access the Solution to Undernutrition? A Review of the Potential of Irrigation to Solve Nutrition and Gender Gaps in Africa South of the Sahara

"Interventions aimed at increasing water availability for livelihood and domestic activities have great potential to improve various determinants of undernutrition, such as the quantity and diversity of foods consumed within the household, income ...

Assessment of Rural Water Supply Management in Selected Rural Areas of Oyo State, Nigeria

"Human welfare and economic development generally depend on the use of water. In Nigeria, water resources management and utilization is crucial to the country’s efforts to reduce poverty, grow the economy, ensure food security and maintain the ec...

Lack of Safe Water, Sanitation Spurs Growing Dissatisfaction with Government Performance

"If water is fundamental to life and human dignity, no issue is more pressing for 663 million people for whom access is still lacking (United Nations, 2015). As World Water Day (March 22) reminds us, safe and readily available water is a human rig...

Ecological Sanitation as a Water and Environmental Conservation Technology Option: The Case of Slum Communities in Kampala

"This study explores Ecological Sanitation (EcoSan) as a Water and Environmental Conservation Technology (WECT) for slum communities in Kampala, Uganda. Information presented in this paper results from a research carried out in five slums of Kampa...

Small Scale Rainwater Harvesting for Combating Water Deprivation at Orphan Care Centres in Peri-Urban Areas of Lilongwe, Malawi

In urban areas of Malawi, like elsewhere in Africa, uncoordinated rapid urbanization has resulted in profuse informal settlements. These are marginal areas of urban development that are often not provided with adequate water and sanitation ameniti...

Assessment of Community Water and Sanitation in Ghana

The appreciation of the value of water for the sustenance of life began decades ago, even though in recent years that appreciation has shown a marked increase. However, the diversity of conceptualizations of water is at the heart of the debate on ...

Establishing Indicators for Urban Poverty Environment Interaction in Tanzania: The Case of Bonde la Mpunga, Kinondoni, Dar es Salaam

"The premise for this study is that urban development and especially livelihood opportunities for the urban poor are, in most cases, limited by adverse environmental conditions created by growing centres of population and activity. The general obj...

Poverty and Human Development Report 2005

"The first chapter provides recently available data about the status and trends in indicators of poverty in its many dimensions. Indicators from the PRS of income and non-income poverty are included for continuity of the trend analysis. The statu...

Access to Basic Public Services: Challenges Ghana must Overcome

This study aimed to contribute to a better understanding of the gaps in access to basic services and to make recommendations in the areas requiring urgent policy intervention. The paper examined key survey evidence, in this regard, which provides ...

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