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Implementing the APRM: Views from Civil Society South Africa Report

"This report reflects the views of a group of civil society researchers and activists – convened by the APRM Monitoring Project (AMP) – on the implementation of the APRM in South Africa. It takes as supplementary reference points South Africa’s Impl…

Counter-Terrorism, Human Rights and the Rule of Law in Africa

"This paper considers institutional aspects of counterterrorist strategies in Africa in the second decade after the 9/11 attacks in 2001: countering threats while building respect for the rule of law and human rights. It considers how recent events…

Breaking the Conflict Trap in Uganda: Proposals for Constitutional and Legal Reforms

"This policy briefing paper is aimed at identifying key constitutional issues that would inform the constitutional reform process facilitated by civil society organizations in Uganda. The paper benefited from the input of civil society leaders who s…

Rule of Law and Development in Ethiopia : Now and Twenty Years from Now

"According to democratic thinking, the basis for the relationship that exists between peoples and governments is the social contract that the two parties [freely] enter into. For, after all, the existence of societies and the individuals who constit…

Observance of the Rule of Law in Mozambique

The briefing paper examines the extent to which Mozambiqans regard the success of the implementation of the rule of Law in Mozambique. It also analysis the degree to which Mozambicans feel that officials and citizens are punished when they do not ad…

Strengthening Prosecutorial Accountability in South Africa

This paper argues that independent and dedicated oversight of the South African National Prosecuting Authority (NPA) is crucial if the organisation is to succeed in its mission and regain the public trust it has lost over the past few years. T…

State of Democracy in Lesotho: A report on the 2003 Afrobarometer Survey

Lesotho citizens went to the polls to elect a new government acceptable to the great majority of its citizens in 2002. The fears of the ruling party and opposition were quieted by the elections and the installation of a more balanced parliament. The…

Judicial Independence Under the APRM: From Rhetoric to Reality

"The greatest challenges to good governance in Africa lie at the intersection of two problems: (i) low horizontal and vertical accountability, and (ii) weak constitutionalism. While courts are a critical player at these intersecting fault lines, th…

Striking a Balance between Community Norms and Human Rights: The Continuing Struggle of the East African Court of Justice

The East African Court of Justice (EACJ) finds itself in a difficult position, which this article exposes to a certain extent. The Court is barred as such from deciding on matters being faced with, that contains human rights allegations. The EACJ …

Strengthening Constitutional Order and Upholding the Rule of Law in Central Africa: Reversing the Descent towards Symbolic Constitutionalism

Some of the challenges were examined in this article that have arisen as part of attempts during the past two decades to entrench a culture of constitutionalism and respect for law in Central Africa. It shows how, from a background of constitutions…

Measuring Sustainable Development for Post 2015 in Senegal

This report reveals Senegal’s national-level priorities under the post-2015 agenda and includes an assessment of the adequacy of data available for measuring post-2015 progress. In consultation with national stakeholders, IPAR identified opportunit…

The Al Bashir Debacle

This article discusses the failure of states to comply with their obligation to execute the warrant issued by the International Criminal Court for the arrest of President Omar Hassan Ahmed Al Bashir of Sudan. There are serious charges against Presi…

Peacekeeping and Post-Conflict Criminality Challenges to the (re-) establishment of Rule of Law in Liberia

"The paper presents a critical review of criminality as one of the major challenges facing post-conflict Liberia.The criminality peacekeeping nexus is also explored with a view of establishing the link between UNMILís presence in Liberia and increas…

The Role of Informal Justice Systems in Fostering the Rule of Law in Post-Conflict Situations: The Case of Burundi

"Burundi, a tiny country in Central Africa, is slowly emerging from more than forty years of cyclical violence. The worst episodes, widely recognised as genocide, took place in 1972 with the massacre of tens of thousands of the Hutu ethnic group by …

Stateless Justice in Somalia: Formal and Informal Rule of Law Initiatives

"This report examines the traditional justice systems in Somalia, including xeer and shari'a, with a view to providing the international community with recommendations on how best to engage with those systems to assist the justice sector in that cou…

Negotiating peace in Sierra Leone: Confronting the justice challenge

"How specific justice issues came to be included in and potentially excluded from the 1999 Lomé Peace Accord. In addition to closely studying the negotiations dynamics and influences that led to the final agreement, this case study examines how just…

Rule of Law through imperfect bodies? The informal justice systems of Burundi and Somalia

"This paper provides an overview of the central findings emerging from the two studies, Stateless Justice in Somalia – Formal and Informal Rule of Law Initiatives and The Role of Informal Justice Systems in Reconstructing the Rule of Law in Post-Con…

Guinea: The Main Challenges of the New President

"The aim of this policy brief is to draw attention to some of the main challenges that the newly elected president of Guinea will face, and to formulate policy recommendations in view of addressing these challenges. For the first time since it …

Judicial systems in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"Some of the problems associated with the judiciary of the countries had their roots in ineffective and inappropriate police and prosecutorial practices. For example,delay in trials and case overload were often the result of police and prosecutorial…

Access to Justice in Africa Comparisons between Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"The provision of justice represents a significant challenge to developing countries, not least Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia. Where justice is apparent, and the rule of law upheld, the processes of development and democratisation are supported…

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