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Ambitious SDG Goal Confronts Challenging Realities: Access to Justice is still Elusive for Many Africans

Access to justice for all citizens has long been recognized as a cornerstone of democracy, good governance, and effective and equitable development. Its centrality has recently been highlighted in the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal. Ci…

Framed! How the Human Rights Framework Shapes our Engagements: A Treasure Trove of Ideas and Exercises to Explore the Framework that Human Rights Offer

"A significant development in the modern-day state is the notion of the ‘Rule of Law”. This generally means that no-one is above the law. This emanates from the idea that the law is based on fundamental principles which can be discovered, but which…

Constitutional Democracy and the Rule of Law in South Africa

Two public dialogues were hosted in Cape Town on 15 June 2015 on “Democracy and the Rule of Law in South Africa”, and on 8 September 2015, on the question: “Is the South African Constitution a Paper Tiger?” The following seven key policy recommenda…

The Importance of Judicial Independence to the Administration of Justice: The Case of South Sudan

This brief discusses the significance of judicial independence to the administration of justice, particularly in the context of South Sudan. While the brief acknowledges that maladministration is inherent in any system of governance world over, it h…

The Judicial System in Somaliland

A critical measure of the transitional administration of war torn country is its success in providing security and the rule of law to its people. These can only be realized when there are functioning institutions to uphold them. Somalia’s legal, …

Measuring Sustainable Development for Post 2015 in Senegal

This report reveals Senegal’s national-level priorities under the post-2015 agenda and includes an assessment of the adequacy of data available for measuring post-2015 progress. In consultation with national stakeholders, IPAR identified opportunit…

The Al Bashir Debacle

This article discusses the failure of states to comply with their obligation to execute the warrant issued by the International Criminal Court for the arrest of President Omar Hassan Ahmed Al Bashir of Sudan. There are serious charges against Presi…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol. 7, No. 1, 2007

This first article in this issue 'The Case against Taylor’s Asylum: A Review of Nigeria’s Domestic and International Legal Obligations' considers the international and domestic legal issues that arose as a result of the decision to house Taylor and …

Mkukuta Cluster III: Governance and Accountability

"MKUKUTA’s third cluster has the following seven supporting goals: 1)Structures and systems of governance as well as the rule of law to be democratic, participatory, representative, accountable and inclusive 2) Equitable allocation of public resour…

The End of Impunity? After the Kingpins, What Next for Guinea Bissau?

"In April 2013 a successful sting operation and an indictment by the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) targeted two of Guinea-Bissau’s most notorious cocaine kingpins: the former chief of the Guinea-Bissau navy, Rear Admiral José Américo Bu…

Peacekeeping and Post-Conflict Criminality Challenges to the (re-) establishment of Rule of Law in Liberia

"The paper presents a critical review of criminality as one of the major challenges facing post-conflict Liberia.The criminality peacekeeping nexus is also explored with a view of establishing the link between UNMILís presence in Liberia and increas…

The Role of Informal Justice Systems in Fostering the Rule of Law in Post-Conflict Situations: The Case of Burundi

"Burundi, a tiny country in Central Africa, is slowly emerging from more than forty years of cyclical violence. The worst episodes, widely recognised as genocide, took place in 1972 with the massacre of tens of thousands of the Hutu ethnic group by …

Stateless Justice in Somalia: Formal and Informal Rule of Law Initiatives

"This report examines the traditional justice systems in Somalia, including xeer and shari'a, with a view to providing the international community with recommendations on how best to engage with those systems to assist the justice sector in that cou…

Negotiating peace in Sierra Leone: Confronting the justice challenge

"How specific justice issues came to be included in and potentially excluded from the 1999 Lomé Peace Accord. In addition to closely studying the negotiations dynamics and influences that led to the final agreement, this case study examines how just…

Rule of Law through imperfect bodies? The informal justice systems of Burundi and Somalia

"This paper provides an overview of the central findings emerging from the two studies, Stateless Justice in Somalia – Formal and Informal Rule of Law Initiatives and The Role of Informal Justice Systems in Reconstructing the Rule of Law in Post-Con…

Guinea: The Main Challenges of the New President

"The aim of this policy brief is to draw attention to some of the main challenges that the newly elected president of Guinea will face, and to formulate policy recommendations in view of addressing these challenges. For the first time since it …

Judicial systems in Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"Some of the problems associated with the judiciary of the countries had their roots in ineffective and inappropriate police and prosecutorial practices. For example,delay in trials and case overload were often the result of police and prosecutorial…

Access to Justice in Africa Comparisons between Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia

"The provision of justice represents a significant challenge to developing countries, not least Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Zambia. Where justice is apparent, and the rule of law upheld, the processes of development and democratisation are supported…

The Theory and Practice of Criminal Justice in Africa

"Reforms of African criminal justice systems need to focus on a number of key issues: first, they need to based on a commitment to develop a justice system that seeks to deliver an efficient and equitable form of justice rather than one which mainta…

Security Sector Reform in Zimbabwe What, Why and How?

"The formation of the new inclusive government provides an opportunity for considering fundamental reforms in the provision of security and justice services to the people of Zimbabwe. Over the past ten years, the Zimbabwean security sector has incr…

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