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Sustaining Good Governance in Water and Sanitation in Uganda

"This paper focuses on the progress Uganda has made in attaining the MDG targets on water and sanitation and concentrates on the governance framework for delivering that country’s water and sanitation MDG targets. In particular, it focuses on the ...

Medical Xenophobia: Zimbabwean Access to Health Services in South Africa

"Hostility towards migrants and refugees makes South Africa one of the most migrant-unfriendly countries in the world. In May 2008, the country was rocked by violent attacks on the lives and property of Africans from other parts of the continent. ...

Distribution Impact of Public Spending in Cameroon: The Case of Health Care

"The study assessed Cameroonians’ participation in public health care services in order to grasp the distributional effects of those services. Three specific objectives are specified: determine the extent to which public spending on health care ma...

Taps and Toilets How Greater Access can Radically Improve Africa's Future

"Improvements in the most basic levels of access to water and sanitation can have sizeable impacts on several key areas of human development. This brief highlights the importance of a sustained effort by domestic leaders and the internationa...

Political and Social Challenges facing the Reduction of Uganda's Maternal Mortality Rates

"While there has been a recent worldwide decline in maternal mortality rates, mothers in developing countries, like Uganda, continue to face challenges in receiving effective reproductive health care. Uganda’s maternal mortality and morbidity rate...

Social determinants of health for Uganda's indigenous Batwa population

"Uganda’s Indigenous Batwa people are among the most vulnerable populations in the world and have limited access to key social determinants of health, including health care, education, clean water, employment and adequate clothing, food, and secu...

Access to Basic Public Services: Challenges Ghana must Overcome

This study aimed to contribute to a better understanding of the gaps in access to basic services and to make recommendations in the areas requiring urgent policy intervention. The paper examined key survey evidence, in this regard, which provides ...

The Right to Health Care in the Specific Context of Access to HIV/ AIDS Medicines: What can South Africa and Uganda Learn from each other?

Many African countries, either exclude socio-economic rights from their constitutions or include them in the Preamble or the section on Directive Principles of State Policy. The South African Constitution is well known for its inclusion of this c...

Abortion And Unintended Pregnancy In Kenya

"In 2010, Kenya adopted a new constitution that explicitly permits abortion when there is need, in the opinion of a trained health professional, for emergency treatment; if the life or health of the woman is in danger; or if it is permitted under ...

Gaps in Health Care Provision for Key Populations Along East African Community (EAC) Transport Corridors

"Globally, key and mobile populations are exposed to numerous health risks and vulnerabilities due to risk factors such as risky sexual behaviours, low risk perception, high levels of mobility, unsanitary accommodation, and inadequate access to he...

Drivers of Progress in Increasing Contraceptive Use in sub-Saharan Africa: Lessons from Eastern and Southern Africa

"This policy brief documents the policy and program drivers that have propelled the impeccable progress in increasing or stalling contraceptive use in these five countries. Lessons from these countries can galvanize commitment to FP and propel sim...

Investments in Family Planning will Stimulate Socio-economic Development in Africa

"During the last decade or so research evidence has emerged to demonstrate the invaluable role that family planning (FP) plays in enhancing maternal and child health, improving environmental preservation, reducing poverty, and enhancing broad soci...

Rapid Assessment of Maternal, Newborn and Child Health, Family Planning and HIV/ AIDS Integration in Malawi

"The high burden of disease and death relating to HIV/AIDS, unintended pregnancies and poor maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) remains a major health challenge in Malawi, as is the case in most of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This is largely a...

Landscape Analysis of Maternal, Newborn and Child Health, Family Planning and HIV/AIDS Integration in Zambia

"The sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) region faces numerous health challenges, including a high burden of disease relating to HIV/AIDS, unintended pregnancies and poor maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH). This is largely a result of weak health syst...

Assessment of Drivers of Progress in Increasing Contraceptive use in sub-Saharan Africa: Case Studies from Eastern and Southern Africa

"Despite the immense health, environmental and economic growth benefits from use of modern family planning (FP) methods, recent estimates published by Guttmacher Institute and UNFPA in June 2012 present that only 17% (36 million) of married women ...

Assessing Levels and Determinants of Child Deprivation in Eastern and Southern Africa

"Progress in addressing inequities in child health and wellbeing in Africa has partly been curtailed by lack of proper indicators to measure and monitor progress in reducing the vulnerability of children. Child wellbeing has mostly been identified...

Traditional Healers and Their Provision of Mental Health Services in Cosmopolitan Informal Settlements in Nairobi, Kenya

One of the major challenges for the Government is the provision of health services for its people, which is a basic need. However, Kenya just like other developing economies is generally constrained by lack of sufficient resources to sustain this ...

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