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Al Shabab's Impact on Peace in Somalia and the Horn of Africa

"The growth of Al Shabab in Somalia and the group’s embrace of Sharia law undermine the traditional conflict solving mechanisms of Somali society. Achieving progress toward peace in the region will likely require stemming the tide of Al Shabab’s ...

Terrorism in the Maghreb The Transnationalisation of Domestic Terrorism

"This monograph will attempt to place the threat and implication of the name change announcement of the Salafist Group for Combat and Preaching (GSPC)to al-Qa’eda in the Land of the Islamic Maghreb (AQLIM) in context, with the primary focus on ev...

Politics and Terrorism An Assessment of the Origin and Threat of Terrorism in Egypt

"The aim of this paper will be to provide insight into the underlying reasons for acts of terrorism in Egypt. In other words, the focus will be on identifying and discussing the development of terrorism in that country in an attempt to reflect on...

Vigilantism v. the State: A Case Study of the Rise and Fall of Pagad, 1996–2000

"Pagad began as People Against Gangsterism and Drugs. It ended as Pipe-bombers and Gunmen and Detonators. Pagad evolved rapidly into an organisation with a political power agenda, purging dissenters, intimidating the Muslim establishment, as well...

Interregional Challenges of Islamic Extremist Movements in North Africa

"For a long time the region of North Africa enjoyed what seemed like political stability. The reality behind this false image has been unveiled lately by the events that have taken place in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya. A closer look at these upr...

Regional Security in the Post-Cold War Horn of Africa

"This monograph contains papers that were presented and extensively discussed at this particular Expert Roundtable. The monograph primarily attempts to study political decision-making, personalities and historical experiences, and also to identif...

Is Côte d’Ivoire Facing Religious Radicalism?

Religious radicalism in Côte d’Ivoire has not, for the moment, reached the scale seen elsewhere in the region. However, the country is not immune to the phenomenon. One example is the influence that Pentecostalists had on the hardline posture adop...

Future (im)perfect? Mapping Conflict, Violence and Extremism in Africa

To build accountable, capable governments that can deliver security and inclusive growth, is the central challenge for Sub-Saharan Africa. Research into the drivers, trends and characteristics of violence in Africa may help achieve these goals. Th...

Violent Islamist Extremism and Terror in Africa

An overview of large-scale violence by Islamist extremists in key African countries, is presented in this paper. The paper seeks an overview of the evolution of the associated terrorism through quantitative and contextual analysis using various l...

‘The Disease is Unbelief’: Boko Haram’s Religious and Political Worldview

"This paper argues that the combination of exclusivism and grievance has provided the ideological framework for Boko Haram’s violence toward the Nigerian state, other Muslims and Christians. The paper draws on primary sources, such as the founder’...

Ethiopia: Governing the Faithful

The religion and religious tensions in Ethiopia, which are unique in many ways due to the millenia-long presence of both Christianity and Islam – reflect broader regional and global trends. The faith based revolutions have never before been exper...

Sudan's Islamists : From Salvation to Survival

The well-established decline of a radical Islamist project at the heart of the NCP and the dynamics discussed in this briefing, point to major shifts in Sudan’s relations within the Middle East and with its immediate east African neighbours. This...

Ethiopia : Governing the Faithful

Broader regional and global trends are reflected in the religion and religious tensions in Ethiopia - though in many ways unique due to the millennia-long presence of both Christianity and Islam. The country has not experienced anything like the f...

Silence on the Lambs: The Abducted Chibok Schoolgirls in Nigeria and the Challenge to UNSCR 1325

The abduction of the Chibok schoolgirls in Nigeria by Boko Haram is being analysed in this policy brief. It explores how the kidnapping represents some of the challenges with operationalising United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325...

Community Perceptions of Violent Extremism in Kenya

A range of political, security and developmental responses has been elicited by the emergence of various armed ‘extremist’ groups in the Greater Horn of Africa. Countering Violent Extremism (CVE), a developmental approach to counterterrorism, seek...

Preventing Violent Extremism: South Africa’s Place in the World

The prevention of violent extremism (PVE) has become a priority for the global community. This policy brief examines the global environment in terms of policy and implementation frameworks, and explores South Africa’s position in this prevention c...

Money Talks - A Key Reason Youths Join Boko Haram

The particular observation in this study, that people join Boko Haram because of financial rewards, challenges the popular scholarly proposition that poverty has no direct causal link with terrorism and violent extremism. Although, it is not the o...

Boko Haram and Violent Extremism - Perspectives from Peacebuilders

Since 2009, Boko Haram have unleashed atrocities which have affected millions of people in Nigeria and the region as a whole. The results of a field-based study on peace builders’ perspectives of the drivers of violent extremism; and the underlyin...

Returning Foreign Terrorist Fighters: An Imminent Threat to Manage / Retour des Combattants Terroristes étrangers: Une Menace Imminente à Gérer /

Over the past two years, many foreign terrorist fighters have returned, but the dismantling of the organized military structures of Daesh and Jabhat Fath Al Sham will accelerate this migration. Returns will take place over the next two years in a ...

Al Qaeda vs. Daech in the Sahel : What to Expect?

The terrorist landscape in the Sahel is characterized by multiple players that destabilize the countries in the region. Despite the fact that each terrorist group has particular areas of action and zones of influence, nevertheless two main ideolog...

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