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Kenyan Somali Islamist Radicalisation

"Islamist radicalism in Somalia is reaching into Kenya. The cross-border network Al-Shabaab has built is attempting to radicalise youth to fight in Somalia and conduct terrorist attacks in their own country. This problem has become more severe wit...

Assessing the Vulnerability of Kenyan Youths to Radicalisation and Extremism

"Following the intervention of the Kenya Defence Forces in Somalia in October 2011 in reaction to the increase in kidnappings on the Kenyan coast, the threat of terrorism in Kenya increased considerably. Initially the perception was that the thre...

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2011

This issue features several articles under the following headings: Transitional Justice and Political Pre-transition in Zimbabwe. African Initiatives towards Creating Killing-free Societies. Religion: A Source of Conflict and a Resource for Peace...

Al Shabab's Impact on Peace in Somalia and the Horn of Africa

"The growth of Al Shabab in Somalia and the group’s embrace of Sharia law undermine the traditional conflict solving mechanisms of Somali society. Achieving progress toward peace in the region will likely require stemming the tide of Al Shabab’s ...

Egypt's Muslim Brothers: Confrontation or Integration?

Excerpt: "The Society of Muslim Brothers’ success in the November-December 2005 elections for the People’s Assembly sent shockwaves through Egypt’s political system. In response, the regime cracked down on the movement, harassed other potential ri...

South Africa's search for security since the Second World War

South Africa’s search for security before the Second World War showed a number of characteristics that stayed consistent over the years with minor changes. The Islam in Africa will be discussed to determine if the pre-war characteristics of securi...

Algeria: The military versus the Mosque

This document describes the political consequences of the military coup d’etat in Algeria in January 1992. The roots of the crisis are traced to Algerian economic problems caused by the socialist government. Although Algeria is currently under mil...

Northern Nigeria: Background to Conflict

"Violence in northern Nigeria has flared up periodically over the last 30 years. Mainly in the form of urban riots, it has pitted Muslims against Christians and has seen confrontations between different Islamic sects. Although there have been some...

Terrorism in the Maghreb The Transnationalisation of Domestic Terrorism

"This monograph will attempt to place the threat and implication of the name change announcement of the Salafist Group for Combat and Preaching (GSPC)to al-Qa’eda in the Land of the Islamic Maghreb (AQLIM) in context, with the primary focus on ev...

The Root Causes of the Conflict in Ivory Coast

"The conflict in Ivory Coast is a by-product of deep-seated cleavages revolving around ethnicity, nationality and religion. Politicians tapped into these differences to consolidate their monopoly on power, and in the process, pushed the country to...

Vigilantism v. the State: A Case Study of the Rise and Fall of Pagad, 1996–2000

"Pagad began as People Against Gangsterism and Drugs. It ended as Pipe-bombers and Gunmen and Detonators. Pagad evolved rapidly into an organisation with a political power agenda, purging dissenters, intimidating the Muslim establishment, as well...

Divisions in Sudan's Ruling Party and the Threat to the Country's Future Stability

"When the South officially secedes, on 9 July 2011, the North’s problems will change little. The National Congress Party (NCP) has not addressed the root causes of Sudan’s chronic conflicts and has exacerbated ethnic and regional divisions. Facin...

Interregional Challenges of Islamic Extremist Movements in North Africa

"For a long time the region of North Africa enjoyed what seemed like political stability. The reality behind this false image has been unveiled lately by the events that have taken place in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya. A closer look at these upr...

Nigeria : Women and the Boko Haram Insurgency

The experiences of women and girls in the North East are analyzed in this report, in order to inform interventions to better alleviate their suffering, facilitate their contribution to lasting peace and mitigate the threat from female Boko Haram m...

Returning Foreign Terrorist Fighters: An Imminent Threat to Manage / Retour des Combattants Terroristes étrangers: Une Menace Imminente à Gérer /

Over the past two years, many foreign terrorist fighters have returned, but the dismantling of the organized military structures of Daesh and Jabhat Fath Al Sham will accelerate this migration. Returns will take place over the next two years in a ...

More than Propaganda A Review of Boko Haram’s Public Messages

The public statements of Boko Haram from its resurgence in 2010 until its split into two main factions in August 2016 is reviewed in this report. While Boko Haram (more accurately referred to as Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’awati wal-Jihad prior t...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 26 No.2 March-April 2015

The opening article of this special issue—by Kindeneh Endeg Mihretie—describes the general public’s day-to-day life experience in Addis Ababa. The competition between the established Orthodox Church, Muslims and the relatively new Pentecostal move...

Horn of Africa Bulletin January-February 2015

The first article by Najum Mushtaq focuses on the "cease-and-desist" policy in the US towards Somali people working in the US, and how this influences the Somalians economy and society. The second article by Hawa Noor M reflects on the regulations...

Beyond Secularism: Sectarian Conflict and the Resilience Challenge for the African State

Following two decades of dramatic progress in economic development, political stability, improved governance and inspired regional cooperation – currently, Africa is at a turning point. Stability and economic well-being is being threatened by a nu...

Is Côte d’Ivoire Facing Religious Radicalism?

Religious radicalism in Côte d’Ivoire has not, for the moment, reached the scale seen elsewhere in the region. However, the country is not immune to the phenomenon. One example is the influence that Pentecostalists had on the hardline posture adop...

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