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Egypt's Muslim Brothers: Confrontation or Integration?

Excerpt: "The Society of Muslim Brothers’ success in the November-December 2005 elections for the People’s Assembly sent shockwaves through Egypt’s political system. In response, the regime cracked down on the movement, harassed other potential ri...

South Africa's search for security since the Second World War

South Africa’s search for security before the Second World War showed a number of characteristics that stayed consistent over the years with minor changes. The Islam in Africa will be discussed to determine if the pre-war characteristics of securi...

Algeria: The military versus the Mosque

This document describes the political consequences of the military coup d’etat in Algeria in January 1992. The roots of the crisis are traced to Algerian economic problems caused by the socialist government. Although Algeria is currently under mil...

Northern Nigeria: Background to Conflict

"Violence in northern Nigeria has flared up periodically over the last 30 years. Mainly in the form of urban riots, it has pitted Muslims against Christians and has seen confrontations between different Islamic sects. Although there have been some...

Nigeria : Women and the Boko Haram Insurgency

The experiences of women and girls in the North East are analyzed in this report, in order to inform interventions to better alleviate their suffering, facilitate their contribution to lasting peace and mitigate the threat from female Boko Haram m...

Returning Foreign Terrorist Fighters: An Imminent Threat to Manage / Retour des Combattants Terroristes étrangers: Une Menace Imminente à Gérer /

Over the past two years, many foreign terrorist fighters have returned, but the dismantling of the organized military structures of Daesh and Jabhat Fath Al Sham will accelerate this migration. Returns will take place over the next two years in a ...

More than Propaganda A Review of Boko Haram’s Public Messages

The public statements of Boko Haram from its resurgence in 2010 until its split into two main factions in August 2016 is reviewed in this report. While Boko Haram (more accurately referred to as Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’awati wal-Jihad prior t...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 26 No.2 March-April 2015

The opening article of this special issue—by Kindeneh Endeg Mihretie—describes the general public’s day-to-day life experience in Addis Ababa. The competition between the established Orthodox Church, Muslims and the relatively new Pentecostal move...

Horn of Africa Bulletin January-February 2015

The first article by Najum Mushtaq focuses on the "cease-and-desist" policy in the US towards Somali people working in the US, and how this influences the Somalians economy and society. The second article by Hawa Noor M reflects on the regulations...

Nigeria’s Boko Haram: Beyond the Rhetoric

"As the world remains focused on the fate of more than 200 Nigerian schoolgirls kidnapped by members of the militant Islamist group Boko Haram from the town of Chibok, Borno State in mid-April, it is clear that this terrorist organisation is rapid...

Central African Republic: A Conflict Misunderstood

The Central African Republic has been troubled by periodic surges of violence for quite some time. The democratic election of President Faustin-Archange Touadéra in the December 2015-February 2016 presidential elections offered hope of a new era f...

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2015

‘Egypt in the Aftermath of the Arab Spring: What Lies Ahead?’ highlights some of the main security, economic and foreign policy challenges facing the Al-Sisi government. ‘The Democratic Transition in Tunisia: A Success Story in the Making’, portr...

The Central Sahel: A Perfect Sandstorm

The Sahel, often seen as a haven for armed radical groups, this area is the latest new frontier in the West’s counter-terrorism campaign. This report concentrates on a vertical axis between southern Libya and Northern Nigeria, with a relatively st...

Mauritians Welcome Ethnic/Religious Diversity but are Less Tolerant of Homosexuals and People Living with HIV/AIDS

"Despite their multiplicity of ethnic/cultural (European, African, Indian, Chinese) and religious (Hindu, Christian, Muslim, Buddhist) backgrounds, Mauritians have experienced few incidents of ethnic or religious violence. The last major incident...

Beyond Secularism: Sectarian Conflict and the Resilience Challenge for the African State

Following two decades of dramatic progress in economic development, political stability, improved governance and inspired regional cooperation – currently, Africa is at a turning point. Stability and economic well-being is being threatened by a nu...

Is Côte d’Ivoire Facing Religious Radicalism?

Religious radicalism in Côte d’Ivoire has not, for the moment, reached the scale seen elsewhere in the region. However, the country is not immune to the phenomenon. One example is the influence that Pentecostalists had on the hardline posture adop...

Africa Mediators’ Retreat 2013

"This meeting report provides a summary of the discussions and highlights the issues which emerged during the retreat. The fourth Africa Mediators’ Retreat, which brings together experienced peacemaking actors to discuss conflict-related issues re...

‘The Disease is Unbelief’: Boko Haram’s Religious and Political Worldview

"This paper argues that the combination of exclusivism and grievance has provided the ideological framework for Boko Haram’s violence toward the Nigerian state, other Muslims and Christians. The paper draws on primary sources, such as the founder’...

Ethiopia: Governing the Faithful

The religion and religious tensions in Ethiopia, which are unique in many ways due to the millenia-long presence of both Christianity and Islam – reflect broader regional and global trends. The faith based revolutions have never before been exper...

Ethiopia : Governing the Faithful

Broader regional and global trends are reflected in the religion and religious tensions in Ethiopia - though in many ways unique due to the millennia-long presence of both Christianity and Islam. The country has not experienced anything like the f...

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