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Conflict Trends Issue 1 2011

This issue features several articles under the following headings: Transitional Justice and Political Pre-transition in Zimbabwe. African Initiatives towards Creating Killing-free Societies. Religion: A Source of Conflict and a Resource for Peace...

Al Shabab's Impact on Peace in Somalia and the Horn of Africa

"The growth of Al Shabab in Somalia and the group’s embrace of Sharia law undermine the traditional conflict solving mechanisms of Somali society. Achieving progress toward peace in the region will likely require stemming the tide of Al Shabab’s ...

Terrorism in the Maghreb The Transnationalisation of Domestic Terrorism

"This monograph will attempt to place the threat and implication of the name change announcement of the Salafist Group for Combat and Preaching (GSPC)to al-Qa’eda in the Land of the Islamic Maghreb (AQLIM) in context, with the primary focus on ev...

The Root Causes of the Conflict in Ivory Coast

"The conflict in Ivory Coast is a by-product of deep-seated cleavages revolving around ethnicity, nationality and religion. Politicians tapped into these differences to consolidate their monopoly on power, and in the process, pushed the country to...

Vigilantism v. the State: A Case Study of the Rise and Fall of Pagad, 1996–2000

"Pagad began as People Against Gangsterism and Drugs. It ended as Pipe-bombers and Gunmen and Detonators. Pagad evolved rapidly into an organisation with a political power agenda, purging dissenters, intimidating the Muslim establishment, as well...

Egypt's Muslim Brothers: Confrontation or Integration?

Excerpt: "The Society of Muslim Brothers’ success in the November-December 2005 elections for the People’s Assembly sent shockwaves through Egypt’s political system. In response, the regime cracked down on the movement, harassed other potential ri...

South Africa's search for security since the Second World War

South Africa’s search for security before the Second World War showed a number of characteristics that stayed consistent over the years with minor changes. The Islam in Africa will be discussed to determine if the pre-war characteristics of securi...

Algeria: The military versus the Mosque

This document describes the political consequences of the military coup d’etat in Algeria in January 1992. The roots of the crisis are traced to Algerian economic problems caused by the socialist government. Although Algeria is currently under mil...

Northern Nigeria: Background to Conflict

"Violence in northern Nigeria has flared up periodically over the last 30 years. Mainly in the form of urban riots, it has pitted Muslims against Christians and has seen confrontations between different Islamic sects. Although there have been some...

Divisions in Sudan's Ruling Party and the Threat to the Country's Future Stability

"When the South officially secedes, on 9 July 2011, the North’s problems will change little. The National Congress Party (NCP) has not addressed the root causes of Sudan’s chronic conflicts and has exacerbated ethnic and regional divisions. Facin...

Interregional Challenges of Islamic Extremist Movements in North Africa

"For a long time the region of North Africa enjoyed what seemed like political stability. The reality behind this false image has been unveiled lately by the events that have taken place in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya. A closer look at these upr...

Nigeria’s Boko Haram: Beyond the Rhetoric

"As the world remains focused on the fate of more than 200 Nigerian schoolgirls kidnapped by members of the militant Islamist group Boko Haram from the town of Chibok, Borno State in mid-April, it is clear that this terrorist organisation is rapid...

Central African Republic: A Conflict Misunderstood

The Central African Republic has been troubled by periodic surges of violence for quite some time. The democratic election of President Faustin-Archange Touadéra in the December 2015-February 2016 presidential elections offered hope of a new era f...

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2015

‘Egypt in the Aftermath of the Arab Spring: What Lies Ahead?’ highlights some of the main security, economic and foreign policy challenges facing the Al-Sisi government. ‘The Democratic Transition in Tunisia: A Success Story in the Making’, portr...

The Central Sahel: A Perfect Sandstorm

The Sahel, often seen as a haven for armed radical groups, this area is the latest new frontier in the West’s counter-terrorism campaign. This report concentrates on a vertical axis between southern Libya and Northern Nigeria, with a relatively st...

Mauritians Welcome Ethnic/Religious Diversity but are Less Tolerant of Homosexuals and People Living with HIV/AIDS

"Despite their multiplicity of ethnic/cultural (European, African, Indian, Chinese) and religious (Hindu, Christian, Muslim, Buddhist) backgrounds, Mauritians have experienced few incidents of ethnic or religious violence. The last major incident...

Beyond Secularism: Sectarian Conflict and the Resilience Challenge for the African State

Following two decades of dramatic progress in economic development, political stability, improved governance and inspired regional cooperation – currently, Africa is at a turning point. Stability and economic well-being is being threatened by a nu...

Is Côte d’Ivoire Facing Religious Radicalism?

Religious radicalism in Côte d’Ivoire has not, for the moment, reached the scale seen elsewhere in the region. However, the country is not immune to the phenomenon. One example is the influence that Pentecostalists had on the hardline posture adop...

Africa Mediators’ Retreat 2013

"This meeting report provides a summary of the discussions and highlights the issues which emerged during the retreat. The fourth Africa Mediators’ Retreat, which brings together experienced peacemaking actors to discuss conflict-related issues re...

‘The Disease is Unbelief’: Boko Haram’s Religious and Political Worldview

"This paper argues that the combination of exclusivism and grievance has provided the ideological framework for Boko Haram’s violence toward the Nigerian state, other Muslims and Christians. The paper draws on primary sources, such as the founder’...

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