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The Way Forward for the WTO: Reforming the Decision-Making Process

" The World Trade Organization is in a state of flux. This stems largely from the Doha Round impasse and the failure of the main protagonists to reach agreement. However, it is also the effect of a changing global political economy. With the rise ...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 7, no. 3, 1983

In this bulletin the first article looks at Africa and the independence from Europe and how this has impacted on the development of Africa. The author indicates that this process of decolonization was not always successful and Africa still clings ...

One Year After South Sudan's Independence: Opportunities and Obstacles for Africa's Newest Country

"As South Sudan prepares to move from its transitional constitution to a permanent framework of governance, the new nation should focus on strengthening the federal system. Already, there are concerns that the centralization of power in Juba is ma...

What are the Critical Issues Arising from the SADC Trade Integration Process?

"There is a need for convergent bilateral and multilateral trading arrangements in SADC so as to avoid trade deflection and diversion as well as to ensure ease of administration. There is also a need to arrive at an appropriate institutional fram...

Beyond the barracks: Reflections on the role of the SADF in the region

This paper gives theoretical observations on civil-military relations in South Africa and examines the role of the SADF in the region, with emphasis on Namibia and Angola. There are three patterns of interaction in civil-military relations in S...

Tanzania: Recent developments

This background briefing describes recent developments in Tanzania in light of the general election in 1980, which hinged upon the prevailing economic malaise within the country. This has been accompanied by an expanding bureaucracy. Against this ...

South Africa and its neighbours: Co-operation or conflict?

Southern Africa has come under international attention as an unsettled region of the world, attracting the involvement of both superpowers which, far from contributing to a resolution of the regional disputes, has aggravated them. Nevertheless, th...

SADC Barometer Issue 2

Debates about development in the regional context invariably contain specific or implicit references to increased trade. Within the context of Nepad, the argument is also for more trade, rather than aid. So what have the countries of Southern...

The forward march of SADC?

This international update describes the achievements of the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The organisation has reinvented itself to deal with changes in the region since the end of apartheid. Much of the cynicism about SADC stems ...

Political Economy of Regionalisation in Central Africa

"This monograph argues that until there is a positive alignment between political security and human security, the region will continue to face a human security crisis. In attempting to explain the absence of deep integration, the monograph borrow...

Transition in South Africa: The global context and the international role

This paper looks first at the impact which the dramatic changes in the international environment have had on the Southern African region and particularly on the South African political scene in the past few years. It attempts to identify some of t...

The Challenges of Regional Integration in Africa In the Context of Globalisation and the Prospects for a United States of Africa

"In the paper the theme of regional economic integration within the AU’s notion of building a United States of Africa is explored. The validity of the proposition that political integration is a desirable strategy for overcoming Africa’s deep-sea...

Report of the Pan African Parliament Seminar on the Harmonisation of Regional Economic Communities and Regional Parliamentary Assemblies

"Regional integration in Africa has its roots in the Pan-Africanist Movement that propelled decolonisation from the late 1950s onwards. Yet despite the vision, Africa has still not achieved desired levels of continental unity. Organisationally, t...

Zimbabwe’s Movement for Democratic Change:Briefing Notes

"What follows is an attempt to analyse the MDC’s progress as a political party despite the huge political challenges it has had to face from the governing ZANU-PF party, which has made concerted efforts, legal and illegal, to undermine support for...

SA and West Africa: Between Democracy and despair?

"President Nelson Mandela looks set to attend the inauguration of Nigeria's President-elect Olusegun Obasanjo on 29 May. Nigeria's democratisation process has placed the spotlight on West Africa, a region overshadowed since independence by a combi...

Southern Africa's economies: Figures and trends

With a backdrop of growing regional instability and the ongoing threat of a violent change of leadership in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Zimbabwe and Lesotho, questions have been posed about the economic fundamentals in South and South...

Current trade negotiations and Southern Africa

The trade relationship between SADC member states and SADC’s relationship with the European Union is the focus of this update. A number of Trade negotiations are in progress between southern Africa and its major trading partners. The implementatio...

Southern Africa: Intra-regional and international relations

This article tries to identify some of the major determinants in the foreign policies of the independent Black states of the African sub-continent, which have a bearing on relations between the countries of this region. This means inevitably their...

SADC organ: Up for reform

The Southern African Development Community is being restructured into a more cohesive instrument of regional consensus. This reform was mostly driven by Thabo Mbeki who wanted more stability for the region and in that regard trying to salvage the ...

The OAU and African Sub Regional Organisations - A Closer Look at the ‘Peace Pyramid’

"The aim of this paper is, firstly, to try and place African subregional organisations (and their member states) in a security context, and to identify their perceived place in conflict management endeavours. This is followed by the generation of ...

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