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Ethiopia's Regional Diplomacies: A Dominant Interpretation of the Horn of Africa

Ethiopia has a long diplomatic history and extensive experience in foreign relations.Previous Ethiopian regimes, particularly Mengistu’s military regime, externalised almost all the country’s problems by focusing on building military defence capa...

Promoting Peer Review as a Compliance Mechanism for Regional Integration

Multilateral organisations have long used peer review as a means to encourage compliance with commitments made in the pursuit of various socio-economic goals. Africa established the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) as an indigenous system to ...

Water Governance and International Co-operation: Lessons from the Cubango-Okavango River System

"International co-operation on trans-boundary water systems has become an increasingly important norm in natural resource management, especially as climate change and population growth place growing pressure on the global water sector. The Permane...

Opening Borders: Extra-governmental Involvement in African Regional Integration

"Drawing extra-governmental constituencies into regional integration initiatives is important in ensuring that durable systems emerge. The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) shows that in Africa, as in much of the world, involving civil societ...

Consolidating the African Governance Architecture

"Collaboration and co-ordination among African Union (AU) and Regional Economic Community (REC) organs and institutions with the mandate to strengthen governance, human rights and democracy have been ad hoc and unpredictable. The results have bee...

Water Resource Management and Development in SADC

"Water resources are a critical enabler of development in the Southern African Development Community (SADC). In most member states, rainfall is strongly seasonal and variable. This means that rain-fed agricultures (and the economies that they und...

Building a Regional Electricity Market: SAPP challenges

"Regional power trade has many potential benefits. Indeed, enlarging national electricity markets beyond borders could help to decrease variable supply and demand issues and stimulate capacity investment. In Southern Africa, the Southern African P...

The Regional Integration of Public Goods

"The Political Economy of Regional Integration in Southern Africa (PERISA) project highlights the ongoing successful areas of trade integration, and examines the reasons for their success. It identifies the actors involved in driving co-operation...

SADC Payment Integration System

"On 22 July 2013 the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Integrated Regional Electronic Settlement System (SIRESS) became operational in the four countries of the Common Monetary Area (CMA): South Africa, Namibia, Lesotho and Swaziland. ...

Mining for Development in Guinea: An Examination of the Simandou Iron Ore Project

"The Simandou Mountain Range in Guinea possesses the world’s last substantial ‘tier-one’ iron ore deposit. Discovered in 1997, mining has yet to begin. Rio Tinto acquired the original exploration rights but invested little in it. In 2008, two year...

Regional Co-operation in the Telecommunications Sector via CRASA

"This case study examines the telecommunications sector in Southern Africa and the role that the Communications Regulators’ Association Southern Africa (CRASA)1 plays in encouraging policy harmonisation between member states of the Southern Africa...

A Country Turning Blue?: Political Party Support and the End of Regionalism in Malawi

"This bulletin draws on data collected in four Afrobarometer surveys of public attitudes to examine trends in party support in Malawi over the course of the last decade, looking especially at the extent of regionalism in Malawian party politics. H...

Pan-Africanism, the African Peer Review Mechanism and the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance: What does the Future Hold?

This paper focuses on two key questions namely the place of the democratisation process in the 50 year celebration of the AU, and secondly what progress has Africa made in institutionalizing democratic governance. To answer these questions the pa...

BRICS, Mega-regional FTAs and South Africa's Trade Strategy

"Global trade strategy does not appear to be a major focus of the Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa (BRICS) grouping, apart from the priority given to completing the stalled World Trade Organization Doha Development Round of negotiations...

Ethiopia’s Trade Potential in the Inter‐ Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD)

"This study is aimed at predicting the trade potentials of Ethiopia in the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) block using augmented gravity model. Both the Fixed Effect Model (FEM) and Random Effect Model (REM) are estimated and tes...

Engaging the Private Sector in Post-Conflict Recovery Perspectives for SADPA

The first of the three topical policy themes that this paper considers, is South Africa’s emerging Development Partnership Agency, whose attributes and origins give it an imperative to build relationships with other development actors. The second ...

Influence of the Fiscal System on Income Distribution in Regions and Small Areas: Microsimulated CGE Model for Côte d'Ivoire

"The objective of this paper is to examine how a small open economy such as Côte d’Ivoire (CI) can obtain growth-based internal tax resources, and how the tax system affects households and individuals through relative prices. A microsimulated CGE ...

South Africa's Foreign Policy: Tempering Dominance through Integration

"Southern Africa has always featured prominently in South Africa’s foreign policy. During apartheid, the National Party government saw fit to unleash a destructive agenda on neighbouring countries as an integral part of its strategy to quash suppo...

Puzzling Over the Pieces Regional Integration and the African Peer Review Mechanism

"Regional integration has long been recognised as an important vehicle for Africa’s development; currently, the African Union (AU) officially intends achieving a continent-wide common market by 2023 and a currency union by 2018. One of the goals o...

Southern African Regionalism: Prospects for the success of the Southern African Development Community (SADC)

"The African sub-continent continues to receive much attention from the international community as it strives towards economic development and integration. With the changing global economy, encouraged by the rapidly evolving process of globalisat...

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