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Economic Partnership Agreements and Intellectual Property Rights Protection: Challenges for the Southern African Development Community Region

"The signing of the comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) by the European Community (EC) and Caribbean Forum (CARIFORUM) countries covering a wide range of issues, including intellectual property (IP) provisions, has the potential t...

What Does the Future Hold for SACU? From Own Goal to Laduma! Scenarios for the Future of the Southern African Customs Union

"A group of Southern African Customs Union (SACU) experts and interested parties recently participated in a scenario-planning exercise on the future of SACU. This paper gives an account of the scenarios developed, which range from SACU collapsing ...

Brazil as an Regional Power in Latin America or South America?

This briefing, part history of ideas, part history of international relations, provides historical background to Brazil’s emergence as a regional power. It argues that Brazil never considered itself an integral part of Latin America which, for Bra...

The accord of Nkomati: Context and content

"The purpose of the present article is to focus on the Accord of Nkomati in the broader context of Southern African relations, to analyse its content and to compare it with the other non-aggression agreements concluded by South Africa. Part of ...

International relations in Southern Africa

"The aim of this Symposium on International Relations in Southern Africa was to place in perspective South Africa's relations with those states which can be included within the general geographical area of Southern Africa. The first paper deals w...

SADCC: a post-Nkomati evaluation

"Since 1979 two moves have been made to promote greater economic interaction and co-operation among the countries of Southern Africa. These are the South African government's proposal for a Constellation of Southern African States (CONSAS) and the...

IBSA Six Years On: Co-operation in a New Global Order

Six years after its launch, officials can no longer claim that the India–Brazil–South Africa (IBSA) Forum is still in its infancy. It is time to evaluate results and missed opportunities to provide a balanced assessment. In the wake of an inter...

Brazil as a Regional and Emerging Global Power

Since the year 2000, Brazilian foreign policy has expanded dramatically on the back of the country’s growing material wealth. Changes in the international system helped too. The global balance of power became more open to large developing states, ...

The Constellation of Southern African States and the Southern African Development Co-Ordination Council: Towards a new regional stalemate?

"The object of this study is to examine some of the implications for Southern Africa of the existence of two separate groupings of states in the region. The origins and development of CONSAS and SADCC will be considered in turn. A comparison will ...

Suid Afrika: 'n onverbonde buitelandse beleidsrigting

It is suggested that South Africa should rather pursue a policy of flexible response, combining the best elements of a three dimensional option namely meaningful technical-functional cooperation on a regional level, and domestic policy adjustments...

The Way Forward for the WTO: Reforming the Decision-Making Process

" The World Trade Organization is in a state of flux. This stems largely from the Doha Round impasse and the failure of the main protagonists to reach agreement. However, it is also the effect of a changing global political economy. With the rise ...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 7, no. 3, 1983

In this bulletin the first article looks at Africa and the independence from Europe and how this has impacted on the development of Africa. The author indicates that this process of decolonization was not always successful and Africa still clings ...

One Year After South Sudan's Independence: Opportunities and Obstacles for Africa's Newest Country

"As South Sudan prepares to move from its transitional constitution to a permanent framework of governance, the new nation should focus on strengthening the federal system. Already, there are concerns that the centralization of power in Juba is ma...

What are the Critical Issues Arising from the SADC Trade Integration Process?

"There is a need for convergent bilateral and multilateral trading arrangements in SADC so as to avoid trade deflection and diversion as well as to ensure ease of administration. There is also a need to arrive at an appropriate institutional fram...

Ethiopia’s Trade Potential in the Inter‐ Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD)

"This study is aimed at predicting the trade potentials of Ethiopia in the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) block using augmented gravity model. Both the Fixed Effect Model (FEM) and Random Effect Model (REM) are estimated and tes...

Engaging the Private Sector in Post-Conflict Recovery Perspectives for SADPA

The first of the three topical policy themes that this paper considers, is South Africa’s emerging Development Partnership Agency, whose attributes and origins give it an imperative to build relationships with other development actors. The second ...

Consolidating the African Governance Architecture

"Collaboration and co-ordination among African Union (AU) and Regional Economic Community (REC) organs and institutions with the mandate to strengthen governance, human rights and democracy have been ad hoc and unpredictable. The results have bee...

Ethiopia's Regional Diplomacies: A Dominant Interpretation of the Horn of Africa

Ethiopia has a long diplomatic history and extensive experience in foreign relations.Previous Ethiopian regimes, particularly Mengistu’s military regime, externalised almost all the country’s problems by focusing on building military defence capa...

Promoting Peer Review as a Compliance Mechanism for Regional Integration

Multilateral organisations have long used peer review as a means to encourage compliance with commitments made in the pursuit of various socio-economic goals. Africa established the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) as an indigenous system to ...

Water Governance and International Co-operation: Lessons from the Cubango-Okavango River System

"International co-operation on trans-boundary water systems has become an increasingly important norm in natural resource management, especially as climate change and population growth place growing pressure on the global water sector. The Permane...

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