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The Non-Tariff Barrier Monitoring Mechanism

"The persistence of non-tariff barriers (NTBs) has been the subject of much of the recent discourse on regional integration in Southern and East Africa. There has been a surfeit of recommended approaches to dealing with the regional NTB challenge, …

What do Regional Trade Reforms mean for Zambia?

"Zambia is participating actively in regional integration programmes, but little is known about the impacts of tariff reforms associated with such initiatives. This paper assesses the potential effects for Zambia of the trade reforms implied in both…

‘Strategic Partnerships’: The European Union’s Quest for Global Clout

"The European Union (EU) has revisited many of its external policies with the view to strengthen its relations with strategic partners in the developing world, and to boost its visibility as a pivotal political actor on the global stage. These step…

SACU - One Hundred Not Out: What future for the Customs Union?

This paper is based on research conducted recently in South Africa (SA), Namibia, Angola and Botswana. Policy and decision makers were asked to complete a questionnaire about the future of the Southern African Customs Union (SACU). Although the resp…

Transport Services in SACU: Accelerating Harmonisation and Liberalisation

"Services are without doubt a key driver of economic growth and fundamentally influence (or determine) the trade capacity of countries. Like many other World Trade Organisation (WTO) member states, Southern African Customs Union (SACU) countries rec…

What Does the Future Hold for SACU? From Own Goal to Laduma! Scenarios for the Future of the Southern African Customs Union

"A group of Southern African Customs Union (SACU) experts and interested parties recently participated in a scenario-planning exercise on the future of SACU. This paper gives an account of the scenarios developed, which range from SACU collapsing to…

BRIC and IBSA Forums: Neo-liberals in Disguise or Champions of the South?

South–South co-operation has existed for many decades and has played a key role in solidifying unity among developing countries. However, the concept of South–South co-operation has evolved from being concerned with geopolitics and opposing imperial…

The horn of Africa - old problems and new opportunities

"This Paper attempts to explain the historical, political and economic framework within which the states operate in the Horn of Africa, to identify Superpower involvement there and to shed some light on the region's refugee and other problems. It a…

South Africa's role in Africa

South Africa’s position in Africa cannot be properly assessed without an overall view of the composition of the Republic’s population. The relations between the various communities will have a crucial effect on relations with the rest of Africa. It …

The Constellation of Southern African States and the Southern African Development Co-Ordination Council: Towards a new regional stalemate?

"The object of this study is to examine some of the implications for Southern Africa of the existence of two separate groupings of states in the region. The origins and development of CONSAS and SADCC will be considered in turn. A comparison will be…

The Arusha conference: Moves toward a new grouping of states in Southern and Central Africa

This brief report describes the Southern African Development Co-ordination Conference held at Arusha, Tanzania, on 3 and 4 July 1979. The Conference aims to develop new infrastructure and create a new economic relationship in Southern Africa which…

Chad - North African headache

This report describes the recent unrest and tangled political situation in Chad. Amidst shifting allegiances and tribal antagonisms, Prime Minister Hissen Habre is attempting to unseat President Felix Malloum, with the situation being complicated by…

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 62

This Southern Africa Record contains the following texts:SOUTH AFRICA AND SCANDINAVIA: Statement on South Africa from the Meeting of the Foreign Ministers of the Nordic Countries at Karlshamn; USA, USSR AND AFRICA: Joint Statement of USSR Foreign Af…

South Africa and SADC

"How do South Africans perceive the Southern Africa Development Community, better know by its acronym, SADC? How important is SADC for South Africans? What do South Africans want from SADC? What are the problems with SADC? The following reports a…

What are the Potential Benefits and Pitfalls of a Free Trade Area in the Southern African Region

"Integration can take many forms and as such, the question necessarily arises; is a free trade area the ideal mechanism for the Southern African region? Even if it is the ideal mechanism in a theoretical sense, is the Southern African Development …

Is Macroeconomic Policy Convergence Necessary for a Sustainable SADC Free Trade Area?

"The aim of this paper is to determine if macroeconomic policy convergence among member countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) is required for establishing and sustaining a free trade area (FTA). The paper also investigates…

What are the Major Trends and Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment in SADC Countries?

"The 1990s witnessed an investment trend involving African firms investing in other African countries, notably from South Africa and Mauritius. This represents a clear indication of a new form of cross-border economic interaction. Privatisation has …

The Economic Diplomacy of Kenya's Regional Interests

"Increasing attractiveness of East Africa as a ‘frontier market’ has put Kenya in the spotlight as a gateway to the region. The country identifies six sectors and is currently implementing flagship projects to enhance its prospects. Existing researc…

SACU, Regional Integration and the Overlap Issue in Southern Africa: From Spaghetti to Cannelloni?

"This paper examines the regional integration initiatives underpinning the various southern African RECs, and SACU's relationship to the rationalization of RECs in southern and eastern Africa. Part 2 sketches the institutional frameworks associated …

East African Regional Integration: Challenges in Meeting the Convergence Criteria for Monetary Union

"The realization of a successful monetary union among EAC partner states depends upon a sufficient degree of convergence of partners economies to established criteria. Gathering but scattered research has begun assessing the various benchmarks for t…

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