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‘Strategic Partnerships’: The European Union’s Quest for Global Clout

"The European Union (EU) has revisited many of its external policies with the view to strengthen its relations with strategic partners in the developing world, and to boost its visibility as a pivotal political actor on the global stage. These st...

SACU - One Hundred Not Out: What future for the Customs Union?

This paper is based on research conducted recently in South Africa (SA), Namibia, Angola and Botswana. Policy and decision makers were asked to complete a questionnaire about the future of the Southern African Customs Union (SACU). Although the re...

Transport Services in SACU: Accelerating Harmonisation and Liberalisation

"Services are without doubt a key driver of economic growth and fundamentally influence (or determine) the trade capacity of countries. Like many other World Trade Organisation (WTO) member states, Southern African Customs Union (SACU) countries r...

What Does the Future Hold for SACU? From Own Goal to Laduma! Scenarios for the Future of the Southern African Customs Union

"A group of Southern African Customs Union (SACU) experts and interested parties recently participated in a scenario-planning exercise on the future of SACU. This paper gives an account of the scenarios developed, which range from SACU collapsing ...

BRIC and IBSA Forums: Neo-liberals in Disguise or Champions of the South?

South–South co-operation has existed for many decades and has played a key role in solidifying unity among developing countries. However, the concept of South–South co-operation has evolved from being concerned with geopolitics and opposing imperi...

The horn of Africa - old problems and new opportunities

"This Paper attempts to explain the historical, political and economic framework within which the states operate in the Horn of Africa, to identify Superpower involvement there and to shed some light on the region's refugee and other problems. It...

South Africa's role in Africa

South Africa’s position in Africa cannot be properly assessed without an overall view of the composition of the Republic’s population. The relations between the various communities will have a crucial effect on relations with the rest of Africa. I...

The Constellation of Southern African States and the Southern African Development Co-Ordination Council: Towards a new regional stalemate?

"The object of this study is to examine some of the implications for Southern Africa of the existence of two separate groupings of states in the region. The origins and development of CONSAS and SADCC will be considered in turn. A comparison will ...

From the Cape to Cairo? The Potential of the Tripartite Free Trade Area

"This paper shows that there is a sound case for regional economic integration in the form of the Tripartite Free Trade Area (TFTA). The three main countries involved in this project – Egypt, Kenya and South Africa – have a considerable regional ...

Drivers of Regional Integration: Value Chains Investment and New-Forms of Cooperation

"As for the regional integration concept, we rather stress three important points that must add to the new visions, whatever they might be. First, (geo)political motivations aside, the number and variety of driving forces for the integration has s...

What do the COMESA Customs Union and COMESA-EAC-SADC Tripartite Free Trade Area mean for Zambia’s import trade and trade tax revenue?

"Zambia has participated actively in the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and Southern African Development Community (SADC) regional integration programmes. Within SADC it is now reportedly a full participant in the SADC Free...

Assessment of Economic Integration in IGAD

"This study seeks to assess the progress made so far and the challenges that face regional integration process in the Horn of Africa with especial emphasis on IGAD; and it provides a roadmap to enhance the regional efforts beyond the creation of f...

Regional Integration and Trade in Africa: Augmented Gravity Model Approach

"Despite the existence of many regional economic communities (RECs) in Africa, intra-regional trade remains staggeringly low compared to other trading blocs in Europe, Asia and Latin America. Hence this study tries to uncover the main factors behi...

Potential For Regional Value Chains in the Automotive Sector: Can SADC Learn from the Asean Experience?

"The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Industrialisation Cooperation (AICO) scheme created an opportunity for both foreign investors in the ASEAN region and member states to benefit from the regional free flow of goods in support of r...

SACU, Regional Integration and the Overlap Issue in Southern Africa: From Spaghetti to Cannelloni?

"This paper examines the regional integration initiatives underpinning the various southern African RECs, and SACU's relationship to the rationalization of RECs in southern and eastern Africa. Part 2 sketches the institutional frameworks associate...

The Economic Gateway to Africa? Geography, Strategy and South Africa's Regional Economic Relations

"The paper argues that South Africa’s role as an economic gateway primarily depends upon geography, ie upon naturally given and man-made structures in geographical space. Based upon these structures, politicians and businessmen have to pursue the ...

What are the Potential Benefits and Pitfalls of a Free Trade Area in the Southern African Region

"Integration can take many forms and as such, the question necessarily arises; is a free trade area the ideal mechanism for the Southern African region? Even if it is the ideal mechanism in a theoretical sense, is the Southern African Developmen...

Is Macroeconomic Policy Convergence Necessary for a Sustainable SADC Free Trade Area?

"The aim of this paper is to determine if macroeconomic policy convergence among member countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) is required for establishing and sustaining a free trade area (FTA). The paper also investigat...

What are the Major Trends and Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment in SADC Countries?

"The 1990s witnessed an investment trend involving African firms investing in other African countries, notably from South Africa and Mauritius. This represents a clear indication of a new form of cross-border economic interaction. Privatisation ha...

The Economic Diplomacy of Kenya's Regional Interests

"Increasing attractiveness of East Africa as a ‘frontier market’ has put Kenya in the spotlight as a gateway to the region. The country identifies six sectors and is currently implementing flagship projects to enhance its prospects. Existing resea...

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